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Abstract of the Returns of the Banks in Massachusetts for 1849.

92 Banks 27 Banks in

Total, 119

out of Boston.

Banks. . DUE FROM THE BANKS.

Boston.

$ Capital stock paid in,

19,577,495.00 15,052,516.00 34,630,011.00 Bills in circulation of five dollars and upwards, 5,138,449.00 7,875,745.00 13,014, 194.00 Bills in circulation less than five dollars,

832,922.00 1,853,819.25 2,686,741.25 Net profits on hand,

1,952,992.59 1,059,013.62 3,011,996.21 Balances due to other banks,

4,494,818.44 225,996.87 4,720,815.31 Cash deposited not bearing interest,

6,809,041.71 3,066,275.26 9,875,316.97 Cash deposited bearing interest,

480,266.70 266,148.96 746,415.66 Total amount due from the banks, .

39,285,975.44 29,399,514.96 68,685,490.40 RESOURCES OF THE BANKS. Specie,

2,104,741.43 645,175.89 2,749,917.32 Real estate,

715,773.12 410,388.55 1,126,161.67 Bills of other banks incorporated in this State, | 3,078,274.37 337,800.07 3,416,074.44 Bills of other banks incorporated elsewhere, 268,545.06 52,531.50 321,076.56 Balances due from other banks,

2,103,708.42 2,369,242.30 4,472,950.72 Debts due, including notes, bills of exchange, and all stocks,

31,014,933.0425,584,376.65 56,599,309.69 Total resources of the banks,

39,285,975.44 29,399,514.96 68,685,490.40 Amount of reserved profits,

1,758,861.06 965,652.14 2,724,513,20 Debts due each bank, secured by pledge of stock, 391,439.14 394,336.49| 785,775.63 Debts due and unpaid, and doubtful,

21,676.05 171,855.76 193,531.81 Average dividends of all the banks for the year, 6.76 per cent.

Schools for 1849. — The towns raise by taxation for the support of schools, annually, $830,577. Besides this, $5,483, income of the “Surplus Revenue," is so appropriated. Total, $836,060. Add $35,281, contributed as board and fuel. Number of children in the State from 4 to 16 years old, 215,926. Number that attend school under 4 years, 3,326; over 16 years, 10,452. No. of public schools in the State, 3,749. No. of male teachers, 2,426. No. of female teachers, 5,737. No. of scholars in summer schools, 173,659. No. in winter schools, 191,712. Average wages per month, inclusive of board, paid to male teachers, $ 34.02. Do. to female teachers, $ 14.19. Amount of School Fund, December 1, 1849, $ 876,082; increase during the year, $ 27,815. There are 64 incorporated academies in the State, with 3,864 pupils, and an aggregate of $ 61,694 paid for tuition; also 1,047 unincorporated academies and private schools, &c., with 27,583 scholars, and an aggregate of $ 240,780 paid for tuition. There are also local funds for the support of academies, &c., to the amount of $ 354,620, yielding an income of $ 21,584. No. of volumes in school libraries, 91,539. Value, $42,707. Value of apparatus, $ 23,826. The value of the public school-houses in the State in 1848 was $2,750,000, of which $2,200,000 had been expended since 1838. There are three Normal Schools supported by the State, at an annual cost of about $6,500, one at Westfield, one at West Newton, and one at Bridgewater, - averaging annually, in all, 225 pupils.

State Lunatic Hospital, Worcester. — George Chandler, M. D., Superintendent. Number of patients, December 1, 1848, 409, -217 males, 192 females ; admitted during the year, 273,- - 134 males, 139 females ; remaining at the end of the year, 429,- 220 males, 209 fe. males; average during the year, 420. Of those admitted during the year, 206 (97 males, 109 females) were committed by the courts ; 26 (17 males, 9 females) by overseers; and 41 (20 males, 21 females) were private boarders. 167 foreigners (77 males, 90 females) remained in the hospital at the end of the year. 253 patients (131 males, 122 females) were discharged during the year; of whom 138 were recovered, 26 improved, 31 incurable and harmless, 21 incurable and dangerous, and 37 died. Receipts during the year, $ 49,440.40; balance of cash, December 1, 1848, $ 7,764.74; total, $ 57,205.14. Expenditures, $ 43,070.86. Leaving balance to new account, $ 14,134.28. The expense per patient the last year was $ 97.31 ; the average annual expense per patient for the 17 years the Hospital has been in operation is $ 124.99.

