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ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; Th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng.

COLUMBIA, a co. in the E. part of Ga., bordering on the Savannah r. Pop. 11,356. Co. t. Applingville.

COLUMBIA, a co. in the N. part of Florida, bordering on the Suwanee r. Pop. 2,102.

COLUMBIA, the cap. of S. C., and seat of justice of the dist. of Richland, situated at the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers. It is the seat of the South Carolina College, founded in 1804. Lat. 33° 57 N., Lon. 81° 7' W. Pop. 4,340.

COLUMBIA RIVER. See OREGON.

Co-LUM-BJ-AN-A, a co. in the N. E. part of Ohio, bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 40,378. Co. t. New Lisbon.

Co-Lum'-BUS, a co. in the S. part of N. C., bordering on S. C. Pop. 3,941. Co. t. Whitesville.

COLUMBUS, the co. t. of Franklin co., Ohio, and the cap. of the state. It is situated on the Scioto r., about 100 m., in a straight line, N. E. of Cincinnati, and 350 m. from Washington. Lat. 39° 57' N., Lon. 83° 3' W. Pop. 6,048.

COLUMBUS, the cap. of Muscogee co., Ga., situated on the Chattahoochee, at the head of steamboat navigation. It is a flourishing and rapidly increasing town. The pop. in 1830 was only 1,152; in 1840, it amounted to 3,114.

COMAYAGUA, ko-mi-8-gwâ, called also New Valladolid, the cap. of the state of Honduras, in Central America. It has a college, and about 18,000 inhabitants. (B.) Lat. 14° 32' N., Lon. 87° 35' W.

Col-Mo (Lat. Colmuin), a manufacturing and commercial t. of Austrian Italy, the cap. of a prov. of the same name, situated at the S. W. extremity of the Lake of Como, 22 m. N. by W. of Milan. Its cathedral, built in the middle ages, is regarded as one of the finest churches in the N. of Italy. Comum was the birth-place of the two Plinys. Lat. 45° 48' N., Lon. 9° 6' E. Pop., including that of the suburbs, 16,000. (B.)

Como, LAGO DI, lå-go de kol-mo, or LAKE OF Como, (Anc. La'rius,) a lake in the N. of Italy, intersected by the 46th parallel of N. Lat. It is long, narrow, and of very irregular and tortuous shape.

COM-O-RIN CAPE, the S. extremity of Hindostan. Lat. 8° 4' N., Lon. 77° 37' E.

Col-YORN or KOMORN (Hung. Komárom, ko-måå-rom,) a royal free t. and fortress of Hungary, the cap. of a co. of the same name, situated on the i. of Scbütt, at the entrance of the Waag into the Danube. Lat. 47° 45' N., Lon. 18° 8' E. Pop. 11,000. (B.)

Com'-o-Ro ISLANDs are situated in the channel of Mozambique, between 11° 20' and 13° 10' S. Lat., and 43° 10' and 45° 30' È. Lon. They are four in number, of which Comoro is the largest. The most important, and the only one visited by European vessels, is ANZOOAN, which see.

COMPIÈGNE, kom-pe-aiñ), a t. of France, in the dep. of Oise, on the 1. Oise, 43 m. N.N. E. of Paris, with a magnificent royal château. Lat. 49° 23' N.. Lon. 2° 47' E. Pop. in 1832, 8,879. (P. C.)

COMPOSTELA, SANTIAGO DE, sån-te-d-go da kom-po-stål-là, an archiFate, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mit; plne or pine, pin; nd, nôt; öð as in good; episcopal t. of Spain, cap. of Galicia. Its university ranks aniong the first in Spain. Lat. 42° 49' N., Lon. 8° 27' W. Pop. 28,000. (B.)

Concan, konk/-kan, a dist. of Hindostan, extending along the Malabar coast, between 15° 50' and 20° 15' N. Lat., and divided into Northern and Southern Concan.

