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ganization of presidents, bishops, elders, quo- tutions of a higher order, of which the most rums, and councils. A regular system of tithing flourishing is an academy founded in April, has been instituted, by which one tenth of the 1860, in which science and art are to be taught grain, beef, pork, butter, and other products of gratis to all who pledge othemselves to learn labor' is given by the people to the church. thoroughly, and to benefit the territory by their There is a tithing office at Salt Lake City, in exertions. There are two weekly newspapers which the goods thus contributed are received in the territory, of which the “Deseret News,” and stored, and in which accounts are kept with established in 1850, is the recognized organ of every member of the church. The amount of the church. The other is a secular paper callthe produce of each is carefully ascertained, and ed “The Mountaineer.”—Utah is organized like he is charged with one tenth of every thing, the other territories of the United States, with including his labor, and credited with what he

a governor, secretary, marshal, and judges appays. Branch offices are kept at the prin- pointed by the president, and a legislative ascipal villages and settlements, from which re- sembly elected by the people. Legislative acports are made.--The soil of Utah is in gen- tion is not dissimilar from that of other terrieral hard, dry, and barren. Not more than tories, except that no punishment is affixed to one fiftieth part is fit for tillage, though in bigamy. There was no national law against some places extraordinarily large crops have this offence until 1862, when congress passed been raised. It is said indeed that land near an act “to punish and prevent the practice Lake Utah has yielded from 60 to 100 bushels of polygamy in the territories of the United per acre.

The principal crops are wheat, buck- States and other places, and disapproving and wheat, oats, barley, Indian corn, all the fruits annulling certain acts of the legislative assemand vegetables of the temperate zone, and flax, bly of the territory of Utah.”—For the history hemp, and linseed in abundance. The warmest of Utah, see MORMONS. The inhabitants of the and most fertile lands are on the benches above territory have recently adopted a constitution the lower valleys. The alkaline nature of the and government under the title of the state of soil is injurious to vegetation, though potatoes, Deseret, and their senators and representatives squashes, and melons are made sweeter by a in June, 1862, unsuccessfully applied to consmall admixture of it. A species of cricket, and gress for admission. a grasshopper about the size of a common lo- UTAH, an E. co. of Utah territory, bordercust, are also very troublesome to the farmer. ing on Colorado territory, and drained by The difficulties which beset agriculture do not White, Green, and Uinta rivers; area, about extend to grazing, for which the country is ad- 4,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1850, 2,026. Utah lake, mirably adapted. The valleys supply plentiful 40 m. long and from 5 to 12 m. wide, lies in pasturage in the winter, and as spring advances, the W. part, which is also traversed by the and the snow disappears on the hills, the flocks Wahsatch mountains. Most of the surface is and herds find ample forage on the bunch grass, hilly. The soil in the valleys is productive, which bears its, seed in summer. In the basin and in the hilly parts sterile. Capital, Provo. of Green river is a fine wool-producing region UTICA, a city and one of the capitals of nearly as large as Massachusetts, and the best Oneida co., N. Y., situated on the Mohawk breeds of sheep have already been introduced river, and at the junction of the New York into the territory. In 1860 the valley of the central and Utica and Black River railroads, Great Salt lake produced 306,000 bushels of and of the Erie and Chenango canals, 95 m. grain, chiefly wheat, which thrives better than W.N. W. from Albany, and 56 m. E. from Symaize, the summers being scarcely long enough racuse; pop. in 1860, 22,528. The city lies for the latter grain.—The manufactures com- on the S. side of the Mohawk, and is regularly prise farming implements, agricultural and oth- laid out; it rises gradually from the river to er machines, steam engines, leather, woollen the height of 150 feet at the head of Genesee and cotton goods, dye stuffs, furniture, cutlery, street. This street has the principal shops and hardware, jewelry, and brushes. These works many elegant private residences. The city hall are carried on for the most part by skilful Eng- on this street, erected about 1852, is of Millish artisans. There are some distilleries and 8 waukee brick, and contains beside the city ofor. 10 breweries, in which beer is made from fices a court room for the U. S. district court, wild hops. The great distance of Utah, both and a commodious public hall

