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From the Quarterly Review.
writing of the best articles in English ReREVUE DES DEUX MONDES. views, together with novels, tales, and
poems, such as rarely, if ever, appeared in La Revue Nouvelle. Nos. II., III., and English Magazines. Its fortnightly appear
IV. 1845. Paris. (London, Jeffs.) ance was just frequent enongh to keep it
The · Revue Nouvelle' declares itself to au courant ; at the same time the interval be an attempt to imitate the English Quar- between each two successive numbers was terlies; or rather to carry out the princi- sufficiently long to prevent the precipitation ples which distinguish the Review from the inevitable in newspaper writing, and to Newspaper. It is not always fair to judge
enable the writers to bestow the requisite of books according to their titles, nor of attention on their style. We confess this periodicals according to their prospectuses;
seems to us to have been the happiest union we may, therefore, abstain from inquiring of qualities and circumstances in the histohow far the numbers of “La Revue Nou- ry of periodicals. But it was doomed to sufveile,' already published, bear out the pro
fer a severe shock. mises which were offered in its prospectus.
M. Buloz, the proprietor, could not keep A slight survey of the state of literary jour
on good terms with his most popular connals in France will enable us to judge of tributors
. One by one they fell off. He the claims of the new comer, by enabling
entertained the very ridiculous, but very us to answer the question always meeting
common notion, that the authors were more a new periodical : Is it wanted ?
indebted to him, than he to them : in a The' Revue Française and the 'Revue word, he fancied that they could not do Encyclopédique,' having been for some
without him. He was mistaken. First, years discontinued, the Revue des Deux Balzac, and then George Sand, then DuMondes' and the Revue des Paris' were mas, left him; others quickly followed. the sole literary journals; and as the 'Re-The result was that the 'Revue' was left vue de Paris' was much inore like our
to its literature and philosophy, while the magazines, and altogether of a slighter cha- newspapers eagerly caught up the novelist, racter than the ‘ Deux Mondes, the latter and turned feuilletons into imitations of the may for a long time be said to have mo- most attractive portions of the 'Revue.' nopolized the field of serious periodical This was a sad blow to the circulation of literature. Those were the glorious days the latter; another swiftly followed. The of the ‘Revue. Not only the first men in Revue Independente' was established, philosophy, history, criticism, and political with George Sand as the leading contribueconomy, were seeu writing in it—ihe most tor; Pierre Leroux as the philosophe ; and popular novelists, and the most admired Louis Viardot (the admirable translator of poets, were also amongst its contributors. Don Quixote, and the husband of Pauline By the side of Cousin, Remusat, Jouffroy, Garcia) as critic on art. George Sand's Nisard, Saint-Beuve, Gustave Planche, Au- novels of 'Horace,' and ' Consuelo' would gustin Thierry, Saint-Marc-Girardin, Du have been enough to insure the success of vergier de laurane, Michel Chevalier, any review. But the success of the ‘IndeLerminier, Marmier, Rossi, and others-)pendente' was in a great degree hampered men who knew how to invest serious lucu- by the humanitarian doctrines of Pierre brations with the graces of style-were to
Leroux. Fortunately, the philosopher rebe found George Sand, Alfred de Musset, signed in time. The 'Revue' now numBalzac, C. de Bernard, A Dumas, Alfred bers some important names amongst ils conde Vigny, A. Briseux, Ch. Nodier, Méry, tributors. . &c. The 'Revue' then was a valuable
M. Buloz, seeing the mistake he had work. It had the learning and careful committed, endeavored to rectily it. He
turned the 'Revue de Paris' (which was libraries, they are most annoying to people who also his) into a newspaper appearing three have libraries of their own, and buy books to be times a week; but the speculation was a bound, preserved, and consu ted—not merely, to bad one, and the Revue de Paris' is now be read or glanced over, like a "standard novel,”: or some sentimental spinster's mince or jocular no more. M. Buloz has the credit of being Captain's hush of history or memoirs. In every considerably illiterate, though proprietor of considerable printing office there may be found two revues, 'dont il est l'ame,' said M. Hasoine intelligent map willing and able to compile a sufficient ind for such a book as this now be rel, with exquisite felicity, avec l'attention fore us, for a very moderare remuneration, at his habile de n'en être jamais l'esprit. But leisure hours.
