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A Monthly Journal,


"Put up thy sword into his place for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword."-Matt. xxvi. 52.
"They shall beat their swords into plough-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against
nation, neither shall they learn war any more."-ISAIAH ii. 4.

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Address letters plainly, 59.
Address from the Committee of the
Peace Society to their Friends and
Subscribers, 226.

Address of Dr. Pye Smith, Extract
from, 118.

Algeria, cost of its military occupa-
tion, 85.

Alison on war, 202.
Ambition, 5.

Amelioration and codification of inter-
national law, 194.
American Peace Society, report of,
22; Operations of, 88, 126.
Appeal to intelligent and candid
Christians, 1.
Arbitration, proposed by the Greek
Government for the settlement of
its late dispute with England, 4;
In America, 109; Belgium, 65.
Archbishop of Paris, letter from the,

Armaments, reduction of, 135.
Army, rumoured increase of, 83.
Austria, embarrassed circumstances of,

Austrians, diabolical cruelty of, at
Brescia and Nagy Enyed, 104, 105.

Badajos, storming of, 215.
Bastiat, Frederick, letter from, 39.
"Beer Bill," an evil, 47.
Belgium founded by arbitration, 65.
Birmingham, great Peace demonstra-
tion at, 83.
Black, Mr. W. H. on international
law, 193.

Bornean massacres, 158.
Brescia, capture of, 104.
British insolence and injustice main
causes of the Kaffir War, 114, 115,
130, 143, 212.
British Quarterly, on the Hungarian
War, 105.
Brotherhood, the buddings of, 55.
Burton's anatomy of melancholy, ex-
tract from, 46, 57.

Captain Warner's long range, 91.
Cause and objects of the War in Hol-
stein, 50.
Challenge to Mr. Cobden, 76.
China, inhuman barbarities during
the War in, 215.
Christianity immediately practicable,

Christians' inconsistency the occasion
of infidel triumph, 6.
Cineas the orator's quiet rebuke of
Pyrrhus, 5.
Clarkson, Rev. W., extract from
speech of, 5.
Clenched-fist argument, 13.
Clergy men, women and war, 214.
Cloud of Witnesses, 1, 45, 57, 69, 87,
113, 133, 157, 206.
Cockermouth Peace Society, 120.
Cölnische Zeitung, extract from, 195.
Colonization by conquest, 85, 101.


Column for children, 127.
Conciliation more powerful than the
sword, 132.

Conference of the friends of Peace, 80.
Confessing a fault, 127.
Continental tidings, 97.

Cost of the Mexican war, 62.
Critics of the Congress, 190.
Curious argument against Peace prin-
ciples, 57.

Cost of defending 200 miles of Kaffir Germany, progress of peace principles
Frontier, 221.
in, 110, 192, 198; Suppression of
the Peace Society there, 152; Dr.
Spiess on the formation of Peace
Societies in, 192, 198.
Good example, 72.

Death of Dr. Pye Smith, 117; Reso-
lutions of Peace Society upon, 117.
Debate on Lord Palmerston's Foreign
policy, 18.

Debates on French and English esti-
mates, 116.

Deguerry, G., letter from, 38.
Denmark and the Duchies, 49; Short
Historic Sketch of, 50.
Diabolical outrages at Brescia and
Nagy Enyed, 104, 105.
Dickens's Household Words, extract
from, 59.

Discovery of a new planet, 157.
Douglas Jerrold's Folly of the
Sword," 87.
Dr. Chalmers, remarkable extract from,


Dr. Speiss, on the formation of Peace
Societies in Germany, 192, 198.
Dr. Vaughan's speech at Manchester,

Duelling, M. Visschers on, 89.

Fact for the friends of missions, 112.
Finsbury Chapel, Public Meeting at,


Freeman, Rev. J. J. on Kaffir Treat-
ment, 142.
French Deficits, 116.
Friendly appeal to intelligent and can-
did Christians, 1.

Hall of Commerce, Lectures at, 81, 95;
Conference at, 147.

Halle, letter from, by the Rev. II.

Richard, with descriptive sketches, 15.
Hartwell, festival at, 190.
Herald of Peace, 153; Circulation
of the, 11.

Hodgkin, Mr. John, Speech of, at the
London Tavern, 227.
Homer, remarks on, 206.
Honourable acquisition of territory in
Caffreland, 130, 131.

Horace Say, letter from, 39.
Horrors of modern warfare, 104, 215.
Elihu Burritt, letter from, on the mis- How England teaches the nations,
sion to Denmark, &c., 44.
Emigrant's Peace Society, 23.
Howe on war, 113.
English, French, and Germans com- How the Gospel stops war, 127.
pared, 55.
How to conquer a highwayman, 56, 81.
Humboldt, Baron Von, Letter from, 38.