. The city is on the east and the west, from the settled parts lighted by gas, is well supplied with water, of the country, and the difficulties of transpor- and has a very efficient fire department. It tation over the mountains, render almost every has 6 large and several smaller hotels; 4 banks, article of commerce not produced in the terri- with an aggregate capital of $1,310,200, and 2 tory itself exorbitantly dear. Groceries and savings banks; a cotton mill, employing 350 clothing are particularly high-priced. Sugar is hands, consuming 3,000 bales of cotton, and proworth from 371 to 40 cents per pound, coffee ducing 3,400,000 yards of cotton cloth annually; 50 cents, and tobacco $1.--Education is superin- 2 woollen factories, employing 430 hands, and tended by a chancellor and board of regents of consuming nearly 900,000 lbs. of wool annually; the “university of the state of Deseret." Com- a millstone and plaster mill, producing about mon schools are established in each ward of $60,000 worth annually; and numerous manuSalt Lake City. There are also various insti- factories of starch, flour, ale, clothing, organs,

man.

pianos, castings, machinery, carriages, boats, ited; its aqueduct, bringing water from hills stone wares, fire brick, carpets, oil cloths, &c. several miles distant, and carrying it by triple There are 24 churches, viz. : 4 Baptist, 3 Meth- arches over the ravines; its numerous vast reodist Episcopal, 3 Protestant Episcopal, 3 Ro- servoirs, or cisterns, some of which still reman Catholic, 2 Presbyterian, and 1 each maining are 136 feet long, 19 wide, and 20 or Evangelical, Evangelical Lutheran, Calvinistic 30 deep, all indicate its magnificence in the peMethodist, Reformed Dutch, German Metho- riod of its greatness. Cato the younger, surdist, Wesleyan Methodist, Old School Baptist, named Uticensis, committed suicide here in 46 and Universalist

, and a Jewish synagogue. B. C. Augustus made it a free city. Hadrian There are 11 newspapers and periodicals pub- persuaded the inhabitants to become a Roman lished in the city, of which 3 are daily and colony. Septimius Severus bestowed upon it weekly, 4 weekly, 3 monthly, and 1 quarterly. the jus Italicum. It was the see of a Christian Two of the newspapers are Welsh and one Ger- bishop at an early date. It fell into the hands

The public schools are graded, and in of the Vandals in 439, but was recovered by the 1861 employed 7 male and 38 female teachers, Byzantine émperors, who retained it till the and were attended by 3,108 pupils. The total reign of the caliph Abd-el-Malek, when it was expenditure was $22,745. The number of vol- conquered by the Arabians, and was destroyed umes in the district school libraries was 3,018. about the close of the 7th century. There were beside these 10 private schools, the UTOPIA (Gr. ov, not, and tonos, a place), Utica female academy, a flourishing institution the title of a political romance by Sir Thomas founded in 1837, and the academy of the As- More, and the name that he gave to an imagisumption, under the care of the brothers of nary island, which he represents to have been the Ohristian schools. Utica is the seat of the discovered by a companion of Amerigo Vespucstate lunatic asylum, one of the largest insane ci, and in which existed a perfect society. He hospitals in the United Sates, which on Nov. pictured a community where all the property 30, 1861, had 382 patients. The asylum occu- belonged to the government, to which every pies a farm of 130 acres, and the cost of the one contributed by his labor, receiving therebuildings has been upward of $500,000. There from a supply of his wants; where the citizen are also a Catholic and a Protestant orphan rose through all the gradations of his existence asylum; the former, under the care of the sis- from form to form, as if in a vast public school; ters of charity, maintains from 50 to 90 or- where gold was contemned, and all the memphans, and the latter, incorporated and en- bers of the society, unswerved by passion, were dowed, from 75 to 100.—The site of the city fixed each in his proper place. The “ Utopia" was included in the colonial grant styled Cos- of More was published in Latin in 1516, and by's manor, made in 1734; but there was no was translated into English by Bishop Burnet. settlement till after the revolution. In 1787 The name is applied to all narratives of an there were 3 log huts in the place. Fort imaginary perfect society, as the republic of Schuyler had been erected between the present Plato, the solar city of Campanella, the “OceMain and Mohawk streets, below Second street, ana” of Harrington, the floating isles of Morelli, in 1758, and occupied as a military post, and a and the happy nation of Felicians of Mercier blockhouse was built before the close of the de la Rivière; and also to socialist speculations revolutionary war on the site of the present like those of Babeuf, Saint Simon, and Fourier. railroad depot. In 1813 it had 1,700 inhabit- UTRECHT, a province of Holland, bounded ants, and it grew_very slowly till after the N. by North Holland and the Zuyder Zee, E., completion of the Erie canal.