illiterate or not, he is a man of considerable tact and readiness, as his success in lisetion : it appears at intervals of six weeks, plainly shows: for though originally only a and a single number may be bought, withprinter's foreman, he has founded one of out the purchaser being forced to a three the first periodicals in Europe by his own months' subscription. It is like our own exertions, and conducted it for fifteen years. Reviews in appearance; only not so bulky, It is in vain that his detractors endeavor and issued twice in the quarter. Its intento explain this, by saying that he sold him- tion is to be less a review than a periodical self to the ministry. This may be true, publication of books, the books made up of yet not affect his cleverness. How many essays. As we wish the Review well, we ihousands are there equally willing to sell cannot forbear entreating the editor to themselves, but who find no buyers! If M. reconsider his plan. The notion of Buloz was bought, it is to be supposed that periodical essays looks well in prospectuses; he was worth paying for. The cause of his it will not do in execution. We have seen success must lie elsewhere than in a mere an example at home. A Review, having easiness of conscience. Besides, the fact all the advantages of money and talent, of sale is not proved; so far from being was forced at length to give up after a long proved is it, that the rumor in inany quar- struggle in vain. Why was this struggle ters is that he has recently sold his ‘Revue' vain ? principally because the Review was entirely, and sold it to the government. less a Review than a periodical publication This rumor has a color of probability of essays. Neither money nor couragegiven to it by the return of certain writers, neither learning nor talent could save it. whose names have not figured in its pages Against a similar fate we would warn the for years, and who are all ministerial. The 'Revue Nouvelle. There is an essential whole question is, however, of no impor- difference between the book and the review, tance to us.
wbich it is fatal to overlook. The 'Revue des Deux Mondes,'having Looking at the 'Revue Nouvelle' with a lost one great element of popularity, had view to the question, Is it wanted ? we are only to endeavor to strengthen its other forced to admit that at present it shows no resources. This it has done. It is now signs of filling any want in French literanot so widely circulated. It is more exclu- ture. But it may succeed; it may estabsively serious. It addresses itself to ano- lish itself beside the 'Revue des Deux ther audience; but if it continues to keep Mondes,' and by important articles become its present aim steadily in view, we have no important. Let it, however, clearly settle doubt of its securing a sufficient audience. its aims. If it aspires to be popular, it In the last year or two it has been occa- must be more popular; if it aspires to be sionally heavy, seldom amusing, in the con- grave and useful, it must be more frankly fined sense of the word, but very instruc- so. We will make our meaning clear by a tive, and often enriched with really valua- reference to No. IV. The articles on Abéble contributions in the shape of biogra- lard, Henri Fonfrède, and on M. Quinet's phy, travels, history, and political economy. Cours,' are admirable specimens of ReIn its subjects it has approached our Review articles; whereas the other three views; in its treatment it has often surpass- articles should not have found admission; ed us.
In literature, as in every thing else, though we would except that on Mr. D'lsit is something to know your position, and raeli’s ‘Sybil,' had not that novel been alto accept it: to see clearly what can be ready copiously reviewed in France. M. done, and to do it. The ‘Revue des Deux Gobineau's paper is altogether unfit; and Mondes' has this advantage.
