When Less is More: Visualizing Basic Inequalities

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MAA, 09 ապր, 2009 թ. - 181 էջ
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Inequalities permeate mathematics, from the Elements of Euclid to operations research and financial mathematics. Yet too often the emphasis is on things equal to one another rather than unequal. While equalities and identities are without doubt important, they don't possess the richness and variety that one finds with inequalities. The objective of this book is to illustrate how use of visualization can be a powerful tool for better understanding some basic mathematical inequalities. Drawing pictures is a well-known method for problem solving, and we would like to convince you that the same is true when working with inequalities. We show how to produce figures in a systematic way for the illustration of inequalities; and open new avenues to creative ways of thinking and teaching. In addition, a geometric argument can not only show two things unequal, but also help the observer see just how unequal they are.
 

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Representing positive numbers as lengths of segments
1
Representing positive numbers as areas or volumes
19
Inequalities and the existence of triangles
43
Using incircles and circumcircles
55
Using reflections
73
Employing nonisometric transformations
93
Employing graphs of functions
111
Additional topics
137
Solutions to the Challenges
145
Notation and symbols
169
Index
179
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Հեղինակի մասին (2009)

Claudi Alsina received his B.A. and Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Barcelona. His post-doctoral studies were at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is Professor of Mathematics at the Technical University of Catalonia and has developed a wide range of international activities, research papers, publications and hundreds of lectures on mathematics and mathematics education. His latest books include Associative Functions: Triangular Norms and Copulas with M. J. Frank and B. Schweizer, WSP, 2006; Math Made Visual. Creating Images for Understanding Mathematics with Roger B. Nelsen, MAA, 2006; Vitaminas Matemáticas and El Club de la Hipotenusa, Ariel, 2008.

Roger B. Nelsen received his B.A. in mathematics from DePauw University in 1964 and his Ph.D. in mathematics from Duke University in 1969. Roger was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi. His previous books include Proofs Without Words: Exercises in Visual Thinking, MAA 1993; An Introduction to Copulas, Springer, 1999 (2nd edition 2006); Proofs Without Words II: More Exercises in Visual Thinking, MAA, 2000; and Math Made Visual: Creating Images for Understanding Mathematics (with Claudi Alsina), MAA, 2006.

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