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Measure 4th.—Iambic of Five Feet, or Pentameter. “För prāise tõo dēar|-ıý löv'd | or wārm-lý sõught,
Enfee-bles all | inter-nal strength of thought.” "With sõll-ěmn ād-orā|-tión down | thěy cāst
Their crowns | inwove | with am-arant | and gold.” OBS. 1.- This is the regular English heroic. It is, perhaps, the only meas are suitable for blank verse.
OBs. 2.—The Elegiac Stanza consists of four heroics rhyming alternately aus,
“ Enough | has Heav'n | indulg'd | of joy, 1 below,
To tempt | our tarl-riance in this lova | retreat;
To make us lang|-uish for ' a hapl-pier seat."
“The jöys | ăböve | Kre un-derstüod
And rell-ish'd on-ly by | the good.”
“Blue light|-nings singe | thě wāves,
And thun/-der rends | the rock.”
“ Thộir love | ănd āwe
Supply | the law.”
“ Hów brīght,
The light!" Obs. 1.–Lines of fewer than seven syllables are seldom found, except in connexion with longer verses.
OBs. 2.-In iambic verse, the first foot is often varied, by introducing a trochee; as:
“Plãnét8 | Ănd sũng | rằn lãw|-lèss thröugh | thẻ skỹ.” Obs. 3.-By a synæresis of the two short syllables, or perhaps by mere substitution, an anapest may sometimes be employed for an iambus; or a dactyl, for å trochee : as,
“O'er manl-y a frol-zen, manl-y a fil-ery Alp.”
ORDER II.-TROCHAIC VERSE. In Trochaic
verse, the stress is laid on the odd syllables, and the even ones are short. Single-rhymed trochaic omits the final short syllable, that it may end with a long one. This kind of verse is the same as iambic would be without the ini. tial short syllable. Iambics and trochaics often occur in the same poem.
Measure 1st.--Trochaic of Eight Feet, or Octometer. “Once ups-on a | midnight | dreary, | while I | pondered, I
weak and I weary, Over | māný à | quaint and cūržõus / volume of for)
-gotten | lore,
While I | nodded, | nearly | mapping, I suddenl-ly there |
came a | tapping, As of some one I gently | rapping, / rapping | at my |
chamber door." Measure 2d.-Trochaic of Seven Feet, or Heptameter. “Hasten, | Lord, to rescue me, and set me | safe from
trouble; Shame thou | those who seek my soul, rel-ward their | mischief double."
Single Rhyme. and | morning | were at | meeting | over | Watery Cocks had sung their | earliest | greeting; | faint and I low
Measure 3d.--Trochaic of Six Feet, or Hexameter. * On ă | mountăin strētch'd běl nēath ă | hòarý | willow, Lay a | shepherd / swain, and view'd the rolling billow.'
Lived a necromancer, wondrous son of earth."
Sat a farmer, ruddy, fat, and fair."
“Round å holy calm dif-fusing,
Bliss in vain from earth is sought."
Stories | plainly | told.”
(Fancy | viễwing,
Joys en -suing."
Sink to peace.”
ORDER III.-ANAPESTIC VERSE.
Measure 1st.-Anapestic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter.
Hypermeter with Double Rhyme. “In a word, so complete-ly forestall'd | were the wish -es, Even har|-mony struck | from the noise of the dish|-es.”
Hypermeter with Triple Rhyme. “ Lean Tom, | when I saw him, last week, on his horse |
awry, Threaten'd loudl-ly to turn me to stone with ķis sor|-cery." Measure 2d.—Anapestic of Three Feet, or Trimeter.
“I ăm mon|-ărch of all | I sŭrvēy;
My right | there is none 1 to dispute.”
“ When I look | on mỹ boys,
They renew | all my joys."
& On the lãnd
Let me stand."
ORDER IV.-DACTYLIC VERSE. In pure Dactylic verse, the stress is laid on the first syllablo of each successive three; that is, on the first, the fourth, the seventh, the tenth syllable, &c. Full dactylic generally forms triple rhyme. When one of the final short syllables is omitted, the rhyme is double; when both single. Dactylic with single rhyme is the same as anapestir would be without its initial short syllables. Dactylic measure is rather uncommon; and, vhen employed, is seldom perfectly regular.
Measure 1st.--Dactylic of Eight Feet, or Octometer. “ Nimród thě | huntěr wăs | mīghtỹ în | hūnting, ănd | fāmed
ăn thế | rulbr of | cities of ] yöre ; Babel, and | Erech, and | Accad, and | Calneh, from | Shi
nar's fair | region his name afar bore." Measure 20.--Dactylic of Seven Feet, or Heptameter. “Out of the kingdom of Christ shall be gathered, by
angels o'er Satan victorious, All that offendeth, that | lieth, that I faileth to | honour his
| name ever | glorious.” Measure 3d.--Dactylic of Six Feet, or Hexameter. “Time, thou art ever in motion, on wheels of the days,
years, and ages; Restless as waves of the ocean, when | Eurus or | Boreas | rages.”
Example without Rhyme. “ This is the forest pris-meval; but | where are the hearts
that bel-neath it Leap'd like the | roe, when he | hears in the woodland the
| voice of the huntsman ?" Measure 4th.—Dactylic of Five Feet, or Pentameter. “Now thou dost | welcome me, I welcome me, | from the
dark sea, Land of the beautiful, | beautiful, | land of the free.”
Measure 5th.-Dactylic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter. “Böys will ănticipate, | lavish, and | dissipate
All thăt your būsý păte hoarded with care;
Charge you with churlishness, I spurning your pray'r."
“Evěr sîng | mērrilý, | mērrílý.”
“ Frēe from să tīětý,
Care, and anxiety,
Fall to his share."
CHAPTER V.-ORAL EXERCISES.
EXAMPLES FOR PARSING.
PRAXIS VIII.-PROSODICAL. In the Eighth Praxis, are exemplified the several Figures of
Orthography, of Etymology, of Syntax, and of Rhetoric, which the parser may name and define; and by it the pupil may also be exercised in relation to the principles of Punctuation, Utterance, and Versification.
LESSON 1.-FIGURES OF ORTHOGRAPHY.
MIMESIS AND ARCHAISM.
“Fery goot: I will make a prief of it in my note-book; and we will afterwards ’ork upon the cause with as great discreetly as we can." - Shak.
“Vat is you sing? I do not like dese toys. Pray you, go and vetch me in my closet un boitier verd; a box, a green-a box. Do intend vat I speak ? a green-a box.”—Id.
“I ax'd you what you had to sell. I am fitting out a wessel for Wenice, loading her with waridus keinds of prowisions, and wittualling her for a long woyage ; and I want several undred weight of weal, wenison, &c., with plenty of inyons and winegar, for the preserwation of ealth.”- Columbian Orator, p. 292.
“None (else are] so desperately evill, as they that may bee good and will not: or have beene good and are not." —Rev. John Rogers, 1620. “A Carpenter finds his work as hee left it, but a Minister shall find his sett back. You need preach continually." Id. “ Here whilom ligg'd th' Esopus of his age,
But call’d by Fame, in soul ypricked deep.”—Thomson. “ It was a fountain of Nepenthe rare, Whence, as Dan Homer sings, huge pleasaunce grew."-Id,
LESSON II. — FIGURES OF ETYMOLOGY. APHIÆRESIS, PROSTHESIS, SYNCOPE, APOCOPE, PARAGOGE, DIÆRESIS,
SYNÆRESIS, AND TMESIS.