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gainsayed—how important is our subject--one of the most important that can in this world engage one's attention, requiring deep consideration and earnest study.

16. The first year of a married woman's life generally determines whether, for the remainder of her existence, she shall be healthy and strong, or shall be delicate and weak; whether she shall be the mother of fine, healthy children, or -if, indeed, she be a mother at all-of sickly, undersized offspring

“Born but to weep, and destined to sustain

A youth of wretchedness, an age of pain."--Roscoe. If she be not a parent, her mission in life will be only half performed, and she will be robbed of the greatest happiness this world can afford. The delight of a mother, on first calling a child her own, is exquisite, and is beautifully expressed in the following lines,

“He was my ain, and dear to me
As the heather-bell to the honey-bee,

Or the braird to the mountain ħare." -Good Words. 17. I should recommend a young wife to remember the momentous mission she has to fulfil; to ponder on the importance of bringing healthy children into

the world ; to bear in mind the high duties that she owes herself, her husband, her children, and society; to consider well the value of health.

The first wealth,” says Emerson, “ is health; and never to forget that " life has its duties ever."-Douglas Jerrold.

18. A young married lady ought at once to commence taking regular and systematic out-door exercise, which might be done without in the least interfering with her household duties. There are few things more conducive to health than walking exercise; and one advantage of our climate is, that there are but few days in the year in which, at some period of the day, it might not be taken. Walking-I mean a walk, , not a stroll—is a glorious exercise : it expands the chest and throws back the shoulders; it strengthens the muscles; it promotes digestion, making a person digest almost any kind of food; it tends to open the bowels, and is better than any aperient pill ever invented; it clears the complexion, giving roses to the cheeks and brilliancy to the eye, and, in point of fact, is one of the greatest beautifiers in the world." It exhilarates the spirits like a glass of champagne, but, unlike champagne, it never leaves a headache behind. If ladies would walk more than they do, there would be fewer lackadaisical, useless, complaining wives than there at present are; and instead of having a race of puny children, we should have a race of giants. Walking exercise is worthy of all commendation, and is indispensable to content, health, strength, and comeliness. Of course, if a lady be pregnant, walking must then be cautiously pursued; but still walking in moderation is, even then absolutely necessary, and tends to keep off many of the wretchedly depressing symptoms, often, especially in a first pregnancy, accompanying that state. I am quite sure that there is nothing more conducive to health than the wearing out of lots of shoe-leather, and leather is cheaper than physic,

19. Walking is even more necessary in the winter than in the summer. If the day be cold, and the roads be dirty, provided it be dry above, I should advise my fair reader to put on thick boots and a warm shawl, and to brave the weather. Even if there be a little rain and much wind, if she be well wrapped up, neither the rain nor the wind will harm her. A little sprinkling of rain, provided the rules of health be followed, will not give her cold. Much wind will not blow her away. She must, if she wishes to be strong, fight against it; the conflict will bring the colour to her cheek and beauty to her eye.

20. Let her exert herself; let her mind conquer any indolence of the body; let her throw off her lethargy-it only requires a little determination ; let her “run the race that is set before her;" for life, both to man and woman, is a race that must be run. Bear in mind, then, that if a lady is to be healthy, she must take exercise, and that not by fits and starts, but regularly and systematically. A stroll is of little use, she must walk! And let there be no mistake about it, for nature will have her dues : the muscles require to be tired, and not to be trifled with; the lungs ask for the revivifying air of heaven, and not for the stifling air of a close room; the circulation demands the quickening influence of a brisk walk, and not to be made stagnant by idleness. This world was never made for idleness ; everything around and about us tells of action and of progress. Idle people are miserable people; idle people are diseased people; there is no mistake about it. There is no substitute in this world for exercise and for occupation; neither physic nor food will keep people in health, they must be up and doing and buckle on their armour, and fight as every one has to fight, the battle of life! Mr. Milne, the master of the North Warwickshire hounds, lately, at a hunt dinner, pithily remarked, “ that foxhunting was the best physic for improving a bad constitution." I am quite sure, with regard to the fair sex, that an abundance of walking exercise and of household occupation is decidedly the best physic for improving a lady's constitution. more especially if she have, as unfortunately too many of them have, a bad one; indeed, an abundance of walking exercise and of household occupation will frequently convert a bad into a good constitution. Moreover, there is not a greater beautitier in the world than fresh air and exercise; a lady who lives half her time in the open air-in God's sunshine-and who takes plenty of walking exercise, has generally a clear and beautiful complexion

She looks as clear As morning roses newly washed with dew."-Shakspeare. 21. Many wives, I am quite sure, owe their good health to their good legs, and to their good use of them. Woe betide those ladies who do not exercise their legs as they ought to do! —ill-health is sure to be their portion. Why, some ladies are little better than fixtures; they seem, for hours together, to be almost glued to their seats! Such persons are usually nervous, dispirited, and hysterical, and well they might be fancying they have every disease under the sun—which hysteria feigns so well! There is no chance of their being better until they mend their ways—until they take nature's physic -an abundance of exercise and of fresh air !