Erasmus, extracts from, 69.
European States, standing armies, and
public debts of, 210.
Exclusion of weapons of war from the
Great Exhibition of 1851, 7.
Extract from the speech of M.
Visschers, 65; Rev. W. Clarkson,
5; Sir R. Peel, 19; Mr. Cobden,


Folly of the Sword, Douglas Jerrold
on the, 87.

Form of petition for disarmament, 117.
Foster, John, and the ancient Poets.
Frankfort Peace Congress, 8; Mr.
Stokes's Letter on details of, 14;
Route to, and expense of attending,
18; Preparations for, 25; Journey
to, 26; Sittings of, 27; Return
journey, 37; Additional particulars
of, 37; The Congress and the press,
41; Mr. Cobden's Speeches at, 29,

signs from abroad, 92.
Governments afraid of their own stand-
ing armies, 73.

Great Exhibition, 154; Royal speeches
at its inauguration, 155; Wellington
and Cobden at, 159; Close of, 209.
Greek question, origin, and vast ex-
pense of the, 4.
Gurney, Samuel Esq., speech at the
London Tavern, 227.

Important and unexpected move of
troops, 83.

Indian convert, sensible remark of
one, 5.

It is impossible! from the Colnische
Zeitung, 195.

Kaffir grievances, 114, 130, 131.
Kossuth excitement, 218.
Kossuth and the Peace party, 221.

Mackintosh, Sir James, extract from,

Meeting on the Kaffir War, 227.
Message of the Kaffir Chiefs, Sandilli
and Makomo, 131.
Mexican war, cost of, 62.
John Foster and the ancient poets, Military logic, 76; morality, 115.
Military Glory, obverse side of, 224.
Mission of Messrs. Sturge, Burritt, and
Wheeler to Schleswig-Holstein and
Denmark, 43, 49.
Model Peace Society, 95.
Molesworth, Sir William, on the
Kaffir War, 130.

Mr. Cobden's motion, debate on, 150;
Lord Palmerston's speech on, 152.
speeches at the Frankfort
Congress, 29, 31; Wrexham, 71.
reply to Sir Thomas
Hastings, 77.

M. De Girardin on non-intervention,


Lamartine on the character of Napoleon,


Latter-day pamphlets, extract from,


Wm. Ewart, Esq., M.P., R. Bar-
clay Fox, 11; A Peaceman, 72;
James Inglis, 72; Mr. Jos. T. Price,
93; Dr. Bodenstedt, 97; M. Viss-
chers, 98; J. S. Hemmings, 101;
Mr. F. Tuckett, 106; Rev. Dr.
Beckwith, 109; Signor F. Ferretti,
119; a Peace-Totaler, 199; W. C.,
129; L. A. Chamerovzow, 131.
Liberty not to be advanced by the

sword, 90, 102.

London, the great Peace Congress
at, 125, 150; American address and
proceedings relative to, 126; foreign
delegates, 196; biographical sketch
of the President, Sir David Brews-
ter, 161; sittings of, 163; French
working-men at, 218; President's
opening address, 163; corporate
addresses of Sheffield and Dunferm-
line, 165; letter from Thomas
Carlyle to, 165; speech of Rev.
J. A. James, 166; Rev. A. Coquerel,
167; M. Visschers, 169; Rev. John
Burnet, 171; Mr. Cobden, 173;
Mr. Ewart, 175; Mr. Macgregor,
175; Dr. Creizenach, 177; Mr.
Gilpin, 178; Mr. Miall, 178; Samuel
Gurney, 179; M. De Cormenin,
181; Elihu Burritt, 181; Soiree,
183; comments of the press, 185;
Spectator and Economist, 185;
Atheneum, Nonconformist, Standard
of Freedom, and Patriot, 186; Chris-
tian Times, Weekly Dispatch, and
Punch, 187; the Leeds Mercury,
Manchester Examiner, Hull Adver-
tiser, and Huddersfield Chronicle,
188; the Sheffield Independent,
Western Times, and Birmingham
Mercury, 189; The Suffolk Chro-
nicle, 190.

Lectures, by Mr. Samuel Bowly, 81;
Rev. H. Richard, 82; Rev. Dr.
Massie, 95.
Letters, from influential public cha-
racters to the Frankfort Congress,
38; Pacificator, 216; M. C. J., 8;
Mr. R. S. Bendall, An earnest friend,

Londón Tavern, Meeting at the, 227.
Lord Palmerston on opinions, 221.

Mr. Garnier's speech at the Congress,

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Peace Society's form of bequest, 220 ;|
meeting of members and officers,

operations of, 79, 96,
119, 219; resolutions on the death
of Dr Pye Smith, 117.

tracts and publications for the
Great Exhibition, 54.

