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Fate, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mit; plne or pine, pin; n), not; oo as in good, place in the department. Lat. 46° 46' N., Lon. 4° 52' E. Pop. 12,000. (B.)
CHAMBERS, chamel-berz, a co. in the E. part of Ala., bordering on the Chattahoochee r. Pop. 17,333. Co. t. La Fayette.
CHAMBERSBURG, chamel-berz-burg, a thriving t. of Pa.; cap. of Franklin co., 46 m. S. W. of Harrisburg. Pop. 3,239.
CHAMBÉRY, sham/-bêr-re, or shảm -bà -rel, an archiepiscopal town, the most important in all Savoy, and the cap. of Savoy proper, is situ. ated about 12 m. from the left bank of the Rhone. Among its public institutions we may mention the Royal College, and the Academy of Sciences, called the Academy of Savoy. Lat. 45° 39' N., Lon. 5° 53' E. Pop. about 11,000. (P. C.)
CHAMBLY, sham/-ble, or So-RELLE', a r. of Lower Canada, which forms the outlet of L. Champlain. Length above 80 m. It is navigable for river barges through its whole course.
CHÂMOUNY, shå -moo-ne', sometimes written Chamonix, (Fr. pron. shå -moo'-nel,) a celebrated and romantic valley of Savoy, situated at the foot of Mont Blanc, and containing a village of the same name. Lat. 45° 56' N., Lon. 6° 47' E.
CHAMPAGNE, shảm-pån, a former prov. of France, now divided into the deps. of Aisne, Ardennes, Aube, Marne, Upper Marne, and Yoone.
CHAMPAIGN, sham-panel, a co. in the W. central part of Ohio. Pop. 16,721. Co. t. Urbana.
CHAMPAIGN, a co, in the E. part of Ill., on the sources of the Kaskaskia r. Pop. 1,475. Co. t. Urbana.
CHAMPLAIN, sham'-planel, a lake of the U. S., lying between New York and Vermont. Length 128 m.; greatest breadth about 20 m. The superficial extent is between 600 and 700 sq. m. Its outlet is the Chambly r.
CHANDELEUR (shan'-del-oor!) ISLANDS are situated off the S. E. coast of La., and separated from the main land by Chandeleur Bay.
CHANTILLY, shån'-teel-yel or shản -te'-ye' (see Int. XIX., 18), a small t. of France, in the dep. of Oise, 23 m. N. of Paris.
CHAP-El Hill, a t. of N. C., in Orange co., 27 m. W. N. W. of Raleigh, the seat of the University of North Carolina, founded in 1789.
CHARENTE, sha'-Rånt, a r. in the S. W. of France, which flows into the Bay of Biscay, opposite the i. Oléron. Its whole length is 184 m.
CHARENTE, a dep. of France, intersected by the above r. Pop. 365,126. (B.) Capital, Angoulême.
CHARENTE, LOWER (Fr.Charente-Inférieure,shå'-rånt ån-fa'-re -UR), a dep. of France, adjoining the above, and bordering on the Bay of Biscay. Pop. 449,649. (B.) Capital, La Rochelle.
CHARITON, chårl-re-ton, a co. in the N. part of Mo., bordering on the 1. Missouri. Pop. 4,746. Co. t. Keytesville, keetsl-vill.
CHARKOW. See KHARKOF.
CHARLES, a co, in the S. W. part of Md., bordering on the Potomac Pop. 16,023. Co. t. Port Tobacco.
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; TH, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. CHARLES City, a co. in the E. part of Va., N. of, and bordering on James r. Pop. 4,774. Seat of justice, Charles City c. h.
CHARLES RIVER, in Mass., flows into Boston harbour.
CHARLES, ST., a parish in the S. E. part of La., W. of New Orleans, and bordering on L. Pontchartrain. Pop. 4,700.
CHARLES, ST., a co. in the E part of Mo., on the N. side of the Mis souri r., at its mouth. Pop. 7,911. Co. t. St. Charles.
CHARLES-TON, a dist. of S.C., S. of the Santee r., bordering on the sea. Pop. 82,661.