22. Do not let me be misunderstood : I am not advocating that a delicate lady, unaccustomed to exercise, should at once take violent and long-continued exercise; certainly not! Let a delicate lady learn to take exercise, as a young child would learn to walk-by degrees; let her creep, and then go; let her gradually increase her exercise, and let her do nothing either rashly or unadvisedly. If a child attempted to run before he could walk, he would stumble 'and fall. A delicate lady requires just as much care in the training to take exercise as a child does in the learning to walk; but exercise must be learned and must be practised, if a lady, or any one else, is to be healthy and strong. Unfortunately, in this our day the importance of exercise as a means of health is but little understood and but rarely adopted ; notwithstanding, a lady may rest assured that until a “change come o'er the spirit of her dreams," ill-health will be her daily and constant companion.

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23. A lady should walk early in the morning, and not late in the evening. The dews of evening are dangerous, and are apt to give severe colds, fevers, and other diseases. Dew is more likely than rain to give cold

" The dews of the evening most carefully shun

Those tears of the sky for the loss of the sun.”Chesterfield. 24. A breath of wind is not allowed to blow on many a fair face. The consequence is, that her cheek becomes sallow, wan, as wan as clay,” and bloodless, or if it have a colour

the hectic flush, which tells of speedy decay!

25. Sitting over the fire will spoil her complexion, causing it to be muddy, speckled, and sallow. The finest complexion in a lady I ever saw belonged to one who would never go, even in the coldest weather, near the fire: although she was nearly thirty years of age, her cheeks were like roses, and she had the most beautiful red and white' I ever beheld; it reminded me of Shakspeare's matchless description of a complexion :

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“'Tis beauty truly blent, whose red and white,

Nature's own sweet and cunning hand laid on,"

26. Sitting over the fire will make her chilly, nervous, dyspeptic, and dispirited. It will cause her to be more chilly, and thus will make her more susceptible of catching cold; and it will frequently produce chilblains. If she be cold, the sitting over the fire will only warm her for the time, and will make her feel more starved when she leaves it. Crouching over the fire, as many do, is ruination to health and strength and comeliness! Sitting over the fire will make her nervous; the heat from the fire is weakening heyond measure to the nerves. It will disorder and enfeeble her stomach — for nothing debilitates the stomach like great heat—and thus make her dyspeptic; and if she be dyspeptic, she will, she must be dispirited. The one follows the other as surely as the night follows the day.

27. If sitting over the fire be hurtful, sitting with the back to the fire is still more so. The back to the fire often causes both sickness and faintness, injures the spine, and weakens the spinal marrow, and thus debilitates the whole frame.

28. A walk on a clear, frosty morning is as exhilarating to the spirits as the drinking of champagne - with this difference, that on the day following the head is improved

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by the one, but not always by the other. Simple nature's pleasures are the most desirable—they leave no sting behind them!

29. There is nothing like a long walk to warm the body and to make the blood course merrily through the bloodvessels. I consider it to be a great misfortune that my

fair countrywomen do not use their legs more, and their carriages less...." As to exercise, few women care to take it for mere health's sake. The rich are too apt to think that riding in a close varnish-smelling carriage ought to be a very good substitute for muscular struggles in the open air." *

30. Unfortunately this is an age of luxury. Everything is artificial, and disease and weakness, and even barrenness, follow as a matter of course. In proof of my assertion that this is an age of luxury, look at the present sumptuous style of living : carriages rolling about in every direction; diningtables groaning under the weight of rich dinners, and expensive wines flowing like water : grand dresses sweeping the streets almost doing away with the necessity for scavengers, I say, advisedly, streets ; for green fields are, unfortunately, scarcely ever visited by ladies. We are almost in extravagance, rivalling ancient Rome just before luxury sapped her strength and laid her in ruins !

31. If a lady have to travel half a mile she must have her carriage. Strange infatuation! Is she not aware that she has hundreds of muscles that want exercising? that she has lungs that require expanding? that she has nerves that demand bracing? that she has blood that needs circulating? · And how does she think that the muscles can be exercised, that the lungs can be expanded, that the nerves can be braced, and that the blood can be properly circulated, unless these are all made to perform their proper functions by an abundance of walking exercise? It is utterly impossible !

32. Does she desire to be strong? Then let her take exercise! Does she hope to retain her bloom and her youthful appearance, and still to look charming in the eyes of her husband? Then let her take exercise ! Does she wish to banish : nervousness and low spirits? Then let her take exercise ! There is nothing standing still in Nature : if it were, creation would languish and die. There is a perpetual motion! And 80 must we be constantly employed (when not asleep), if we are to be healthy and strong! Nature will not be trifled, with;

* From a notice of this work in The Reader of 14th Feb., 1863.

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