Das moderne Völkerrecht der civilisirten Staten: als Rechtsbuch dargestellt

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Էջ 504 - ... 101. While deception in war is admitted as a just and necessary means of hostility and is consistent with honorable warfare the common law of war allows even capital punishment for clandestine or treacherous attempts to injure an enemy because they are so dangerous and it is so difficult to guard against them.
Էջ 489 - The law of war can no more wholly dispense with retaliation than can the law of nations, of which it is a branch. Yet civilized nations acknowledge retaliation as the sternest feature of war. A reckless enemy often leaves to his opponent no other means of securing himself against the repetition of barbarous outrage.
Էջ 510 - ... 140. Commanding officers have the right to conclude armistices binding on the district over which their command extends, but such armistice is subject to the ratification of the superior authority, and ceases so soon as it is made known to the enemy that the armistice is not ratified, even if a certain time for the elapsing between giving notice of cessation and the resumption of hostilities should have been stipulated for.
Էջ 498 - A prisoner of war being a public enemy, is the prisoner ( of the government, and not of the captor. No ransom can be paid by a prisoner of war to his individual captor, or to any officer in command. The government alone releases captives, according to rules prescribed by itself.
Էջ 484 - As martial law is executed by military force, it is incumbent upon those who administer it to be strictly guided by the principles of justice, honor, and humanity — virtues adorning a soldier even more than other men, for the very reason that he possesses the power of his arms against the unarmed.
Էջ 513 - ... neither proves nor establishes an acknowledgment of the rebellious people, or of the government which they may have erected, as a public or sovereign power.
Էջ 495 - If the people of that portion of an invaded country which is not yet occupied by the enemy, or of the whole country, at the approach of a hostile army, rise, under a duly authorized levy, en masse to resist the invader, they are now treated as public enemies, and, if captured, are prisoners of war.
Էջ 491 - ... 39. The salaries of civil officers of the hostile government who remain in the invaded territory, and continue the work of their office, and can continue it according to the circumstances arising out of the war — such as judges, administrative or police officers, officers of city or communal governments — are paid from the public revenue of the invaded territory, until the military government has reason wholly or partially to discontinue it. Salaries or incomes connected with purely honorary...
Էջ 497 - ... 67. The law of nations allows every sovereign government to make war upon another sovereign State, and, therefore, admits of no rules or laws different from those of regular warfare, regarding the treatment of prisoners of war, although they may belong to the army of a government which the captor may consider as a wanton and unjust assailant.
Էջ 503 - ... 92. If the citizen or subject of a country or place invaded or conquered gives information to his own government, from which he is separated by the hostile army, or to the army of his government, he is a war-traitor, and death is the penalty of his offence. All armies in the field stand in need of guides, and impress them if they cannot obtain them otherwise.

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