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Postage by the New York, Southampton, and Bremen Line of Steamers. The following are the rates of postage prescribed by the act of the 3d of March, 1845, for mailable matter sent by this line to Europe : For all letters and packages not exceeding half an ounce in weight, 24 cts. For all letters and packages over half an ounce and under one ounce, 48“ For

every additional half-ounce, For every letter, newspaper, pamphlet, and price-current,

The United States postage will be charged in addition to the above upon all mailable matter sent through ithe mails of the United States to New York, whence the ships sail for Bremen.

It should be prepaid on letters addressed to any of the following countries and places, viz.: – Denmark, Norway, St. Petersburgh or Cronstadt, Sweden, Alexandria, Austria (empire and provinces), Baden, Basle and other parts of Switzerland, Bavaria, Cairo, Constantinople, Greece, and the eastern towns of Italy. On letters addressed to the following countries and places, the foreign postage, to the place of destination, may be added to the United States postage, and the whole be prepaid, - or the American postage alone may be prepaid, or the whole postage may be left unpaid, at the option of the sender, viz. :Altona,

6 cents. , Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 12 cents. Bremen, Nothing. Nassau, .

12 Brunswick, 6 cents. Oldenburg,

5 Cassel,.

12 Prussia (kingdom and provCoburg,

12
inces),

12 Darmstadt,

12
Reuss,

12 Frankfort-on-the-Main, 12 Saxe-Altenburg,

12 Gotha, . 12 Saxe-Meiningen,

12 Hamburg,

6
Saxe-Weimar,

12 Hanover,

6

Saxony (kingdom), 12 Hesse-Homburg,

12

Schaumburg-Lippe, . 12

Schwartzburg-Rudolstadt, 12 Lippe-Detmold,

12

Schwartzburg-Sondershau-
Lubec, :

9
sen,

12 Mecklenburg-Schwerin, . 12 Wurtemberg (kingdom), . 12

Other Foreign Letter Postage. The postage on single letters, not exceeding half an ounce in weight, from any part of the United States to Havana, or any part of Cuba, is 124 cents; to Chagres, 20 cents; to Panama, 30 cents; all be prepaid. On letters for any South American port on the Pacific, or for the Sandwich Islands, the postage to Panama only is to be prepaid. A single letter to Halifax by the British steamer is rated at 5 or 10 cents, according to distance; to Upper Canada and New Brunswick, 10 cents; to Lower Canada 5 cents, — all to be prepaid. These rates to Lower and Upper Canada and New Brunswick pay only to the lines, whence the letters are immediately forwarded to their place of destination.

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Newspaper and Pamphlet Postage. On each newspaper sent between Great Britain and the United States, except by the Bremen line, (see p. 155,) the postage is 4 cents, — 2 cents to be paid in each country. On each newspaper sent to or from a foreign country, through Great Britain,

the postage is 4 cents, to be paid by the party sending or receiving it. There must be prepaid on each newspaper to Čuba by the Charleston and New York steam-packets, 4£ cents ; to Chagres, Panama, any South American port on the Pacific, or to the Sandwich Islands, by steamer from Charleston, 45 cents ; and to Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Upper or Lower Canada, 14 cents. On each periodical and pamphlet between Great Britain and the United States, the United States postage is 2 cents, if not over 2 ounces in weight, and 1 cent. per ounce or fraction of an ounce over 2 ounces, always to be prepaid. An additional British postage of the same rate, when not exceeding 2 ounces, must be paid in England; but the third ounce raises the British charge to 6 pence, with 2 pence additional for each additional ounce.

7. Table of Mait Scrvice for the Year ending June 30, 1849.*

*

6,517

576

6,523

Length
Annual Transportation.

Total
States.
of

Transpor- Total
Mode not

In
In

In
routes.

tation. Cost.
specified. Coaches. Railroad. Steamboat.
Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles.