CHARLESTON, a port of entry, and the largest city of S. C. ; cap. of the above dist., on a tongue of land between the rivers Ashley and Cooper, which unite immediately below the town, and form a spacious harbour, communicating with the ocean at Sullivan's Island, 7 m. below. The town is regularly built, and many of the streets present a handsome appearance. Charleston is connected with Hamburg, on the Savannah, by a railroad, 135 m. in length. Among the numerous charitable establishments of Charleston, may be cited the Orphan Asylum, which is amply endowed, and is one of the most remarkable buildings in the place. Of the literary institutions, we may mention the Charleston College, founded in 1795, and the Charleston Library, which contains about 15,000 vols. The citizens of Charleston are distinguisbed for their hospitality and refinement, and perhaps no place in the United States affords more agreeable society. In winter this city is particularly pleasant as a residence, and is much resorted to by persons from other parts of the Union. Lat. 32° 46' N., Lon. 79° 57' W. Pop. 29,261.
CHARLES-TOwn, a t. of Middlesex co., Mass., near Boston, with which it is connected by three bridges. It may not improperly be regarded as a suburb of that city. Pop. 11,484. Here is a U. S. navy yard.
CHARLEVILLE, sharl'-yili, a t. of France, in the dep. of Ardennes, in the immediate vicinity of Mézières. Pop. in 1832, 7,400. (P. C.)
CHARLEVOIX, shar'-le-voil, (Kishkawkee,) a co. of Mich., bordering on L. Michigan, near its N. extremity.
CHARLOTTE, sharl-lot, a co. in S. part of Va., bordering on Staunton r. Pop. 11,595. Seat of justice, Charlotte c. h.
CHARLOTTESVILLE, sharl-lots-vil, a t. of Va.; the cap. of Albemarl. co., and the seat of the University of Virginia, founded in 1819. This institution was planned by Jefferson, and is munificently endowed by the state. Distant 86 m. W.N. W. of Richmond.
CHARTRES, shartr, (Lat. Aultricum,) an ancient city of France, the cap. of the dep. of Eure and Loire, situated on the Eare, 46 m. S. W. by W. of Paris. Its cathedral is the largest in France, and one of the most magnificent gothic edifices in Europe. The spire rises to the height of 378 French ft., or 402 English ft. from the ground. Lat. 484 27' N., Lon. 1° 29' E. Pop. 14,000. (B.)
CHA-TAU'-QUE, a co. on L. Erie, forming the S. W. extremity of N. Y. Pop. 47,975 Co. t. Mayville.
Fate, får, fall, fåt; mė, mėt; pine or pine, pin; no, not; öö, as in good,
CHATEAUGUAY, shåt'-o-gay', a small r. which rises in N. Y., and joins the St. Lawrence in Lower Canada.
CHÂTEAUDUN, shâ-to-dun', a t. of France, in the dep. of Eure and Loire, on the r. Loire. Lat. 48° 5' N., Lon. 1° 18' E. Pop. in 1832, 6,461. (P. C.)
CHÂTEAU-GONTHIER, shâ-to-gon-te'-a), a t. of France, in the dep. of Mayenne, on the r. Mayenne. Lat. 47° 50' N., Lon. 0° 41' W. Pop. in 1832, 6,143. (P. C.)
CHÂTEAUROUX, shâ'-to-rool, a t. of France, the cap. of the dep. of Indre, on the r. Indre. Lat. 46° 48' N., Lon. 1° 40'E. Pop. 12,000. (B.)
CHAT-EL-ARAB. See SHATT-EL-ARAB.
CHÂTELLERAULT, shâ'-tell-ról, a t. of France, in the dep. of Vienne, on the r. Vienne, celebrated for its manufactures of cutlery. Lat. 46° 50' N., Lon. 0° 32' E. Pop, in 1832, 9,437. (P. C.)
Chat-yam, a t. of England, in Kent, about 30 m. E. by S. from London. In that part called Brompton (brumpl-ton) are extensive naval and military establishments, with an immense arsenal, and a dock-yard nearly a mile in length, and capable of receiving vessels of the largest size. Pop, of the t., including Brompton, 21,431.