the Prince de Broglie's is a pamphlet, not The ‘Revue Nouvelle' seems to us to want an article. Thus half the volume is, we this advantage. It has no definite aim. It believe, a mistake. attempts nothing new, and does not frankly In the article on ‘Sybil' we were much accept what is old. The articles which it amused with the gravity of the exordium, publishes might just as well have appeared wherein France is called upon to study elsewhere; some of them had better have England more closely than she has hitherto appeared nowhere. The writers are prin- done: a feeling to which we cordially recipally writers in the 'Revue des Deux spond. France could not have studied us Mondes'—or were so; and there is no new less. But she is beginning to see the folly element introduced, which is to separate of this, and perfide Albion is to be approthis review from its more ancient rival. fondie. To return to the exordium, M. The only novelty is a novelty of publica- Robin tells his countrymen that they must
not suppose England is to be accurately | does it aim at giving any thing like a meknown by a perusal of parliamentary de- thodical account of that country and its bates and newspapers. Very true; there inhabitants. It is little more than a travelare other purer sources of information : and ler's description of what he saw and heard, where does M. Robin advise France to seek during his wayfaring and sojourn in a noble them? In our novels, and particularly in region, and among an interesting and hopethe novels of Mr. D’Israeli! It may be as sul people ; and though not a complete well to add that the 'Revue Nouvelle' is picture of Servia, it is a collection of conservative in its politics; defends Guizot; sketches from the life, struck off with a free and professes a friendly feeling towards and firm hand, and bearing on the face of England. This latter point is important. them a strong warranty of their truth. Mr. The anti-English feeling is so strong in Paton is the least prolix of travel-writers; France, so mad, so unreflecting, so certain, he does not weary his readers with long if not checked, to involve the two countries dissertations and ponderous inductions ; in a war, that any serious periodical raising but, moving about with his eyes and ears its voice against such folly cannot but be of well open, he is peculiarly happy in seizing service. We English are so little occupied and recording pregnant instances. For about France-we are so little desirous of example, he halts at a road-side tavern to war—that we cannot, without an effort, dine: bring ourselves to believe that the war-cry in France is any thing more than the agi
“A booby, with idiocy marked on his countation of a small faction. This is a serious tenance, was lounging about the door, and error. The feeling against England is deep- the man to give him a glass of slivovitsa, as
when our mid-day meal was done, I ordered ly rooted—widely spread; it is, moreover, a plun-brandy is called. He then came fornational feeling. The middle classes-above ward, trembling as if about to receive sentence all, the manufacturers—are of course strong- of death, and taking off his greasy sez, said, 'I ly averse to war; but the mass of the nation drink to our prince, Kana Georgovich, and to hungers for it. * The feeling exists,' says
the progress and enlightenment of the nation.' one of the most eminent men in France, in ed habiliments of this idiot swineherd. He
I looked with astonishment at the torn, wretcha private letter now before us, 'it increases,
was 100 stupid to entertain these sentiments and will increase daily. I think I see the himself
, but this trifling circumstance was the Channel grow wider and wider. France is leather which indicated how the wind blew. repressed by two millions of shopkeepers The Servians are by no means a nation of and manufacturers—for how long ? No talkers; they are a serious people; and if the one can predict. And we have a military determination to rise were not in the minds of and agricultural population of thirty mil- baboon-visaged oaf of an insignificant ham
the people, it would not be on the lips of the lions and more.' The struggle for peace let." must needs be a difficult and precarious one. Any ally on the side of peace is there
The following admirable passage needs fore welcome ; such an ally as the “Revue Nouvelle' may be very important.
no preface or comment :
“On the day of departure a tap was heard at the door, and enter Holman (the blind traveller] to bid me good-bye. Another tap at the door, and enter Milutinovich, who is the best of
the living poets of Servia, and has been someFrom the Quarterly Review.
times called the Ossian of the Balkan. As PATON'S SERVIA.
for his other pseudonyme, 'the Horer of a
hundred sieges,' that must have been invented Servia, the Youngest Member of the Euro- by Mr. George Robins, the Demosthenes of
one hundred rostra.' The reading public in pean Family; or, a Residence in Bel
Servia is not yet Jarre enough to enable a grade, and Travels in the Highlands and
man of letters to live solely by his works; so Woodlands of the Interior, during the our bard has a situation in the ministry of years
1843 and 1844. By A. H. Paton, public instruction. One of the most renarkaEsq. Longman. London. 1845. ble compositions of Milutinovich is an address This is an interesting and instructive from difficulties, expended in the printing of
10 a young surgeon, who, to relieve the poet volume, though it does not fulfil the pro- his poenis a sum which he had destined for mise implied in the first clause of its long his own support at a university, in order to obtitle. It is not a treatise on Servia, nortain his degree.
