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13.16

Dorchester and Milton,

3 25

1847 $128,010 Leased to Old Col. R. 1847. Harvard Branch(to Cambridge) 0.69 Dec. 1849 3,096 Housalonic Branch,

11.00 Lexington and W. Cambridge, 6.63

1846 241,035 Leased to Fitchburg Railr. Newbury port (10 Georgetown),

8.56 1850 Salem and Lowell,

16.00

1850 South Reading Branch,

1850 South Shore,

11.50 1849 373,616 Leased by Old Colony Railr. Stockbridge and Pittsfield,

22.00 1849

Leased to Housatonic Railr. Stony Brook (N. Chelmsford to

Leased to Nashua & Lowell

1848 262,556 { Groton),

Railroad at 6 per cent. Stoughton Branch,

4.04

1845 93,433 Operat. by Boston & Prov.R. West Stockbridge,

2.75

1837 41,516 Leased to Berkshire R. Cor. Total,

99.58 The Woburn Branch, 2 miles long, belongs to the Lowell road; the Medford Branch, 2 miles, the Methuen Branch, 3 miles, and the Great Falls Branch (in New Hampshire), 3 miles, to the Maine; the West Roxbury Branch, 5.35 miles, and the Pawtucket Branch, 4.2 miles, to the Providence; the Brookline Branch, 1.6 miles, the Newton Lower Falls Branch, 2.5 miles, the Saxonville Branch, 4 miles, the Millbury Branch, 3.2 miles, and the Milford Branch, 12 miles, to the Worcester; the Marblehead Branch, 3 miles, the Gloucester Branch, 13.5 miles, and the Salisbury Branch, 3.4 miles, to the Eastern ; the Fresh Pond and Watertown Branch, 6.75 miles, and the Lancaster and Sterling Branch, 9 miles of which are completed, to the Fitchburg. The Worcester Branch road is half a mile in length, the Bridgewater Branch, 6.5 miles, the Chicopee Branch, 3 miles, and the Granite (in Quincy) road, 3 miles. Including these, the total length of what may be called the Massa. chusetts roads is 1,216.57 miles. Besides these, there are many roads in process of construction, leading from the main lines in Massachusetts into other States. During the session of 1846, the Massachusetts Legislature chartered eighteen roads and branches, with an aggregate capital of $ 5,795,000; during the session of 1847, sixteen, with an aggregate capital of $ 4,822,000; during the session of 1848, nineteen, with an aggregate capital of $7,105,000, and the capital stock of the railroads already in operation was increased $ 3,945,000 ; during the session of 1849, fourteen, with an aggregate capital of $2,470,000, and the capital stock of the railroads in operation was increased $ 1,150,000; and during the session of 1850, three roads or branches, with an aggregate capital of $ 740,000, and the capital stock of the roads in operation was increased $925,000.

2. Other Completed Railoads in New England.
State.
Name of Road.

Length. Cost.

Expenses Receipts in 1849. in 1849.

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Miles.
Maine,

Androscoggin and Kennebec, 55.00 $1,621,878 $ 29,925* $39,158*
Bangor and Piscalaquis,

11.75 350,000 Portland, Saco, and Portsmouth, 52.00 1,293,640 72,836 190,801 New Hampshire, Eastern R. in New Hampshire, 16.80 493,092

39,400 Concord,

34.50 1,3-6,788 148.934 296.908 Northern R. (including Bristol), 81.75 2,759,106

73,8567 145,0407 Manchester and Lawrence,

23.50 717,543 24,104* 37,213* Sullivan

25.50 Vermont, Rutland,

120.00 3,338,897 57,062: 34,3581 Vermont Central,

115.00 Rhode Island,

Providence and Sionington, 50.00 2,614,484 Connecticut, Hartford and New Haven,

39.00 Hartford and Springfield,

20.13 Housatonic Railroad,

110.00 N London. Williman'c &Palmer, 69.00 Total, .

821.83 * For six months, ending May, 1850. | For six months, ending November, 1849. # For five months, ending May 31, 1850.

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3. Principal Lines of Railroad in Process of Construction in New England

and New York, on the 1st of September, 1850. Name. Atlantic and St. Lawrence, From Portland to the Canada line, which it strikes at the town

of Canaan, Vt., where it connects with the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad, which is open from Montreal to St. Hya. cinthe, 30 miles. Whole length, 156 miles. Open to South Paris, 47 miles. Branch from Mechanics’ Falls to Buckfield; length, 13 miles. The whole of the road to the State line

is under contract. Kennebec, Bath, & Portland, From Portland to Augusta. Length, 60 miles. There is a

branch to Bath, from Brunswick, 9 miles long, now open.