CHATHAM, a co. in the central part of N. C., on the head streams of the Cape Fear r. Pop. 16,242. Co. t. Pittsborough.
CHATHAM, a co. forming the E. extremity of Ga., between the Savannah and Ogeechee rivers, and bordering on the sea. Pop. 18,601. Co. t. Savannah.
CHAT-TA-H00)-CHEE, a r. of Ga., which joins the Flint river, to form the Appalachicola. Its whole course is 450 m., and it is navigable for steamboats about 300 m.
CHAT-TOO!-GẠ, a co. near the N. W. extremity of Ga., bordering on Ala. Pop. 3,438.
CHAUDIÈRE, sho'-de'-airl, a r. of Lower Canada, which joins the St Lawrence on the right, a few miles above Quebec. Near its mouth there is a beautiful fall, stated to be more than 100 ft. in height.
CHAUMONT, sho'-mon', the cap. of the dep. of Upper Marne, in France, situated on the Marne. Lat. 48° 7' N., Lon. 5° 8' E. Pop. 6,000. (B.)
CHAUMONT, commonly pronounced sho'-mo', a village of N. Y., in Jefferson co., on a bay of the same name, on L. Ontario.
CHELMSI-FORD, the cap. of the co. of Essex, England, 28 m. N. E. by E. from London. Entire pop. of the parish, 6,789.
CHELSEA, chel-se, formerly a village, but now constituting a portion of the suburbs of London, is situated on the N. bank of the Thames. Here is the Royal Hospital for invalid soldiers.
CHELTENHAM, chelti-num, a beautiful t. of England, in Gloucestershire, 88 m. W. by N. from London, celebrated for its mineral springs. Pop. of the parish, with an area of 6 sq. m., 31,411. The increase, since 1831, is upwards of 8,000.
ou, as in our; th, as in thin , TH, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. CHEMNITZ, Kem-nits, an important manufacturing t. of Germany, in Saxony. Lat. 50° 50' N., Lon. 12° 52' E. Pop. 23,000. (B.)
CHEMUNG, she-mungl, a co. in the S. part of N. Y., intersected by the Tioga r., and bordering on Pa. Pop. 20,732. Co. t. Elmira.
CHENANGO, she-nang-go, a co. in the S. central part of N. Y., intersected by the E. branch of the Susquehanna Pop. 40,785. Co. t. Norwich.
CHEPI-STÒw, a commercial t. and port of England, in Monmouthshire, on the Wye, 110 m. W. of London. Pop. of the parish, 3,366.
CHER, share, a dep. nearly in the centre of France. Pop. 276,853. (B.) Capital, Bourges.
CHERBOURG, sherl-burg, or share'-boor', a fortified city and seaport of France, on the N. coast of the dep. of Manche, and one of the princi pal stations of the French navy. Lat. 49° 38' N., Lon. 1° 40' W. Pop. above 18,000. (B.)
CHER'O-KEE, a co. forming the W. extremity of N. C. Pop. 3,427.
CHEROKEE, a co. in the N. part of Ga., intersected by the Etowah r. Pop. 5,895. Co. t. Canton.
CHEROKEE, a co. in the N. E. part of Ala., bordering on Ga. Pop. 8,773.
CHER'O-KEES), a noble and once powerful tribe of Indians, who formerly possessed the southern portion of the Appalachian mountains and a large tract of country on both sides of this range. In 1809 their number amounted to 12,359; but it had since considerably diminished, when, at length, in 1838, all the Cherokees who were in Georgia, constituting a large majority of those who still remained, were removed to the W. of the Mississippi, by the order of the U. S. government. The Cherokees have been considered the most civilized of all the American Indians. They have a written language; the alphabet, which was invented by a native Cherokee, consists of 85 characters. Previously to their expulsion from Georgia, some of them are said to have become excellent and thriving farmers, so as to bear an advantageous comparison with the most skilful and industrious of this class, in the southwestern states.
