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Fate, får, fäll, fåt; mė, mit; pine or pine, pin; nd, nðt; öð as in good; two islands called N. and S. Beveland, situated in the great estuary of the Scheldt.
Bev/-E-ren (Dutch pron. bål-ver-en), a t. of Belgium, 7m. W. of Antwerp. Pop. near 6,000. (B.)
BEV/-ER-LEY, a t. of England, cap. of the E. riding of Yorkshire, 28 m. E. by S. of York. Entire pop. of the town and liberties, 8,671.
BEyl-ER-LY, a t. of Essex co., Mass., 16 m. N. N. E. of Boston. Pop. of the township, 4,689.
Bewp/-LEY, à t. of England, in the co. of Worcester, 13 m. N. by W. of Worcester. Pop. 3,400.
BEYRA or Beira, b Ve-rå, a prov. of Portugal; bounded on the N. by the r. Douro, which separates it from the provinces Entre Douro e Minho and Tras os Montes, E. by Spain, S. by the provinces of Algarve and Estremadura, and W. by the Atlantic. Length from N. to S., 130 m.; breadth, from E. to W., about 110 m.
BEYROOT or BAIROUT, bå/-root, (Turk. pron. bi-root; that of the Arabs corresponds with the English, as already given : Gr. Brputos, Lat. Berlytus,) a very ancient city of Syria, in the pashalic of Acre, on the Mediterranean, once celebrated for its school of jurisprudence. It now possesses few traces of its former splendor. Lat. 33° 49' N., Lon. 35° 27' E. Pop. estimated at 6,000. (P. C.)
Buat -GONG! or b'håt'-gong', a t. of Nepaul, about 6 m. S. E. of Katmandoo, celebrated as a seat of Brahminical learning.
BHOPAL. See BOPAUL.
Byurt'-POOR' or b'hurt'-poor', a t. of Hindostan, in the prov. of Agra; cap. of a dist. of the same name. Lat. 27° 12 N., Lon. 77° 30' E.
BI-A1/-YS-TOK, an elegantly built t. of Western Russia; cap. of a prov. of the same name. Lat: 53° 7' N., Lon. 23° 18' E. Pop. above 6,000. (P. C.)
BIBB, à co. in the central part of Ga., intersected by the Ocmulgec. Pop. 9,802. Co. t. Macon.
BIBB, a co. in the central part of Ala., intersected by the Cahawba. Pop. 8,284. Co. t. Centreville.
BID-E-FORD or BIDDEFORD, a seaport t. of Devonshire, England, 36m. N. by W. frorn Exeter. Lat. 51° 2 N., Lon. 4° 12 W. Pop. 4,830.
BIELEFELD, beel-len-felt', a manufacturing t. of Prussia, in Westphalia. Lat. 52° 2' N., Lon. 8° 29' E. Pop. 5,200. (B.)
Big-BLACK RIVER, a r. in the state of Miss., flowing into the Mississippi.
Big Horn River, rising in the Rocky Mountains, flows into the Yellow Stone.
Bilbao, bil-bål-o, often written and pronounced in English Bill-BO-A, a t. in the N. of Spain; cap. of Biscay. Lat. 43° 15' N., Lon. 2° 56 W. Pop. about 15,000. (B.)
Bills-ton, a manufacturing t. of England, in Staffordshire, 107 m. N. W. from London. Pop. of the township and chapelry, with an area of about 4 sq. m., 20,181.
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; Ti, as in this; N, nearly like ng.
BING'-EN, a t. of Hesse-Darmstadt, on the left bank of the Rhinc. Lat. 49° 55' N., Lon. 7° 51' E. Pop. 4,100. (B.)
BING -UẠM-Tox, or CHENANGO Point, the cap. of Broome co., N. Y., on the New York and Erie Railroad, 20 m. E. of Owego, and connected by the Chenango, with the Erie, Canal. Pop. of the township, 5,465.
B1o-Bro, beel-o-bee-o, a r. of Chili, which falls into the Pacific in 36° 50 S. Lat.
BIRKET-EL-KEROON, more properly BIR KET-EL-KOORN, běēr/-ket-elkoorn' (i. e. the “ lake of the horn," so named from its peculiar shape); a considerable lake of Middle Egypt, bounding the prov. of Fasoom on the N. W., and situated between 29° 35' and 29° 15' N. Lat., and 30° 10 and 30° 40° E. Lon. Ils length, following the curve, is rather more than 30 m.; its greatest breadth, 6 or 7 m. It is the Lake Mæris of the ancients.
BIRKET-EL-MARioot, béér/-ket-el-må-re-oot', (the Lake Mareol tis of the ancients,) a lake in the N. E. part of Lower Egypt, S. E. of Alex. andria. It bad become entirely dry within the last three centuries, but as the bottom is several feet below the level of the sea, the English, in 1801, in order to circumscribe the operations of the French, cut across the narrow isthmus which separated the basin from the lake of Abookeer (Aboukir), when the sea-water flowed in, and covered an extent of 30 m. in length, and 15 in breadth. This isthmus has since been restored by Mehemet Ali.
Brgl-MẠ, Burma, or BRAH-MẠ, called also the kingdom of Ava, an empire of Chin-India, in the S. E. of Asia. Its exact boundaries on the N. and E. are not known. On the S. it extends about 240 m. along the gulf of Martaban ; the country of Arracan bounds it on the W. "The Birman empire consists of Birma proper, Pegoo, Martaban, and the Birman Lao. The climate is said not to exhibit the extremes of heat and cold which are found in India, and is supposed, therefore, to be more healthy to the European constitution. It varies, however, greatly in different parts of the country. The soil produces almost every kind of grain and vegetables, as well as the different tropical fruits; the pine apple is said to grow here spontaneously. The Birmans are much less civilized than the Hindoos. In religion they are Boodhists; neither Mahomelanism nor Christianity has made any progress among them. The government is an absolute despotism, their sovereign being the lord of the life and property of all his subjects.-Adj. and inhab. BỊR/MẠN and BỊR-MERE', or BURMESE.
Bìn-MING-HẠM, a large t. of England, in Warwickshire, 98 m. N. W. of London. It has increased astonishingly within a 6 ury, and has become the principal hardware manufacturing town of G. Britain. By means of canals and railways it is connected with all the more important places of the kingdom, and thus enjoys every facility for trade, and is enabled to distribute the productions of its industry to all parts of the globe. Lat. 52° 29' N., Lon. 1° 52' W. Pop. 182,922.
Fate, får, fåll, fåt; mé, mét; pne or pine, pin; n', nôt; öö, as in good,
BIRR or PAR-SỌNS-TOWN', a t. of Ireland, in Kings co. Lat. 53° 7' N. Lon. 7° 51' W. Pop. in 1831, 6,594. (P. C.)
Bis-CAY, (Sp. Biscaya, bis-kil-å or Viscaya,) a small prov. in the N. of Spain, lying on the Bay of Biscay. Adj. and inhab. Bis-CAY/-AN.
BISCAY, BAY OF, is that portion of the Atlantic Ocean which washes the northern coasts of Spain, and divides thein from the western coasts of France.
BLACK MOUNTAIN, near the N. W. extremity of N. C., remarkable as being the most elevated point of the Appalachian system, and the highest mountain-summit in the United States, E. of the Rocky Mountains. Height, 6,476 ft. Lat, about 36° 10' N., Lon. 81° 40' W.
BLACK RIVER, a r. in the northern part of N Y, which flows into L. Ontario, near Sackett's Harbour. Its whole length is about 120 m.
BLACK Rock, a village of Erie co., N. Y., on Lake Erie, at the commencement of the Niagara r., 2 m. from Buffalo. Pop. of the township, 3,625.
BLACK SEA,* called also the Eul-xine, (Anc. Pon/tus Euxinus; Turk. Kål-rå Dengl-is,) lies between 40° 50ʻand 46° 40' N. Lat., and 27° 20° and 41° 50' E. Lon., and divides the southern provinces of European Russia from Natolia. It communicates with the Mediterranean by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmora, and the Hellespont. Throughout its whole extent there is but one small island. This is uninhabited, and lies in 45° 15' N. Lat., at a considerable distance from the western shore. The waters of this sea are much less saline than those of the ocean. Their specific gravity, compared with that of fresh water, is 1142 to 1000. The water of the Atlantic is 1288. This difference is probably owing to the great quantity of fresh water which the numerous rivers pour into the Euxine from the surrounding country. The waters of the Baltic, however, are considerably less saline than those of the Black Sea, their specific gravity being not above 1042. (P. C.)
BLACK WARRIOR, a r. of Alabama, which flows into the Tombigbee. It is navigable for steamboats to Tuscaloosa, nearly 500 m. by water, from Mobile.
BLACKI-FORD, a co. in the E. N. E. part of Ind., a little S. E. of the Wabash and Erie canal. Pop. 1,226.
BLA/-DEN, a co. in the S. E. part of N. C., intersected by the Cape Fear r. Pop. 8,022. Co. t. Elizabethtown.
BLANC, MOUNT, (Fr. Mont Blanc, môn blån, i, e. " white mountain,")
* The name Black Sea is said to have been given by the Turks, who, being accustomed only to the navigation of the Archipelago, where the numerous islands and their convenient ports, offered many places of refuge in case of dan. ger, found the traversing such an open expanse of water very perilous, and accord. ingly expressed their fears by the epithet "black" (kara). Partly on the same account, and partly because the shores of this sea were occupied by barbarous nations, the ancient Greeks first called it acvos, (axenos,) i. e.“ inhospitable;" but afterwards, when they had become better acquainted with the art of navigation, and had established numerous colonies on the shores, they changed the name to CUEVOS or eventos, (euxenos or euxeinos,) i. e. "hospitable.”
and had established ny mad become better acquainted 3.!. 1e.,“ in hospitable;" but ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; TH, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. the highest mountain in Europe, situated in the kingdom of Sardinia, on the boundary line between Savoy and Piedmont. The highest point is 2460 toises, or 15,533 English feet above the level of the sea. (B.) Lat. about 45° 50' N., Lon. 6° 50' E.
BLAN-co CAPE, on the W. coast of Africa, in 20° 46' 26" N. Lat., and 17° 4' 10" W. Lon., is the W. extremity of a rocky ridge extending into the Sahara, called the White Mountains.
BLAN-KEN-BURG or blån/-ken-bÕÕRG', a principality in the N. of Germany, belonging to the dukes of Brunswick.-Also the chief t. of the above. Lat. 51° 47' N., Lon. 10° 57' E. Pop. 3,200. (P. C.)
BLED-soe, a co. in the E. central part of Tenn., W. of the Tennessee r. Pop. 5,676. Co. t. Pikeville.
BLEIBERG, bli-berg, i.e. “ lead mountain," a village of the Austrian empire, on the Drave, in Carinthia, with one of the richest lead mines in Europe. Pop. including that of the environs, near 4,000. (B.)
BLENHEIM, blen/-im, (Ger. pron. blen/-hime,) a village of Bavaria on the Danube, where, in 1704, Marlborough and Prince Eugene gained a great victory over the French and Bavarian forces under Marshal Tallard.
Blois, Bloi, or, more correctiy, blwả, an important city of France, on the Loire, cap. of the dep. of Loir-et-Cher. Here is an ancient aqueduct cut in the rock, supposed to have been made by the Romans, which is still used for supplying the town with water. Lat. 47° 35' N., Lon. 1° 20' E. Pop. 13,000. (B.)
BLOUNT, a co. in the northern part of Ala., S. of the Tennessee r. Pop. 5,570. Co. t. Blountsville.
BLOUNT, a co. in the E. part of Tenn., bordering on N. C. Pop. 11,745. Co. t. Marysville.
BLUE MOUNTAINS, the eastern range of the Alleghanies, extending from the highlands, on the Hudson, to N. C., where it joins the main range. In Va. it is called the Blue Ridge.
Bo'-BER, a r. of Prussian Silesia, flowing into the Oder, at Krossen. Length about 140 m.
Bocage, boʻ-kåzhl, a dist. of France, in the former prov. of Normandy, now situated in the dep. of Calvados. The inhabitants are distinguished by their small stature, and are remarkable for the patriarchal simplicity of their mode of life, for industry, and for attachment to their native soil. Capital, Vire.
Boeuf, béf, the name of a bayou in La., which communicates with the Red r. and the Atchafalaya. (See Bayou.)
BODENSEE. See CONSTANCE, LAKE.
Bopl-MIN, a t. of England, in the co. of Cornwall, about 210 m. W.S. W. of London. Pop. of the borough, with an area of above 4 sq.m., 4,205.
Bog, sometimes written Boud (Anc. Hyp/anis), a r. in the S. part of European Russia, flowing into the Dnieper. Length about 470 m.
Böl-GLI-POOR', a t. of Hindostan; cap. of a dist. of the same name, Fate, får, fall, fåt; md, mét; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; öð as in good i on the right bank of the Ganges. It is the seat of a celebrated Mabometan college. Lat. 25° 13' N., Lon. about 87° E. Pop. 30,000. (B.)
BOGOTA or SANTA FE DE BOGOTA, sản/-tå få då bo-go-tål, an archiepis. copal t. of S. America, formerly the cap. of the Spanish vice-royalty of N. Granada, at present the metropolis of the republic of this name, situated 9 or 10 m. distant from the small r. of Bogota, at the foot of two lofty mountains, at an elevation of about 8,647 feet above the level of the sea. It was founded by Quesade, in 1538. Like many other towns built by the Spaniards in America, Bogota presents the figure of a cross, of which the principal square and church form the centre. As this place is subject to frequent earthquakes, most of the houses consist of one or two stories only. Bogota has three colleges; and twenty. six churches, the interior of which is resplendent with gold. It also contains nine monasteries, and three nunneries. Lat. 4° 36' N., Lon. 74° 13' W. Pop. estimated at 40,000. (B.)
BO-HE-MI-A (Ger. Böhmen, böl-men, or Böheim, böl-hime), derives its name from the ancient Boii, who occupied the country about the sources of the Elbe and Moldau. It now constitutes a kingdom belong. ing to the empire of Austria, comprising Bohemia Proper, the margra. viate of Moravia, and a small portion of Upper Silesia. Bohemia Proper occupies an irregular quadrangle in the S. E. of Germany, between 48° 33' and 51° 5' N. Lat., and 12° and 16° 46' E. Lon., and is bounded on the N. W. and N. by Saxony, N. E. by Prussian Silesia, S. E. and S. by Moravia and Austria, and S. W. by Bavaria. It contains about 20,000 sq.m. Pop. about 3,932,000. (P. C.)-Adj. and inhab. BoHE-MI-AN.
BOIS-LE-Duc, bwå-leh-dükl, a fortified manufacturing t. of Holland; cap. of North Brabant. Lat. 51° 42' N., Lon. 5° 16 E. Pop. estimated at 13,000. (B.)
BOJADOR, boj'-a-dore', (Port. pron. bozh-à-dore',) a cape on the W. coast of Africa. Lat. 26° 12' N., Lon. 14° 27' W.
BOKHARA, bo-kål-ri, or Bu-KHA-RJ-A, (Anc. Sogdia/na and Transoxialna,) called, also, USBEKHISTAN, ooz-bek'-is-tản', a country in Central Asia, between 36° and 42° N. Lat., and 62o and 72o E. Lon. It is bounded on the N. by an extensive desert called Kizil Koom, and on the S. by Budukhshan and Afghanistan. The climate of Bokhara is regular and constant, and the soil produces a great variety of vegetables and fruits proper to the temperate latitudes. Area estimated at 90,000 sq. m. Pop. 2,500,000. (B.) The prevailing languages are the Persian and Turkish. The former is spoken by the better educated generally. The government is despotic, but, as it is regulated on the laws of the Koran, the authority of the sovereign, in some measure, is controlled by the priests and lawyers. The khan of Bokhara is the most powerful of the princes of Toorkistan, and maintains a standing army of about 25,000 men, of which not more than 4,000 are infantry.--Adj. and inhab. BOKHARIAN, bo-kål-re-an, and BU-KHAI-RI-AN; also BoKHARESE, bo-si-rese. (M.)
BOKHARA, the cap. of the khanat of the same name, and the most