Page images
PDF
EPUB

Measure 4th.—Iambic of Five Feet, or Pentameter. “För prāise tõo dēar|-ıý löv'd | or wārm-lý sõught,

Enfee-bles all | inter-nal strength of thought.” "With sõll-ěmn ād-orā|-tión down | thěy cāst

Their crowns | inwove | with am-arant | and gold.” OBS. 1.- This is the regular English heroic. It is, perhaps, the only meas are suitable for blank verse.

OBs. 2.—The Elegiac Stanza consists of four heroics rhyming alternately aus,

“ Enough | has Heav'n | indulg'd | of joy, 1 below,

To tempt | our tarl-riance in this lova | retreat;
Enough has Heav'n | ordain'd | of asel-ful wo,

To make us lang|-uish for ' a hapl-pier seat."
Measure 5th.-Iambio of Four Feet, or Tetrameter.

“The jöys | ăböve | Kre un-derstüod

And rell-ish'd on-ly by | the good.”
Measure 6th.—Iambic of Three Feet, or Trimeter.

“Blue light|-nings singe | thě wāves,

And thun/-der rends | the rock.”
Measure 7th.—Iambic of Two Feet, or Dimeter.

“ Thộir love | ănd āwe

Supply | the law.”
Measure 8th.—Iambic of One Foot, or Monometer.

“ Hów brīght,

The light!" Obs. 1.–Lines of fewer than seven syllables are seldom found, except in connexion with longer verses.

OBs. 2.-In iambic verse, the first foot is often varied, by introducing a trochee; as:

Plãnét8 | Ănd sũng | rằn lãw|-lèss thröugh | thẻ skỹ.” Obs. 3.-By a synæresis of the two short syllables, or perhaps by mere substitution, an anapest may sometimes be employed for an iambus; or a dactyl, for å trochee : as,

O'er manl-y a frol-zen, manl-y a fil-ery Alp.”

ORDER II.-TROCHAIC VERSE. In Trochaic

verse, the stress is laid on the odd syllables, and the even ones are short. Single-rhymed trochaic omits the final short syllable, that it may end with a long one. This kind of verse is the same as iambic would be without the ini. tial short syllable. Iambics and trochaics often occur in the same poem.

Measure 1st.--Trochaic of Eight Feet, or Octometer. “Once ups-on a | midnight | dreary, | while I | pondered, I

weak and I weary, Over | māný à | quaint and cūržõus / volume of for)

-gotten | lore,

* Night

-loo;

While I | nodded, | nearly | mapping, I suddenl-ly there |

came a | tapping, As of some one I gently | rapping, / rapping | at my |

chamber door." Measure 2d.-Trochaic of Seven Feet, or Heptameter. “Hasten, | Lord, to rescue me, and set me | safe from

trouble; Shame thou | those who seek my soul, rel-ward their | mischief double."

Single Rhyme. and | morning | were at | meeting | over | Watery Cocks had sung their | earliest | greeting; | faint and I low

they crew."

Measure 3d.--Trochaic of Six Feet, or Hexameter. * On ă | mountăin strētch'd běl nēath ă | hòarý | willow, Lay a | shepherd / swain, and view'd the rolling billow.'

Single Rhyme.
“ Lonely | in the forest, / subtle | from his | birth,

Lived a necromancer, wondrous son of earth."
Measure 4th.--Trochaic of Five Feet, or Pentameter,
“Virtue's bright'nîng | rāy shăll | bēam fór | ēvěr.”

Single Rhyme.
“ Idle | āstěr | dinner, I in his | chāir,

Sat a farmer, ruddy, fat, and fair."
Measure 5th.--Trochaic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter.

“Round å holy calm dif-fusing,
Love of | peace and lonely | musing."

Single Rhyme.
“ Rēstlěss | mõrtăls | tõil fór | nāught,

Bliss in vain from earth is sought."
Measure 6th.--Trochaic of Three Feet, or Trimetor.
“ When our heārts are | mourning."

Single Rhyme.
“In thě | dāys of | old,

Stories | plainly | told.”
Measure 7th.—Trochaic of Two Feet, or Dimeter.

(Fancy | viễwing,

Joys en -suing."

Single Rhyme.
“ Tūmúlt | cēase,

Sink to peace.”
Measure 8th.—Trochaic of One Foot, or Monometer.

“ Chānging,

Ranging."

ORDER III.-ANAPESTIC VERSE.
In Anapestic verse the stress is laid on every third syllable
The first foot of an anapestic line, may be an iambus.

Measure 1st.-Anapestic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter.
“ At thẻ clöse | of thể dây, 1 whăn thể hãm|-lét Is still,
And mor|-tals the sweets | of forget|-fulness prove."

Hypermeter with Double Rhyme. “In a word, so complete-ly forestall'd | were the wish -es, Even har|-mony struck | from the noise of the dish|-es.”