State Prison. — The number of prisoners, October 1, 1849, was 349; 190 having been received, and 124 discharged, during the year. Of those in prison, 307 were committed for offences against property, and 42 for offences against the person. 18 are confined for life; 1

for 35 years; 1 for 20 years; 3 for 18 years; and the remainder for a shorter period; 133 are confined for 2 years or less. 49 are from 16 to 20 years old; 176 from 20 to 30; 76 from 30 to 40; 25 from 40 to 50; 19 from 50 to 60; 3 from 60 to 70; and 1 above 70. 111 are foreigners, and 124 natives of Massachusetts. There are 36 second-comers, 10 third-comers, 2 fourth-comers, and 1 is a fifth and 1 a sixth comer. There are 24 negroes and 9 mulattoes. Average number of convicts for the year, 320. There have been 3 deaths; 1 has been pardoned, and the sentences of 15 have been remitted. The expenses have been $ 39,172.34; the receipts, $ 37,844.11. Deficit of income, $1,428.23.

State Reform School, Westboro'. — W.R. Lincoln, Superintendent. Boys in the school, December 1, 1848, 23; received since, 311; discharged during the year, 24 ; remaining, November 30, 1849, 310.3 were 7 years old; 10 were 8; 17 were 9; 27 were 10; 36 were ll; 46 were 12; 33 were 13; 59 were 14; 69 were 15; 3 were 16; 3 were 17; 1 was 18; 2 were 19, and the age of one was unknown. 119 were committed for larceny ; 5 for breaking and entering with intent to steal ; 21 for breaking and entering, and larceny; 20 as idle and disorderly; 2 for having obscene books for circulation; and 110 for stubbornness. 247 were committed during minority ; 8 for 5 years; 22 for 3 years; 19 for 2 years, and 18 for 1 year. 112 were received from Suffolk County, 63 from Middlesex, 66 from Essex, 31 from Barnstable, 24 from Worcester, 19 from Norfolk, and 6 from Bristol. 268 were born in the United States, and 66 in foreign countries. All the boys are employed during a portion of the day at some mechanical, agricultural, or domestic labor. They do the washing, ironing, and cooking, and make and mend their own clothes. Each day, 4 hours are devoted to school, 6 to labor, 84 to sleep, and it to recreation and miscellaneous duties. 180 acres of land were originally purchased, and since that time an adjoining farm has been added. The buildings can accommodate about 300 boys. The health of the boys is good. For more than five months preceding November 30, 1849, there was not a single case requiring the aid of a physician.

Pauperism in the Year 1849. — The number of persons relieved or supported as paupers was 24,892, of whom 8,331 were town paupers, and 14,083 State paupers. Of these State paupers, 10,253 were foreigners, and of this number 9,128 were natives of England and Ireland. There were 196 almshouses, with 19,378 acres attached, the whole valued at $ 1,185,438. Number relieved in almshouses, 11,556 (the average being 4,546), of whom 6,186 were unable to labor. Number relieved out of almshouses, 12,961. Average weekly cost of each pauper in almshouses, $ 1.06}; out of almshouses, $1.004. Net expense of almshouses, including interest, $441,675. Estimated value of pauper labor in almshouses, $ 17,221. 2,043 foreign paupers have come into the State within the year. 661 insane and 352 idiots were relieved or supported during the year. 932 are paupers by reason of insanity or idiocy, and it is probable that 13,250 were made paupers by intemperance in themselves or others.

Jails and Houses of Correction in 1849. – Whole number of prisoners, including 1,434 debtors, 11,413. Of these, 8,327 were males ; 1,433 females ; 1,542 minors; 512 colored; 3,145 able to read or write; 26 insane; 1,477 natives of Massachusetts; 796 natives of other States; 2,527 foreigners ; 5,189 nativity unknown; remaining in confinement, November 1, 1849, 1,067. Average cost of board of each prisoner per week, $1.61. Total expense for the year, $ 95,933.59. Estimated value of labor in Houses of Correction, $ 17,662.51.

Criminal Statistics.

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Against the person, feloniously,

43 16 5

9 11 2 $ 1,853.18 not feloniously, 512 222 58 61 70 71 16 14 11,348.55 Against property, with violence, 194 115 21 14 26 14 2 2 7,990.57 without violence,

611 393 66 33 42 62 14 26 16,162.73 Other offences,

2,382 1,210 72 264 460 201 82 93 29,234.33 Whole number,

3,772 1,956 222 372 607 4 116| 135 $ 66,589.36 Births, Marriages, and Deaths. — The returns for the year 1849 were not made up and printed with the other State documents.