The road is open from Portland to Brunswick, 25 miles. York and Cumberland, From Somersworth, N. H., to Portland. Length, about 50 miles.

Graded from Portland to Gorham, 12 miles. Portsmouth and Concord, From Portsmouth to Concord, N. H. Length, 40 miles. Open

from Portsinouth to Raymond, 23 miles. Concord and Montreal, From Concord, N. H., via Haverhill, to a point of intersection

with some one of the Montreal roads. Length, 69 miles.

Open to Plymouth, 51 miles. Concord and Claremont, From Concord, N. H., to Claremont, where it intersects the

Sullivan road. Length, 50 miles. Open to Bradford, 25 miles. Ashuelot, .

From Keene, N. H., to Vernon, Vt., 20 miles. Will be open in

October, 1850 (probably). Contoocook Valley, Open from Contoocookville, on the Concord and Claremont

road, to Hillsboro' Bridge, 14 miles. New Hampshire Central, . From Manchester to its junction with the Concord and Clare

mont road in Bradford. Open to Weare Oil-mills, 104 miles. Cocheco,

From Dover, N. H., to Haverhill. Open to Farmington, 17

miles. Great Falls and Conway, . From Somersworth, N. H., via Rochester, to Conway. Open

to Rochester, 12 miles. Peterboro' and Shirley, From Groton, Mass., where it leaves the Fitchburg road, to Pe

terboro', N. H. Length, 30 miles. Open to the State-line,

15 miles. Connecticut and Passumpsic River, From the mouth of White River, at Hartford, Vt., up

the west bank of the Connecticut to the State line at Canaan, where it will connect with the St. Lawrence and Atlantic road. Length, 114 miles. Open to Wells River (Newbury, Vt.), 40 miles. Will be opened to St. Johnsbury, Vt., by 1st Novem

ber. Length, 60 miles. Vermont and Canada, From the Vermont Central Railroad, at Stanton's in Essex, Vt.,

to the Ogdensburg road, at Rouse's Point. Length, 40 miles.

Will be open in October, 1850. Whitehall and Rutland, From the Rutland road at Rutland, to Whitehall, N. Y., 24

miles. Will be open in October, 1850. Troy and Rutland, From the Whitehall and Rutland road at Castleton, Vt., to

Troy, N. Y. Length, 80 miles. The whole road is under

contract. Connecticut Valley, : From Bellows Falls to Brattleboro', Vt. Length, 20 miles.

This is the connecting link between the Rutland and upper

roads, and the Connecticut River and lower roads. Fitchburg and Worcester, Length, 12 miles.

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Grand Junction and Union, From deep water at East Boston to the Worcester Railroad in

Brighton. Length, 6.18 miles. Wilton,

From Nashville, N. H., on the Nashua and Lowell road, to Wil

ton. Open to Danforth's Corner, Amherst, N. H., 9 miles. Canal,

From New Haven to Springfield. Open to Tariffville, 45 miles. Naugatuck,

Open from Bridgeport, Conn., to Winsted, 62 miles. Hartford, Providence, and Fishkill, Open from Plainville, Conn., to Willimantic, 43 miles, Ogdensburg,

From Ogdensburg, N. Y., to Rouse's Point on Lake Cham

plain. Length, 118 miles. Will be opened the whole length

in October, 1850. Hudson River, .

From New York City to Albany. Length, 160 miles. Open

to Poughkeepsie, 75 miles from New York. New York and Erie, From New York to Lake Erie. Open to Corning, 301 miles

from New York, of which 24, from New York to the Pier, at Piermont, is now by steamboat. The remainder of the road is under contract, and is expected to be completed by April, 1851.

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Albany and Schenectady,
Albany and West Stockbridge,
Attica and Buffalo,
Auburn and Rochester,
Auburn and Syracuse,
Buffalo and Black Rock,.
Buffalo and Niagara Falls,
Cayuga and Susquehannah, .
Chemung,
Hudson and Berkshire,
Hudson River,
Lewiston, ·
Lockport and Niagara Falls,
Long Island,
New York and Erie,
New York and Harlem,
Oswego and Syracuse,
Rensselaer and Saratoga,
Saratoga and Schenectady,
Saratoga and Washington,
Schenectady and Troy,
Skaneateles and Jordan,
Syracuse and Utica,
Tioga Coal, Iron, &c.,
Tonawanda,
Troy and Greenbush, .
Utica and Schenectady,
Watertown and Rome,

Total, :

Miles.
17.00
38.25
31.50
78.00
26.00

3.00
22.00
28.00
17.50
31.50
75.00

3.33 23.00 98.00 294.00 80.17 35.00 25.00 22.00 39.5 20.50

5.20 53.00 15.00 43.50

6.00 78.

8

$

8 1,698,281 82,006 115,717' 68,312 100,739 70,000 1,930,895 189,096 Leased to Western Railroad. 870,648 99,875 144,518 33,830 95,410 53,585 2,968,837 322,301 418,423 121,435201,842 188,536 1,197,427 91,962 150,163 42,594 145,328 45,000 394,287 25,696 47,766 4,713 16,430 7,997 186,011 19,760 4,823 7,818)

1,800 445,000 Leased to N.Y.& Erie Railroad. 36,000

819,631 57,140 13,111 24,715| 28,125 none. 5,003,675 22,345 31,036 46,301

30,052 7,792 7,924 1,013 6,070 3.75per 210,000

[share 2,091,341 193,018|108,823 52,491 176,433 none. 16,430,868 642,943 363,209 446,934 399,547 3,579,567

548,353 59,900| 48,877 8,652 45,947 none. 674,798 52,981| 81,790 34,000 70,000 30,000

386,304 23,704 24.361 12,200 28,000 none. 1,102,505 53,920 75,592 13,857 44,476 672,910 70,839 26,693 20,951 53,663 28,361 15,730 1,805

2,424

3,229 1,000 2,363,043 269,52 (326,525 138,276 267,000 9 pr ci.

Leased to Tioga Navigation Company. 974,865 153,388 189,284|161,247| 89,911 71,400 275,425 58,590 30,990 26,219 46,000 3 pr ct. 4,006,423 300,470 533,953291.318|103,497 333,015 221,961 No part of road in operation.

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5. Other Railroads in the United States.

-Miles

Gross Expen
State.
Name.

in

Cost. Receipts ses Length.

in 1849. in 1849. N. J. Burlington and Mt. Holly Branch,

6

8 Camden and Amboy,

61 Trenton Branch,

61 3,200,000 999 024 635,312 New Brunswick Branch,

29 Camden and Woodbury,

9 New Jersey Central,

36 680,000 Morris and Essex (Newark to Dover), 36

400,000 Paterson (to Jersey City),

16 500,000
Ramapo & Paterson (conn.at R.with Erie R.) 17

New Jersey (Jersey City to N. Brunswick), 30 2,000,000
Penn. Philadelphia and Írenton,

30 500,000
Philadelphia, Germantown, and Norristown, 17
Germantown Branch,
Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore, 99

481,613 353,176 Philadelphia and Reading,

11,531,447 Philadelphia and Columbia,

82

4,204,969
Philadelphia City,

6
Portage (Hollidaysburg and Johnstown), 361 1,783,000
Valley (Norristown to Columbia),

20+
West Chester (10 Columbia Railroad),

10
Pennsylvania (Lancaster to Huntingdon), 134
Cumberland Vall.(Harrisb'g to Chambersb'g), 56 1,250,000
Franklin (Chambersburg to Hagerstown), 22
York and Wrightsville,

13
Strasburg (Cumb. Vall. R. to Strasburg), 7
Little Schuylkill (Port Clinton to Tamaqua), 23 326,500
Danville and Pottsville,
Little Schuylkill and Susquehannah," 106
Williamsport and Elmira (N. Y.), open 25 m. 771
Blossburg and Corning (N. Y.),

40 600,000
Mt. Carbon,

72 Schuylkill Valley and Branches,

25

300,000
Schuylkill (Schuylkill to Valley R.),

13
Mill Creek (Port Carbon to coal-mine),
Minehill and Schuylkill Haven,

396,117
Mauch Chunk and Branches (to mines), 25

100,000
Room Run (Mauch Chunk to coal-mine), 51
Beaver Meadow (Parryville to mine),

26 150,000
Beaver Meadow Branch,

12 Hazleton and Lehigh,

10 Nesquehoning (to Lehigh River),.

5 Lehigh and Susquehannah,

20 1,250,000
Carbondale and Honesdale,

21
Lyken's Valley (Broad Mt. to Millersburg), 16% 170,000 :
Pine Grove,

4
Del. Frenchtown and Newcastle,

17

600,000 146,291 118,773 Md. Baltimore and Ohio (to Cumberland), 178 7,623,606 1,241,205 644,634

Frederick Branch, from Monocacy,
Baltimore & Susquehannah (to Columb.,Pa.) 75 3,370,282
Westminster Branch,

10
Baltimore and Washington,

31 1,650,000 Annapolis and Elk Ridge,

21 400,000 Richmond, Fredericksburg, & Potomac,* 76 1,458,219 Richmond and Petersburg,

22; 875,405
Central,

71
Chesterfield (Richmond to coal-mines), 12 150,000
Appomatox (City Point to Petersburg), 12 196,556
Winchester and Potomac,

32 509,415 | 125,869 109,912 Portsmouth and Roanoke,

784 1,454,171 Greenville & Roanoke (Hicksford to Gaston) 20 284,433 N. C. Gaston and Raleigh,

1,600,000 Petersburg (to Weldon, N. C.),

63
Wilmington and Weldon,

162 1,800,000
S.C. South Carolina (Charleston to Hamburg), 136
Branchville and Columbia,

68 5,943,678
Camden Br. (from B. & C. road to Camden), 44

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* Acqua Creek to Richmond. † From junction of Rich., Fred., & Potom. to Charlottesville.

Gross Expen Receipts

ses in 1848. in 1848.

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Miles
State.
Name.

in Cost.
Length.

$ S. C. Greenville and Columbia (now open),

22 Ga. Central (Savannah to Macon),

192 3,222,289 Macon and Western (Macon to Atlanta), 101

328,091 Georgia (Augusta to Atlanta),

171 Athens Branch,

40}] 3,000,000 Branch (Camak to 'Warrenton),

4 Western & Atlantic (Atlanta toChattanooga), 140

Memphis Branch(from W. & A.road to Rome), 18 Fa. Tallahassee and St. Marks,

26 130,000 St. Joseph (St. Joseph to Jola),

28 Ala. Montgomery and West Point (to Opelika), 68 500,000 Tuscumbia and Decatur,

46

450,000 Miss. Vicksburg and Jackson,

395,600 Jackson and Brandon,

14

100,000 Mississippi (Natchez and Malcolm),

30 St. Francisville and Woodville,

28 168,000 La. Clinton and Port Hudson,

24 Mexican Gulf (N. Orleans to Prociorsville), 27 Tenn. Memphis and Lagrange,

33 Ky. Lexington and Ohio (tó Frankfort),

29 450,000
Louisville and Frankfort (open to Lagrange), 27
Ohio, Little Miami,

84 1,508,402
Mad
River and Lake Erie,

135

1,754,260 Sai and Mansfield,

57

6,131
Columbus and Lake Erie (open from Mans-
field to Belvidere),

14
Cleveland andColumbuscopen to Wellington), 36
Columbus and Xenia,

54 Ind,

Madison and Indianapolis,

Shelbyville Branch,
Ill. Galena and Chicago Union(Chicago to Elgin) 42
St. Charles Branch,

8 Sangamon and Morgan (Springfield ioNaples), 55 Mich. Central (Detroit to New Buffalo),

2184 5,554,633 Southern (Monroe to Coldwater),

93 Tecumseh Branch,

10 Detroit and Pontiac,

25 300,000 Adrian and Toledo,

33 Total out of New England and New York, 4,728 Grand total in the United States, . 18,439.85

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XXVI. PASSENGERS ARRIVING IN THE UNITED STATES

FROM 30TH SEPTEMBER, 1848, to 30TH SEPTEMBER, 1849.

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Maine,
New Hampshire,
Massachusetts,
Rhode Island,
New York,
Pennsylvania,
Maryland, .
Virginia,
South Carolina, .
Georgia,
Alabama,
Florida,
Louisiana,
Texas,
Total,

2,744

88 16,980

63 128,954

8,026
4,849

224
710
110
112

12,556

45 84,782 7,443 3,223 148 237 99 60

4,775

142 29,780

110 213,736 15,511 8,072

372 1,008 209 172

61

41 16,072

280 179,253

34 9,137

66 119,915

75 25,209

439 299,610

93 442

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