“ Now it may not be generally known that scellent method, which enables him to preone of the oldest legends of Bulgaria is that serve much of the native hue of bis facts. of Poor Lasar,' which runs somewhat thus:
6. The day departed and the stranger came, as the moon rose on the silver snow
is I think,' said I to the entertainer, as I "Welcome,' said the poor Lasar to the stran-shook the crumbs out of my napkin, and touk ger: ‘Luibitza, lighi the faggot and prepare the first whiff of my chibouque, that if Stethe supper.'
phen Dushan's chief cook were to rise from 666 Luibitza answered: (the forest is wide, the grave, he could not give us better fare. and the lighted faggot burns bright, bui
“ Caplain.—God sends us good provender, where is the supper? Have we noi lasted good pasture, ood flocks and herds, good since yesterday ?'
corn and fruits, and wood and water. The 6.Shame and confusion smote the heart of land is rich, the climate excellent; but we
are often in political troubles. “Art ihou a Bulgarian,' said the stran
“ Aulhor.- These recent affairs are trifles, ger, and settest not food before thy guest ?' Poor Lasar looked in the cupboard, and lions of Kara Geory.
and you are too young to recollect the revolulooked in the garret, nor crumb, nor onion
· Capluin.— Yes, I am; but do you see that were found in either. Shame and confusion Boluk Bashi, who arcompanied you hither ? smote the heart of poor Lasar.
His history is a droll illustration of past umes. 16 " Here is fat and fair flesh,' said the stran- Simco Slivovats is a brave soldier ; but, alger, pointing to Janko, the curly-haired boy. though a Servian, has two wives. Luibitza shrieked and fell. 'Never,' said La
* Author.- Is he a Moslem ? sar, .shall it be said that a Bulgarian was
“ Capluin.-Not at all. In the time of Kara wanting to his guest.? He seized a hatchet, Georg he was an active guerilla fighter, and and Jauko was slaughtered as a lamb. Ah, took prisoner a Turk called Sidi Mengia, who can describe the supper of the stranger? whose life he spared. In the year 1813, when
". Lisar fell into a deep sleep, and at inid- Servia was temporarily reconquered by the night he heard the stranger cry aloud, - Arise, Turks, the same Sidi Mengia returried to Lasar, for I am the Lord thy God; the hos- Zlupa, and said, 'Where is the brave Servian pitality of Bulgaria is untarnished. Thy son who saved my life?' The Boluk Baslui being Janko is restored to life, and thy stores are found, he said to him, ' My friend, you deserve filleiti
another wise for your generosity.' I cannot 6.Long lived the rich Lasar, the fair Lui
marry two wives,' said Simo; ny religion bitza, and the curly-haired Janko'
forbids it.' Bulthe handsonest woman in the • Milutinovich, in his address to the youth country being sought out. Sidi Mengia sent a ful surgeon, compares his transcendent yener message to the priest of the place, ordering osily to the sacrifice made by Lasar in the him to marry Simo to the young won an. wilů and distasteful legend I have here given. The priest refused; but Sidi Mengia seni a
" I introduced the poet and the traveller to second threatening message; so the priest each other, and explained their respective married the couple. The two wives live 10merits and peculiarities. Poor old Milutino- gether to this day, in the house of Simo, at vich, who Jooked on his own journey to ) Zhupa. The archbishop, since the departure Montenegro as a memorable seat, was awe of the Turks, has repeatedly called on Sino struck when I mentioned the innumerable to repudiate his second wile; but the principal countries in the tour quarters of the world obsticle is the first wife, who looks upon the which had been visited by the blind traveller. second as a sort of sister. Under these anomHe immediately recollecied having read an alous circumstances Simo Wiis under a sort of account of' him in the Augsburg Gazelle, and excommunication, until he had made a fashion with a reverential simplicity begged me 10 of repudiating the second wile, by the first convey to him bis desire to kiss his beard. adopiing her as a sister.” Holman consented with a smile, and Milutinovich, advancing as if he were about to worchip a deity, lifted the peak of white hairs from Here is a ludicrous, but very excusable the beard of the aged stranger, pressed them blunder, at which those may laugh who to his lips, and prayed aloud that he might have never fallen into any similar absurdity. return to his home in saleiy.
6 In old Europe Milutinovich would have “ The major of the town [Prassova) aster been called an actor; but his deportmeni, if it swallowing countless hoxes of Morrison's pills, had the originality, had also the childish en-died in the belief ihat he had not begun to plicity of nature."
take them soon enough. The consumption of These drugs at that time almost surpassed he
lief. There was scarrely a sickly or hypoMr. Paton's reminiscences frequently hondriac person from the Hill of Presburg 10 assume a dramatic form. He is fond olive Iron Gates, who had not taken large quannoting down snatches of dialogue,-an ex.lities of them.''
