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emn and formal declaration of their independence of the with foreign nations, or among the several States, are plave power, and of their fixed determination to rescue objects of pational concern, and that it is the duty of the Federal Government from its control;

Congress, in the exercise of its constitutional powers, to Resolved, therefore, That we, the people here assem- provide therefor. bled, remembering the example of our fathers, in the days Resoloed, That the free grant to actual settlers, in con of the first Declaration of Independence, putting our trust | sideration of the expenses they incur in making settlein God for the triumph of our cause, and invoking his ments in the wilderness, which are usually fully equal to guidance in our endeavors to advance it, do now plant their actual cost, and of the public benefits resulting onrselves upon the National platform of Freedom in oppo- therefrom, of reasonable portions of the public lands, sition to the sectional platform of Slavery.

under suitable limitations, is a wise and just measure of Rosolved, That Slavery in the several States of this public policy, which will promote in various ways the inJnion which recognize its existence, depends upon State terests of all the States of this Union; and we therefore laws alone, which cannot be repealed or modified by the recommend it to the favorable consideration of the AmeriFederal Government, and for which laws that govern- can people. ment is not responsible. We therefore propose no inter- Resolved, That the obligations of honor and patriotference by Congress with Slavery within the limits of any ism require the earliest practicable payment of the da. State.

tional debt, and we are therefore in favor of such a tarifi Resolved, That the Proviso of Jefferson, to prohibit the of duties as will raise revenue adequate to defray the ne. existence of Slavery after 1800, in all the Territories of the cessary expenses of the Federal Government, and to pay United States, Southern and Northern; the votes of six annual instalments of our debt, and the interest thereon. States and sixteen delegates, in the Congress of 1784, for Resólood, That we inscribe on our own banner, " Free the Proviso, to three States and seven delegates against Soil, Free Speech, Free Labur, and Free Men," and under it; the actual exclusion of slavery from the Northwest- it we will fight on, and fight ever, until a triumphant vicera Territory, by the Ordinance of 1737, unanimously tory shall reward our exertions. adopted by the states in Congress; and the entire history of that period, clearly show that it was the settled policy of the Nation not to extend, nationalize or encourage, but to limit, localize and discourage Slavery; and to this pol

WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1862. icy, which should nevr have been departed from, the Government ought to return.

This body assembled at Baltimore on the 16th Resowed, That our fathers ordained the Constitution of June, and chose Gen. John G. Chapman, of of the United States

, in order, among other great national Md., as presiding officer, and, after an exciting and secure the blessings of liberty; but expressly denied session of six days, nominated Gen. Winfield to the Federal Government, which they created, all con- Scott as President, on the 53d ballot, as follows: stitutional power to deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due legal process.

Resoloed, That in the judginent of this convention, Congress has no more power to make a Slave than to make a King; no more power to institute or establish Slayery than to institute or establish a Monarchy: no such power 1. 181 188 29 28. 184 128 80 can be found among those specifically conferred by the 2. 183 181 29 29.


128 80 Constitution, or derived by just implication from them. 8. 188 181 29 80.


128 Resowod, That it is the duty of the Federal Govern. 4. 184 180 29 81.


128 80 mens to relieve itself from all responsibility for the existe 6. 180

183 80 82. 184 128 80 cace or continuance of slavery whorever the government 6. 188 181 29 83. 184 128 possesses constitutional authority to legislate on that 7. 131 188 28 84, 184 126 28 subject, and it is thus responsible for its existence.

8. 133 181 28 85. 184 128 28 Řesolved, That the true, and in the judgment of this 9. 183

29 36. 186 127

28 Convention, the only safe means of preventing the ex. 10. 185 180 29 87.

188 128 28 tersion of Slavery into Territory now Free, is to prohibit 11. 184 181 28 88. 186 127 29 its extension in all such Territory by an act of Congress. 12. 184 180 28


184 128 80 Resoloed, That we accept the issue which the Slave 13. 184 180 28

182 129 82 power has forced upon us; and to their demand for more 14 183 180 29 41. 182 129 82 Sluve States, and more Slave Territory, our calon but final 15. 183 180 29 42. 134 128 80 answer is, no more Slave states and no more Slave Ter- 16. 185 129 28 43. 184 128 80 ritory. Let the soil of our extensive domains be kept 17. 182 181 29 44,


129 80 free for the hardy pioneers of our own land, and the op- 18. 182 181 28 45. 188 127 82 pressed and banished of other lunda, seeking homes of 19. 182 131 29 46. 184 127 81 comfort and felds of enterprise in the new world. 20. 132 181 29 47. 185 129 29

Resoloed, That the bill lately reported by the committee 21. 133 181 28 48. 187 124 80 of eight in the Senate of the United States, was uo com- 22. 182 130 80 49. 189

122 80 promise, but an absolute surrender of the rights of the 23. 182


80 50. 142 122 28 Non-Slaveholders of all the State: ; and while we rejoice 24.