S., and W. by Gelderland and South Holland; UTICA, an ancient city of Africa, situated area, 534 sq. m.; pop. in 1860, 161,164. The on the W. arm of the river Bagradas, near the chief towns are Utrecht, the capital, Amersbay of Carthage, a little N. W. of the present foort, Rhenen, Wyk, Montfoort, and Ysselstein. city of Tunis; its site is now occupied by the The surface is level in the N. and W., and little village of Duar. It was founded by the varied in the S. E. by some low hills. It is Tyrians, 287 years before the foundation of well watered by the Rhine, and its branches Carthage. In the early wars between Rome the Vecht and Amstel. The air is not so damp and Carthage it appears as an ally of the lat- as in other parts of Holland, and the climate is ter. In the 3d Punic war it made a separate generally healthy. In the more elevated parts and early submission to Rome, and its prosperi- of the province the soil is sandy, and is covered ty was thereby greatly increased, as on the fall by extensive heaths and tracts of peat moors; of Carthage a part of its territory was given to but the low ground is remarkably rich and ferUtica, and that city made the capital of the tile.-UTRECHT, the capital, is situated on the colony and the residence of the Roman gover- Old Rhine, at the bifurcation of the Vecht, in nor. In the historical narratives of the strug- lat. 52° 7' N., long. 5° 6' E., 22 m. S. E. from gles between Sylla and Marius, and those be- Amsterdam ; pop. in 1859, 53,083. The site is tween Cæsar and Pompey, frequent references comparatively elevated, and the town is travare made to it as a place of great importance. ersed by 2 canals which are crossed by numerIts temples and statues; its amphitheatre, ca- ous stone bridges. It is of oval shape, about 3 pable of seating 20,000 persons, and where on m. in circuit, and was formerly surrounded an artificial lake mimic sea fights were exhib- walls, but these have been removed and the

ground occupied by beautiful walks, outside andre et de Bonaparte (Brunswick, 1815); and of which is the Maliebaan, a promenade and Esquisses politiques et littéraires (Paris, 1848); carriage way planted with several rows of and in German, “The Poet Nonnus of Panopshade trees, and bordered by fine gardens. olis” (1817); “Studies on the Ante-Homeric The most remarkable building is the ancient Era" (1821); and “Remarks upon Goethe" cathedral, erected in 1382 and now in a di- (1833).-His son ALEXEI published at St. Pelapidated state. It has a detached tower, tersburg in 1852 a volume of travels along the said to be 388 feet in height. There are sev

N. shore of the Black sea. eral other churches, 3 of which belong to the UVULA, the conical fleshy appendage, hangJansenists, who have their chief establishment ing down toward the tongue from the border here. The old town hall contains the room in of the soft palate, on the median line. It is which the first confederation of the Dutch made up of muscular substance, covered by provinces assembled in 1579; and another mucous membrane; from it arise on each side where many of the preliminaries of the peace two folds, called the pillars of the fauces, beof 1713 between the allies and the French tween which, on the back part and sides of were agreed to. The university is a plain build- the throat, are the tonsils. It varies in size ing, but contains a valuable library of 50,000 and length in different individuals, but is genvolumes, a museum, an anatomical hall, and a erally } to of an inch long; it is sometimes laboratory, and has an observatory and botanic so long as to rest upon the tongue, causing garden. It was founded in 1636, has 22 pro- harassing cough from its continued tickling, refessors, and in 1858–9 had 469 students. There quiring the use of astringent gargles or even a are numerous schools. The manufactures in- partial excision; it is occasionally bifid at the tip. clude cotton, linen, silk, woollen cloth, carpets, UWINS, THOMAS, an English painter, born plush or Utrecht velvet,” leather, &c. in London in 1783, died Aug. 25, 1857. In

