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Fåte, får, fall, fåt; mė, mét; plne or pine, pin; no, nôt; do as in good;
Marshall, a co. in the N. E. part of Ala., intersected by the Tennessee r. Pop. 7,553.
Marshall, a co. in the N. part of Miss., bordering on Tennessee. Pop. 17,526. Co. seat, Holly Springs.
MARSHALL, a co. in the S. W. central part of Tenn., on the bead waters of the Duck r. Pop. 14,555.
MARSHALL, a co. near the W. extremity of Ky., on the Tennessee r.
MARSHALL, a co. in the N. part of Ind., midway between the Wabash and Erie Canal and the S. border of Mich. Pop. 1,651. Co. l. Plymouth.
MARSHALL, a co. in the N. central part of Ill., intersected by Illirois r. Pop. 1,849. Co. t. Lacon.
MAR'-TA-BAN', a t. of the Birman empire, formerly the cap. of a prov of the same name, on the r. Salwin (Than-lyeng), near its mouth. Lat 16° 28' N., Lon. 97° 40' E. Pop. uncertain.
MARTA SANTA. See Santa Marta.
MARTIGUES, LES, là mar'-teeg', a well-built t. in the S. of France, in the dep. of the Mouths of the Rhone. Lat. 43° 23' N., Lon. 5° 2' E. Pop. in 1831, 5,335. (P. C.)
MARI-TIN, a co. in the E. part of N. C., bordering on the Roanoke, Pop. 7,637. Co. t. Williamston.
MARTIN, a co. in the S. part of Ind., intersected by the E. fork of the White r. Pop. 3,875. Co. t. Mt. Pleasant.
MARTINIQUE, mar'-tin-eek!, (Sp. Martinico, mar-te-neel-ko,) one of the West India Islands, belonging to the French, intersected by the parallel of 14° 40' N. Lat. and 61st meridian of W. Lon. Length about 45 m.; mean breadth about 12 m. Pop. in 1836, 117,502. (M.) Fort Royal, in the S. W. part of the island, is the capital. Pop. 7,000. (B.) The celebrated empress of France, Josephine, was a native of Martinique.
MARTINS, Sr., a parish in the S. part of La., W. of, and bordering on the Atchafalaya r. Pop. 6,674. Seat of justice, St. Martinsville.
MARWAR. See JOODPOOR.
MA-RY-LAND, one of the thirteen original U. S., extending from about 38° to 39° 42' N. Lat., and from about 75% to 79° 25' W. Lon.; bounded on the N. by Pennsylvania, E. by Delaware and the Atlantic, and S. and W. by Virginia; and divided into 19 counties.* The length, from E. to W., according to Tanner's Map, is only about 208 m.; but some others make it near 230 m.; greatest breadth, from N, to S., 120 m. Area estimated from about 9,500 to near 14,000 sq. m. Pop. 469,232; consisting of 317,717 whites, 62,020 free coloured persons, and 89,495 slaves." Annapolis is the capital-Inhab. MAI-RY-LAND-ER.
MA-RY-PORT, a seaport t. of England, in the co. of Cumberland, on Solway Frith, 25 m. S. W. of Carlisle. Pop. 5,311.
* Alleghany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Caroline, Cecil, Charles, Dorchester, Frederick, Harford, Kent, Mary's, St., Montgomery, Prince George's, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Washington, Worcester.
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; TH, as in this , n, nearly like ng. Mary's, Sr., a co. of Maryland, occupying the angle between the Potomac and the Chesapeake Bay. Pop. 13,224. Co. t. Leon-ardtown.
Mary's, Sr., a parish in the S. part of La., at the mouth of the Atcha fala ya r. Pop. 8,950. Seat of justice, Franklin.
MARY's, St., a port of entry of Ga., in Camden co., on a r. of its own name.
MA/-sỌN, a co. in the N. W. part of Va., intersected by the Kanawha, and bordering on the Ohio. Pop. 6,777. Co. t. Point Pleasant.
Mason, a co. in the N. E. part of Ky., bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 15,719. Co. t. Washington.