129 80 51. 142 120 29 to know that a measure which, while opening the door for 20. 138 128 31 52. 146 119 27 the introduction of Slavery into Territories now free, 26. 184 128 80 58. 159 112 21 would also have opened the door to litigation and strife 27. 184 128 80 Necessary to choose-147. among the future inhabitants thereof, to the ruin of their peace and prosperity, was defeated in the House of Repre.

William A. Graham, of North Carolina, was sentatives, its passage, in hoi. haste, by a majority, embraco nominated for Vice-President on the second ing several senators who voted in open violation of the ballot. known will of their constituents, should warn the people to see to it, that their representatives be not sutfered to

The Convention adopted the following betray them. There must be no more Compromises with Slavery; if made they must be repealed.

PLATFORM: Resowed, That we demand freedom and established

The Whigs of the United States, in Convention assem. institutions for our brethren in Oregon, now exposed to bled, adhering to the great conservative principles by hardships, poril and massacre by the reckless hostility of which they are controled and governed, and now as ever the Slave Power to the establishment of Free Government relying upon the intelligence of the American people, for Free Territories; and not only for them, but for our with an abiding confidence in their capacity for self-gov. new brethren in California and New-Mexico.

ernment, and their devotion to the Constitution and the Rosolood, It is due not only to this occasion, but to the Union, do proclaim the following as the political senti: whole people of the United States, that we should also ments and determination for the establishment and declare ourselves on certain other questions of National maintenance of which their national organization as a Policy: therefore,

party was effected. Rusolood, That we demand Cheap Postage for the Peo

First. The government of the United States is of a ple; a retrenchment of the expenses and patronage of limited character, and it is confined to the exercise of the Federal Government; the abolition of all unneces- powers expressly granted by the Constitution, and such sary ofices and salaries; and the election by the people as may be necessary and proper for carrying the granted of all civil officers in the service of the government, 80 powers into full execution, and that powers not granted far as the saine may be practicable. Rosoloed, That River and Harbor improvements, when tively and to the people.

or necessarily implied are reserved to the States respoo. demanded by the wafety and convenience of commerce Second. The State Governments should be held secure




to their reserved rights, and the General Government NAY8-Maine, 4; Connecticut, 1; New-York, 22 ; sustained on its constitutional powers, and that the Pennsylvania, 6 ; Ohio, 15; Wisconsin, 1; Indiana, 6; Union should be revered and watched over as the palla- Illinois, 5; Michigan, 6; California, 4–70. dium of our liberties. Tluird. That while struggling freedom everywhere

GEN. SCOTT'S ACCEPTANCE. enlists the warmest sympathy of the Whig party, we still adhere to the doctrines of the Father of his Country, as Gen. Scott accepted the nomination and Plat. announced in his Farewell Address, of keeping ourselves free from all entangling alliances with foreign countries, form in the following letter. and of never quitting our own to stand upon foreign

WASHINGTON, June 24th, 1852. ground; that our mission as a republic is not to propa

SIR: I have had the honor to receive from your hands gate our opinions, or impose on other countries our forms of government, by artifice or force; but to teach the official notice of my unanimous nomination as the by example, and show by our success, moderation and Whig candidate for the office of President of the United justice, the blessings of self-government, and the advan- States, together with a copy of the resolutions passed by

the Convention, expressing their opinions upon some of tage of free institutions.