66

V. RHODE ISLAND.
Government for the Year ending 1st Tuesday in May, 1851.

Salary. Henry B. Anthony, of Providence, Governor,

$ 400 Thomas Whipple, of Coventry,

Lieutenant-Governor, 200 Christopher E. Robbins, of Providence, Sec. of State, $ 750 and fees. Stephen Caboone, of Newport,

General Treasurer,

500 Joseph M. Blake, of Bristol, Attorney-General, Fees. Elisha R. Potter, of Kingston, Comm'r of Public Schools, 800 Amos D. Smith, of Providence, Major-Gen. of the Militia. James C. Hidden, of Providence,

Speaker of the House. The Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, and Attorney-General are elected annually on the 1st Wednesday of April, for the year commencing the 1st Tuesday of May. The Commissioner of Schools is appointed by the Governor. The Senate consists of the Governor, who presides, the Lieutenant-Governor, and one Senator from each of the thirty-one towns in the State. The House of Representatives consists of 69 members.

JUDICIARY.
Supreme Court.

Salary. Richard W. Greene, of Providence, Chief Justice, Entries & $ 900 Levi Haile,

of Warren,
Associate Justice,

550 William R. Staples, of Providence,

550 George A. Brayton, of Warwick,

550 Thomas Durfee, of Providence, Reporter.

The judges of the Supreme Court hold office until they are removed by a resolution passed by both Houses of the Assembly, and voted for by a majority of the members elected to each House. By an act passed May, 1848, the Court of Common Pleas in each of the five counties is hereafter to be held by a single judge of the Supreme Court, sitting alone. The associate judges of the Supreme Court are to divide this duty among themselves." There are no longer any associate justices elected for each county.

Clerks of the Supreme and Common Pleas Courts. Counties. Clerks of Supreme Court. Clerks of Common Pleas. Post-Office. Newport, William Gilpin, Daniel C. Denham,

Newport, Providence, Walter Paine, Jr., John W. Smith, Providence. Washington, Powell Helme, John G Clarke, Jr., Kingston. Bristol, Massadore T. Bennett, Massadore T. Bennett, Bristol. Kent, Joseph J. Tillinghast, William Bodfish, E.Greenwich.

Public Schools. — The State has a School Fund, invested in bank stock, of $ 51,300. By an act passed in 1836, the interest of the State's part of the United States surplus revenue (commonly called the Deposit Fund) was set apart for public schools. $ 35,000 is annually paid froin the State treasury for schools. By an act passed in June, 1848, the proceeds of the militia commutation tax in each town are to be applied hereafter to the support of public schools. The whole number of school districts in the State is 332, of which 231 own school-houses. There has been expended for school-houses during the last six years $ 148,254.

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No. of persons in the State under fifteen, 38,052. No. of scholars registered, 22,477, 11,867 males and 10,610 semales; average attendance, 16,590. No. of male teachers, 235; of female, 237. Amount received from the State, $ 25,330.63; amount raised by towns, $ 54,843.94; total, $ 80,174.57. Expended for schools, $86,554.12.

State Prison, Providence. - Thomas W. Hayward, Warden. Salary, $800. The number of prisoners, Sept. 30, 1849, was 28, -27 males, 1 female. Committed during past year, 16. Discharged by expiration of time, 4; by the General Assembly, 4. Died, 2. The convicts in the State prison are principally employed in shoemaking; those in the Providence county jail, at cabinet-work.

The income of the prison for the year was $3,659.71 ; the expenses were $8,747.62; balance of expense, $5,087.91. Number of persons in Providence jail at the suit of the State, Sept. 30, 1849, 66; at the suit of the city, 9; of the United States 1 ; debtors, 4. Total, 80.

FINANCES.
Principal Items of Expenditure.

Chief Sources of Income.
Salaries,
$5,354 State tax,

$ 17,084 Senate, 2,407 Bank tax,

33,669 House of Representatives,

4,653 Tax on increase of bank capital, 2,626 Expenses of Supreme Court and of

From Courts,

5,076 the Common Pleas, 16,274 Insurance Companies,

1,163 Schools, 32,836 Interest on public deposits,

16,375 State Prison, 5,087 Dividend on School Fund,

3,334 Accounts allowed by General Assembly, 16,586 Auctions, Governor's orders, 252 Peddlers,

6,070 Deaf, dumb, and blind, 1,883 Pawtucket Turnpike,

1,000 Printing, 87 Town Councils,

1,262 Interest, 675 Public deposits,

34,326 Teachers’ Institute, Total receipts for the year,

$ 161,648.65 Total expenditure,

161,413.50 Excess of receipts,

235.15 Banks in Rhode Island, in April, 1850. - The whole number of banks is 61, (23 in and 38 out of Providence,) and their condition is thus stated : Dr. Liabilities.

