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let-de-chambre overtook me, le ris sur la bouche, et les larmes aux yeux,
with a message
from his master. The soldiers crowded about us,, with anxiety on all their countenances. I assured them, there was no danger; that their colonel would be well within a very few days. This was heard with every mark of joy, and they dispersed, to communicate the good news to their comrades.
• Ah, monsieur,' said the valet, addressing himself to me, il est taut aime de ces braves Garçon ! et il merite si bien de l'être !"
Next day he looked better, and was in his usual spirits ; the day following, he was still better ; and having taken a proper quantity of the bark during the interval, he had no return of the fever. As he has promised to continue the use of the bark, in sufficient doses, for some time, and as relapses are not frequent at this season of the year,
I am persuaded the affair is over, and that he will gradually gain strength till he is perfectly recovered.
He received me with less gaiety than usual, the day on which I took my leave, and used many obliging expressions, which, however you may smile, I am entirely disposed to believe were sincere ; for
Altho' the candy'd tongue lick absurd pomp,
Why should the poor be iactered ? Just as I was returning, we heard the music of the troops marching off the parade.- Apropos, cried he, • How do your affairs go on with your colonies ?" I said, I hoped every thing would be arranged and settled very
• Ne croyez vous pas,' said he, que ces messieurs, pointing to the troops which then passed below the win. dow, ‘ pourroient entrer pour quelque chose dans l'arrangement ? I said, I did not imagine the Americans were such
fools as to break all connection with their friends, and then risk falling into the power of their enemies.
• Ill me semble,' answered he, que ces messieurs font assezpeu de cas de votre amitié, et aussi, quand vous aurez prouvé qu'ils ont tort, il ne s'en suivra pas que vous ayiez toujours eu raison.' • Allons,' continued he, seeing that I looked a little grave, point d'humeur;' then seizing my a
, • hand, ' permettez moi, je vous prie, d'aimer les Anglois sans haïr les Américains.'
I soon after parted with this amiable Frenchman, whose gaiety, wit, and agreeable manners, if I may judge from my own experience, represent the character and disposition of great numbers of his countrymen.
After a very agreeable journey by Gray, Langres, and Troyes, we arrived at this capital a few days ago.
Although it is a considerable time since my arrival, yet, as you made so long a stay at Paris while we were in Germany, I could not think of resuming my observations on the manners of this gay metropolis. It has been said, that those times are the most interesting to read of, which were the most disagreeable to live in. So I find the places in which it is most agreeable to reside, are precisely those from which we have the least inclination to write. There are so many resources at Paris, that it always requires a great effort to write letters, of any considerable length, from such a place. This is peculiarly my case at present, as I have the happiness of passing great part of my time with Mr. Andrew Stuart, whom I found at this hotel on my arrival. The integrity, candour, and ability, of that gentleman's conduct, during a long residence, have procured him a great number of friends in this capital, and have established a character which calumny attempted in vain to overthrow. Now that I have resolution to take up my pen, I shall endeavour to clear the debt for which you dun me so unmercifully. I own, I am 'surprised, that
you should require my opinion on the uses of foreign travel, after perusing, as you must have done, the Dialogues lately published by an eminent divine, equally distinguished for his learning and taste. But as I know what makes you peculiarly solicitous on that subject at present, I shall give you my sentiments, such as they are, without farther hesitation.
I cannot help thinking, that a young man of fortune may spend a few years to advantage, in travelling through some of the principal countries of Europe, provided the tour be well-timed, and well-conducted ; and, without these, what part of education can be of use? In a former letter, I gave my reasons for preferring the
Ι plan of education at the public schools of England, to any other now in use at home or abroad. After the young person has acquired the fundamental parts of learning, which are taught at schools, he will naturally be removed to some university. One of the most elegant and most ingenious writers of the present age has, in his Inquiry into the causes of the Wealth of Nations, pointed out many deficiences in those seminaries. What that gentler man has said on this subject, may possibly have some effect in bringing about an improvement. But, with all their deficiences, it must be acknowledged, that no universities have produced a greater number of men distinguished for polite literature, and eminent for science, than those of England. If a young man has, previously, acquired the habit of application, and a taste for learning, he will certainly find the means of improvement there; and, without these, I know not where he will make any progress in literature. But whatever plan is adopted, whether the young man studies at the university, or at home with private teachers, while he is studying with diligence and alacrity, it would be doing him a most essential injury, to interrupt him by a premature expedition to the continent, from an idea of his acquiring the graces, ele
, gance of manner, or any of the accomplishments whicla travelling is supposed to give. Literature is preferable to all other accomplishments, and the men of rank who pos. sess it, have a superiority over those who do not, let their graces be what they may, which the latter feel and envy, while they affect to despise.
According to this plan, a youth, properly educated, will seldom begin his foreign tour before the age of twenty;
if it is a year or two later there will be no harm.
This is the age, it may be said, when young men of fortune endeavour to get into parliament : it is so; but if they should remain out of parliament till they are a few years older, the affairs of the nation might possibly go on as well.
It may also be said, if the tour is deferred till the age of twenty, the youth will not, after that period of life, attain the modern languages in perfection. Nor will be acquire that easy manner, and fine address, which are only caught by an early acquaintance with courts, and the assemblies of the gay and elegant. This is true to a certain degree; but the answer is, that by remaining at home, and applying to the pursuits of literature, he will make more valuable attainments.
I am at a loss what to say about those same graces; it is certainly desirable to possess them, but they must come, as it were, spontaneously, or they will not come at all. They sometimes appear as volunteers, but cannot be pressed into any service; and those who shew the greatest anxiety about them, are the least likely to attain them. I should be cautious, therefore, of advising a young man to study them either at home or abroad with much solicitude. Students of the graces are, generally, the most abominably affected fellows in the world. I have seen one of them make a whole company squeamish.
Though the pert familiarity of French children would not become an English boy, yet it merits the earliest and the utmost attention to prevent or conquer that awkward timidity which so often oppresses the latter when he comes into company. The timidity I speak of, is entirely differ
ent from modesty. I have seen the most impudent boys I ever knew, almost convulsed with constraint in the presence of strangers, or when they were required to propounce a single sentence of civility. But it was only on such occasions they were bashful. Among their compa nions or inferiors, they were saucy, rude, and boisterous.
If boys of this description only were liable to bashfulness, it would be a pity to remove it. But although this quality is distinct from modesty, it is not incompatible with it. Boys of the most modest and most amiable disposition are often overwhelmed with it; from them it ought to be removed, if it can be done, without endanger. ing that modesty which is so great an ornament to youth, and indeed to every period of life. This, surely, may be done in England, as well as in any other country; but it is too much neglected : many consider it as a matter of no importance, or that it will wear off by time. We see it, however, often annihilate, and always impair the effect of the greatest and most useful talents. After the care of forming the heart by the principles of benevolence and integrity, perhaps one of the most important parts of educa. tion is, to habituate a boy to behave with modesty, but without restraint, and to retain the full possession of all his faculties in any company.
To attain, betimes, that ease and elegance of manner, which travelling is supposed to bestow, and that the young gentleman may become perfectly master of the modern languages, some have thought of mixing the two plans; and, instead of allowing him to prosecute his studies at home, sending him abroad, immediately on his coming from school, on the supposition that, with the assistance of a tutor and foreign professors, he will proceed in the study of philosophy, and other branches of literature, during the three or four years which are employed in the usual tour. It will not be denied, that a young man who has made good use of his time at school and at the university, who has acquired such a taste for science as to consider its pursuits as a pleasure, and not a task, may, even dur