Fourth. That, as the people make and control the the most prominent questions of national policy. Government, they should obey its constitution, laws and

This great distinction, conferred by a numerous, intellitreaties as they would retain their self-respect, and the gent and patriotic body, representing millions of my respect which they claim and will enforce from foreign the very eminent names which were before the Convenof the strictest economy; and revenue sufficient for the to my new position. Not having written a word to pro;

Fifth. Government should be conducted on principles tion in amicable competition with my own, I am made to expenses thereof, in time, ought to be derived mainly cure this distinction, I lost not a moment after it had from a duty on imports, and not from direct taxes; and been conferred in addressing

a letter to one of your memon laying such duties sound policy requires a just dis-bers, to signify what would be, at the proper time, the crimination, and, when practicable, by specific duties, substance of my reply to the Convention : and I now have whereby suitable encouragement may be afforded to the honor to repeat in a more formal manner, as the occaAmerican industry, equally to all classes and to all porsion justly demands, that I accept the nomination with the tions of the country; an economical administration of resolutions annexed. The political principles and measthe Government, in time of peace, ought to be derivedures laid down in those resolutions are so broad that but from duties on imports, and not from direct taxation; little is left for me to add. I therefore barely suggest in and in laying such duties, sound policy requires a just this place, that should I, by the partiality of my country; discrimination, whereby suitable encouragement may be afforded to American industry, equally to all classes, and then be elevated to the Chief Magistracy of the Union, 1

shall be ready, in my connection with Congress, to reto all parts of the country.

commend or approve of measures in regard to the man. Sivih. The Constitution vests in Congress the power agement of the public domain, so as to secure an early to open and repair harbors, and remove obstructions settlement of the same, favorable to actual settlers, but from navigable rivers, whenever such improvements are consistent, nevertheless, with a due regard to the equal necessary for the common defense, and for the protec rights of the whole American people in that vast national tion and facility of commerce with foreign nations, or inheritance; and also to recommend or approve of a sinamong the States—said improvements being in every gle alteration in our naturalization laws, suggested by my instance national and general in their character.

military experience, vis. : Giving to all foreigners the Seventh. The Federal and State Governments are parts right of citizenship, who shall faithfully serve, in time of of one system, alike necessary for the common prosper- war, one year on board of our public ships, or in our ity, peace and security, and ought to be regarded alike land forces, regular or volunteer, on their receiving an with a cordial, habitual and immovable attachment. honorable discharge from the service. In regard to the Respect for the authority of each, and acquiescence in general policy of the administration, if elected, I should, the just constitutional measures of each, are duties of course, look among those who may approve that polirequired by the plainest considerations of National, cy for the agents to carry it into execution; and I should State and individual welfare.

seek to cultivate harmony and fraternal sentiments Eighth. That the series of acts of the 32d Congress, the throughout the Whig party, without attempting to reAct known as the Fugitive Slave law included, are duce its members, by proscription, to exact uniformity to received and acquiesced in by the Whig party of the

my own views. United States as a settlement in principle and substance

But I should at the same time be rigorous in regard to of the dangerous and exciting questions which they qualifications for office, retaining and appointing no one embrace; and, so far as they are concerned, we will either deficient in capacity or integrity, or in devotion to maintain them, and insist upon their strict enforcement, liberty, to the Constitution and the Union. Convinced until time and experience shall demonstrate the neces- that harmony or good will between the different quarters sity of further legislation to guard against the evasion of of our broad country is essential to the present and the the laws on the one hand and the abuse of their powers future interests of the Republic, and with a devotion to on the other-not impairing their present efficiency; and those interests that can know no South and no North, I we deprecate all further agitation of the question thus should neither countenance nor tolerate any sedition, dissettled, as dangerous to our peace, and will discounte-order, faction or resistance to the law or the Union on nance all efforts to continue or renew such agitation, any pretext, in any part of the land, and I should carry whenever, wherever, or however the attempt may be into the civil administration this one principle of military made; and we will maintain this system as essential to conduct-obedience to the legislative and judicial dethe nationality of the Whig party, and the integrity of partments of government, each in its constitutional

sphere, saving only in respect to the Legislature, the pos

sible resort to the veto power, always to be most cauThe above propositions were unanimously tiously exercised, and under the strictest restraints and adopted with the exception of the last, which

Finally, for my strict adherence to the principles of the was carried by a vote of 212 to 70: the dele- Whig party, as expressed in the resolutions of the Congates who voted against it being supporters of partiose

, and herein suggested, with a sincere and earnest Scott as against Fillmore and Webster in the Republic, and thus to cherish and encourage the cause of

constitutional liberty throughout the world, avoiding ballotings above given.