Mason (Notipescago), a co. in the W. part of Mich., bordering on L. Michigan.
Mason, a co. in the W. central part of Ul., on the Illinois r., at the mouth of the Sangamon.
MAS-SA-CHUI-SETTS, one of the thirteen original U. S., extending from 41° 30° to 42° 53' N. Lat., and from about 70° to 73° 30' W. Lon.; bounded on the N. by New Hampshire and Vermont, E. by the Atlantic, S. by the Atlantic, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, and W. by New York; and divided into 14 counties.* Length, from the S. W. extremity to the most easterly part of the peninsula of Cape Cod, above 180 m.; greatest breadth, from N. to S., about 93 m. Area, 7,800 sq. m. Pop. 737,699. Boston is the seat of government.
MASULIPATAM, mas-soo'-le-pa-tam', a fortified sea port t. of Hindostan, in the prov. of the Northern Circars, at the mouth of one of the arms of the Krishna, and the cap. of a dist. of the same name; its harbour is the best on the Coromandel Coast. This town has long been famous for the manufacture of chintzes. Lat. 16° 11' N., Lon. 81° 13' E. Pop. supposed to be about 75,000. (B.)
MAT-AN-ZẠs or må-tånd-thås, a sea port t. of Cuba, second only to Havana in commercial importance. Lat. 23° 2' N., Lon. 81° 38' W. Pop. estimated at 20,000. (M.)
MAT-A-PAN', CAPE (Anc. Tæna'rium Promonto'rium), the most southern point of Greece. Lat. 36° 23' 20" N., Lon. 22° 30' E.
MATARO, må-tá-rol, a sea port and manufacturing t. of Spain, in Catalonia. Lat. 41° 32' N., Lon. 2° 27' E. Pop. estimated at 13,000. (B.)
MAT-AR-EE-YEU, often written MATARIA or MATARYEH, (Anc. Heli. op'olis, i. e. the “city of the sun,") a village of Lower Egypt, remarkable for the remains of edifices belonging to the ancient On or Hon, called afterwards Heliopolis, by the Greeks, on account of its magnificent temple, dedicated to the sun. Lat. 30° 48' N., Lon., 31° 58' E.
MATTHEWS, a co. in the E. part of Va., bordering on Chesapeake Bay. Pop. 7,442. Seat of justice, Matthews c. b.
MATHURA, måtl-00-rå, sometimes written, and usually pronounced Mutl-TRA, an ancient t. of Hindostan, supposed to have been the birth
• Barnstable, Berkshire, Bristol, Dukes. Essex, Franklin, Hampden. Hampshire, Middlesex. Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk, Worcester,
Fate, får, fall, fåt; me, mét; pine or pine, pin; nd, not; öð as in good; place of the deity Krishna, on which account it is highly venerated by the Hindoos. Lat. 27° 31' N., Lon. 77° 33' E.
MATURA, må-tool-rå, a small fortified t. at the S. extremity of Ceylon, remarkable for a celebrated temple of Boodha, in its vicinity. Lat. 5° 58' N., Lon. 80° 39' E.
Maucu CHUNK, a town or village of Pa., in Carbon co., on the r. Lehigh, about 70 m. in a straight line N. N. W. of Philadelphia. A railroad, about 8 m. in length, down an inclined plane, connects the coal-mines of Mauch Chunk with the town. The cars, when laden with coal, run the whole distance by their own weight, and require no other attention than to have their velocity occasionally moderated by means of a brake. They are drawn up by mules, which are rewarded for their severe labours by being allowed to ride down, in vehicles made for their especial accommodation. It is a curious fact, that after having become accustomed to the indulgence of riding, no severity or persuasion will induce them to walk down the inclined plane,
Maui, moul-e, sometimes written Mower, one of the largest of the Sandwich Islands, about 25 m. distant from the N. extremity of Hawaii, and intersected by the 21st parallel of N. Lat. and the meridian of 156° 30'W. Lon. Length, about 50 m.; greatest breadth, 30 m. Pop. 18,000. Lahaina (lå-hil-nå) is the principal town.