Hypermeter with Triple Rhyme. “ Lean Tom, | when I saw him, last week, on his horse |

awry, Threaten'd loudl-ly to turn me to stone with ķis sor|-cery." Measure 2d.—Anapestic of Three Feet, or Trimeter.

“I ăm mon|-ărch of all | I sŭrvēy;

My right | there is none 1 to dispute.”
Measure 3.-Anapestic of Two Feet, or Dimeter.

“ When I look | on mỹ boys,

They renew | all my joys."
Measure 4th. ---Anapestic of One Foot, or Monometer.

& On the lãnd

Let me stand."

ORDER IV.-DACTYLIC VERSE. In pure Dactylic verse, the stress is laid on the first syllablo of each successive three; that is, on the first, the fourth, the seventh, the tenth syllable, &c. Full dactylic generally forms triple rhyme. When one of the final short syllables is omitted, the rhyme is double; when both single. Dactylic with single rhyme is the same as anapestir would be without its initial short syllables. Dactylic measure is rather uncommon; and, vhen employed, is seldom perfectly regular.

Measure 1st.--Dactylic of Eight Feet, or Octometer. “ Nimród thě | huntěr wăs | mīghtỹ în | hūnting, ănd | fāmed

ăn thế | rulbr of | cities of ] yöre ; Babel, and | Erech, and | Accad, and | Calneh, from | Shi

nar's fair | region his name afar bore." Measure 20.--Dactylic of Seven Feet, or Heptameter. “Out of the kingdom of Christ shall be gathered, by

angels o'er Satan victorious, All that offendeth, that | lieth, that I faileth to | honour his

| name ever | glorious.” Measure 3d.--Dactylic of Six Feet, or Hexameter. “Time, thou art ever in motion, on wheels of the days,

years, and ages; Restless as waves of the ocean, when | Eurus or | Boreas | rages.”

Example without Rhyme. “ This is the forest pris-meval; but | where are the hearts

that bel-neath it Leap'd like the | roe, when he | hears in the woodland the

| voice of the huntsman ?" Measure 4th.—Dactylic of Five Feet, or Pentameter. “Now thou dost | welcome me, I welcome me, | from the

dark sea, Land of the beautiful, | beautiful, | land of the free.”

Measure 5th.-Dactylic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter. “Böys will ănticipate, | lavish, and | dissipate

All thăt your būsý păte hoarded with care;
And, in their foolishness, | passion, and mulishness,

Charge you with churlishness, I spurning your pray'r."
Measure 6th.—Dactylic of Three Feet, or Trimeter.

“Evěr sîng | mērrilý, | mērrílý.”
Measure 7th.-Dactylic of Two Feet, or Dimeter.

“ Frēe from să tīětý,

Care, and anxiety,
Charms in variety,

Fall to his share."
Measure 8th.-Dactylic of One Foot, or Monometer.

“ Fearfully,
Tearfully.”

CHAPTER V.-ORAL EXERCISES.

EXAMPLES FOR PARSING.

PRAXIS VIII.-PROSODICAL. In the Eighth Praxis, are exemplified the several Figures of

Orthography, of Etymology, of Syntax, and of Rhetoric, which the parser may name and define; and by it the pupil may also be exercised in relation to the principles of Punctuation, Utterance, and Versification.

LESSON 1.-FIGURES OF ORTHOGRAPHY.

MIMESIS AND ARCHAISM.

Fery goot: I will make a prief of it in my note-book; and we will afterwards ’ork upon the cause with as great discreetly as we can." - Shak.

Vat is you sing? I do not like dese toys. Pray you, go and vetch me in my closet un boitier verd; a box, a green-a box. Do intend vat I speak ? a green-a box.”—Id.

“I ax'd you what you had to sell. I am fitting out a wessel for Wenice, loading her with waridus keinds of prowisions, and wittualling her for a long woyage ; and I want several undred weight of weal, wenison, &c., with plenty of inyons and winegar, for the preserwation of ealth.- Columbian Orator, p. 292.

“None (else are] so desperately evill, as they that may bee good and will not: or have beene good and are not." —Rev. John Rogers, 1620. “A Carpenter finds his work as hee left it, but a Minister shall find his sett back. You need preach continually." Id. “ Here whilom ligg'd th' Esopus of his age,

But call’d by Fame, in soul ypricked deep.”—Thomson. “ It was a fountain of Nepenthe rare, Whence, as Dan Homer sings, huge pleasaunce grew."-Id,

LESSON II. — FIGURES OF ETYMOLOGY. APHIÆRESIS, PROSTHESIS, SYNCOPE, APOCOPE, PARAGOGE, DIÆRESIS,

SYNÆRESIS, AND TMESIS.
Bend 'gainst the steepy hill thy breast,
Burst down like torrent from its crest."-Scott.
'Tis mine to teach th' inactive hand to reap
Kind nature's bounties, o'er the globe diffus'd.-Dyer.
Alas! alas ! how impotently true
Th' aërial pencil forms the scene anew.-Cawthorne.

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »