Page images
PDF
EPUB

ries; and most of this has been caused by fraud, and not by any defect in the system of operations.

For the benefit of education, the sixteenth section in each township, or one thirty-sixth part of the public lands, has been set apart for the support of schools. Besides this, large donations have been made by Congress from time to time for colleges, county seats, seats of government, and internal improvements. Full details of these grants and donations, and also of the present condition of the public lands, are given in the American Almanac for 1850, page 180, et seq.

The following tables show the sales of public lands, and the proceeds thereof, in 1848, and in the first three quarters of 1849; also, from the year 1833 to the third quarter of 1849, inclusive : 1. Statement of Public Lands sold, and of Payments into the Treasury on Account thereof, in the Year 1848, and the 1st, 2d, and 3d Quarters of 1849.

ury dur

Lands sold, after de- Amount received in cash,

Amount ducting erroneous Treasury-notes, forfeited land Amount entries. stock, and military scrip.

paid into

of inciStates,

the treas

Forfeited dental
Purchase
Acres.

Cash.

Treasury land stock expen- ing the money. notes. and mili- ses.

year.

tary scrip. Ohio, 68,952 $ 113,991 $ 113,891

$ 100 $5,733 $ 105,205 Indiana, 396,113 707,967 707,055

$510 400

23,123 700,673 Illinois,

297,869
372,414 370,517

1,846 21,108 344,159 Missouri,

222,502 278,197
277,243 954

21,395 229,859 Alabama, 94,478 118,561 118,456

105

13.177 120.251 Mississippi,

29,496 36,882

35,197

1,685

6,667 30.895 Louisiana,

145,590 183,630

176,990 4,558 2,081 11,884 203,148 Michigan, 69,732 106,049 106,049

14,937 91,494 Arkansas, 94,752 118,441 118,441

12.030 105,9131 Florida, 18,052 22,573 21,908 665)

4,289 22,797 Iowa, 155,902 194,990 194,290

9,544 192,463 Wisconsin,

294,108
367,913 396,5631

1,350 13 232 350.118 Total for 1847, 1,007,553 2,621,615 2,606,605 7,094 7,514

102, 152 2,196,900 1st & 2d quarters of 1849, 560,538 758,019 754,740

3,309 62,318 711.291 3d quarter of 1849, 326,688 418,998 383.941 50' 34.996

32,108 406,119 Total,

2,774,779 3,798,662 3,740,206 7,1441 45,769 256,578 1,614,390

*700

2. Quantity of Public Land sold, and the Amount paid for it, in each Year,

from 1833 to the Third Quarter of 1849.

Years. Acres.

Dollars.
Years.
Acres.

Dollars. 1833 3,856,227.56 4,972,284.84

1842 1,129,217.58 1,417,972.06 1834 4,658,218.71 6,099,981.04

1843 1,605,264.06 2,016,044.30 1835 12,564,478.85 15,999,804.11

1844 1,754,763.13 2,207,678.04 1836 20,074,870.92 25,167,833.06

1845

1,843,527.05 2,470,303.17 1837 5,601,103.127,007,523.04

1846 2,263,730.81 2,904,637.27 1838 3,414,907.42 4,305,564.64

1847

2,521,305.59 3,296,404 08 1839 4,976,382.87 6,464,556.79

1848

1,887,553.04 2,621,615.26 1840 2,236,889.74 2,789,637.53

18491 887,226.40 1,177,047.61 1841 1,164,796.11 1,463,364.06 Total, 72,440,462,46 92,3382.249.90 * Including $ 400 Treasurer's receipts. † Embracing only three quarters of the year. 1 Total for sixteen years and three quarters.

Whites.

Slaves.

Whites.

Slaves.

XIV. CENSUS OF CHARLESTON, S. C., IN 1848. This census was taken under the authority of the City Council, by J. L. Dawson, M. D., and H. W. Desaussure, M. D., who have published the • results in an octavo volume of 262 pages, containing “an accumulation of facts which, if properly studied, will enable one to form an opinion of the future prospects of the city.” We should judge that the labor had been faithfully and intelligently performed, and the result is creditable alike to the liberality and forethought of the city, and to the ability and industry of those who collected and digested the material of which the work is made up. The enumeration of the inhabitants was made in the month of November, when the city is generally fullest. We give below those statistics of the city for which we can find room.

Population of the City at Different Enumerations.
Number of Persons.

To each 100 Persons, there were
Years.
Totals.
Free Col'd.

