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Medicines should be administerred with caution.
The soul of the slothfull, does but drowse in his body.
The robbin-read-breast til of late had rest;
ET Y M O L O GY.
Etymology treats of the different parts of speech, with their classes and modifications.
CHAPTER 1.—THE PARTS OF SPEECH.
The Parts of Speech, or sorts of words, in English, are ten; namely, the Article, the Noun, the Adjective, the Pronoun, the Verb, the Participle, the Adverb, the Conjunction, the Preposition, and the Interjection.
1. TIIE ARTICLE. An Article is the word the, an, or a, which we put before nouns to limit their signification; as, The air, the stars; an island, a ship.
2. THE NOUN. A Noun is the name of any person, place, or thing, that can be known or mentioned: as, George, York, man, apple, truth.
3. THE ADJECTIVE. An Adjective is a word added to a noun or pronoun, and generally expresses quality : as, A wise man; a new book. You two are diligent.
4. THE PRONOUN. A Pronoun is a word used in stead of a noun : as, The boy loves his book; he has long lessons, and he learns them well.
5. THE VERB. A Verb is a word that signifies to be, to act, or to be acted upon : as, I am, I rule, I am ruled; I love, thou lovest, he loves.
6. THE PARTICIPLE. A Participle is a word derived from a verb, participating the properties of a verb, and of an adjective or a noun; and is generally formed by adding ing, d, or ed, to the verb: thus, from the verb rule, are formed three participles, two simple and one compound; as, 1. ruling, 2. ruled, 3. having rubed.
7. THE ADVERB. An Adverb is a word added to a verb, a participle, an adjective, or an other adverb; and generally expresses time, place, degree, or manner:-as, They are now here, studying very diligently.
8. THE CONJUNCTION. A Conjunction is a word used to connect words or sentences in construction, and to show the dependence of the terms so connected: as, "Thou and he are happy, because you are good.”—L. Murray.
9. THE PREPOSITION.. A Preposition is a word used to express some relation of different things or thoughts to each other, and is generally placed before a noun or a pronoun: as, The paper lies before me on the desk.
10. THE INTERJECTION. An Interjection is a word that is uttered merely to indicate some strong or sudden emotion of the mind; as, Oh! alas ! ah ! poh! pshaw! avaunt !
Parsing is the resolving or explaining of a sentence, or of some related word or words, according to the definitions and rules of grammar.
A sentence is an assemblage of words, making complete sense; as, “Reward sweetens labor:-" The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.”
A definition of any thing or class of things is such a description of it, as distinguishes that entire thing or class from every thing else, by bricily telling what it is.
A rule of grammar is some law, more or less general, by which custom regulates and prescribes the right use of language.
A praxis is a method of exercise, showing the learner how to proceed. (The word literally signifies action, doing, practice, or formal use.)
An example is a particular instance or model, serving to prove or illustrate some given proposition or truth.
An exercise is some technical performance required of the lcarner in order to test his knowledge or skill by use.
EXERCISES IN PARSING.
PRAXIS I.-ETYMOLOGICAL. In the First Praxis, it is required of the pupil—to distinguish
the different parts of speech, and to assign a reason for such distinction, by citing the proper definition, and adapting it to each particular case. Thus :
“The patient ox submits to the yoke, and meekly performs the labor required of him.”
1.* Submits is a verb, because it signifies action ;
Performs is also a verb, for the same reason.
Yoke and labor are nouns, for the same reason.
labor—the noun before which it is placed. 4. Putient is an adjective, because it expresses the quality of ox. 5. Him is a pronoun, because it is used instead of the noun ox. 6. Required is a participle, because it expresses action like a verb,
and qualifies the noun labor like an adjective.
*R7 The numbers are here used to indicate the order in which the pupil should, at first, be required to distinguish the parts of speech in any sentence. "The verb is made the first in this series, because it is the word to which all others have an inmediate or remote relation, and because it is easily recognized, and, when discovered, leads the mind necessarily to a knowledge of the other parts of speech comprehended in the sentence, by showing the particular office of every word. This cannot be done, at this stage of the pupil's progress, with a proper degree of intelligence and precision, by mechanically examining each word 'in succession; for the reason that to do so requires him to compare the distinctive office of each pari of speech with tho word examined; while in these preliminary exercises, he is only required to keep in mind the character of a single part of speech, and coinpare it with euch word of tho sentence in succession. Besides, an eclectic process like that indicated, is better calculated to keep the interest and attention of the pupil awake, the constant desire al discovery continually stimulating mental activity.