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Treasurer-Sir I. L. GOLDSMID, Bart., F.R. and R.A.S.
Professor Malden, A.M.
M. D. Hill, Esq., Q.C.
A. T. Malkin, Esq., A M.
Right Hon. Sir J. C. Hobhouse, Bart., M.P. Mr. Serjeant Manning.
Sir Martin Archer Shee, P.R.A., F.R.S.
Sir George T. Staunton, Bart., M.P.
Sir Denis Le Marchant, Bart.
Professor Thomson, M.D, F.L.9.
Sir Charles Lemon, Bart., M.P.
Thomas Vardon, Esq.
Jacob, Waley, Esq., A.M.
James Loch, Esq., M.P., F.G.S.
Jas. Walker, Esq., F.R.S., P. Inst. Civ. Eng.
Professor Long, A.M.
Thos. Webster, Esq., A.M.
Right Hon. S. Lushington, D.C.L.
Lord Wrottesley, A.M., F.R.A S.
Aiton, Staffordshtra Rev. J.P. Jones.
Exeter-J. Tyrrell, Esq.
Oxford-Ch. Daubeny, M.D., F.R.S., Prof. Chem.
John Milford, Esq. (Coater.)
Rev. Baden Powell, Sav. Prof.
Glamorganshire --W. Williams, Esq., Aber Rev. John Jordan, B.A.
Pesth, Hungary--Count Szechenyi.
Plymouth-H. Woolleombe, Esq., F.A.S., Chairn.
Alexander McGrigor, Esq.
Wm. Snow Harris. Esq., F.R.S.
James Cowper, Esq:
E. Moore, M.D., F.L.S., Secretary.
G. Wightwick, Esq.
Presteign-Rt. Hou. Sir H. Brydges, Bart.
A. W. Davis, M.D.
Hitcham, Suffolk-Rev. Professor Henslow,
Ripon-Rov. H. P. Hamilton, A.M., F.R.S., G.S.
Rev. P. Ewart, A.M.
Ruthin-The Rev. the Warden.
Leeds J. Marshall, Esq.
Humphreys Jones, Esq.
Ryde, Isle of Wight-Sir R. Simeon, Bt.
Henry Browne, Esq.
Salisbury-Rev. J. Barfitt.
Sheffield-J. H. Abrahams, Esq.
J. Mulleneux, Esq.
Shepton Mallet-G. F. Burrouglis, Esq.
Shrewsbury-R. A. Slaney, Esi.
South Petherton-John Nicholetts, Esq.
Stockport-H. Marsland, Esq., Treasurer.
Henry Coppock, Esq., Secretary.
Sir Benjamin Heywood, Bt., Treasurer. Swansea-Matthew Moggridge, Esq.
Sir George Philips, Bart., M.P.
Sydney, Nero S. Wales-W. M. Manning, Esq.
T. N. Winstanley, Esq., Hon. Sec.
Tavistock-Rev. W. Evans.
Merthyr Tydvil-Sir J.J. Guest, Bart., M.P. John Rundle, Esq., M.P.
Truro-Heury Sewell Stokes, Esq.
Tunbridge Wells—Dr. Yeats.
Newcastle - Rev. W. Turner.
Uttoreter-Robert Blurton, Esq.
7. Sopwith, Esq., P.G.S.
Virginia, V. S.-Professor Tucker.
Newport, Isle of Wight-Ab. Clarke, Esq. Worcester-Chas. Hastings, M.D.
C. H. Hebb, Esq.
R. G. Kirkpatrick, Esq.
Thomas Edgworth, Esq.
Major Sir William Lloyd .
Yarmouth-C. E. Rumbold, Esq.
Wm. Forster, Esq.
Dawson Turner, Esq.
York-Rer, J. Kenrick, A.M.
John Phillips, Esq:; F.R.S., F.G.S.
London : Printed by WILLIAM Clowes and Sons, Stamford Street..
ETSSINIA, Bedouins of, page 368 DIAMOND, commercial value of the, 214 IBRAHIM Pasha, harem of, 39. Port Philip, trees of, 20
-, in the arts, uses of the, 246 Improvements, public, in 1814, 497 Potosi, mines at, 120
Indus and the Cabul, junction of the, Printing, first effects of, 304
Protective and sanatory provisions for
populated districts, 479
Psalmanazar, George, 310, 318
RAILWAYS, rambles from : the Mole,
213, 217, 231, 233, 244; the Adur,
Kordofan, autumnal custom of, 308 Arun, and Wey, 276, 234, 316, 332,
brend in, 352
319, 371, 401
-, climate of, 304
Red Sea, 315
Reval, fair at, 120
River Gambia, sleeping fish of, 323
Lancashire oat-cakes, 60
Robin redbreast, anecdotes of a, 104
Rome, nuisances in, 352
painters, by Mrs. Jameson--P. Peru- Lapland, Christmas on the frontiers Römer at Fraukfort, 393. 425, 449, 431
Roots of plants, supply of air to, 260
Russia, precious inetals in, 322, 246
Silt trade of foreign countries, 66
Sanssure and his successors, 438, 442
268, 309, 345; scholars of Michael London and Dover railway, coast line Saxon Witenagemot, 453
Scotch fishermen, superstitions of, 408
Sea, encroachments of, on the land, 197
Seven Ages, sculpture of, by Belnes, 241
Shepherds in New South Wales, 96
Shinglt-beaches, movement of, 242
Lynmouth and Lynton, 227
Ship-building, Chinese, 32
Silk-worms in Jamaica, 459
manufactures and arts. Yorkshire Mechanics Institution of Great Britain, Society, nature the architect or, 92
South America, damp and dry winds of,
works, Sheffield, 121 ; Sheffield cut Medals and medallions, casts from, 237 Spaniards, type of the, 20
lery works, 161; Felling chemical Medici family and Florence, 210, Spanish Town, 416
Standard, sterling, and carat, on the
valley of, 216
terms, 239, 247
St. David, cathedral of, 433
Sterling, standard, and carat, on the
terms, 239, 247
Stock Exchange, the, 29
Straw, pictures and devices in, 183
417; Birmingham factories, 465, Money, materials employed as, 158 Sugar-making, United States, 375
tokens and siege pieces, 110
TANGIER in 1826, reminiscences of, 313,
Moon, light of, 459
Florence and the Medici family, 210 NATURAI. productions, economy of Telescopes, reflectors for, 287
power in, 355
Timber houses, old English, 89
Timber, preservation of, 135
Nettles, English and foreign, 392 Tokay districts of Hungary, 478
Topiary work, 307
New Zealand superstitions, 55
Toulouse, description of, 21
North America, ancient building in, 57 Travelling and vehicles on the Conti.
nent, 350, 357, 363
Turkey, supply of water io, 563
Germany and America, education in, Occupations of the people, changes in, USAges before interment, and funeral
Ordnance surveys, English and Irish, VALHALLA, description of the interior
Vegetation, power of, 315
Vehicles and travelling on the Conti.
ple in, 366
nent, 350, 357, 363
Venice, water-carrying girls of, 331
Greensted, Essex, church at, 17 Paris, Hotel des Invalides, 263 Warts, 455
Gualior or Gwalior, 113
Paris in 15.9, description uf, by a Ve. Wakes and burials, Irish, 279, 283
Wandering Jew, the, 144
Warping, fertilization of land by, 221
l'eat-fuel of Ireland, 414
Water, production of sound under, 13
Penang, trumpet beetle of, 328 Western antiquities, 355
Penny postage, results of, 63
Winds of New South Wales, 416
children in, 496
Portugal and Madeira, 431 ; of Spain,
434 ; of the Rhine, 446; of Italy,
Plants, rapid growth of, 264
Wood, pictures and devices on, 175
XANTHIAN marbles, 412
YEAS, Hungarian, 132
PAGE. DESIGNERS, EXORAVERS.
after a picture by him 41 Harvey. Clarke.
45 Fairholt. Sears.
49 Brown. Jackson,
Freemasons' Hall. From Stothard 52 Tiffin.
61 Harvey M.Hampton
65 Tiffin. Jackson.
69 Fairholt. Nugent.
Puddling Furnace and Shin.
PAGE, DESIGNERS. ENGRAVEES.
305 Browne. Jackson,
313 Timin. Gray.
133 Old Shoreham Church
316 Thorne. Jackson.
135 Tortington Priory
136 Interior of the Chapel Royal, St. James's 321 L. Jewitt. Nugent.
137-139 Skeletons of Man, Chimpanzee, and
324 Fussell. Jacksun.
140-142 Skulls of Man, (himpanzee, and
144 Hudibras--the Rescue of the Bear 329 Harvey.
H. Clarke. 145 Combat of Hudibras with Orsin and
149 Casting Lead into Flat Moulds for White-
337 L. Jewitt. Sears.
113 Fairholt. Sears.
353 J. T. Black. T."Williams
157 Portrait of D. da Volterra, and Group
from his Picture of the Taking down
158 Group from the Raising of Lazarus 357
160 Chester Cathedral
162 Guildford Castle
163 St. Catherine's Chapel
377 B. Sly.
382 J. Jerritt,
170 Andrea del Sarto and Group from the
Madonna del Sacco .
157 M. Stanley. J. Adams.
161 Shepherd. Nugent.
162 Wells. Sears.
174 The Bat
Weich. 175 The Horse, four Figures to illustrate
177 Kangarons ·
404 Harvey. Jackson.
180 Hudibras and Ralph conveyed to the
181 Bangor Cathedral
182 Xanthian Marbles in the British Museum 412 Sargent. Horner.
196 Sargent Sears.
201 Shepherd Nugent.
190 The Lady visiting Hudibras in the Stocks 428
193 Portrait of Raphael d'Urbino, and Mar-
194 Hunting the Ostrich
195 Foot of Woodpecker
443 Harvey. H. Clarke
201 Amboyna Box-Tortoise
244 "Thorne. Jackson.
209 Soldering Shanks
473 Brown. Jackson.
of Wm. Todde
220 St. Michael orercoming the Dragon 492 Harvey. H, Clarke.
498 B. Sly. Palling:
297 B. Sly. Sears.
229 Cutting Iron for Nails
[a, Pontia Cardamines ; b, Pieris Cratægi; c, Pontia Rapæ ; d, Pontia Napi; e, Pontia Brassicæ ; s, Gonopteryx Rhamni; 9, Colias Hyale.] CURIOSITIES OF BRITISH NATURAL so striking is the contrast. Well might the Greeks, HISTORY.
elegant even in their mythology, apply the term Psyche BUTTERFLIES.
to the soul-and to the butterfly, the latter being the
mystical emblem of the former. IF, having never seen or heard of a butterfly, one were All know what a caterpillar is,—there are few who to meet our gaze, as on winnowing wings it danced are not familiar with the caterpillars of many of the through the summer air from flower to flower, should more common butterflies, so destructive to the escuwe conceive it possible that it had ever been a crawl- lent vegetables of the kitchen-garden; but still some ing and voracious worm, and then a torpid being en- points in their structure and economy may not be so veloped like a mummy in a case,—whence it sprung generally understood. forth in newness of life, light-winged, and graceful in The caterpillars of the butterfly tribe have hard every movement, and arrayed with beauty? And horny jaws; a body consisting of segments, to the though we know this to be the fact, when we look at number of twelve, exclusive of the head. They are the sluggish leaf-eating caterpillar, and contrast it with furnished with legs of two kinds : of these, the first what it will be, when on broad wings it traverses gar- three pairs, attached to the three first segments of the den and meadow, extracting from the flowers their body respectively, are true, or persistent, being the nectar for food, we feel involuntary emotions of wonder, / rudiments of the legs of the perfect insect; these are No. 755.