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Imperfect Tense.
Singular.
1. If I

were,
2. If thou wert, or were,
3. If he

were ;

Plural. 1. If we

were, 2. If you were, 3. If they were.

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IMPERATIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.
Singular. 2. Be [thou, or Do thou be;
Plural. 2. Be [ye or you,] or Do you be.

PARTICIPLES.
1. The Imperfect.

2. The Perfect 3. The Preperfect. Being.

Been.

Having been. OBS.—In the familiar style, the second person singular of this verb is usually formed thus : Ind. Thou art, Thou was, Thou hast been, Thou had been, Thou will be, Thou will have been. Pot. Thou may be, Thou might be, Thou may have been, Thou might have been. Subs. If thou

be, If thou were. IMP. Be (thou,] or Do thou be.

II. COMPOUND FORM, ACTIVE OR NEUTER. Active and neuter verbs may also be conjugated, by adding the Imperfect Participle to the auxiliary verb BE, through all its changes; as, I am writing-He is sitting. This form of the verb denotes a continuance* of the action or the state of being, and is, on many occasions, preferable to the simple form of the verb.

OBS.–Verbs of this form have sometimes a passive signification; as,
books are now selling."Allen's Gram., p. 82. “It requires no motion in
the organs whilst it is forming"? Murray's Gram., p. 8. " While the work
of the temple was carrying on.”-Dr. J. Owen. "The designs of Providence
are carrying on.”Bp. Butler. We are permitted to know nothing of
what is transacting in the regions above us."- Dr. Blair. Expressions of
this kind are condemned by some critics; but the usage is unquestionably
of far better authority, and (according to my apprehension) in far better
taste, than the more complex phraseology which some late writers adopt in
its stead; as, “ The books are now being sold."

FOURTH EXAMPLE.
The irregular active verb READ, conjugated afirmatively in

the Compound Form.

Principal Parts of the Simple Verb.
Present. Preterit. Imp. Participle. Perf. Participle.
Read. Read.

Reading

Read.

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* Those verbs which, in their simple form, imply continuance, do not admits compound form; thus we say, “I respect him;" but not, “I am respecting himış

INFINITIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.
To be reading.

Perfect Tense.
To have been reading.

1. I

INDICATIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
1. I
am reading

1. We are reading,
2. Thou art reading,

2. You are reading,
3. He is reading; 3. They are reading.

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I was reading,

.1. We were reading, 2. Thou wast reading,

2. You were reading, 3. He was reading;

3. They were reading.
Perfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. have been reading, 1. We have been reading, 2. Thou hast been reading, 2. You have been reading, 3. He has been reading; 3. They have been reading.

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I

had been reading, 1. We had been reading, 2. Thou hadst been reading, 2. You had been reading, 3. He had been reading; 3. They had been reading.

First-future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I

shall be reading, 1. We shall be reading, 2. Thou wilt be reading, 2. You will be reading, 3. He will be reading; 3. They will be reading.

Second-future Tense.
Singular. 1. I

shall have been reading,
2. Thou wilt have been reading,
3. He

will have been reading;
Plural. 1. We shall have been reading,

2. You will have been reading,
3 They will have been reading.

3. He may

POTENTIAL MOOD.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
1. I
may be reading,

1. We may be reading, 2. Thou mayst be reading,

2. You may be reading, 3. He may be reading ; 3. They may be reading.

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I might be reading, 1. We might be reading, 2. Thou mightst be reading, 2. You might be reading, 3. He might be reading; 3. They might be reading,

Perfect Tense.
Singular. 1. I may have been reading,
2. Thou mayst have been reading,

have been reading ;
Plural. 1. We may have been reading,

2. You may have been reading,
3. They may have been reading.

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular. 1. I

might have been reading,
2. Thou mightst have been reading,

3. He might have been reading;
Plural. 1. We might have been reading,

2. You might have been reading,
3. They might have been reading.
SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
1. If I
be reading,

1. If we be reading, ,
2. If thou be reading, 2. If you be reading,
3. If he

be reading; 3. If they be reading.

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
1. If I
were reading,

1. If we

were reading, 2. If thou wert reading, 2. If you were reading, 3. If he were reading ; 3. If they were reading.

IMPERATIVE MOOD.

Present Tense. Sing. 2. Be [thou] reading, or Do thou be reading : Plur. 2. Be [ye or you] reading, or Do you be reading.

PARTICIPLES. 1. The Imperfect. 2. The Perfect. 3. The Preperfect. Being reading

Having been reading. OBS.- In the familiar style, the second person singular of this verb, is usually formed thus: Ind. Thou art reading, Thou was reading, Thou hast been reading, Thou had been reading, Thou will be reading, Thou will havo been reading. Pot. Thou may be reading, Thou might be reading, Thou may have been reading, Thou might have been reading. SUBJ. If thou be reading, I thou were reading. Imp. Be (thou] reading, or Do thou be reading.

III, FORM OF PASSIVE VERBS. Passive verbs, in English, are always of a compound form; being made from active-transitive verbs, by adding the Perfect Participle to the auxiliary verb BE, through all its changes : thus, from the active-transitive verb love, is formed the passive verb be loved.

Obs. 1.—A few active-intransitive verbs, that merely imply motion, or change of condition, may be put into this form, with a neuter signification; making not passive but neuter verbs, which express nothing more than the state which results from the change: as, I am come ; He is risen ; They are fallen. Our ancient writers, after the manner of the French, very frequently employed this mode of conjugation in a neuter sense; but, with a few exceptions, present usage is clearly in favour of the auxiliary have in preference to be, whenever the verb formed with the perfect participle is not passive ; as, They have arrived --not, They are arrived.

Obs. 2.-- Passive verbs may be distinguished from neuter verbs of the same form, by a reference to the agent or instrument; which frequently is, and always may be, expressed after passive verbs; but which never is, and never can be, expressed after neuter verbs: as, “ The thief has been caught by the officer._"* Pens are made with a knife.

FIFTH EXAMPLE. The regular passive verb BE LOVED, conjugated affirmatively.

Principal Parts of the Active Verb.
Present. Preterit. Imper. Participle. Perfect Participle.
Love, Loved. Loving.

Loved,
INFINITIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.

To be loved.

Perfect Tense.
To have been loved.
INDICATIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
1. I
am loved,

1. We are loved,
2. Thou art loved,

2. You are loved, 3. He is loved;

3. They are loved.

1. I

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
was loved,

1. We were loved, 2. Thou wast loved,

2. You were loved,
3. He was loved ; 3. They were loved.

Perfect Tense.
Singular

Plural. 1, 1 have been loved, 1. We have been loved, 2. Thou hast been loved, 2. You have been loved, 3. He has been loved; 3. They have been loved.

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I had been loved, 1. We had been loved, 2. Thou hadst been loved, 2. You had been loved, 3. He had been loved ; 3. They had been loved.

First-future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I shall be loved,

1. We shall be loved, 2. Thou wilt be loved,

2. You will be loved, 3. He will be loved; 3. They will be loved.

Second-future Tense.
Singular. 1. I shall have been loved,

2. Thou wilt have been loved,

3. He will have been loved;
Plural. 1. We shall have been loved,

2. You will have been loved,
3. They will have been loved.

POTENTIAL MOOD,

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I

may be loved, 1. We may be loved, 2. Thou mayst be loved, 2. You may be loved, 3. He may be loved; 3. They may be loved

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural.
1. 1
might be loved,

1. We might be loved 2. Thou mightst be loved,

2. You might be loved, 3. He might be loved ;

3. They might be loved.

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