Free Col'd. 1790 16,359 8,089 7,684 586 49.45 46.97 3.58 1800 20,473 9,630 9,819 1,024 47.04 47.93 5.00 1810 24,711 11,568 | 11,671 1,472 46.80 47.25 5.95 1820 24,780 10,653 | 12,652 1,475

42.99 51.06

5.95 1824 27,822 12,357 | 13,852

1,613

44.42 49.79 5.79 1830 30,289 12,828 | 15,354 2,107 42.36 50.69 6.95 1840 29,261 13,030 | 14,673 1,558 44.53 50.14 5.33 1848 26,451 14,187 | 10,772 1,492 53.64 40.72 5.64

The decrease in the population since 1840 is among the slaves and free colored, and is accounted for in this way ; – that the slaves and free colored have removed to the Neck, a suburb beyond the corporate limits of the city, where, there being no restrictions upon the material or style of building, houses suited to their condition are numerous, and of moderate rents. Since the census of 1848 was taken, the Neck, by act of the Legislature, has been added to the city, with its population, exceeding, as is supposed, 16,000 persons. The Total and Annual Increase, and Per cent. of Increase of Population,

since 1790.

Slaves and Free Colored. Years. Increase. Increase per cent. Increase.

Increase per cent. Total. Annual

Total.

Total. 1790 1800 1,541 154.1 | 19.17 1.91 2,573 257.3 31.11

3.11 1810 | 1,938 193.8 | 20.12 2.01 2,300 230.0 21.11 2.11 1820-505 50.5 -4.36 -.43 984 98.4 7.48 .74 1830 2,175 217.5 20.41 2.04 3,334 333.4 23.60

2.36 1840 202

20.2 1.57 .15 -1,230 -123.0 -7.04 -.70 1848 | 1,157| 115.7 8.87 .88 -3,967 -396.7 -24.44 -2.44

Of the white population there were born in Charleston 8,229, or 58 per cent.; in the United States, but not in Charleston, 2,939, or 20.72 per cent.; not born in the United States, 3,019, or 21.28 per cent.

Whites.

Total. Annual.

Annual.

Annual.

Proportion of the Sexes.
Number of Persons.

To each 100 persons, there were To each 100 Males, Years

the Females were Whites. Colored. Whites. Colored.

Males. Fem's Males. Fem's. Males. Fem's. Males. Fem's. Whites. Colored. 1790 4,371 3,718

55.04 45.96

85.06 1800 5,031 4,599

52.24 47.76

90.57 1810 5,863 5,705

50.68 49.32

97.31 1820 5,323 5,330 6,318 7,809 49.97 50.03 44.72 55.28 100.12 123.57 1830 6,326 6,502 7,591 9,870 49.32 50.68 43.47 56.53 102.75 130.04 1840 6,827 6,203 6,917 9,314 52.39 47.61 42.61 57.39 90.87 134.68 1848 17,140) 7,047 5,51916,727 50.32 49.68 45.07 54.93 98.72121.87

Years.

1800 1810 1820

Ages of the White Population.
Number of Persons.

In each 100 Persons, there were
All Ages. | Under 16. 16 to 45. Over 45. Under 16. 16 to 45. Over 45.

9,630 3,991 4,733 906 41.44 49.15 9.41 11,568 4,760 5,234 1,574 41.15 45.24 1361 10,653

4,241 4,757 1,655 39.81 44.65 15 54

Under 15. 15 to 60 Over 60. Under 15. 15 to 60. Over 60. 12,828 4,636 7,696 496 36.14 59.99 3.87 13,030 4,304 8,304 422 33.04 63 74 3.22 14,187 4,628 8,882 677 32.62 62.60 4.78

1830 1840 1848

Proportion of Population surviving specified Ages, in Charleston, Buston,

London, and Liverpool.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

CHARLESTON. Age surviv.

Boston. London. Liverpool.
Whites.

Slaves. Free Col'd.
ing.
1830. 1840. 1848.

1848. 1848.

1845. 1841.

1841. At Birth. 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 years.

86.48 86.05 87.56 | 87.28 85.39 87.37 86.49 84.97 10

74.77 76.32 76.75 77.31 72.86 77.44 75.96 70.83 15

63.85 66.97 67.38 66.50 63.65 69.01 67.05 59.77 20

52.40 55.56 58 05 55.68 54.43 59.43 57.92 40.34 30

32.36 32.06/ 36.75 36.39 36.60 33.55 38.96 35.23 40

16.92 16.33 20.17 21.78 24.33 16.08 23.70 21.32 50

8.76 7.83 10.48 11.25 14.95 7.31 12.60 10.73 60 3.86 3.23 4.78 4.81

7.71 3.15 5.62 4.83 70

1.53 1.26 1.66 1.67 3.53 .99 1.85 1.64 80

.41 .27 .36 .61 1.75 .21 .35 .35 90

.07 .07 .04 .23 .28 .02 .03 .03

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

There were in 1848, 3,147 houses, of which number 2,789 were used wholly or partially as dwellings, and 358 as stores, &c. The whole number of inhabited houses was 2,666; the whole number of families 3,320. There were 1.20 families to each house, and 4.40 persons to each family. In 1820, the number of dwelling-houses was 2,336; in 1830, 2,481 ; and in 1840, 2,804. In 1848, 1,463 houses had a well, 257 a cistern, 691 both cistern and well, and 354 neither cistern nor well.

Occupations of the Population in 1848.

There were contributing to

1 10

[ocr errors]

pers and

Whites.