Resources. Capital stock paid in, $ 11,297,552.50 Debts due from directors, $ 729,251.34 Bills in circulation,

2,525,549.25 Debts due from other stockholders, 538,079.89 Deposits on interest,

126,034.91 Debts due from all others, 13,555,169.15 Deposits not on interest, 1,282,714.65 Specie actually in banks, 291,295.56 Debts due to banks, 588,295.68 Bills of other banks,

443,445.15 Dividends unpaid, 28.396.42 Deposits in other banks,

484,918.18 Net profits on hand, 684,563.58 Stock in the banks, &c.,

85,148.76 Total,

16,533, 106.99

Stock in other banks, and other
stocks,

155,479.63 Real estate,

236,610.60 Furniture and other property,

13,708.73 Total,

16,533, 106.99 City of Providence. The total receipts of the city of Providence for the year ending March 5, 1850, were (including balance of old account, $ 13,991.11) $ 177,932.30. The total expenditures were $ 170,334.16. Leaving a balance to the city of $7,598.14. $ 12,701.89 were expended for interest; for schools, $ 44,078.90; for streets, $33,415.48. The debt of the city was $ 194,350.62.

Savings Institutions. — There are 8 institutions for savings, in which, in June, 1850, there were $ 1,283,935.86 of deposits and profits, the whole number of depositors being 7,983.

250

Cr.

.

Butler Hospital for the Insane. -J. Ray, Superintendent. No. of patients, Dec. 31, 1848, 100 (56 males and 44 females). Adınitted during the year 93 (42 males and 51 females). 86 (47 males and 39 females) have been discharged during the year, leaving in the institution, Dec. 31, 1849, 107. 35 (24 males and 11 females) were discharged as recovered. 24 (10 males and 14 females), as improved; 7 (2 males and 5 females), as unimproved; and 20 (11 males and 9 females) died.

VI. CONNECTICUT. Government for the Year ending on the 1st Wednesday in May, 1851.

Salary. Thomas H. SEYMOUR,, of Hartford, Governor,

$ 1,100 Charles H. Pond, of Milford, Lieut.-God. &, Pres. Senate,

300 J. P. C. Mather, of New London, Secretary of State, 1,000 Henry D. Smith, of Middletown, Treasurer,

1,000 Rufus G. Pinney, of Stafford, Comptroller,

1,000 John C. Palmer, of East Haddam, Comm'r of the School Fund, 1,250

[and expenses. Henry Barnard, of Hartford, Principal of State Normal School

and Sup't of Schools. Henry Dutton, of New Haven, Pres. pro tem. of the Senate. Origen S. Seymour, of Litchfield, Speaker of the House.

Judiciary.

Supreme and Superior Court. Samuel Church, of Litchfield, Chief Justice,

$1,300 Henry M. Waite,

of Lyme,
Associate Justice,

1,250 William L. Storrs, of Middletown,

1,250 Joel Hinman, of New Haven,

1,250 William W. Ellsworth, of Hartford,

1,250 Thomas Day, of Hartford, Reporter,

550 A term of the Superior Court is held by one judge semiannually, in each county of the State ; and the Supreme Court, constituted of the five judges, meets annually in each county. The judges of this court hold their offices until seventy years of age. This court has jurisdiction in all cases where the damages, or matter in dispute, exceed $ 70.

County Courts. Counties. Judges.

Attorneys.

Clerks.

Residence. Hartford, Sam. H. Huntington, Richard D. Hubbard. William W. Eaton, Viartoru. New Haven, Alfred Blackman, Chas. A. Ingersoll, Henry G. Lewis, New Haven. London, Jas. A. Hovey,

T. Wait,

Stedman,

wich. Fairfield,

Edward Taylor, William F. Taylor, William H. Noble, Bridgeport. Windham, George S. Catlin, Abiel Converse, Uriel Fuller, Brooklyn. Litchfield, Chas. B. Phelps, Leman Church, Gideon H. Hollister, Litchfield. Middlesex, Samuel Ingham, Charles Whittlesey, Elihu Spencer,

Middletown. Tolland,

\John H. Brockway. Asa Willey, Stafford. A County Court is held by one judge three times each year, in the several counties. The judges of this court are appointed annually by the Leg

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