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Invaded. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, engage in war unless actually in
vaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay..
Invasions. Congress shall have power to provide for calling forth the militia to execute the
laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions.
Invasion. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when,
in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.
Invasion. The United States shall protect each State against invasion.
Inventors may secure exclusive rights to their discoveries for a limited time..
Jenifer, deputy from Maryland, signed this Constitution. Daniel, of St. Thomas..
Jeopardy. Nor shall any person be subject, for the same offence, to be twice put in jeopardy
of life or limb.
Johnson, deputy from Connecticut, signed this Constitution. William Samuel.
Journal. Each House of Congress shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to
time publish the same, excepting such parts as may, in their judgment, require se-
crecy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either House, on any question,
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the Journal.........
Journal. When the President shall return a bill, with his objections, to the House in which
it originated, those objections shall be entered at large on their Journal, and the
votes, by yeas and nays, on the reconsideration of such bill, shall be entered on the
Journal of each House respectively. See bill.......
Judges of the Supreme Court. The President shall nominate, and by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate, appoint the judges of the Supreme Court of the U. 8..
Judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good behavior, and
shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation which shall not be
diminished during their continuance in office... Judges. The judges in every State shall be bound by the Constitution, laws, and creation.
any thing in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding..
Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend farther than to removal from office, and
disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, or profit under the Uni-
ted States; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be liable and subject to in-
dictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law...
Judicial power. The judicial power of the U. S. shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and
in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
The judges, both of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during
good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation
which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.
Judicial power. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under
this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and the treaties made, or which
shall be made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other
public ministers, and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdic-
tion; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; to contro-
versies between two or more States; between a State and the citizens of another
State; between citizens of different States; between citizens of the same State,
claiming lands under grants of different States; and between a State, or the
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects......
In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls, and those in
which a State shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdic-
tion. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have
appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under
such regulations, as the Congress shall make..
The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury, and such
trial shall be held in the State where the said crimes shall have been committed;
but when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at such place or
places as the Congress may by law have directed.....
Judicial proceedings. Full faith, credit, proof, and effect to be given in each State to the acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State.
4 1 1 19
Judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath
or affirmation to support this Constitution.
0 3 22
Judicial power. The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to
any suit, in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United
States, by citizens of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign State. 1lth amend. 28
Jurisdiction. The judicial power shall extend to all cases of admiralty and maritime juris-
2 1 18
Jurisdiction. Original and appellate jurisdiction in the Supreme Court.
18 Jurisdiction. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other crime, and fleeing
from justice, to be delivered up and removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.
4 2 2 19 Jurisdiction. No new State shall be erected within the jurisdiction of any other State...... 4 3 1 20 Jury. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury.....
Jury. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous críme, unless on
a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, &c. .
5th amend. 26
Jury. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public
trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been
committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law..
6th amend. 27
Jury. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars,
the right of trial by jury shall be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be
otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules
of the common law....
7th amend. 27
Justice. Constitution ordained in order to establish justice.
Justice. The Chief Justice shall preside when the President is tried on an impeachment. ... 1 3
Justice. Fugitives from justice to be delivered up and removed to the State having jurisdic-
tion of the crime..
King, Prince, or foreign State. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States, and
no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent
of the Congress, accept of any present, emoluments, office, or title, of any kind what-
ever, from any king, prince, or foreign State..
King. Deputy from Massachusetts signed this Constitution. Rufus. ......
Labor. No person held to service or labor in one State, shall be discharged from such ser-
vice or labor in another State...
Land and naval forces. Congress shall have power to make rules for the government and re-
gulation of the land and naval forces.
Land ceded to or purchased by the United States. Congress shall have power to exercise ex-
clusive legislation, in all cases whatsoever, over all places purchased by the consent
of the legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts,
magazines, arsenals, dock yards, and other needful buildings....
Land forces. (See Army-Militia.)
Lands. The judicial power shall extend to controversies between citizens of the same State,
claiming lands under grants of different States...
Langdon, deputy from New Hampshire, signed this Constitution. John.....
Law. The actual enumeration of the people, or census, shall be made within three years
after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subse
quent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. Law. A person convicted on an impeachment, shall nevertheless be liable to indictment,
trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law... Law. The times, places, and manner, of holding elections for Senators and Representatives,
shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may,
at any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosWing Senators.
Law. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on
the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.... Law. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to
be ascertained by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States..........
Law. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall,
before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he ap-
prove he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return it with his objections to that House
in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their
journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of
that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections,
to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by
two-thirds of that House it shall become a law...
Law. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted)
after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as
if he had signed it, unless the Congress, by their adjournment, prevent its return;
in which case it shall not be a law....
Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate and House
of Representatives may be necessary, (except on a question of adjournment,) shall
be presented to the President of the United States; and before the same shall take
effect shall be approved by him, or being disproved by him, shall be re-passed by
two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the rules and
limitations prescribed in the case of a bill......
Law of nations. Congress shall have power to define and punish piracies and felonies com-
mitted on the high seas, and offences against the law of nations.
Law. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.....
Law. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in consequence of appropriations
made by law..
Law. No State shall pass any ex post facto law............
Law. No State shall pass any law impairing the obligation of contracts.