Mau-MEE', a r. which commences in Indiana, and, flowing through the N. W. part of Ohio, empties itself into Maumee Bay, at the W. end of L. Erie.
MAUMEE, a port of entry of Ohio, in Lucas co., on the above r., at the head of boat navigation.
MAURA, SANTA. See SANTA MAURA.
MAUREPAS, mol-re-på', a small L. in the eastern part of La., W. of, and communicating with L. Pontchartrain.
MAURITIUS, mau-rish'-e-us, or Isle of France, an i. of the Indian Ocean, intersected by the 20th parallel of S. Lat. and the meridian of 57° 30' E. Lon. Length, near 40 m. ; greatest breadth, about 25 m. The area is estimated at 700 m.; the pop. at 100,000 (P.C.); about threefourths of whom were originally negro slaves, now free. Port Louis or Port North West, on the N. W. side of the island, is the capital. Lat. 20° 10° S., Lon. 57° 29' E. Pop. 26,000. (P. C.)
Mauritius, with the neighbouring island of Bourbon, was discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, and the whole group was called the Mascarenhas (mås-kå-ren-yảs') Islands, from the name of the discoverer. The Dutch afterwards took possession of Mauritius, which they named in honour of Maurice (in Latin Mauritius), the stadtholder of the Netherlands. In 1715, it fell into the hands of the French, who called it the Isle de France, but, in 1810, it was taken from them by the British, in whose possession it has since remained.
Maul-ry, a co, in the S. W. central part of Tenn., intersected by Duck r. Pop. 28,186. Co. t. Columbia.
Mayenne, må'-yenn', a dep. in the W. N. W. part of France, inter
ou, as in our ; th, as in thin ; th, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. sected by a r. of the same name, which flows into the Loire. Pop. 361,765. (B.) Capital, Laval.
MAYENNE, a manufacturing t. of France, in the above dep., on the r. Mayenne, 18 m. N. N. E. of Laval. Pop. 8,790. (M.)
Mayn. See MAIN.
Mayl-o, a co. in the W. part of Ireland, prov. of Connaught, bordering on the sea. Pop. in 1831, 367,956. (P. C.)
Mays-ville, a t. of Ky., in Mason co., on the Ohio, about 60 m. N. E. of Lexington. Pop. 2,741.
MAZANDERAN, må-zản/-der-ån', usually pronounced, by the Persians, Må-zån-der-oon', a prov. in the N. of Persia, S. of, and bordering on the Caspian Sea.
MAZZARA, måt-sål -rå, (Anc. Mazarum,) a fortified sea port t. of Sicily. on the S. W. coast, near the W. extremity of the island. Lat. 37° 40% N., Lon. 12° 34' E. Pop. estimated at 8,000. (B.)
MEADE, a co. in the N. part of Ky., bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 5,780. Co. t. Brandenburg.
MEAD-VILLE, the cap. of Crawford co., Pa., on French creek, a branch of the Alleghany r., about 32 m., in a straight line, S. of Erie. It is the seat of Alleghany College, founded in 1815.
MEATH, meeth, a co. in the E. part of Ireland, prov. of Leinster, bordering on the sea. Pop. 176,826. (P. C.)
MEAUX, mó, (Anc. Jatinum, afterwards Meldi,) a t. of France, in the dep. of Seine and Marne, on the r. Marne, 25 m. E. N. E. of Paris. It contains a museum, a public library of 11,000 vols., and other insti. tutions. Lat. 48° 58' N., Lon. 2° 53' E. Pop. in 1831, 8,481. (P. C.)