Miles.
Maine,
4,284 3,410 780

94

1,255,835 43,136 New Hampshire, 2,213

1,119 962

132

744,048 26.961 Vermont, 2,519 1,422 1,027

170 761,427 26,613 Massachusetts, 3,241 840 1,4431 850

108 2,003,264 110,413 Rhode Island,

431
240
146
481

172,640 9,498 Connecticut,

1,780
1,160 374

246

780,473 46,754 New York, 13,548 7,976 3,567 901

1,104 5,198,487 233,530 New Jersey, :

2,172
901 1,033 210

28

902,392 56,730 Pennsylvania, 10,744

3,892 315

3,113,221 137,405 Delaware,

482
272

210
1

165,672 8,607 Maryland,

2,271
1,279

416

976,248 131,702 Virginia, 11,631 8,917 1,907 296

514 2,501,518

166,136 North Carolina,

7,798
5,733 1,536 247

282 1,641,630 152,145 South Carolina,

5,319
3,551 671

217

880 1,136,460 103,901 Georgia,

4,966 591

605

358 1,522,454 137,720 Florida, 1,876 1,204 392

280

308,360 26,160 Ohio, 12,012 7,390 3,548 280

824 3,419,606

152.429 Michigan, 4,419 3,084 867

314

124 1,067,875 54,422 Indiana, 6,964 5,851 1,026

87

1,361,532

57,009 Illinois, 8,970 5,787 3,183

2,249,624 107,046 Wisconsin, 3,8231 3,242 581

567,920 21,767 Iowa, 3,254 2,808 446

353,952 14,630 Missouri, 9,163 6,378 1,329

$1,456 1,747,772

56,491 Kentucky, 8,535 5,677 1,091

111,767 2,464,290

100,372 Tennessee, 7,126 5,255 1,841

1,409,844 62,518 Alabama, 7,107 5,541 1,204 103

T259 1,704,212 147,485 Mississippi, 4.747 3,933 693

46

75 980,914 69,561 Arkansas, 5,463 4,720 465

278 783,629 51,330 Louisiana, 3,888 2,256

137

1,195 573,696 55,252 Texas, 5,334 4,527 727

801 611,992 50,656 Total, : 167,703 116,286 36,233 5,497 9,632 12,514,069 2,425,515 Mail Agencies,

61,513 Foreign mails, . 11,109

255,692 178,812 116,250 36,23 5,497 9,652 12,514.069 2,745,720 * The entire service and pay of the route are set down to the State under which it is numbered, though extending into other States, instead of being divided among the States in which each portion of it lies.

This is for express service; the regular steamboat service on Lake Champlain being performed by a New York route.

* The Baltimore, Wilmington, and Philadelphia Railroad is under a Maryland number. $ This embraces the steamboat service from St. Louis to New Orleans.

|| This embraces the steamboat service from Louisville to Cincinnati, and from Louisville to New Orleans.

T This includes the route from Mobile to New Orleans.

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8. Number of Post-Offices, Extent of Post-Routes, and Revenue and Expenditures of the Post-Office Department; with the Amount paid to Postmasters and for Transportation of the Mail, since 1790.

Year.

Extent of Post-Routes.

Revenue Expenditures Amount paid for of the

of the Compen. of Transport'n Department. Department. Postmast'rs. Jof the Mail.

Miles.

1,875 13,207 20,817 31,076 36,406 43,748 48,673 52,089 59,473 67,586 72,492 78,808 82,763 84,860 84,860 94,052 94,052 105,336 105,336 115,000 115,176 115,486 104,466 119,916 119,916 112,774 118,264 141,242 134,818 133,999 155,739 155,026 149,732 142,295 144,687 143,940 152,865 153,818 163,208 163,703

$ 37,935 160,620 280,804 421,373

551,684 1,043,065

961,782 1,002,973 1,130,235 1,204,737 1,111,927 1,059,087 1,117,490 1,130,115 1,197,758 1,306,525 1,447,703 1,524,633 1,659,915 1,707,418 1,850,583 1,997,811 2,258,570 2,617,011 2,823,749 2,993,356 3,408,323 4,236,779 4,238,733 4,484,657 4,543,522 4,407,726 4,546,849 4,296,225 4,237,288 4,289,841 3,487,199 3,955,893 4,371,077 4,905, 176

$32,140 117,893 213,994 377,367 495,969 748,121 804,422 916,515 1,035,832 1,117,861 1,160,926 1,184,283 1,167,572 1,156,995 1,188,019 1,229,043 1,366,712 1,468,959 1,689,945 1,782,132 1,932,708 1,936,122 2,266,171 2,930,414 2,910,605 2,757,350 3,841,766 3,544,630 4,430,662 4,636,536 4,718,236 4,499,528 5,674,752 4,374,754 4,296,513 4,320,732 4,084,297 3,979,570 4,326,850 4,479,049

$8,198 $ 22,081 30,272 75,359 69,243 128,644 111,052 239,635 149,438 327,966 241,901 487,779 265,944 521,970 303,916 589,189 346,429 664,611 375,828 717,881 352,295 782,425 337,599 815,681 355,299 788,618 360,462 767,464 383,804

768,939 411,183 785,646 447,727 885,100 486,411

942,345 548,049 1,086,313 559,237 1, 153,646 595,234 1,274,009 635,028 1,252,226 715,481 1,482,507 826,283 1,894,638 897,317 1,925,544 945,418 1,719,007 812,803 1,638,052 891,352

1,996,727 933,948 3,131,308

980,000 3,285,622 1,028,9253,296,876 1,018,645 3,159,375 1,147,256 3,087,796 1,426,394 2,947,319 1,358,316 2,938,551 1,409,875 2,905,504 1,042,079 2,716,673 1,060,228 2,476,455

2,394,703 1,320,921 2,577,407

No. of

Post-
Offices.

1790 1795 1800 1805 1810 1815 1816 1817

1818 1819 1820 1821

1822

1823

1824 1825

1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848

75 453

903 1,558 2,300 3,000 3,260 3,459 3,618 4,000 4,500 4,650 4,709 4,043 5,182 5,677 6,150 7,003 7,530 8,004 8,450 8,686 9,205 10,127 10,693 10,770 11,091 11,767 12,519 12,780 13,468 13,778 13,733 13,814 14,103 14,183 14,601 15,146 16,159 16,749

*1849

* The returns for 1846, 1847, 1848, and 1849 are for the first four years under the new law, passed March 3, 1845.

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X. REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE.

[From a Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, December 24, 1849.] 1. Statement of Duties, Revenues, and Public Expenditures during the Fis

cal Years ending June 30, 1848, and June 30, 1849. The receipts into the Treasury were as fol.

Year ending Year ending lows:

June 30, 1815. June 30, 1019. From customs, viz. : During the first quarter,

11,106,257.41 $8,991,935.07 During the second quarter,

5,379,152.74 5,181,870.56| During the third quarter,

9,383,092.92 8,378,676.79 During the fourth quarter,

5,888,567.89 5,794,256.40 Total customs,

31,757,070.96 28,346,738.82 From sales of public lands,

3,328,642.56 1,688,959.55 From miscellaneous sources,

351,037.07 1,038,649.13 Total receipts, exclusive of loans, &c., 35,436,750.59 31,074,347.50 Balance in the Treasury, July 1, 1847 and 48, 1,701,251.25 153,534.60 Total, exclusive of loans, &c.,

37,138,001.84 31,227,882.10 Avails of Treasury-notes issued under act of July 22, 1846,

250,000.00 Avails of Treasury-notes issued under act of Jan. 28, 1847,

11,956,950.00 1,794,000.00 Stock issued for specie deposited under act of July 22, 1846,

111,000.00 Stock issued for specie deposited under act of Jan. 28, 1847,

1,858,372.00 360,800.00 Stock issued for special deposits under act of March 31, 1848,

15,600,950.00 Stock issued in funding Treasury-notes under act of July 22, 1846,

1,735,050.00 265,800.00 Stock issued in funding Treasury-notes under act of Jan. 28, 1847,

5,252,500.00 10,547,550.00 Stock issued in funding Treasury-notes under acts prior to July 22, 1846,

92,828.00 19,650.00

21,256,700.00 28,588,750.00 Total means,

58,394,701.84 59,816,632.10 The expenditures, exclusive of trust funds, were as follows:

Civil List. Legislature,

953,392.75 1,105,421.57 Executive,

953,170.80 1,065,044.85 Judiciary,

593,654.81 595,925.22 Governments in the Territories,

39,730.56 8,649.54 Surveyors and their clerks,

61,907.00 43,227 97 Officers of the Mint and branches,

42,600.00 43,877.78 Commissioner of the Public Buildings,

2,000.00 2,043 95 Secretary to sign patents for public lands,

1,500.00 1,425.00 Total civil list,

2,647,955.92 2,865,615.88 Foreign Intercourse. Salaries of Ministers,

36,500.00 47,566.09 Salaries of Secretaries of Legation,

9,062.32 11,701.93 Salaries of Chargés d'Affaires,

64,037.51 69,950.90 Salary of Minister Resident to Turkey,

6,000.00 4,500.00 Outfits of Ministers and Chargés d'Affaires, 29,250.00 13,500.00 Salary of Dragoman to Turkey and contingencies,

2,900.00 2,312.50

.

.

Year ending Year ending

June 30, 1818. June 30, 1849. Contingent expenses of all the missions abroad, $ 33,530.10 $ 19,233.19 Renewal of diplomat. intercourse with Mexico, 21,776.65 7,851.48 Contingent expenses of foreign intercourse, 22,452.13 8,584.31 Salary of the Consul at London,

2,000.00 2,000.00 Clerk-hire, office-rent, &c., to American Consul, London,

2,800.00 2,800.00 Salary of Consul at Beyrout,

1,328.80 Salary of Consul at Alexandria,

3,000.00 Relief and protection of American seamen, 97,937.97 100,835.41 Commissioner to reside in China, Secretary, and Interpreter,

6,508.94 6,000.00 Certain diplomatic services, and tobacco agent, 8,554.94 26,461.09 Commissioner to Sandwich Islands,

3,075.00 3,500.00 Intercourse with Barbary powers,

13,067.33 7,640.14 Interpreters, guards, &c., at the Consulates in Turkish dominions,

1,258.81

82.27 Payments under Art. 9 of treaty with Spain, 186.00 Outstanding claims of missions to China,

375.00 French seamen killed or wounded at Toulon,

500.00 Payments of claims of late Republic of Texas, 30,000.00 Payment of instalment due May 30, 1848, under Art. 12 of treaty with Mexico,

2,039,530.06 Payment,&c., of instalment due May 30, 1849,

3,500,000.00 Payment of liquidated claims against Mexico,

2,089,578,84 Expenses of commission' under treaty with Mexico,

4,000.00 Total foreign intercourse,

390,897.70 7,972,832.01 Miscellaneous. Surveys of public lands,

169,902.63 192,008.71 Support and maintenance of light-houses, &c., 419,277.80 377,433.79 Building light-houses, &c., .

182,169.88 141,203.01 Marine hospitals,

140,995.50 103,167.65 Building marine hospitals,

23,376.07 37,564.80 Public buildings in Washington, &c.,

36,325.05 27,126.12 Furniture for President's house,

5,535.93 Improving grounds south of President's house,

6,000.00 Bringing electoral votes to Washington,

14,804.00 Support of the penitentiary in Dist. Columbia, 7,389.46 6,283.80 Patent fund,

46,708.28 81,372.28 Distribution of the sales of public lands,

23,246.55 Building custom-houses and warehouses, 92,140.48 235,837.47 Survey of the coast of the United States, 146,000.00 165,000.00 Mint establishment,

76,850.00 88,050.00 Relief of sundry individuals,

66,340.30 229,234.71 Auxiliary watch in the city of Washington, 7,333.33 6,204.50 Expenses incidental to loans and Treas. notes, 25,532.02 39,076.87 Support of lunatics of the Dist. of Columbia, 3,700.00 6,075.54 Three per cent. to Illinois,

43,383.40 10,863.44 Three per cent. to Indiana,

23,000.00 Five per cent. to Michigan,

1,649.15 7,737.35 Five per cent. to Arkansas,

2,609.28 10,196.73 Two per cent. fund to Mississippi,

5,039.83 Five per cent. to Florida,

1,930.92 2,218.26 Five per cent. to Louisiana,

6,567.75 15,950.47 Five per cent. to Iowa,

16,422 05 Two per cent. to Alabama,

32,802.07]

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