every act and thought that might involve our country in

an unjust or unnecessary war, or impair the faith of The vote by States, on this (Compromise) treaties, and discountenancing all political agitations inresolution, was as follows:

jurious to the interests of society and dangerous to the

Union, I can offer no other pledge or guarantee than the Yeas–Maine, 4; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5;

known incidents of a long public life, now undergoing the

severest examination Massachusetts, 3;' Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 4; in my associate on the ticket, and with a lively sense of

Feeling myself highly fortunato New-York, 11; New-Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 21; Dela" my obligations to the Convention, and to your personal ware, 3 ; Maryland, 8; Virginia, 14; North Carolina, courtesies, I have the honor to remain, sir, with great 19; South Carolina, 8; Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississ ppi,,!; Louisiana, 6; Onio, 8; Kentucky, 12; Ten-esteem, your most obedient servant, Dessee, 12; Indian:1, 7; Illinois, 6; Missouri, 9; ArkanGar. 4; Florida, 3 ; Iowa, 4; Wisconsin, 4 ; Texas, 4 ; To Hox. J. G. CHAPMAN, Presidont of the Whig No 212.

donul Conoention.

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DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION-1852. of the people, and calculated to place the business of the

country within the control of a concentrated money This Cuarention assembled at Baltimore on power, and that above the laws and the will of the people; the 1st of June, John W. Davis, of Indiana, and that the results of Democratic legislation, in this and presided, and the two-thirds rule was adopted. ! all other financial measures, upon which issues have been

made between the two political parties of the country have Gen. Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire, was demonstrated to candid and practical men of all, parties, nominated for President on the 49th ballot, as their soundness, safety, and utility, in all business pursuits. follows:

Resoloed, That the separation of the moneys of the Government from Banking Institutions, is indispensable for the safety of the funds of the Government, and the

rights of the people. Rullots.

Resobed, That the liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, and sanc.

tioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land of 1. 116 93 20 27


liberty, and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, 2. 118 95 23 27


have ever been cardinal principles in the Democratic . 119 94 21 26


faith; and every attempt to abridge the privilege of be4 115 89 31 25

coming citizens and the owners of soil among us, ought 5. 114 88 34 26 1

13 1

to be resisted with the same spirit which swept the alien 6. 114 S3 84 26 1 8


and sedition laws from our statute book. 7. 118 68 24 26

13 1

Resoloed, That Congress has no power under the Con. 8. 113 88 34 26 1 9 8


stitution to interfere with, or control the domestic insti. 112 87 89 27 1 8

13 1

tutions of the several States, and that such States are the 10. 111 86 40 27 1 8

14 1

sole and proper judges of everything appertaining to 101 87 50) 27 1

13 1

their own affairs, and prohibited by the Constitution ; 12. 98 68 51 27 1 9

13 1

that all efforts of the Abolitionists or others, made to . 98 88 51 26 1 10

13 1

induce Congress to interfere with questions of Slavery, 14. 99 87 61 26 1 10

13 1

or to take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calcu. 15. 99 87 51 26 1 10

13 1

lated to lead to the most alarming and dangerous conse16. 99 87 51 26 1 10

18 1

quences; and that all such efforts have an inevitable 17. 99 87 50 26 1 11

13 1

tendency to diminish the happiness of the people, and 18. 96 85 56 25 1 11

13 1

endanger the stability and permanency of the Union, and 19. 89 85 63 26 1 10

13 1

ought not to be countenanced by any friend of our politi20. 81 92 64 26 1 10

13 1

cal institutions. 21. 60 102 64 26 18 9

13 1

Resoloed, That the foregoing proposition covers, and is 22. 53 104 77 26 15 9

18 1

intended to embrace, the whole subject of slavery agita23. 87 103 78 26 19 11

13 1

tion in Congress ; and therefore, the Democratic party of 24. 83 168 80) 26 23 9

13 1

the Union, standing on this National Platform, will abide 25. 34 101 S1 26 24 9

13 1

by, and adhere to, a faithful execution of the acts known 26. 33 101 80 26 24 10 13 1

as the Compromise measures settled by the last Congress 27. 82 98 85 26 24 9

13 1

the act for reclaiming fugitives from service or labor 23 96 88 26 25 11

18 1

included; which act, being designed to carry out an 29. 27 93 91 26 25 12

13 1

express pr vision of the Constitution, cannot with fidelity 80. 83 91 92 26 20 12