Males, 224 49 529 138 138 52 278122 95 20 278334 97 1559 3923 Females, 54 91 1 6

230 134 516 Slares. Males, 213 75 12 1

8 87 101 46 147 28063406 Females,

30
2

57 3770 3859 Free Colored Males, 47 36 4

20 5 1.82 9 58 263 Females, 28

247 37 322 Pauperism. — There are two classes of persons receiving public charity. 1. Paupers, those admitted to the poor-house and supported there. 2. Out-door pensioners, – those living at their own homes, and receiving daily stipulated quantities of food from the house. The following tables show the number of paupers and pensioners, and the cost of pauperism for a series of years.

Paupers.
Out-door Pensioners.

Total Pau.
Born in Born out Total admit. Born in (Born out

Total re-
Years. United of U.

ted to
United of U.

lieved. * Pensioners. States. States. Poor House. * States. States. 1830 to 1833 750 735 1485 -21 199 1020 2505 1834 • 1838 884 897 1782 723 124 847 2629 1839 • 1843 886 1309 2195 578 181 759 2954 1844 6 1848 748 1106 1858 522

202 706 2584 Cost of Pauperism.

Income from
Years.
Cost.

Net Expense to
Labor.
Paid by State.

City. 1819 to 1823 $ 100,707.34

59,000 41,707.34 1824 • 1828 72,279.67

48,000 24,279.67 1829 6 1833 46,417.50

22,500 23,917.50 1834 - 1838 50,948.95

22,500 28,448.95 1839 - 1843 50,489.17

22,500 27,989.17 1844 " 1848 38,789.37 4,890.03 22,500 11,399.34

Education. There are four free schools in the city, and one on the Neck, which are conducted by five teachers ; — three male teachers at a salary of $ 1,200 per annum each, and two female, at $ 750 each. From this salary the teachers are obliged to furnish a school-room, and often books. In 1848, the whole number of scholars in these schools was 394, and the money expended on the schools $3,900. There is, besides, a High School, averaging from 130 to 150 pupils; in which the tuition is $ 10 per quarter. Charleston College is also under the direction of the City Council.

* The difference, if any, between this column and the sum of the other two columns, shows the number of those the place of whose birth was unknown.

Births, Marriages, and Deaths. No record has been kept by the city or State of the births and marriages. By inquiries, it was found that in 1848 there were among the whites 465 births, – males 229, females 236; among the slaves, 484, males 258, females 226; among the free colored, 56, – males 31, females 25. The deaths during the same year were, of whites, 303; of colored persons,

311. 142 marriages were ascertained to have taken place during the year. Fuller records are kept of the deaths, as shown in the following table. Whites.

Blacks.
Years. Number of Average Per Cent. Number of Average Per Cent.

Deaths. per annum. of Popul’n. Deaths. per annum. Iof Popula'n. 1822 to 1830 3,447 383 3.7 4,076 453 2.9 1831 66 1840 3,366 336 2.6 4,297 429 2.4 1844 • 1848 1,866 235 1.8 2,847 356 2.1

Extended tables are given, showing the ages at death, the mortality in the different months of the year, for whites and blacks, and full abstracts of the causes of death, and accounts of the prevalence of epidemics and contagious diseases, for which we have not space. The climate is variable, there having been a variation of 83° between the heat and cold of different days of the same year, and of 46° in the different hours of the same day. Provident Institution for Savings, incorporated December, 1843.

Average Am'ts paid depositors. Amounts remain.
Years.

Acc'ts Amounts
opn’d. Deposited. depositor

. Capital. * Dividends ing on deposit in Annual Ex

per ct. Jan. of each year. penses. 1844 429 $ 33,064 $76 34 $4,075 $ 364 + $ 28,989 $ 237.17 1845 339 58,943 117.28 10,757 1,807 48,185 333.46 1846 321 61,289 119.08 39,031 3,723 22,257 547 42 1847 360 76,487 130.46 40,238 4,973 36,248 571.76 1848 326 81,833 135.26 57,370 6,320 24,463 756.65 Total, 1,775 311,616 151,471 | 17,187 160,142 2,446.46

There is no valuation of the personal or real estate in the city. The debt of the city is stated at $ 935,671.47. The assets of the sinking fund are $ 547,438.93, which gives $ 388,232.54 as the real indebtedness of the city.

In addition to what we have given above, the volume contains full statistics of the production and prices of the staples, cotton and rice; of trade and commerce; of prices and rates of exchange; of banks; of the slave-trade; of the South Carolina Railroad ; and of the several manufacturing establishments in the city.

at 5

XV. A STATISTICAL VIEW OF THE PRINCIPAL PUBLIC

LIBRARIES IN EUROPE AND AMERICA, IN 1848. FROM"A Statistical View I of the Principal Public Libraries of Europe and

* Paid out, when accounts are closed, and deposits are withdrawn.

For first half-year after the Institution was in operation.
I A Statistical View of the Prircipal Public Libraries of Europe and America. By Ed-

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »