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Fate, får, fall, fåt; mė, mét ; plne or pine, pin; no, nôt ; öð, as in good;

Clarke, a co. in the E. part of Miss., bordering on Ala. Pop. 2,986. Co. seat, Quitman.

CLARKE, a co. in the S. part of Ark., intersected by the Washita r. Pop. 2,309. Co. t. Greenville.

CLARKE, a co. in the N. E. central part of Ky., bordering on the Kentucky r. Pop. 10,802. Co. t. Winchester.

Clarke, a co. in the S. W. central part of Ohio, a little E. of the Great Miami r. Pop. 16,882. Co. t. Springfield.

Clarks, a co. in the S. E. part of Ind., bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 15,595. Co.'t. Charlestown.

CLARKE, a co. in the E. part of III., bordering on the Wabush. Pop. 7,453. Co. t. Marshall.

Clarke, a co. forming the N. E. extremity of Mo. Pop. 2,846. Ce. t. Waterloo.

Clarke's RIVER, in Oregon, rises in the Rocky Mountains, and flows into the Columbia r. Its length is about 460 m.

CLAUsthal or KLAUSTIIAL, klous!-tåål, a t. of Germany, in Hanover, remarkable for the silver and lead mines in its vicinity. It is the seat of administration for the mining districts of Hanover. Lat. 51° 48' N., Lon. 10° 20' E. Pop. about 8,000. (B.) The mines of Clausthal yield annually about 160,000 ounces of silver, 2,400 tons of lead and litharge, and 4 tons of copper. They employ upwards of 2,000 workmen.

CLAY, a co. in the S. E. part of Ky., on the S. E. fork of the Kentucky r. Pop. 4,607. Co. t. Manchester.

CLAY, a co. in the W. part of Ind., intersected by the Eel r., and a little E. of the Wabash. Pop. 5,567. Co. t. Bowling Green.

Clay, a co. in the S. E. part of Ill., intersected by the Little Wabash. Pop. 3,228. Co. t. Maysville.

Clay, a co. in the W. N. W. part of Mo., bordering on the Missouri r. Pop. 8,282. Co. t. Liberty.

CLAYI-ton, a co. in the E. part of Iowa, bordering on the Mississippir. Pop. 1,101.

CLEARI-FIELD, a co. in the W. central part of Pa. Pop. 7,834. Co. t. Clearfield.

CLER-MONT', a co. in the S.W. part of Ohio, bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 23,106. Co. t. Batavia.

CLERMONT-FERRAND, klair'-mon' fèr'-rån!, (Anc. Augustonemetum, afterwards Clarus Mons) the cap. of the French dep. of Puy-de-dôme, and formerly, of the prov. of Auvergne. It contains a number of literary and scientific institutions; among which we may mention the Académie Universitaire and the Royal College. Lat. 45° 46' N., Lon. 3° 5' E. Pop. 28,000. (B.)

CLEVE'-LAND, a port of entry of Ohio, the cap. of Cuyahoga co., situated on L. Erie, at the termination of the Ohio canal. Pop. 6,071.

CLEVES, (Ger. Kleve, kld-veh ; Fr. Clèves, klave,) a walled t. of the Prussian dominions, the cap. of a circle of the same name. Lat. 51° 47' N., Lon. 6° 7' E. Pop. 7,400. (B.)

CLINTON, a co Pop. 8,323. 3. E. part of K

ou, as in our; th, as in thin; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng CLIFTON. See BRISTOL..

CLINCH, a r. of Tenn., which unites with the Holston to form the Tennessee.

Clin'ton, a co. occupying the N. E. extremity of N. Y. Pop. 28,157. Co. t. Plattsburg.

CLINTON, a co. in the N. central part of Pa., on the W. branch of the CLINTOx, a co. in the S. S. E. part of Ky., bordering on Tenn. Pop. 3,863.

CLINTON, a co. in the S. W. part of Ohio, N. E. of Cincinnati. Pop. 15,719. Co. t. Wilmington.

CLINTON, a co. in the S. central part of Mich. Pop. 1,614.

Clinton, a co. in the N. W. central part of Ind., a little S. E. of the Wabash and Erie Canal. Pop. 7,508. Co. t. Frankfort.

Cuxton, a co. in the S. W. part of Ill., intersected by the Kaskaskia r. Pop. 3,718. Co. L. Carlyle.

CLINTON, a co. in the N. W. part of Mo., a little E. of the Missourir Pop. 2,724. Co. t. Plattsburgh.

CLINTON, a co. in the E. part of lowa, bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 821.

CLINTON, a village of N. Y., in Oneida co., about 9 m. W. S. W. of Utica. It is the seat of Hamilton College.

CLITHEROE, klith-er-o', a sinall t. of England, in Lancashire, 21 m 8. E. of Lancaster. Pop. of the township, 6,765.

CLOGHER, klõh-her, a small t. of Ireland, in the co. of Tyrone, 22 m. W. by N. of Armagh.

CLOGHNAKILTY, klon-na-kill-te, or Clon-A-KIL-TY, a t. of Ireland, in the co. of Cork, situated on a bay of the same name. Lat. 51° 38 N., Lon. 8° 51' W. Pop. in 1831, 3,807. (P. C.)

CLON-MELU, the chief t. of the co. of Tipperary, Ireland, situated on the r. Suir. Lat. 52° 19' N., Lon. 7° 43' W. Pop. in 1831, 15,134. (P.C.)

CLYDE, a r. of Scotland, which rises in the S. part of Lanarkshire, and, flowing in a north-westerly direction, enters the Frith of Clyde. Its whole course is upwards of 70 m. Though the third in magnitude, it is, as respects navigation, the most important river of Scotland.

CO-A-HO'-A, a co. in the N. W. part of Miss., bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 1,290.

COBB, a co. in the N. W. part of Ga., bordering on the Chattahoochee. Pop. 7,539. Co. t. Marietta.

CoB'-LENTZ,* (Ger. Coblenz, köl-blênts; Fr. Coblence, ko'-blånce',) a

• We often hear Coblentz accentuated on the last syllable, but this is contrary to the tendency of our language, (see Int. XII., Obs. 2.) as well as to the native pronunciation. Byron is right, as usual

" By COBLENTZ, on a rise of gentle ground,
There is a small and simple pyramid.'

Childe Harold, Canto III.

Fåte, får, fall, fåt; mė, mėt; pine or pine, pin; nó, nôt; oo as in good : t. of the Prussian states, cap. of a circle of the same name, and of the whole prov. of the Lower Rbine; situated at the confluence of the Moselle and Rhine, whence the city obtained its ancient name, Confluens or Confluentes, of which Coblenz is probably a corruption. This place is strongly fortified, and is an important military post. (See EnrENBREITSTEIN.) Lat. 50° 21' N., Lon. 7° 30' E. Pop., exclusive of the military, above 12,000. (B.)

Col-BURG (Ger. pron. köl-bÕÕRG) or SAXE-COBURG, the most southern of the independent principalities of Saxony, forming a part of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, and situated between 50° 9' and 50° 24' N. Lat. and 10° 40' and 11° 15' E. Lon. Its area is about 200 sq. m. Pop. 38,000. (P. C.)

COBURG, the cap. of the above, is a walled t., and has about 8,000 inhabitants. (B.) Lat. 50° 15' N., Lon. 10° 58' E.

COCHABAMBA, ko'-chå-båm/-bå, a 't. of Bolivia, the cap. of a dep. of the same name. Lat. 17° 25' S., Lon. 65° 50' W. Pop. estimated at 30,000 (B.); by others, at 20,000.

Cochin, ko-cheen', a prov. on the S. W.coast of Hindostan, between 10° 10' and 10° 50' N. Lat.

Col-Chin China, or the empire of An-nam, is situated in Chin-India, of which it forms the eastern portion. It extends from 8° 40' to about 23° N. Lat., and from 102° to 109° 20' E. Lon. Its length, from N. to S., is about 980 m.; its breadth varies from 100 m. to 300 m. Area estimated at 147,000 sq. m. The name Cochin China is unknown to the inhabitants, having been bestowed by the Portuguese. The natives call it Drang-Trong, i.e. “the central country." This appellation, however, is restricted to Cochin China Proper; Tonkin is called the “external country.” These two countries are named by the inhabitants An-nam or Anam. Tonkin occupies the northern, and Cochin China Proper the southern region; the boundary line between them is in about 19° N. Lat. The most southern portion of Cochin China Proper once formed a separate country, under the name of Tsiampa, tse-åm-på or Chiampa. The empire of An-nam comprehends a part of Cambodja and several other territories. Little, however, is known respecting them. The pop. is estimated, by Balbi, at 12,000,000. The inhabitants of Cochin China belong to the same race as the Chinese and Mongols. They have made some progress in most of the arts of civilized life, and, in their mode of living and general character, appear to reseinble the Chinese. They are said to excel in naval architecture, and the lacker-ware made at Tonkin is considered by some as preferable to that of Japan. Hué is the cap. of Cochin China and of the whole empire, Adj. and inhab. Cochin CHINESE, which, however, should be restricted to Cochin China Proper. AN-NAM-EŞEl or ANAMESE is the more general appellative.

Cocke, a co. in the E. part of Tenn., bordering on N. C. Pop. 6,992. Co. t. Newport.

CODOGNO, ko-done-yo, a t. of Austrian Italy, in the prov. of Lodi, ou, as in our ; th, as in thin ; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. 35 m. S. E. of Milan, noted as a market for the Parmesan cheese. Pop. above 8,000. (B.)

Cor!-FEE, a co. in the S. central part of Tenn., on the head waters of Duck r. Pop. 8,184.

COGNAC, kone-yåkl, a t. of France, in the dep. of Charente, on the r. Charente, famous for its manufacture of brandy. Lat. 45° 42' N., Lon 0° 19W.

COIM'-BA-TOOR or COIMBATORE, a prov, in the S. of India, about the 11th degree of N. Lat., S. of, and bordering on Mysore.—Also the cap. of the above, containing about 2,000 houses. Lat. 10° 52' N., Lon. 77° 5' E.

CO-IM-BRA or ko-eem-brå, a t. of Portugal, in Beira, of which it is considered the cap., situated on the right side of the r. Mondego, about 120 m. N. N. E. of Lisbon. It has a richly endowed university, with the faculties of theology, law, and medicine, besides the academical department. The lectures are generally gratuitous. The average number of acadernical students is said to be about 1,200. The palace of the university, once the residence of the kings, is one of the finest buildings in the place.-Conim'brica, the ancient Coimbra, was situated at some distance from the site of the present town. Lat. 40° 12' 30" N., Lon. 8° 24' W. Permanent pop. about 15,000. (B.)

COIRE, kwÅR, (Ger. Chur, KOOR,) a t. of Switzerland, cap. of the canton of Grisons, near the right bank of the Rhine. Lat. 46° 51' N., Lon. 9° 31' E. Pop. 4,750. (P.C.)

COLBERG, kol-béRG, a sea port and fortress of Prussia, in Pomerania, situated on the Persante (pêr-sản-teh), about a mile from its entrance into the Baltic. Lat. 54° 9' N., Lon. 15° 34' E. Pop, nearly 6,000. (B.)

COL-CHES-TER, a t. of England, in the N. E. part of the co. of Essex, 51 m. N. E. by E. from London. Pop. of the borough and liberties, 17,790; that of the town may be estimated at about 14,000.

Cole, a co. in the central part of Mo., bordering on the Missouri r. Pop. 9,286. Co. t. Jefferson city

Cores, a co. in the E. part of Ill., intersected by the Kaskaskia r. Pop. 9,616. Co. t. Charleston.

