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Courts of law. The Congress may, by law, vest the appointment of such inferior officers as

they think proper in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments

2 2 16 Courts. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and

in such inferior courts as the Congress may, from time to time, ordain and establish. (See Judicial power.).....

3 1-2 0 Credit of the United States. Congress shall have power to borrow money on the credit of the United States..

8 2 Credit. No State shall emit bills of credit.

1 12 Credit. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State..

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Crime. A person charged with treason, felony, or other crime, and fleeing from justice, to
be delivered up to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.

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Crime. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless
on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury...

5th amend. 26
Crimes. (See Removal of Civil Officers.)..
Crimes. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury..........

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Criminal case. Nor shall any person be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness
against himself. .

5th amend. 26
Criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a

speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the
crime shall have been committed; which district shall have been previously ascer-
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be
confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtain-

ing witnesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence.... 6th amend. 27
Cruel and unusual punishment. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines im-
posed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted...

8th amend. 27

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delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due..... Demand. A fugitive from justice shall, on demand of the Executive authority of the State

from which he fled, be delivered up to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of

the crime....
Department of the Government. Congress shall have power to make all laws which shall be

necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all
other powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States,

or in any department or office thereof
Departments. The President mayr

require the opinion in writing of the principal officer in
each of the Executive departments
Departments. The Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers as

they think proper in the President alone, in the courts of law or in the heads of

departments.
Deprived. No State without its consent shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate
Devolve. In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation,

or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall de

volve on the Vice President.
Dickinson, Deputy from Delaware, signed this Constitution. John..
Direct tax. Representatives and direct taxes to be apportioned among the States according

to their respective numbers, &c., (see Representatives).
Direct tax. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census

or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken.
Discharged from service or labor. No person held to service or labor in one State shall be

discharged from such service or labor in another
Disciplining the militia. Congress shall have power to provide for organizing, arming, and

disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in
the service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively the appoint-
ment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discip-
line prescribed by Congress...

ANALYSIS.

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ALPHABETICAL ANALYSIS. Continued.

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Discoveries. Exclusive right to discoveries may be secured by inventors for a limited time. •
Disorderly behavior. Each House may punish its members for disorderly behavior..
District not exceeding ten miles square. Congress shall have power to exercise exclusive le-

gislation in all cases whatsoever over such district (not exceeding ten miles square)
as may, by cession of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become

the seat of the Government of the United States.
District. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and pub-

lic trial by an impartial jury of the State and District wherein the crime shall have

been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law..
Disqualification. Judgment on impeachment a disqualification to hold and enjoy any office,

&c., under the United States......
Divided. The Vice President shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided.
Dock yards, &c. Congress shall have power to exercise exclusive legislation over dock

yards, &c...
Domestic tranquility. The Constitution established to ensure domestic tranquility.
Domestic violence. The United States shall, on application of the Legislature, or of the Exe-

cutive, (when the Legislature cannot be convened,) protect each State against do

mestic violence..
During good behavior. The Judges, both of the Supreme and Inferior courts, shall hold

their offices during good behavior..
Duties. Congress shall have power to lay duties.....
Duties. All duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States.
Duties. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports

of one State over those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one State be

obliged to enter, elear, or pay duties in another... Duties on imports, No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any imposts or

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duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for execut-
ing its inspection laws: and the nett produce of all duties and imposts laid by any
State on imports or exports shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United

States, and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress
Duties. In case of the death, removal, resignation, or inability of the President to discharge

the powers and duties of that office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, &c.
Duties. The President may require the opinion in writing of the principal officer in each of

the Executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respec

tive offices..
Duty or tax might have been imposed on imported persons (or slaves) up to 1808.
Duty. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State.
Duty of tonnage. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage
Effect of proceedings of States. Congress may, by general laws, prescribe the effect of the

public acts, records, and proceedings of States..
Effects. The right of the people to be secure in their effects against unreasonable searches

and seizures shall not be violated
Elected. Representatives in Congres shall be chosen or elected every second year by the peo-

ple of the several States..
Elected. Two Senators from each State shall be chosen or elected by the Legislature thereof
Elect. The Senate shall elect or chuse their other officers, and also a President pro tempore,

in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the office of Presi

dent of the United States...
Election. When vacancies happen in the representation from a State, the Executive thereof

shall issue writs of election to fill them..
Election of President and Vice President United States. The President shall hold his office

during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the
same term, be elected as follows:....

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for six years....

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