Medl-cẠ, a celebrated city of Arabia, in the prov. of Hedjaz, remarkable as being the birth-place of Mahomet, and the great centre or capital of the Moslem religion. It is situated in a sterile valley, in the midst of mountains, about two days' journey E. of its port Jidda, on the Red Sea. The most remarkable edifice is the temple of the Kaaba (kaa-ba); a massive structure, forming an oblong square, 18 paces long, 14 broad, and nearly 40 ft. bigh, covered by an immense curtain of black silk, on which is inscribed, in letters of gold, the sentence which imbodies the essential part of the Mahometan's creed : “ There is no god but God; Mahomet is the prophet of God.” The sacred fountain of Zem-zem-said to be that found by Hagar, when her son Ishmael was dying of thirst-is enclosed in a substantial square building, with marble basins for ablution, and a room appropriated for pil. grims, who come in crowds to taste, and to be purified by, its waters. Mecca appears to have lost the reputation which it once possessed as a seat of Mahometan learning. Lat. about 21° 30' N., Lon. 40° 15' E. Pop. uncertain, said to be above 80,000 during the period of pilgrimage (B.); at other times, it may be between 20,000 and 30,000 - Adj. and inhab. MECCAWEE, mek/-kå-wee', sometimes written MECCAWAY.
MECHLIN, mekl-lin, or MECHELEN, mek'-el-en, (Fr. Malines, mål. leen' ) an archiepiscopal city of Belgium, in the prov. of Antwerp, on the Dyle, 14 m. N. N. E. of Brussels. It is regularly laid out with
Fate, får, fall, fåt; mė, mėt; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; oo as in good; broad, clean, and well-paved streets. The lace manufactured in Mechlin has long been in high repute, and brings a great price: it is said, however, that this branch of business has declined of late. The town has recently acquired additional importance from being the central point at which several railways in Belgium meet. The archbishop of Mechlin is the primate of the kingdom. Lat. 51° 2' N., Lon. 49 29 E. Pop. 24,000. (B.)
MECK/-LEN-BURG (Ger. pron. mekl-len-bóÕRG'), a territory of Ger many, between 53° 3' and 54° 20' N. Lat., and 10° 40' and 14° E. Lon., and divided into two grand-ducbies, viz., Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN (shwér-een!) constitutes the western and much the larger division of the above territory. Area, 4,833 sq. m. Pop. 482,925. (M.) Schwerin is the capital.
MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ (strell-its) is bounded on the W. by the above, and contains an area of 997 sq. m. Pop. 89,528. (M.) Strelitz is the capital.
MECKLENBURG, a co. in the S. S. E. part of Va., intersected by the Roanoke, and bordering on N. C. Pop. 20,724. Co. t. Boydtown.
MECKLENBURG, a co. in the S. S. W. part of N. C., bordering on the Catawba and S. C. Pop. 18,273. Co. t. Charlotte.
Medina, med-eel-na, (i. e. the “city," so called by way of eminence,) one of the cities held sacred by Mahometans, and, next to Mecca, their principal place of pilgrimage, is situated about 260 m. N. of Mecca, and about 100 m. N. E. of its port Yembo, on the Red Sea. It is not open, like Mecca, but surrounded with walls about 40 ft. high,* flanked by 30 towers (M.), and is entered by three fine gates. The glory of Medina, is the possession of the tomb which contains the remains of the Prophet. We may remark, that the story long current in Europe, of Mahomet's coffin being suspended in the air by a loadstone, is unknown in the East. Medina has but little commerce, and scarcely any manufactures. The inhabitants, too numerous to be supported by the productions of the sterile country by which they are surrounded, are said to be maintained, in a great measure, by the gifts which are sent or brought to them by the faithful. Pop. estimated at 18,000. (M.)
ME-Dil-NẠ, a co. in the N. part of Ohio, a little W. of the Ohio and Erie Canal. Pop. 18,352. Co. t. Medina.
MEDINA SIDONTA, med-eel-nå se-dol-ne-å, an ancient t. of Spain, in Andalusia, 22 m. E. by S. of Cadiz, with extensive manufactures of earthenware. Pop. 9,000. (B.)
MED'-IT-ER-RAI-NE-AN SEA (Lat. Ma're Mediterra'neum: i. e. “midland sea," and Ma're Inter/num; i.e. the “inner or inland sea"); a large inland sea, situated between Africa, on the S., and Europe and Asia on the N., extending from about 30° 20' to 45° 40' N. Lat., and from
• Balbi says “ninety feet high" (hauts de 90 pieds). This, however, is perhaps : typographical error.