CONCEPTION, con-sep/-shun, (Sp. Concepcion, kon-thep-the-one',) a t. of Chili, situated about 7 m. from the shores of an extensive bay of the same name. In 1835 the whole town was laid in ruins by an earthquake. Previously to this catastrophe, the pop. was estimated at above 10,000. (B.) Lat. 36° 49' S., Lon. 73° 5' W.

CONCORD, kong/-kord, the seat of justice of Merrimack co., N. H., and the cap. of the state, is situated on the W. bank of the Merrimack r., 62 m. N. Ñ. W. of Boston. Lat. 43° 12' 29" N., Lon. 71° 29' W. Pop. 4,897.

CON-CORI-D/-a, a parish in the N. E. part of La., bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 9,414. Seat of justice, Concordia.

CONDÉ, kon'de or kon-d3l, an important fortress on the northern frontier of France, in the dep. of Nord, situated on the Escaut (Scheldt), 124 m. N. N. E. of Paris. Lat. 50° 28' N., Lon. 3° 35' E. Pop. in 1832, 3,498. (P. C.)

Conecuh, ko-neel-kah, a co. in the S. part of Ala., intersected by a river of the same naine, and bordering on Florida. Pop. 8,197. Co. t. Sparta.

CONGAREE, kong -ga-reel, a r. of S.C., formed by the union of the Saluda and Broad rivers, which unites with the Wateree to form the Santee.

CONGLETON, kongl-g'l-ton, a t. of England, in Cheshire, 30 m. E. of Chester. Pop., including an area of about 4 sq. m., 9,222.

Congo, kongl-go, a name which, in its most extensive application, comprehends the whole region lying along the W. coast of Africa, including Loango, Congo Proper, Angola, and Benguela. Congo Proper extends from the r. Congo, in about Lat. 6° S., to the r. Dando, in Lat. 8° 20 S. Its interior limits are not known. The climate of this country, though sometimes very fatal to the European constitution, appears not to be subject to great extremes of temperature. The soil, in some parts, is represented as very fertile, and produces yams, maize, sugar-cane, and other tropical plants.

Congo, otherwise called the ZAYRE, z:-eel-så, a large r. in the S.W. part of Africa, flowing into the Atlantic, in about 6° S. Lat. It was partially explored by Captain Tuckey in 1816. Its breadth, for some distance from the sea, is not less than 5 or 6 m.; at the mouth, no bottom was found in the middle of the stream with a line of 160 fathoms, He ascended it to the distance of about 280 m., and was surprised to find that it did not receive the water of any other stream in the whole distance along which the survey extended; he was inclined to believe that there must be some under-ground communication, by which it was supplied with water.

CONNAUGHT, kon/-naut, a prov. in the W. of Ireland, comprising the ou, as in our; th, as n thin; tk, as in this; n, nearly like ng. counties of Galway, Mayo, Roscommon, Leitrim, and Sligo. Pop. in 1831, 1,340,914. (P. C.)

CONNECTICUT, kon-net-e-kut, the largest r. of New England, rises on the borders of Canada, and, running S., divides New Hampshire from Vermont, then passing through Massachusetts and Connecticut, flows into Long Island Sound. Its whole length is about 400 m.; it is navigable for sloops to Hartford, about 50 m.

CONNECTICUT, one of the thirteen original states of the Union, situated between 41° and 42° 3' N. Lat., and 71° 55' and 73° 50' W. Lon.; bounded on the N. by Massachusetts, E. by Rhode Island, S. by Long Island Sound, and W. by New York; and divided into 8 counties.* Its length, from E. to W., is about 93 m.; its greatest breadth, from N. to S., about 68 m. Area, 4,664 sq. m. Pop. 301,015. The seat of government is divided between Hartford and New Haven.

CON-STANCE, (Ger. Constanz, kon-stånts; Lat. Constan'tia,) an ancient fortified t. in the S. of Germany, belonging to Baden, situated on the S. bank of the Lake of Constance. It was a very important place in the middle ages, but is now much decayed. The name is derived from Constantius (father of Constantine the Great), by whom it is said to have been founded. Lat. 47° 36' N., Lon. 9° 9' E. Pop. 5,300. (B.)