UVALDE, a new S. W. co. of Texas, bound- early life he was much employed in designing ed W. by the Nueces river, and drained by the for illustrated works, and making water color Rio Frio and its affluents; area, 1,480 sq. m.; copies of paintings for the use of engravers; pop. in 1860, 506, of whom 27 were slaves. but subsequent to 1826, when he visited southAbout two thirds of the county is prairie land. ern Europe for the benefit of his health, he The soil is very productive. Sheep and goats painted a numerous and popular series of picare raised extensively. Capital, Uvalde. tures illustrating the social life of the Italian

UVAROFF, SERGEI, a Russian statesman peasantry. He also painted English and French and author, born in St. Petersburg about 1793, peasant pieces, and somewhat later illustrations died in 1855. He held various important offices from popular authors and from sacred and prounder government, and became in 1818 presi- fane history. His historical pictures are his dent of the St. Petersburg academy of sciences, least successful productions. In 1836 he was and subsequently curator of the university of elected a royal academician; and for several the same city. He was created a count in 1836. years he was keeper of her majesty's pictures He wrote in French an Essai d'une académie and of the national gallery. Asiatique (1810); Essai sur les mystères d'Éleu- UZZIAH, or AZARIAH, a king of Judah. See sis (St. Petersburg, 1812); De l'empereur Alex- HEBREWS, vol. ix. pp. 34, 35.

END OF VOLUME FIFTEENTH.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XV.

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Spiritualism..

1 Stafford, William Howard, Viscount 24 Staudenmaier, Franz Anton... 42

Spitzbergen

4 Staffordshire...

24 Stäudlin, Karl Friedrich...

42

Spleen

Stag

24 Staughton, William, D.D.

42

Spohr, Ludwig.

5 Stag Beetle

25 Staunton, a river.

42

Spoleto, a district.

5 Stagnelius, Erik Johan.

25 Staunton, Va....

42

Spoleto, a city

Stahl, Georg Ernst.

25 Staunton, Sir George Leonard.... 43

Spondee

6 Stahl, Julius Friedrich

25 Staunton, Sir George Thomas.... 43

Sponge

6 Stahr, Adolf Wilhelm Theodor. 26 Staupitz, Johann von.

43

Sponsor, see Godfathers and God- Stair, Lord, see Dalrymple.

Stealing, see Larceny,

mothers.

Stalactite and Stalagmite.

26 Steam.

43

Spontaneous Combustion, see Com- Stallbaum, Johann Gottfried. 26 Steam Engine.

47

bustion, Spontaneous.

Stamen

26 Steam Carriage.

61

Spontini, Gasparo...

6 Stamford....

27 Steam Navigation .

65

Spoonbill

7 Stammering.

27 Stearic Acid....

68

Sporades.

7 Stamp Acts

27 Stearns co.

69

Spotswood, John.

7 Standard..

29 Steatite

68

Spotted Fever.

8 Standish, Miles..

30 Steel..

69

Spottsylvania co..

8 Stanfield, Clarkson.

30 Steel Engraving, see Engraving.

Sprague, Charles.

8 Stanford, John, D.D....

30

Steele co...

77

Sprague, William Buell, D.D.

9 Stanhope, James, 1st Ear)..

81 Steele, Sir Richard..

77

Sprat..

9 Stanhope, Charles, 3d Earl

31 Steelyard, see Balance.

Sprat, Thomas

9 Stanhope, Philip Henry, 5th Earl.. 31 Steen, Jan....

78

Sprengel, Kurt

10 Stanhope, Lady Hester Lucy. 31 Steering Apparatus.

78

Sprenger, Aloys

10 Stanhope, Philip Dormer, see Ches- Steeyens, George.

78

Spring.

10 terfield.

Steffens, Henrik.

79

Spring, in astronomy

11 Stanislas I. Leszczynski, King of Stein, Christian Gottfried Daniel.. 79

Spring, in mechanics

11 Poland..

32 Stein, Karl, Baron von, see Alten-

Spring Balance, see Balance.

Stanislas Augustus, King of Poland,

stein.

Spring, Samuel, DD..

13

see Poland.

Stein, Ludwig

79

Spring, Gardiner, D.D., LL.D. .... 13 Stanislaus co.....

33 Stellio..

79

Springfield, Mass..

13 Stanley co...

33

Stendhal, see Beyle.

Springfield, 0....

14 Stanley, Edward.

33 Stenography.

80

Springfield, Ili...

15 Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn..

33 Stentor...

80

Springfield, Mo.

15 Stanley, Edward Henry Smith, Stephanus of Byzantium.

SO

Spruce, see Fir.

Lord..

33

Stephen, Saint..

80

Spurgeon, Charles Haddon.

15 Stanley, Thomas.

34 Stephen, King of England.

80

Spurzheim, John Gaspar, M.D..... 15

Stanza ..

34 Stephen I., King of Hungary, see

Spy..

16 Star, see Astronomy.

Hungary

Squadron

16 Star Chamber, Court of the... 31 Stephen, King of Poland, see Po-

Square.

16 Star Fish...

35 land.

Squash, see Gourd.

Star of Bethlehem.

36

Stephen, Sir James.

81

Squash Bug.

17 Starboard

36

Stephens, family of.

82

Squid ..

17 Starch..

36 Stephens, Henry.

82

Squier, Ephraim George

17

Stargazer.

38 Stephens, Francis.

82

Squill, in botany

18

Stark co., O.

39 Stephens, Robert.

82

Squill, in zoology

Stark co., Ind...

89 Stephens, Charles.

82

Squinting

Stark co., III.

39 Stephens, Henry.

82

Squire, see Esquire.

Stark, John

39 Stephens, Paul...

82

Squirrel..

19 Starling..

40 Stephens, Anthony

82

Squirrel Corn, see Dicentra.

Starr co..

40 Stephens, Alexander H..

82

Squirrel, Flying, see Flying Squir- Starvation, see Abstinence.

Stephens, Ann Sophia (Winter-

rel.

Stassart, Goswin Joseph Augustin, botham).

83

Staal, Marguerite Jeanne Cordier

Baron..

40 Stephens, John Lloyd..

83

de Launay, Baroness de 21 Staten Island, see Richmondco., N.Y. Stephenson co..

83

Stabat Mater.

21 Statics, see Mechanics.

Stephenson, George.

83

Stadium

21 Statistics..

40 Stephenson, Robert.

85

Stadtholder

21 Statius, Cæcilius, see Cæcilius Sta- Steppes, see Plains.

Staël-Holstein, Anne Marie Louise

tius.

Stereoscope.. :

86

Germaine (Necker), Baroness de 22 Statius, Publius Papinius..

41 Stereotype Printing, see Printing.

23 Statuary, see Sculpture.

Sterling, see Pound Sterling.

Staffa .

23 Statute of Frauds, see Frauds, Stat- Sterling, John..

89

Stafford co.....

23

ute of.

Sternberg, Alexander von, Baron.. 90

Stafford, Henry, Duke of Bucking- Statutes of Limitation, see Limita- Sterne, Laurence..

90

ham, see Buckingbam, Dukes of.

Sternhold, Thomas .

91

tion, Statutes of.

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Stesichorus

91 Stothard, Charles Alfred...

123 Suez, an isthmus.....

155

Stethoscope, see Auscultation.

Stove

124 Suez, a gulf.

155

92 Stow, Baron, D.D..

125 Suez, a town

155

Steuart, Sir James.

92 Stow, John....

126 Suffocation, see Asphyxia.

Steuben co., N. Y..

92 Stowe, Calvin Ellis, D.D..

126 Suffolk co., Mass.

155

Steuben co., Ind..

92 Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth Beecher. 126 Suffolk co., N. Y....