13 1

thereto be repealed, nor so changed as to destroy or im64 79 92 26 16 10


pair its efficiency. 82, 99 74 80 26 1 8

Resolved, that the Democratic party will resist all 83. 123 72 60 25 2 6


attempts at renewing in Congress, or out of it, the agita. 84. 180 49 58 23 1 5


tion of the Slavery question, under whatever shape or 35. 131 89 52 44 1 5

1 15 color the attempt may be made. 36. 122 28 43 59 1

1 80 87. 121) 28 87 71) 1

29 [Here follow the Resolutions of 1848, against 88. 107 28 33 84 1

1 29 89. 106 23 33 85

the distribution of the proceeds of the Public 1

1 29 40. 106 27 83 85 1

1 29 Land Sales, and against the abridgment of the 41. 107 27 83 85 1

29 veto power of the President.] 42. 101 27 33 91 1

29 43. 101 27 83 91 1

1 29 Resowed, That the Democratic party will faithfully 44. 101 27 83 91 1

1 29 abide by and uphold the principles laid down in the 45. 96 27 32 97 1

1 29 Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1792 and 1798, and 46. 78 28 32 97 1


the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature 47. 75 29 83 95 1

1 49 in 1799 ; that it adopts those principles as constituting 43. 73 23 83 90 1 6

1 55 one of the main foundations of its political creed, and is 2 2 2

282 resolved to carry them out in their obvious meaning and

import. The first vote for Vice-President was as fol- Resolved, that the war with Mexico, upon all the lows :

principles of patriotism and the law of nations, was a

just and necessary war on our part, in which no Ameri. Wm. R. King, of Ala... 126 Wm. O. Butler, of Ky... 27 can citizen should have shown himself opposed to his G. J. Pillow, of Tenn... 25 Roht. Strange, of N. O... 28 country, and neither morally nor physically, by word or D. R. Atchison, of Mo.. 25 S U. Downs, of La.... 80 deed, given aid and comfort to the enemy. T. J. Rusk, of Texas,.. 12 J. B. Weller, of Cal.... 28 Resobed, That we rejoice at the restoration of friendly Jeft. Davis, of Miss... 2 | Howell Cobb, of Ga.... 2 relations with our sister Republic of Mexico, and earnest Wm. R. King, of Alabama, was unanimously

ly desire for her all the blessings and prosperity whic!

we enjoy under Republican Institutions, and we con. nominated on the second ballot.

gratulate the American people on the results of that war

which have so manifestly justified the policy and conduct THE PLATFORM.

of the Democratic party, and insured to the United States The Platform was made up of resolves. Here indemnity for the past, and security for the future.

Resoloed, That, in view of the condition of popular follow 1, 2, and 3, of that of 1848, with 1, 2, 3, institutions in the old world, a high and sacred duty is and 4 of that of 1810, see them heretofore), to devolved with increased responsibility upon the Demowhich were added the following:

cracy of this country, as the party of the people, to up

hold and maintain the rights of every State, and thereby Resoloed, That it is the duty of every branch of the the Union of States, and to sustain and advance among Government to enforce and practice the inost rigid then constitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no monopolies and exclusive legislation for the benefit of the môre revenue ought to be raised than is required to few at the expense of the many, and by a vigilant and defray the necessary expenses of the Government, and constant adherence to those principles and compromises for the gradual but certain extinction of the public debt. of the CONSTITUTION, which are broad enough and

Resoloed, That Congress has no power to charter a strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it is, va ional Bank ; that we believe such an institution one and the Union as it should be, in the full expansion of of leadly hostility to the best interests of the country, the energies and capacity of tbis great and progressive tai gerous to our republican institutions and the liberties' people.