From Tait's Magazine.
est art, by the way : but, in his own direct TRAVELS OF A SCOTTISH CRAFTSMAN.
Having mixed with the mass of the people, A Scottish Craftsman's Travels in the United States and Canada, in the years Union and in Upper Canada, having eaten
having been employed in different parts of the 1840, 1841, and 1812. By William with them, and sat down at their firesidesThomson of Stonehaven. Edinburgh : sometimes living amongst tradesmen and meOliver & Boyd.
chanics, and sometimes ainongst farmers-I We cannot guess where this little book devoted my artention principally to the collechas been sleeping for three years : but it is, the farmers and tradesmen—what they eat,
sion of information on the actual condition of is not exactly the book, then the kind of drink, and what they wear; and seeing that book on America which we have long de- the numerous books that have been written on sired to see. British travellers in the United the subject do not descend far enough into the States run generally in the same track. scale of society, do not enter closely enough They land at New York; they have intro- into the minutia of every-day life, to convey ductions to a few great merchants, leading of those who have 10 toil for their daily subsiststatesmen, and celebrated professors of colleges and preachers
. They see Broadway, ence, I purpose to make this my task. ihey survey the public institutions, and de- A more useful office could not be under. scribe their own hotel or boarding-house ;| taken ; and we only wish that the author's try a touch at the sublime in the way of de- modesty had permitted him to tell us a good scription of the Hudson ; steam on to Bos- deal more; though we probably have obton, tell of ministers, go to Albany, perhaps tained the cream of his experience. He is to the Falls of Niagara, then back to Phil- a native of Stonehaven, and by trade a adelphia, take a peep at Washington and worker in wool,-a carder and spinner of the Congress, at the Slave States, and now wool, as we take it. Being threatened with and then proceed as far as New Orleans, pulmonary disease, he was advised to try a and even the far west,” by the lakes and warmer climate; and, having two brothers the Mississippi; and, with few exceptions, settled in South Carolina, he went to the observe the same objects, and receive the United States, where he soon recovered his same impressions, modified only by the cir- health, and afterwards traversed the length cumstance of their having been Whig, and breadth of the land ; travelling like a Tory, or Radical, before they set forth upon German wandering craftsman, and stopping their travels. In the little book upon our a few days or weeks here and there, whertable, an artisan's tour, and that a pretty ever he could obtain any kind of employlengthy and extensive one, there is happily ment. This he often did to have better opnothing whatever about the fashionable cir- portunities of ascertaining the real condi. cles of New York, or the learned coteries tion of the people. In the winter months he of Boston; little about sermons or lec- went first among the manufactories of the tures, and nothing about anniversaries and Carolinas and of Georgia, and in the summer speeches, and Sing-sing, and the other perambulated the northern states; workhackneyed sights, and out-worn Lions of ing either with the farmers or at the factothe Union. The book consists of a plain, ries, as was most convenient. In this way intelligent workman's brief relation of what he visited nearly all the Atlantic states and he saw in a country where his class is the Upper Canada; and afterwards Ohio, Inmost important of all, and we are inclined diana, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri,' the to think, the most enviable also. America States of Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, is a bad land for “ aristocrats,” or wealthy &c. &c. He found temporary employment people of " highly civilized” tastes and in cotton mills, as well as in the wool-cardhabits; and an indifferent one for scholars ers' mills, and every where laid himself out and literary or idle persons; though it is, to learn the real condition and character of with all its drawbacks, the land in which the people. For acquiring this knowledge, "the greatest happiness of the greatest he found much better opportunities than number” is, partly from institution and those which fall to the lot of travellers by partly from circumstance, the most effectu- profession. ally promoted and secured ; and it is of the First we may see, in his book, the great "greatest number” these travels speak. matter of how the people live, what they The author makes no pretensions to “mak- eat and drink, and how they are lodged ing a book ;” a disreputable if not a dishon- and clothed.
VOL; VI.-No. III. 21