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ou, as in our ; th, as in thin; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. CALHOUN, kạl-hoon!, a co. in the W. part of Florida, bordering or the Gulf of Mexico. Pop. 1,142.
Calhoun, a co. in the S. part of Mich., intersected by the Kalama. zoo r. Pop. 10,599. Co. t. Marshall.
CALHoun, a co. in the W. part of Ill., situated in the fork formed by the Mississippi and Illinois rivers. Pop. 1,741. Co. t. Guilford.
Cal'-/-CUT, a sea port t. of Hindostan, in the prov. of Malabar. Lat. 11° 15' N., Lon. 750 50' E. It is estimated to contain 5,000 houses. (P. C.)
CAL-I-FORI-N1-4, Lower, a peninsula of Mexico, on the Pacific, separated from the main land by the Gulf of California. Upper California extends from the extremity of the gulf to the territory of the U. S. For a more particular description of California, see Appendix.
CALIFORNIA, GULF OF, on the W. coast of Mexico, extends from about 23° 30' to 32° N. Lat. Its length is above 700 m.; its breadth varies from about 40 to 150 m.
CALLAO, kål-lål-o or kål-yål-o, on the coast of Peru, is the sea port of Lima, from which it is 7 m. distant, by a good level road. It is the best fortress and the most convenient and safest port in Peru. Lat. 12° 3' S., Lon. 77° 14' W. Before the war of independence, it had a pop. of 4,000. (B.)
Cau-LA-WAY, a co. in the S. W. part of Ky., bordering on the Tennessee r. Pop. 9,794. Co. t. Wadesborough.
Callaway, a co. in the E. central part of Mo., bordering on the r. Missouri. Pop. 11,765. Co. t. Fulton.
CALMAR, kål?-mår, or KALMAR, a commercial t. of Sweden, in the ancient prov. of Småland. Lat. about 56° 40' N., Lon. 16° 26' E. Pop. 5,000. (B.)
CALNE, kản, a t. of England, in Wiltshire, 83 m. W. of London. Pop. 2,483.
CALTAGIRONE, kål-tå-je-rol-nà, a manufacturing and trading t. in the interior of Sicily. Lat. 37° 14' N., Lon. 14° 32' E. Pop. estimated at about 20,000. (B.)
CALTANISETTA, kål-tå-ne-set/-tà, an important inland t. of Sicily. Lat. about 37° 26' N., Lon. 14° 4' E. Pop. 16,000. (B.)
Card-U-MET', a co. in the E. part of Wisconsin, bordering on L. Winnebago. Pop. 275.
CALVADOS, kål-vål-dds or kål-vå-dos', a dep. in the N. of France, bordering on the English Channel. Pop. 501,775. (B.) Capital, Caen.
CAL-VĒRT, a co. in the S. central part of Md., between the r. Patuxent and the Chesapeake. Pop. 9,229. Co. t. Prince Frederick.
CAM, a small r. of England, which flows by Cambridge, and falls into the Ouse.
CAM-BAY!, an ancient t. on the N. W. coast of Hindostan, on a gulf of the same name. Lat. 22° 21'N., Lon. 72° 48' E.
CAM-BO'-DI-A, CAM-BOS-DJẠ or CAM-BOGE', an extensive country of Asia, in Chin-India, a part of which is now subject to Cochin China,
Fåte, får, fall, fåt; mė, mét; plne or pine, pin; nd, nðt; oo as in good : the remainder to the Siamese. The Chinese call it Kan-phu-tche, from which the European name is derived.
CAMBODIA, called also Meinam-Kong, a large r. of S. Asia, flowing into the China Sea. It is navigable for the largest vessels, 40 leagues from its mouth. Length estimated at 1,700 m.
CAM-BOGE or Cambodia, one of the chief cities of Cambodia, situated on the r. Meinam-Kong, above 150 m. from the sea. Lat. 12° 30' N., Lon. 105° 4' E.
Cam'-BRAY or CAMBRAI, (Fr. pron. kảm'-bral, Lat. Camaricum,) a fortified commercial t. of France, in the dep. of Nord, on the E. bank of the Escaut or Scheldt, with a college and a school of anatomy. Lat. 50° 10' N., Lon. 3° 14' E. Pop. 17,000. (B.)
CAM-BRI-A, a co. in the S. W. central part of Pa., near the sources of the Juniata. Pop. 11,256. Co. t. Ebensburg.
CAMBRIDGE, kame-brij, (Lat. Canta/bria,) the cap. of Cambridgeshire, England, on the r. Cam, about 48 m. N. by E. from London, is the seat of an ancient and celebrated university. This consists of 17 colleges, 4 of which are termed halls. The observatory is in Lat. 52° 12' 52" N. Lon. 0° 5'53'' E. Pop. including that of the university, 24,453.-A student at the university is called a CAN-TAB, which is evidently an abbreviation of Cantabrian, derived from the Latin name of Cambridge.
CAMBRIDGE, a t. of Middlesex co., Mass., about 3 m. W. N. W. of Boston, the seat of Harvard University, which is the oldest and most richly endowed collegiate institution in the U. S. It was founded in 1638, has numerous professors, and contains a library of 61,000 vols. In connexion with the collegiate department; there are schools of law and medicine, and a theological seminary. Lat. 42° 22' 21" N., Lon. 71° 7' 38" W. Pop. 8,409.
CAMBRIDGESHIRE, kamel-brij-shịr, a co. in the E. part of England, N. of London. Pop. 164,459.
Cam'-DEN, a co. in the N. E. part of N. C., bordering on Va. Pop. 5,663. Co. t. New Lebanon.
CAMDEN, a co. forming the S. S. E. extremity of Ga., bordering on the sea and St. Mary's r. Pop. 6,075. Co. t. Jeffersonton.
CAMPAGNA Di Roma, kảm-pản'-yå de rol-må, a prov. of Italy, in the S. part of the Papal State, nearly corresponding in limits with the ancient Latium.
CAMPBELL, kam'-el, a co. in the S. part of Va., bordering on James r. Pop. 21,030. Seat of justice, Campbell c. h.
CAMPBELL, a co. in the N. W.central part of Ga., intersected by the Chattahoochee r. Pop. 5,370. Co. t. Campbellton.
CAMPBELL, a co in the N. part of Tenn., bordering on the Clinch r. and Ky. Pop. 6,149. Co. t. Jacksborough.
CAMPBELL, a co. in the N. part of Ky., bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 5,214. Co. t. Newport.
CAMPBELLTOWN, kam'-el-town, a sea port of Scotland, in Argyleshire, 65 m. W. by S. from Glasgow. Pop. 5,028.
CAMPEACHY, kam-peel-che, (Mex. Campeche, kåm-pal-chi,) a forti. ou, as in our; th, as in thin; Th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. fied t. of Yucatan, Mexico, on a bay of the same name. Lat. 20° N., Lon. 90° 30' W. Pop. 18,000. (P. C.)
CAMPO-Basso, kảml-po-bảs/-so, an important commercial and manufacturing t. of Naples; cap. of the prov. of Molise (mo-leel-sa). The best cutlery made in the kingdom is produced here. Lat. 41° 37' N., Lon. 14° 27' E. Pop. 8,000. (B.)
CAN-A-DA, an extensive country of N. America, belonging to Great Britain, extending from 64° 15' to near 91° W. Lon. Its southern extremity (the S. point of Pelee Island, in Lake Erie), is in about 4° 45' N. Lat. On the N. its limits are not defined. It is usual to consider all the territory N. of the great lakes, which is drained by the rivers that fall into the St. Lawrence, as belonging to Canada. It is bounded on the N. by the British possessions round Hudson's Bay and by Labrador, E. by the Gulf of St. Lawrence, s. by New Brunswick and the United States, and W. by the British territories, between which and Canada the limits do not appear to be accurately defined. Canada was formerly divided into Upper and Lower, but the two provinces were united in 1841, by an act of the British parliament. As, however, this country has been so long known by the names of the former provinces, it may not be improper to give these a passing notice. Upper Canada (now called Canada West) is situated on the right of the r. Ottawa, by which it is separated from Lower Canada, and extends westward along the chain of the great lakes. Area vaguely estimated at 140,000 sq. m. Pop. in 1835, 336,461. Capital, Toronto. Lower Canada (Canada East) lies chiefly on the left of the Ottawa, and extends on both sides of the St. Lawrence, to its mouth, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Area estimated at 200,000 sq. m. Pop. in 1830, 511,917. (M.) More than three-fourths of the inhabitants of Lower Canada are of French descent, and French is the prevailing language. Quebec was formerly the capital of this province and of all the British possessions in N. America. The entire pop. of Canada, according to the recent census, is about 1,300,000. Montreal is the present seat of gow vernment.-Adj. and inhab. CAN-A/-DI-AN.
CAN-A-JO-HARI-IE (-hårl-re), the cap. of Montgomery co., N. Y., on the Erie Canal, 50 m. w. of Albany. Pop: of the township, 5,146.
CAN-AN-DAI-GUA, a beautiful village of N. Y.; cap. of Ontario co., 208 m. W. of Albany. It is situated near the N. extremity of a lake of the same name, which is about 17 m. long. Pop. of the township, 5,652
CAN-A-RẠ, a prov. on the W. coast of Hindostan, between 12o and 15° N. Lat., and 74o and 76° E. Lon.
CA-NA-RIES (Sp. Canarias, kå-nå -re-ås), a group of islands belonging to Spain, in the Atlantic, lying off the coast of Africa, between 27° 40' and 29° 30' N. Lat., and 13° 30' and 18° 20' W. Lon. The principal islands are Canary, Teneriffe, Palma, Ferro, Gomera, Fuertaventura, and Lanzarote, which will be treated of under their respective naines. -Iohab. CA-NA-RI-AN. CANARY, GRAND, (Sp. Gran Canaria, grån kå-nål-re-d,) the second in
Fate, får, fåll, fåt; me, mét; pine or pine, pin; nó, ndt; o; as in good, point of size and population of the group of islands to which it gives its name.* It is intersected by the 28th parallel of N. Lat., and the me ridian of 15° 30' W. Lon. 'I'he form is nearly circular. Length 33 m.; greatest breadth, 30 m. Area about 800 sq. in. Pop. in 1835, 64,040. (P:C.)
Can'-DA-HAR/ or KANDAHAR, a city, formerly the cap. of Afghanistan, and now of a kingdom or prov. of its own name. It is regularly built, and is one of the finest towns in Asia. Lat. 32° 10' N., Lon. 66° 30' E. Pop. 100,000. (B.)
Can-di-s or CRETE (Anc. Cre/ta), one of the largest islands in the Mediterranean, situated S. E. of the Morea, between 35° 55' and 36° 42' N. Lat., and 23° 30' and 26° 20' E. Lon. Length about 160 m. ; greatest breadth, near 40 m. A ridge of hills runs through the whole length of the island, near the middle of which Mount Ida rises far above the rest, to the height of about 7,800 ft. Pop. estimated at 300,000. (P. C.)—Candia, the capital, is still a strong place, though much decayed, compared with what it was under the Venetians. It is the seat of a Greek archbishopric. Lat. 35° 16' N., Lon. 25° 18' E. Pop. 12,000. (M.) Adj. and inhab. CAN-Dj-or' and CAN-DI-AN.
CAN-El-A, pronounced by the Turks Hå-neel -å, a t. in the i. of Candia, on the site of the ancient Cydonia. Lat. 35° 28' N., Lon. 24° 2 E. Pop. estimated at 12,000. (B.)
CANNES, kånn, a small commercial t. of France, in the dep. of Var, on the Mediterranean, 16 m. N. E. of Frejus. Pop. in 1832, 3,720. (P. C.)
CAN -NON, a co. near the centre of Tenn. Pop. 7,193.
CAN-ONS-BURG', a t. of Pa., in Washington co., the seat of Jefferson College, which was incorporated in 1802.
CANTAL, kån-tål', a dep, in the S. central part of France, bordering on the r. Dordogne. Pop. 262,117. (B.) Capital, Aurillac.
CANTERBURY, kani-ter-ber'-re, a city of Kent, and the metropolitan see of all England, on the Stour, 56 m. from London. Lat. 51° 17 N., Lon. 1° 5' E. Pop. including an area of 5 sq. m., 15,435.
CANTIRE. See CANTYRE.
CAN-TON', a city of China, in the prov. of Quang-tong, of which Canton is a European corruption. It is situated on the Choo-kiang (ke-ang/), or Pearl River, 32 m. from its mouth. Like other Chinese towns, it is divided into two distinct parts, separated by a wall, called the Chinese or Old City, and the Tartar or New City. The streets of Canton are paved, and ordinarily very clean, but very narrow. The houses have but one story, and are built mostly of brick. This town is remarkable for having been, till recently, the only emporium of mari. time commerce in China, to which Europeans were admitted. It is
. Several works on geography, of high character, describe this island as the largest of the Canaries. The epithet Grand may have been given to it, before the relative size of the different islands was accurately known. Teneriffe exceeds it in superficial extent by nearly 150 sq. m., and in population by above 16,000.
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. still the principal port for foreign trade. Lat. 23° 8' N, Lon. 113° 2 E. Pop. estimated at 500,000. (B.)
CAN-TYRE or CAN-TIRE/* sometimes written also KINTYRE, a peninsula in the S. W. part of Scotland, forining the southern extremity of Argyleshire.
CAPE BRETON, kape brit-on, an i. of British N. America, E. of Nova Scotia, between 45° 27' and 47° 4' N. Lat., and 59° 45' and 61° 38' W. Lon. Its length is about 100 m.; its greatest breadth, 85 m. The area is about 3,125 sq. m. Pop. in 1827, 18,700. (P. C.)
CAPE COAST CASTLE, a't. and fortress of Africa; the cap. of the Bri. tish possessions on the Gold Coast. Lat. 5° 6' N., Lon. 1° 14' W. Pop. estimated at 8,000. (B.)
CAPE COD, a peninsula of Mass., on the S. side of Massachusetts Bay. It lies S. and E. of a bay of the same name.
CAPE FEAR, the S. extremity of Smith's Island, situated at the mouth of Cape Fear r.
Cape FEAR RIVER, the largest and most important r. in N. C., rises in the N. part of the state, and, flowing south-easterly, falls into the Atlantic, in about 33° 55 N. Lat., and 78° 5 W. Lon. Its whole length is near 300 m. It is navigable for steamboats to Fayetteville, about 90 m.
CAPE GIRARDEAU (je'-rar-do'), a co. in the S. E. part of Mo., bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 9,359. Co. t. Jackson.
CAPE OF Good Hope, at the S. extremity of Africa, was discovered in 1493, by Diaz, the Portuguese navigator, who called it Cabo Tormentoso, or Cape of Storms. On his return home, the king of Portu. gal gave it the name of Cape of Good Hope, as an omen that the Portuguese had now a fair prospect of reaching India, the great object of their maritime expeditions. It is in Lat. 34° 22 S.-A colony in S. Africa takes its name from the above cape. It belonged originally to the Dutch, but was formally ceded to Great Britain in 1815. The climate of this region is subject to great extremes; though the country is deluged with rains during the cold season, in the hot months nearly all the springs are dried up. The rivers are two shallow, or their current is two rapid for purposes of navigation. Nearly two-thirds of the land is destitute of vegetation, during the greater part of the year. The country, however, contains spots of extraordinary fertility. The principal productions are wheat, barley, and wine. Cape Town, the cap. of the colony, founded by the Dutch, in 1650, is situated on Table Bay, and has a castle of considerable strength. Lat. 33° 55' S., Lon. 18° 21' E. Pop. in 1834, 19,387. (P. C.)
CAPE HAI-TI-EN, (Fr. Cap Haïtien, kåp i-te- &n',) once an important sea port t. of St. Domingo, the cap. of the former kingdom of Haiti. It was entirely destroyed, May 7, 1842, by an earthquake, in which
• "Lest, rounding wild CANTIRE, they meet
Scott's Lord of the Isles. Canto IV.