Talleyrand's plan of, 56.
Periodical panics, 66.
Petition for disarmament, 117.
Picture of the miseries of war, 56.

The Soldier's Warning, 60.
Love of God, and love of Man, 60.
The Arsenal at Springfield, 60.
Universal Peace Anthem, 77.
England's Love of War, 94.
Ring out wild Bells, 95
The Congress of Nations, 120.
The Waste of war, 220.
A World at Peace, 135.
Address to England, 160.
Ancient incident, 208.
"The Mourners," 216.
The battle field, 217.
England and France, 219.
Peace and war, 220.
Posture of France, 73.
Prayer suitable for a military chaplain,

Presentation of colours at Portsmouth,
by a Lady, 214.
Prince Albert, His Royal Highness,
Reply of, to memorial of the peace
Society, 8.
Progress, signs of, 45.
Promise, further signs of, 108.
Prospective invasion of England by the
French, 66, 67.

Public securities and war-cries, 72.
Punishment for refusing to enrol, 107.

Refutation of Alison, 202.
Religion and military law, 142.
Returns relative to the Greek affair,
refused by the British government
to Mr. Cobden,

REVIEWS.-Peace Lyrics, by H. G.
Adams, 9; Memoir of Wm. Penn,
by Jacob Post, 10; War with Mexico
Reviewed, by A. A. Livermore;
Review of the Causes and Conse-
quences of the Mexican War, by

W. Jay, 19; Royal Society's Prize
Model Cottages, by H. Goddard,
Esq., 22; A Word to the Working-
Classes, by J. Russom, 46; Pleasant
Pages, by S. P. Newcombe, 48, 59;
The Christian Lady's Library, 48;
British Controversialist, 48, 59;
The Morals of War, 57; Royalty
and Republicanism in Italy, by Maz-
zini, 93; The Soldier's Progress, by
Sarah Symonds, 94; The Gospel in
Central America, by F. Crowe, 107;
Borneo Facts, versus Borneo Falla-
cies, by L. A. Chamervozow, 108;
Colloquy between the gallows and
the hangman, by A. Midlaine, 108;
Compendium of English Literature,
by C. D. Cleveland; Priceless Pearls;
Dissertation on Church Polity, by
A. C. Dick; Easy Lessons in Geo-
graphy, by A. M. Sargent; Silver
Blossoms, &c.; Health made Easy,
by Joseph Bentley, 119; The In-
dustrial Exhibition of 1851, by L. A.
Chamerovzow, 160; The Cape and
the Kaffirs, by Harriet Ward, 207;
Memoir of the Rev. H. Möwes, by
Rev. J.Davis, B.D., 207; Voices from
the Crowd, &c., by Dr. Mackay;
People's Biographical Dictionary, by
Dr. Beard, 219.

Rev. H. Richard's speech at the
London Tavern, 228.
Ruinous costliness of the war system,


Sandilli and Makomo, their message,

Self-protection, limits of, 129.
Sir Francis Head on the national de-
fences, 66.

Harry Smith's blasphemous address
at the Cape, 142.

mode of extending
the British Empire, 130, 131.
James Mackintosh, extract from,

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Spirit of the warrior contrasted with

the spirit of Christ, 13.
Standing armies considered illegal and
inconsistent with freedom, 32.
governments afraid of


their own, 73.
States, how their resources are em-
ployed, 217.

St. Paul's Church, Frankfort, 27.
Subscription list, 12, 24, 72, 84, 108,
120, 135, 147, 160, 220.
Talleyrand's plan of Peace, 56.
The contemporary press, 74.
The Kaffir war, 114, 130, 131, 212.
The scoffers, 199.

covert exhortations to, 198.
its disastrous expense, 78.
Kaffir, 114, 130, 131, 212, 228.
prospect of, and its effects, 93
ravages of, 21.

revolting brutality of, at Badajos
and China, 215.
Warriors and murderers, just discrimi-
nation between, 91.

- Thomas Hastings challenge to Mr.
Cobden, 76.

- Thomas More's Utopia, 2.

What the Rev. A. Fuller would do, 13.

William Molesworth on the Kaffir Wild tribes of India, 132.
war, 130.
Wrexham, great Peace meeting at, 70.
Sword, appeals to the, a suicidal policy,

"The Times" on diplomacy, 19; In-
fluence of, on the continent, 43; On
European armaments, 62; Our
Indian wars, 86; The Kaffir war,
130; Letter on the results of con-
ciliation among the wild tribes of
India, 132; On Mr. Cobden's mo-
tion, 152.

Thomas Carlyle's letter to the London
Congress, 165.

Uncivilized tribes, how to treat, 132.
Uniformity of weights and measures,


Utopia, Sir Thomas More's, 2.

Victor Hugo, letter from, 39.

War, Alison's remarks on, considered,

a mark of the Apostacy, 113.
budget, 100.

cost of, to the people of Exeter,



"Put up thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword."-Mat. xxvi. 52. "They shall beat their swords into plough-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more."-ISAIAH ii. 4.

JULY, 1850.



WE are about to commence a New Series of the HERALD OF PEACE, which we hope will overleap the limited circle within which Peace literature has for the most part been confined, and find its way extensively to the homes and hearts of a large class of intelligent and benevolent men, who have hitherto been scarcely touched with anything like living and active sympathy for our cause. We would fain, by a few words of kindly greeting, propitiate the feelings of those of our readers to whom the subject of Peace is comparatively new. We have a firm and sanguine conviction, that could we only gain the ear of the Christian public -could we induce them to examine the question deliberately and devoutly, it would not fail in time to arrest their attention and commend itself to their judgment, as one of the most important, and even one of the most practicable, ideas of the age. At present, we fear multitudes are either totally ignorant of its true character, or look upon it under the influence of "a foregone conclusion," or through the dense and distorting haze of hereditary prejudices.

"The Peace Movement" can hardly now be regarded as obscure and unnoticed. Its sound is gone forth through all the earth, and its words to the end of the world. And yet how many are there still, to whom it is nothing more than a sound-vague, confused, inarticulate! They are aware, indeed, of great stir and activity on the part of a considerable class, not usually regarded as either the least intelligent or the least virtuous portion of the community. But they hardly know what to think of their object; whether to deride it altogether as an absurd fantasy of dreaming and impracticable enthusiasts, or to hail it as the dawning of a more auspicious era in the destinies of humanity. In this state of incertitude, "wondering whereunto this thing would grow," the great majority even of Christian men have hitherto been content to remain. If they do not openly join with the mockers, they hold aloof from all hearty recognition of the movement, and when it comes across their path, greet it only with very equivocal and ceremonious respect. But is it right that intelligent But is it right that intelligent and earnest-minded men, who ought to have a genuine sympathy with truth, in all its manifestations, should allow themselves to remain in this condition of unmeaning neutrality? No one can pretend that the question is one of trivial importance, on which it may be allowable and safe for a Christian to have no distinct or decided opinion. The War-system is at least one of appalling significance and magnitude, and standing in most disastrously intimate relation to all the highest interests-religious, moral, political, and commercial-of man and society. The inquiry whether this system is not, in its whole essence and spirit, an utter


affront to the genius of the gospel, and whether it may not be gradually abolished by resolute and united exertion, is surely one which Christian men cannot ignore or contemn, as undeserving their attention. And yet we submit, that this has been hitherto the case to a large extent. The ludicrously crude nature of the objections usually started in conversation, by even sensible persons, on this subject, is proof enough how little it has been seriously examined. All that we ask of those friends, among whom are many with whom we are in close sympathy on most other points, is, that they do not condemn before they inquire. We ask them only, not to put aside with an impatient gesture of contempt, as extreme, visionary, and impracticable, principles and opinions respecting which they have at least this presumptive evidence, that they are held, with profound religious convictions, by many Christian men, whom they will readily admit, are not contemptible either in sense, or piety, or practical wisdom. We propose to lay before them in this Periodical, with as much clearness as we can command, the various aspects of the argument on which the Friends of Peace ground their cause; and to examine, calmly and candidly, the objections that are wont to be adduced against it. Is it too much to expect, that before they summarily dismiss its claims, they will respectfully listen to what may be said on its behalf? "We speak as unto wise men, judge ye what we say.”


UNDER this general title, we propose to give from time to time extracts from eminent writers, ancient and modern, Pagan and Christian, in prose and in verse, illustrating the wickedness, folly, and misery of war, and the beauty and blessedness of peace. It will be thus found what an enormous weight of testimony, from the wise and good of all ages, may be brought against the practice. Theologians, philosophers, statesmen, poets, and even warriors, shall contribute their quota to this pyramid of opinion. We shall endeavour to add to the interest of this section of our periodical, by giving brief biographical sketches, and characteristic anecdotes of the authors whose sentiments we cite. We shall also take the liberty occasionally to intersperse remarks of our own, calling the attention of our readers to what may seem to us most note-worthy in the observations of our witnesses.

We begin with a remarkable extract from a sermon of Dr. Chalmers. We call it remarkable for this reason. The Peace Society was formed in the year 1816. Like most other great and good enterprises, it "came not with observation." Its beginning was very humble and unostentatious, consisting of the association of some dozen gentlemen,


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