FREE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION-1852. 10. That no permanent settlement of the Slavery

question can be looked for except in the practical reThe Free-Soil Democracy held a National cognition of the truth that Slavery is sectional and Free. Convention at Pittsburgh, on the 11th August, dom national ; by the total separation of the General 1852, Henry Wilson, of Mass., presiding. All Government from Slavery, and the exercise of its legiti

mate and constitutional influence on the side of Freeshe Free States were represented, together with dom; and by leaving to the States the whole subject of Delaware, Virginia, Kentucky and Maryland. Slavery and the extradition of fugitives from service, John P. Hale, of N. H., was nominated for Presi

11. That all men have a natural right to a portion of the dent, with Geo. W. Julian, of Indiana, for Vice- life, 'the right of all men to the soil is as sacred as their

soil; and that as the use of the soil is indispensable to President. The Convention adopted the fol- right to life itself. lowing:

12. That the Public Lands of the United States belong

to the People, and should not be sold to individuals nor PLATFORM:

granted to corporations, but should be held as a sacred Having assembled in National Convention as the De- trust for the benefit of the people, and should be granted mocracy of the United States, united by a common in limited quantities, free of cost, to landless settlers. resolve to maintain right against wrong, and Freedom

18. That a due regard for the Federal Constitution, against Slavery : confiding in the intelligence, patriot- a sound administrative policy, demand that the funds ism, and discriminating justice of the American people, of the General Government be kept separate from Bankputting our trust in God

for the triumph of our cause, ing institutions ; that inland and ocean postage should be and invoking

his guidance in our endeavors to advance reduced to the lowest possible point; that no more revenue it, we now submit to the candid judgment of all men should be raised than is required' to defray the strictly the following declaration of principles and measures :

necessary expenses of the public service, and to pay of 1. That governments, deriving their just powers from the public Debt; and that the power and patronage of the the consent of the governed, are instituted among men Government should be diminished, by the abolition of all to secure to all those inalienable rights of life, liberty, unnecessary offices, salaries, and privileges, and by the and the pursuit of happiness with which they are election, by the people, of all civil officers in the service endowed by their Creator, and of which none can be of the United States, so far as may be consistent with deprived by valid legislation, except for crime.


prompt and efficient transaction of the public busi2. That the true mission of American Democracy is to ness. maintain the Liberties of the People, the Sovereignty of

14. That River and Harbor Improvements, when necesthe States, and the perpetuity of the Union, by the im- sary to the safety and convenience of commerce with partial application to public affairs, without sectional foreign nations, or among the several States, are objects discriminations of the fundamental principles of hu- of national concern; and it is the duty of Congress, in man rights, strict justice and an economical administra. the exercise of its constitutional powers, to provide for tion.

the same. 8. That the Federal Government is one of limited 15. That emigrants and exiles from the old world powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and the should find a cordial welcome to homes of comfort and giants of power therein ought to be strictly construed by fields of enterprise in the new;, and every attempt to all the departments and agents of the Government, and abridge their privilege of becoming citizens and owners it is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful con- of the soil among us, ought to be resisted with inflexible stitutional powers.

determination, 4. That the Constitution of the United States, ordained

16. That every nation has a clear right to alter or to form a more perfect Union, to establish Justice and change its own government, and to administer its own secure the blessings of Liberty, expressly denies to the concerns in such manner as may best secure the rights General Government all power to deprive any person of and promote the happiness of the people; and foreign life, liberty or property without due process of law; and, interference with that right is a dangerous violation of therefore, the Government having no more power

to the law of nations, against which all independent govern. make a slave than to make king, and no more power ments should protest, and endeavor by all proper means to establish Slavery than to establish a Monarchy, to prevent; and especially is it the duty of the Amerishould at once proceed to relieve itself from all respon can Government, representing the Chief Republic of sibility for the existence of Slavery, wherever it possesses the world, to protest against, and by all proper means constitutional power to legislate for its extinction.

to prevent the intervention of kings and emperors against 5. That, to the persevering and importunate demands Nations seeking to establish for themselves Republicat of the Slave power for more Slave States, new Slave or constitutional governments. Territories and the nationalization of Slavery, our dis

17. That the Independence of Hayti ought to be tinct and final answer is-no more Slave štates, no recognized by our Government, and our commercial Slave Territory, no nationalized Slavery, and no national relations with it placed on the footing of the most Legislation for the extradition of Blaves.

favored nations. 6. That Slavery is a sin against God, and a crime 18. That as by the Constitution," the citizens of each against man, which no human enactment nor usage can State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immuni. make right; and that Christianity, humanity, and patriot-ties of citizens in the several States," the practice of ism alike demand its abolition.

imprisoning colored seamen of other States, while the 7. That the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, is repugnant vessels to which they belong lie in port, and refusing to the Constitution, to the principles of the common law, the exercise of the right to bring such cases before the to the spirit of Christianity, and to the sentiments of Supreme Court of the United States, to test the legality the civilized world. We therefore deny its binding force of such proceedings, is a flagrant violation of the Conupon the American people, and demand its immediate stitution, and an invasion of the rights of the citizens and total repeal

of other States utterly inconsistent with the professions 8. That the doctrine that any human law is a finality, made by the slaveholders, that they wish the provisions and not subject to modification or repeal, is not in of the Constitution faithfully observed by every State accordance with the creed of the founders of our Govern- in the Union. went, and is dangerous to the liberties of the people.