COLLETON, a dist. in the S. E. part of S. C., intersected by the Edisto r. Pop. 25,548. Seat of justice, Walterborough.

COL-LUMPI-TỌN, a small t. of England, in Devonshire, 11 m. N. N. E. of Exeter.

COLNE, a r. of England, in Hertfordshire, which flows into the Thames.

COLOGNE, ko-lonel, (Fr. pron, ko'-lon', Ger. Köln,) an archbishopric of Rhenish Prussia, the cap. of a government of the same name, and of the prov, of the Rhine, situated on the left bank of the Rhine. It is enclosed by a lofty wall, about 6 m. in circuit, defended by 83 towers, and surrounded with ramparts and deep ditches, and has 24 gates. Cologne was a Roman station, and afterwards a colony named Colonia Claudia Agrippinensis. From Colonia the modern name is derived. Cologne was formerly one of the most wealthy and powerful cities of the Fate. 1'år, fall, fåt; iné, mit; plne or pine, pin; no, not; öð, as in good ; Hanseatic league, when its pop. amounted to 150,000. It ceased to be & free town in 1792. A bridge of boats, 1,250 paces in length, connects Cologne with Deutz (doits), which is regarded as one of its suburbs. The town has been declared a free port, and carries on an active commerce. Besides other articles, it manufactures, on a very extensive scale, the aromatic water which bears its name. Lat. 50° 55' N., Lon. 6° 55' E. Pop., including that of Deutz and the military, 65,003. (B.)-Adj. and inhab. COLOGNESE, kol -o-nezel.

COLOMBIA, ko-loml-be-å is the name which was adopted by the northern countries of S. America in 1819, when New Granada and Venezuela united, and established one central government, for the purpose of resisting the power of Spain. In 1829, Venezuela renounced the union, and constituted itself a separate republic. After the resignation of Bolivar, in 1830, it again joined New Granada, but this union lasted only a short time. In November, 1831, a new separation took place: at the same time it was decided that the former prov. of Quito should constitute a separate goverument, under the name of Ecuador. Thus Colombia was divided into the three republics, Venezuela, New Granada, and Ecuador.

Co-lon-Bo or COLUMBO, the cap. of the i. of Ceylon, situated on the W. coast. It is, for the most part, well built, and resembles a European rather than an Indian town. Though its barbour is very insecure during some seasons of the year, it is the centre of the foreign commerce of the whole island. Lat. 6° 59' N., Lon. 79° 55' E. Pop., according to the census of 1832, 31,519. (P. C.)

Coul-on-sa or Coll-ON-SAY', a small i. on the W. coast of Scotland, N. of Isla.

COLORADO, kol-o-rål-do, a r. of Mexico, which flows into the N. extremity of the Gulf of California. Its length, according to Humboldt, is 230 leagues, or about 640 English miles, but the quantity of water carried down its channel, during the dry season, is extremely small. It is called Rio Colorado, or Red River, because, owing to the fall of rains upon a soil of red clay, its waters often assume that colour.

COLORADO or Cobu ko-boo', a r. of S. America, in the republic of La Plata, wbich flows into the Atlantic, near 40° S. Lat., and 62° W. Lon. Its length is above 600 m.


Co-LUM-BJ-A, DISTRICT OF, a tract, 10 m. square, lying on both sides of the Potomac, 120 m. from its mouth. It is the seat of the federal government, and under the particular jurisdiction of Congress. This district was till recently divided into two counties, Washington and Alexandria. It was ceded to the general government by the states of Maryland and Virginia, in 1790. Pop. 43,712. Alexandria city and county, including the whole of that portion of the District lying on the right side of the Potomac, were retroceded to Virginia, during the Congress of 1845-6.

COLUMBIA, a co. in the E. S. E. part of N. Y., E. of, and bordering on the Hudson r. Pop. 43,252. Co. t. Hudson.

COLUMBIA, a co. in the N. E. central part of Pa., intersected by the E. branch of the Susquehanna. Pop. 24,267. Co. t. Danville.

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