CONSTANCE or CONSTANZ, called also Bodensee, bol-den-sd, i.e. the lake or sea of Bodmann, (an ancient castle on its banks,) a large lake lying between Switzerland and Germany, extending from 47° 28' to 47° 47' N. Lat., and from 9° 2' to 9° 45' E. Lon. Its length is about 45 m.; its greatest breadth about 13 m. It is 1,283 ft. above the level of the sea, and its greatest depth is stated at 964 ft. It was anciently called La cus Briganti nus, from the Brigan'tii who dwelt on its banks. There was a Roman station near the S. E. extremity of the lake, called Brigantium or Brigantia ; the modern name is Bregenz (bral-gents).

CON-STAN-TI-NO-PLE, (Turk. Ståm-bool' in common language, and Constantinieh, kon-stån-te-nec-eh, in documentary writing; Gr. KorGTAVT Wonoas; Lat. Constantinopolis; i. e. the “ city of Constantine;") a great and celebrated city, the imperial seat of the Ottoman government, situated between the Euxine and the Sea of Marrnora, on a triangular promontory which projects from Europe into the Bosporus. Its situation combines the advantages of great strength as a fortress, with great convenience and security as a seaport, and is, at the same time, healthy and beautifully picturesque. Constantinople is built upon the site of the ancient Byzantium, having been founded about the year 328, by Constantine the Great, who made it his own residence and the cap. of the Eastern Empire. It was taken by the Turks, under Mahomet II., in 1453, since which time it has been the cap. of the Ottoman dominions. Among a great number of magnificent edifices which this city contains, the Mosque of St. Sophia is perhaps the most deserving

• Fairfield, Hartford, Litchfield, Middlesex, New Haven, New London, Tol. land, Windham.

Fate, får, fall, fåt; mè, mét; plne or pine, pin; no, nðt; oo, as in good; notice. It was a church, founded, more than 13 centuries ago, by the emperor Justinian, but afterwards, when the Turks acquired possession of Constantinople, was converted into a mosque. It is an immense building, and will conveniently contain, it is said, 100,000 persons. Its cupola has served as a model for those which have since been erected at Venice, Pisa, and Rome. The mosque, however, of the sultan Ahmed surpasses that of St. Sophia, both in beauty and grandeur, and is regarded as altogether the most magnificent structure in the Turkish metropolis. Constantinople is protected on the land side by walls, which are so lofty, that from the road, which passes under them, the eye can scarcely catch a glimpse of the mosques and minarets of the city. On this side there are six gates. The town was formerly defended, it is said, by 180 towers, of which not more than 120 are now standing. The harbour of Constantinople, called the port of the Golden Horn, is safe, capacious, and beautiful. It is formed by an arm of the Bosporus, which projects on the European shore, between the city and its suburbs, Galata (gå-lå-tå), and Pera (pàl-rå). The Mosque of St. Sophia is in Lat. 41° 1'27" N., and Lon. 286 55' 24" E. Pop. estimated by Balbi at 600,000.-Adj. and inhab. CON-STAN-TI-NO-POL -1TẠN, BYZANTINE, and BYZANTIAN. (See BYZANTIUM.) (Tark. Ståm'bool-leel.)

CONSTANTINOPLE, STRAIT OF. See BOS PORUS.

Con-way or Con-wy, a r. of Wales, which flows into the Irish Sea, at Aberconway, in Lat. 53° 18' N., Lon, 3° 50' W.

Conway, a co. in the N. part of Ark., bordering on the Arkansas r. Pop. 2,892. Co. t. Lewisburg.

Cooch Bauar (b1-har), a principality of Hindostan, occupying the N. E. extremity of the prov. of Bengal.

Cook, a co. in the N. E. part of Ilì., bordering on L. Michigan. Pop. 10,201. Co. t. Chicago.

Coo-mas-SJE, a large t. in the W. of Africa, cap. of the empire of Ashantee. It is nearly 4 m. in circuit. The streets are wide, regular, and very clean, but the houses are for the most part built of reeds. Lat. 6° 51' N., Lon. 1° 42' W. Pop. estimated by the Ashantees at above 100,000, but this is probably an exaggeration. (P. C.)

COOPER, a co. in the W. central part of Mo., bordering on the Mis sourir. Pop. 10,484. Co. t. Booneville.

Coos, a co. forming the N. extremity of N. H. Pop. 9,849. Co. t. Lancaster.

Cool-sa, a r. of Ala., which unites with the Talla poosa to form the Alabama r.

Coosa, a co. in the E. central part of Ala., bordering on the r. Coosa. Pop. 6,995. Co. t. Rockford.

CO-PEN-HAI-GEN (Dan. Kjöbenhavn, kyöl-ben-houn'; Lat. Haf/nia); the metropolis of Denmark, is situated partly on the E. coast of the i. of Zealand, and partly on the N. coast of the i. of Amager. This portion is called Christianshavn (kris-te-åns-houn'). That on the i, ot Zealand, called Kjöbenhavn, or Copenhagen proper, is divided into the ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; TH, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. Old and New Town. The latter, named also Frederikstad, is truly superb, and may be compared to the most magnificent portions of the finest capitals of Europe. Among the multitude of remarkable buildings which Copenhagen contains, we may cite the royal palace of Christiansborg, equally extraordinary for its architecture and its vast dimensions. It contains a magnificent palace-church, the royal galleries of paintings, natural history, &c., and a library of 400,000 vols. Among the great number of literary and scientific institutions, for which the Danish capital is distinguished, may be mentioned its celebrated university, one of the most richly endowed and most flourishing in Europe. It is attended on an average by 700 students. Copenhagen is well fortified, being surrounded by ramparts and ditches, and defended by 24 bastions, besides outworks, and on the side towards the sea by a very strong citadel. It has an admirable harbour which is the great naval station of Denmark, and is capable of containing above 500 ships. Kjöbenhavn signifies “buying or trading port;" this place, however, no longer possesses that commercial distinction which formerly rendered its name so appropriate. Its general trade has much declined of late, principally in consequence of Altona being a free port, which Copenhagen is not. The observatory of the university is in Lat. 55° 40' 53" N., Lon. 12° 34' 57" E. Pop. above 115,000. (B.)

Co-pil-^H, a co. in the S. W. part of Miss., bordering on Pearl r. Pop. 8,945. Co. seat, Gallatin.

Co-Pl-A-PO', a t. in the N. part of Chili, with rich copper-mines. Lat. 27° 20' S., Lon. 70° 30' W.

COPPER MINE RIVER, a r. of N. America, which flows into the Arctic Ocean, in Lat. 65° 50' N., Lon. near 116° W.

Coquet, kokl-et, a small r. of England, in Northumberland, which rises on the Scottish border, and flows into the German Ocean, opposite a little island of the same name.

COQUIMBO, ko-keem-bo, a commercial t. of Chili, cap. of a prov. of the same name. It is sometimes called LA SERENA (lå sa-ral-nå). Lat. 29° 55' S., Lon. 71° 19' W. Pop. estimated from 7,000 to 12,000. (B.)

COR-DIL-LER-As or kor-deel-yàl-rås, the name given to the Mexican portion of the great mountain chain which traverses the American continent from N. to S. The highest summits are POPOCATEPETL and the peak of ORIZABA, which see."

CoR-DO-vẠ* (Sp. Cordova or Cordoba, koR'-do-vả; Anc. Corduba

-“the regal seat
Of Abdalazis, ancient CORDOBA."

" till they saw
The temples and the towers of CORDOBA
Shining majestic in the light of eve."

SOUTHEY's Roderick
“ And strangers were received by thee
Of CORDOVA the chivalry." BYRON.

Book V.

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