19. That we recommend the introduction into all trea. 9. That the Acts of Congress, known as the Compro- ties hereafter to be negotiated between the United States mise Measures of 1850, by making the admission of a and foreign nations, of some provision for the arnicable sovereign State contingent upon the adoption of other settlement of difficulties by a resort to decisive arbi. measures demanded by the special interest of Slavery ;

trations. by their omission to guarantee freedom in the free Terri

20. That the Free Democratic Party is not organized wries; by their attempt to impose unconstitutional to aid either the Whig or Democratic wing of the great limitations on the power of Congress and the people-to Slave Compromise party of the nation, but to defea i them admit new States; by their provisions for the assump- both; and that repudiating and renouncing both, as tion of five inillions of the State debt of Texas, and for hopelessly corrupt, and utterly unworthy of confidence, the payment of five millions more, and the cession of a the purpose of the Free Democracy is to take possession large territo y to the same state under menace, as an of the Federal Government, and administer it for the i ducement to the relinquishment of a groundless claim, better protection of the rights and interests of the whole and by their invasion of the sovereignty of the States people. and the liberties of the people through the enactinent

21. That we inscribe on our banner, Free Soil, Free of an unjust, opp:essive, and unconstitutional Fugitive Speech, Free Labor and Free Men, and under it will Blave Law, are proved to be inconsistent with all the fight on and fight ever until a triumphant victory shall principles and maxims of Democracy, and wholly inade- reward our exertions. quate to the settlement of the questions of which they to the Azerican people as a candidate for the ottice ol

22. Thas upon this Platform the Convention presents are claimed to be an adjustment.

BU Fremont.

IIIl McLean.


President of the United States, JOHN P. HALE, of New-person should be deprived of life, liberty or property Hampshire, and as a candidate for the office of Vice- without due process of law, it becomes our duty to inainPresident of the United States, GEORGE W. JULIAN, of tain this provision of the Constitution against all attempts Indiana, and earnestly commend them to the support to violate it for the purpose of establishing Slavery in of all Freemen and all parties.

any territory of the United States, by positive legislation,

prohibiting its existence or extension therein. That we The result of this contest was an overwhelm- deny the authority of Congress, of a territorial legislaing triumph of the regular Democracy : Pierce ture, of any individual or association of individuals, no and King carrying every State except Massachu give legal existence to Slavery in any territory of the

United States, while the present Constitution shall be Betts, Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee, which

maintained. cast their votes for Gen. Scott. The Free Demo- Resobed, That the Constitution confers upon Congress cratic vote in several States would have given sovereign power over the territories of the United siates shose States to Scott, bad it been cast for him. power it is both the right and the duty of Congress to

prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism --Polygamy and Slavery.

Resolved, That while the Constitution of the United REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION

States was ordained and established by the people in 1856.

order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice,

insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common de This Convention met at Philadelphia on the lense, and secure the blessings of liberty, and contains 17th of June, and chose Col. Henry S. Lane, of ample provisions for the protection of the life, liberty Indiana, as presiding officer. An informal bal. rights of the people of Kansas have been fraudulently lot for President resulted as follows:

and violently taken from them, their territory has been invaded by an armed force--spurious and pretended legislative, judicial and executive officers have been set over them, by whose usurped authority, sustained by the

military power of the Government, tyrannical and un. States.


constitutional laws have been enacted and enforcedMaine, 13 11 Indiana

18 21 the rights of the people to keep and bear arms have New Hampshire.. 15 Illinois.


19 been infringed-test oaths of an extraordinary and enVermont



tangling nature have been imposed, as a condition of Massachusetts.... 39 Wisconsin..

exercising the right of suffrage and holding office-the Rhode Island.. 12


right of an accused person to a speedy and

public trial Connecticut... 18


3 by an impartial jury has been denied-the right of the New-York.... 93 8 Kansas.

people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and New Jersey 7 14 Nebraska.

8 effects against unreasonable searches and seizures has Pennsylvania. 10 71 Kentucky


been violated-they have been deprived of life, liberty Delaware.

9 California.. 12 and property without due process of law-that the free Maryland... 4 8

dom of speech and of the press has been abridged-the Ohio.. 80 89

859 196 right to choose their representatives has been made of New-York also gave two votes for Sumner no effect-murders, robberies and arsons have been insti.

gated and encouraged, and the offenders have been and one for Seward.

allowed to go unpunished-that all these things have Col. John C. Fremont was thereupon unani- been done with the knowledge, sanction and procuremously nominated.

ment of the present Administration, and that for this William L. Dayton was nominated for Vice-manity, we arraign the Administration, the President, his

high crime against the Constitution, the Union and HuPresident, receiving, on the informal ballot, advisers, agents, supporters, apologists and

accessories, 259 votes to 43 for David Wilmot; 110 for either before or after the facts, before the country and Abrabam Lincoln ; 7 for Thomas Ford; 35 for bring the actual perpetrators of these atrocious outrages,

before the world, and that it is our fixed purpose to Charles Sumner; 4 for Cassius M. Clay; 15 for and their accomplices, to a sure and condign punishmeni, Jacob Collamer; 2 for J. R. Giddings; 2 for hereafter. W. F. Johnston ; 46 for N. P. Banks; 1 for A. ted as . State of the Union, with her present free Consti.

Resoloed, That Kansas should be immediately admitC. M. Pennington ; 5 for Henry Wilson ; 9 for tution, as at once the most effectual way of securing to Johu A. King ; 3 for Henry C. Carey; and 8 for her citizens the enjoyment of the rights and privileges to Gen. S. C. Pomeroy of Kansas. Å formal bal. which they are entitled; and of ending the civil strife

now raging in her territory. lot was then taken, when Mr. Dayton was nomi- Resoloed, That the highwayman's plea, that "might pated unanimously

makes right,” embodied in the Ostend Circular, was in The Convention adopted the following

every respect unworthy of Aunerican diplomacy, and

would bring shame and dishonor upon any government PLATYORY:

or people that gave it their sanction.

Resoloed, That a railroad to the Pacific Ocean, by the This Convention of Delegates, assembled in pursuance most central and practicable route, is imperatively deof a call addressed to the people of the United States, manded by the interests of the whole country, and that without regard to past political differences or divisions, the Federal Government ought to render immediate and who are opposed to the repeal of the Missouri Compro- efficient aid in its construction; and, as an auxiliary mise, to the policy of the present Administration, to the thereto, the immediate construction of an emigrant route extension of Slavery into Free Territory; in favor of on the line of the railroad. admitting Kansas as a Free State, of restoring the action Resoloed, That appropriations by Congress for the of the Federal Government to the principles of Washing improvement of rivers and harbors, of a pational characton and Jefferson, and who purpose to unite in present-ter, required for the accommodation and security of our lng candidates for the offices of President and Vice-existing commerce, are authorized by the nstitution, President, do resolve as follows:

and justified by the obligation of government to protect Resovoed, That the maintenance of the principles pro- the lives and property of its citizens. mulgated in the Declaration of Independence and embodied in the Federal Constitntion is essential to the

This contest resulted in the election of the preservation of our Republican Institutions, and that Democratic nominees, Buchanan and Breckinihe Federal Constitution, the rights of the States, and ridge, who received the electoral votes of the Union of the States, shall be preserved.

Resolved, That with our republican fathers we hold it New-Jersey, T; Pennsylvania, 27; Delaware, 3; Vir. to be a self-evident truth, that all men are endowed with ginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; South Carolina, 8; the inalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; happiness, and that the primary object and ulterior de Tennessee, 12; Kentucky, 12; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; signs of our Federal Government were, to secure these Missouri, 9; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 8; Texas, 4; Califorights to all persons within its exclusive jurisdiction; nia, 4.-174. that, as our republican fathers, when they had abolished For Fremont and Dayton: Maine, 8; New-flampshirt, Slavery in all our national territory, ordained that as B; Vermont, 5; Massachusetts, 13; Rhode Island, 4;

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