CHERRY VALLEY, a village of Otsego co., N. Y., 53 m. W. by N. from Albany. Pop. of township, 3,923.
CHERSO, kệR -SO (Anc. Crepea) and OSERO, 0-8d-ro, (Anc. Absorus) two islands in the Adriatic, belonging to Illyria, situated between 445 2' and 45° 12' N. Lat., and 14° 16' and 14° 32' E. Lon. United arca, 95 sq.m. Pop. 14,000. (M.) The two islands are connected by a bridge.
ChIERS-A-PEAKE, a large bay situated in the E. part of Md. and Va. It is nearly 200 m. in length; its average breadth is perhaps about 18 m. The Susquehanna enters it at the Ñ. extremity, and the Potomac about 70 m. from its junction with the Atlantic.
CHESHI-IRĘ, a co. in tbe W. of England, celebrated for the excel. lence of its checse. The name is an abbreviation of Chester shire, or county of Chester. Pop. 395,660.
Fate, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mét; plne or pine, pin; no, nðt; öð as in gool;
CHESHIRE, a co. forming the S. W. extremity of N. H. Pop. 26,429. Co. t. Keepe.
CHES-TER, an ancient walled city of England, the co. t. of Cheshire, situated on the Dee, near its mouth. It was probably an important military station, under the Romans, as a great inany Roman remains have been discovered here. The name is derived from the Latin, Case tra, a “camp," and there is reason to conclude that the present fortifications rest upon a Roman basis. Lat. 53° 11' N., Lon. 2° 53' W. Pop., including an area of above 4 sq. m., 23,115.
CHESTER, a co. in the S. E. part of Pa., bordering on the Schuylkill and on Maryland. Pop. 57,515. Co. t. Westchester.
CHESTER, a dist. in the N. part of S. C., on the Catawba r. Pop. 17,747. Seat of justice, Chester c. h.
ChesI-TER-FIELD', a t. of Derbyshire, England, 132 m. N. by W. from London. Pop. of the parish, 6,212
CHESTERFIELD, a co. in the E. part of Va., bordering on the Appomattox and James rivers. Pop. 17,148. Seat of justice, Chesterfield c. h.
CHESTERFIELD, a dist. in the N. E. part of S. C., W. of and bordering on the Great Pedee r. Pop. 8,574. Seat of justice, Chesterfield c. h.
CHE-SUN-Cook, a lake of Maine, communicating with the Penobscot r.
CHE'-TIM-ACH/-es, or shet'-måsh', a lake in the S. part of La., above 30 m. in length, communicating with the Atchafalaya r.
Cheviot, chivl-e-ot. The Cheviot Hills run from N. E. to S. W., and form part of the bonndary between Scotland and England. The highest summit is 2,658 ft. above the sea.
Chiari, ke-ål-re, a t. of Austrian Italy. Lat. 45° 32' N., Lon. 9° 55 E. Pop. 8,000. (B.)
Chiavari, ke-à-vå-re, a t. of the Sardinian states, in a prov. of the same name. Lat. 44° 21' N., Lon. 9° 23' E. Pop. 9,800." (P. C.)
Chicago, she-kau-go, a t. of Ill., the cap. of Cook co., on L. Michigan, at the mouth of a river of the same name. It is the most commercial and populous town in the state. Lat. 42° N., Lon. 87° 35' W. Pop. 4,470.
Chic'-A-PEE', a r. of Mass., which flows into the Connecticut, about 4 m. above Springfield.
CHICH-ES-TER, an ancient walled city of England, the cap. of the co. of Sussex, 56 m. S. W. by S. from London. The name is said to be a contraction of Cissanceaster, the city or castle of Cissa, an AngloSaxon chief who repaired and partly rebuilt it, after it had been de stroyed in a siege. Pop. 8,512.
Chick-A-sawl a co. in the N. part of Miss., intersected by the Oktibbewba r. Pop. 2,955. Co. seat, Houston.
CHICKASAWS, a tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting the northern part of Miss. and Ala., who have made considerable progress towarda civilization.