155

Steuben, Frederic William Augus- Stowell, William Scott, Baron. 126 Suffolk co., England.

155

tus, Baron.

92 Strabo.

127 Sufism, see Soofeeism.

Steuben ville

93 Strada, Famiano.

127 Sugar

156

Stevens, Abel, LL.D..

93 Stradella, Alessandro

127 Sugar of Lead.

166

Stevens, George Alexander

93 Strafford, Thomas Wentworth, Earl Sugar of Milk, see Milk.

Stevens, John..

94

of....

127 Suhm, Peter Frederik von.

167

Stevens, Robert Livingston.

94 Stralsund...

129 Suicide, see Felo de Se.

Stevenson, Andrew.

94 Stramonium, see Datura.

Suidas..

167

Steward, Lord High

94 Strange, Sir Robert..

129 Suliotes....

167

Stewart co., Ga..

94 Strasbourg

129

Sulla, see Sylla.

Stewart co., Tenn...

95 Stratford de Redcliffe, Stratford Sullivan co., N. H...

168

Stewart, Charles.

95)

Canning, Viscount.

130 Sullivan co., N. Y..

168

Stewart, Dugald.

96 Stratford-upon-Avon.

130 Sullivan co., Penn..

168

Stewart, John.

97 Strauss, David Friedrich...

130 Sullivan co., Tenn.

168

Stewart, Matthew

97 Strauss, Gerhard Friedrich Abra- Sullivan co., Ind...

168

Stewart, Robert Henry, Marquis of

131 Sullivan co., Mo..

168

Londonderry, see Castlereagh.

Strauss, Johann

131

Sullivan, John.

168

Steyer...

97 Straw.

131

Sullivan, George, LL.D...

169

Stickleback

97 Strawberry

133 Sullivan, James.

169

Stickney, Sarah, see Ellis, William. Strays, see Estrays.

Sullivan, William, LL.D..

169

Stieglitz, Christian Ludwig. 98 Street, Alfred Billings

134 Sullivan, John L.

169

Stieglitz, Heinrich ..

98 Strelitz, see Mecklenburg.

Sullivan's Island..

169

Stiginaria, see Coal Plants.

Strelitzes, see Guards.

Sully, Maximilien de Béthune, Ba-

Stiles, Ezra, D.D.....

98 Strength of Materials...

134 ron de Rosny, Duke of.... 170

Stilicho, Flavius..

99 Strickland, Agnes..

139

Sully, Thomas....

170

Stilling, Jung, see Jung-Stilling. Strickland, Jane Margaret.... 139 Sulphate, see Sulphuric Acid.

Stillingfleet, Edward.

100 Strickland, Catharino Parr (Mrs. Sulphate of Baryta, see Baryta.

Stillman, Samuel, D.D..

.. 100

Trail)...

139 Sulphate of Copper, see Blue Vit-

Stillwater, see Saratoga, Battle of. Strickland, Susannah (Mrs. Moodie) 139 riol, and Copper.

Stilt...

100 Strickland, William P., D.D....... 139 Sulphate of Iron, see Copperas.

Stirling

100 Strong, Caleb.

139 Sulphate of Lime, see Gypsum.

Stirling, Earl of, see Alexander, Strong, James

140 Sulphate of Magnesia, see Epsom

William.

Strontia.

140 Salt.

Stirling, William

101 Strophe

140 Sulphate of Manganese..

170

Stirlingshire

101 Struensee, Karl August von.... 140 Sulphate of Soda, see Glauber's

Stiver

.. 101 Struensee, Johann Friedrich, Count 141 Salt.

Stost, see Ermnine.

Strutt, Joseph

141 Sulphate of Zinc, see Zinc.

Stobæus, Joannes....

.. 101 Struve, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Sulphite, see Sulphurous Acid.

Stock Exchange.

101

.. 141 Sulphur....

170

Stock Fish, see Cod.

Struve, Otto Wilhelm.

142 Sulphuretted Hydrogen, see Hy-

Stock Jobbing, see Stock Exchange. Struve, Georg Adam...

142

drosalphuric Acid.

Stockbridge

102 Struve, Burkhard Gotthelf.

142 Sulphuric Acid.

173

Stöckhardt, Julius Adolph.. . 102 Struve, Gustav von....

142 Sulphuric Ether, see Ether.

Stockholm ...

103 Strychnia

142 Sulphurous Acid..

176

Stocking

105 Strype, John.

144

Sulpicians.

177

Stockport

107 Stuart Family.

144 Sulpicius Severus.

177

107 Stuart, Gilbert...

145 Sultan.

177

Stocks, see Stock Exchange.

Stuart, Gilbert Charles.

145 Sumach...

178

Stockton.

107 Stuart, Henry Benedict Maria Cle-

Sumarokoff, Alexander Petrovitch 179

Stockton, Richard..

107 ment, Cardinal York..

146

Sumatra...

179

Stockton, Robert Field

. 107 Stuart, James..

146 Sumbawa.

181

Stockton, Thomas Hewlings, D.D.. 103 Stuart, John, Earl of Bute, see Bute. Summer..

181

Stoddard co....

109 Stuart, Moses.

146

Summerfield, John

181

Stoddard, Richard Henry.

109 Stucco

146

Summers, Thomas Osmond, D.D... 182

Stoddard, Solomon

109 Stuhl-Weissenburg

146 Summit co., O....

182

Stoics..

109 Sturgeon.

147 Summit co., Utah..

182

Stoke-upon-Trent

110 Sturleson, see Snorro Sturleson.

Sumner co....

182

Stokes co..

110 Sturm, Johann

148

Sumner, Charles.

182

Stolberg, Friedrich Leopold, Count 110 Stuttgart..

148 Sumner, Increase..

183

Stolberg, Christian, Count

111 Stuyvesant, Petrus.

148 Sumner, John Bird.

184

Stomach

Sty:

149 Sumter co., S. C..

S. C.....

184

Stomach Pump, see Syringe.

Style, Old and New, see Calendar. Sumter co., Ga..

184

Stone, in mineralogy

111 Stylites, Simeon.

149

Sumter co., Fla.

184

Stone, in surgery .

114 Styria.

149 Sumter co., Ala..

184

Stone co...

116 Styx

150 Sumter, Fort...

184

Stone, Frank. ..

116 Suabia, see Swabia.

Sumter, Thomas.

185

Stone, Thomas

· 116 Suarez, Francisco..

150 Sun.

185

Stone, William Leete.

is. 116 Subjective, see Objective and Sub- Sun Bird.

188

Stone Borer.

116 jective.

Sun Fish

189

Stone-Chat.

117 Sublimation.

150

Sunbury.

189

Stone Lily

117 Sublime Porte..

150 Sunda Islands.

189

Stonehenge.

117 Submerged Forests, see Forests, Sunda Strait.

189

Stonington..

118 Submerged.

Sunday.

189

Stony Point.

118 Subpæna...

150 Sunday Schools.

190

Stoppage in Transitu

118 Subscription..

151 Sunderbunds..

191

Storace, Stephen.

120 Succory, see Chicory.

Sunderland

191

Storax, see Balsams.

Suchet, Louis Gabriel.

151 Sunderland, Robert Spencer, 2d

Stork

120 Sucker.

152 Earl of...

192

Storm Bird, see Petrel.

Sucking Fish.

152 Sunderland, Charles Spencer, 3d

Storr, Gottlob Christian.

121 Suckling, Sir John.

153

Earl of....

192

Storrs, Richard Salter, jr., D.D.... 121 Sucre, Antonio José de...

153 Sunflower.

192

Storthing, see Norway.

Sudorifics, see Diaphoretics.

Sunflower co..

193

Story co..

121 Sue, Eugène...

154 Sunna and Sunnites, see Soonna.

Story, Joseph

121 Suetonius Tranquillus, Caius.. 154 Sunstroke....

193

Story, William Wetmore..

123

Sueur, Le, see Le Sueur.

Sunstroke, Indian, see Calenture.

Stothard, Thomas..

123 Suevi..

151 Supercargo..

193

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