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Residence. 4. James Pryor,
Newcastle. 5. William F. Bullock, Louisville. Nathaniel Wollfe,
Louisville. 6. William V. Loring, Bowling Green.
F. G. Harvey,
Scottsville. 7. Benjamin Shackleford, Hopkinsville. Ninian E. Gray,
Hopkinsville. 8. Zachariah Wheat,
Thomas E. Bramlett, Albany. 9. Samuel Lusk,
Nicholasville. 10. William C. Goodloe, Richmond. Richard J. Hanson,
Paris. 11. Kenaz Farrow,
Thomas B. Porter, Flemingsburg. 12. John L. Bridges, Danville.
Jeremiah T. Boyle, Danville. 13. Samuel Carpenter,
Bardstown. William Alexander, Brandenburg. 14. John Calhoon, Daveiss County. Alfred Allen,
Hardinsburg. 15. Tunstall Quarles,
London. 16. Wiley P. Fowler, Smithland. John W. Crockett,
Paducah. 17. Martin D. McHenry, Shelbyville. Thomas N. Lindsey, Frankfort. 18. B. Mills Crenshaw, Glasgow.
William R. McFerrin, Glasgow 19. James M. Rice,
Board of Internal Improvement. John Speed Smith, of Madison County, President ; salary, $1,000. John B. Helm, of Bowling Green, and Andrew Monroe, of Frankfort, members. The latter acts as Secretary, for which he receives $500 per annum.
There are 56 miles of railroad in actual use; and there will be 95 miles by 1st July, 1851, from Lexington via Frankfort to Louisyille. A railroad is under contract from Lexington to Covington, opposite to Cincinnati.
State Institutions for the Relief of the Unfortunate. — Lunatic Asylum, at Lexington, number of inmates, January 1, 1850, 366. Deaf and Dumb Asylum, at Danville, pupils, January 1, 1850, 48. Institution for the Blind, at Louisville, pupils, January 1, 1850, 38. Penitentiary, number of prisoners, December 1, 1849, 141.
FINANCES. Sinking Fund. — Certain resources are provided by law for the payment of the interest and principal of the public debt of the State. It is under the management of the following officers:- The Governor, ex officio, Chairman ; the Presidents of the Bank of Kentucky, Northern Bank of Kentucky, and Bank of Louisville; Auditor, Secretary of State, and Cashier of the Frankfort Branch Bank. The Auditor is Secretary ex officio. The receipts of the Fund during the year 1849 were $ 396,051.37; the expenditures for the same time, were $342,418.07; excess of receipts, $53,633.30.
Ordinary Revenue. - Receipts into the treasury for the year ending October 10, 1849, $ 468,630.19; expenditures for same time, $ 447,620.64; excess, $21,009.55. Value of taxable property in 1849, $ 285,085,378. Increase since 1848, $ 12,237,682. A tax of 19 cents on every one hundred dollars' worth of property — 10 cents for ordinary expenses, 5 cents for the sinking fund, 2 cents for school fund, and 2 cents to pay expenses of convention – was collected in 1849. In 1850, only 17 cents will be collected, the tax on account of the convention being temporary. 20,067,352 acres of land were listed for taxation by resident citizens, valued at $ 135,142,565, which is an average of $ 6.73 per acre. Number of slaves, 195,110; valued at $62,261,571. 344,478 horses ; 44,369 mules. White males over 21 years, 152,234.
State Debt. - The entire funded debt is $4,497,652.81, of which $ 836,000 are owing to the school fund. To pay this, the State owns $ 1,270,500 of bank stock, about 400 miles of turn. pike-road stocks, 29 miles of railroad, and 290 miles of slack-water navigation, all of which yield upwards of $ 100,000 per annum; this, with a portion of the annual taxes, pays the interest on the public debt.
Common Schools. The school fund of the State amounted, Dec., 1849, to $ 1,299,268.42. The interest on this fund is $ 66,733.99; three fourths of which is retained in the treasury, and appropriated by the State to its ordinary expenditures. The following are the school statistics for the year 1849:- 71 counties, and 5 cities and towns made reports. Number of children reported, 87,498. Average number at school, 42,736. Money distributed among such counties, cities, and towns, $ 51,040.50; of which $ 29,166 was from the permanent school fund, and $ 21,874.50 from the two-cent tax. These statistics embrace only the dis. trict schools connected with the State system. The number of children in the State between the ages of 5 and 16 is 192,990.
Salary. SEABURY FORD, of Geauga Co., Governor (term of office expires on the first Monday in December, 1850),
$ 1,200 Henry W. King, of Akron, Sec. of State and Supt of Schools, 900 John Woods, of Butler Co., Auditor of Slate,
1,200 Albert A. Bliss, of Elyria, Treasurer of State,
1,000 L. Dewey,
of Ravenna, Warden of the State Penitentiary, 1,000 John W. Milligan, of Columbus, Adjutant-General,
300 S. W. Andrews, of Columbus, Quartermaster-General,
200 Samuel F. Carey, of Cincinnati, Paymaster-General. John Greiner, of Zanesville, Librarian of the State Library,
500 Commissioners of the Board of Public Works. E. S. Hamlin, of Columbus, Franklin Co., President, $2.50 a day. Samuel Forrer, of Dayton, Montgomery Co., Act. Commis., 1,000 G.W. Manypenny, of Zanesville,
1,000 E. N. Sill, Acting Commissioner of the Canal Fund,
700 Richard Howe, of Akron, Res. Engineer Ohio Canal,
800 Samuel Carpenter, of Lancaster,
Ohio and Hocking C., 800 E. C. Cook, of Zanesville, :"
Mus. Impr. &. Walh.C., 800 John Waddle, of Chillicothe,“
800 A. F. Hinsch, of Lebanon,
800 A. G. Conover, of St. Mary's,
Miami Er. Canal, 800 Cyrus Howard, of Florida,
Wabash and Erie Canal, 800 Henry A. Field, of Columbus,
700 Moses Sarchet, of
700 The Auditor and Treasurer of State are advisory Commissioners of the Canal Fund. Chas. C. Converse, of Muskingum Co., Speaker of the Senate in 1849 - 50. Benj. F. Leithe, of Stark Co.,
Speaker of the House The constitutional majority of the popular vote having been cast for a convention to revise the constitution of the State, delegates thereto were elected and assembled at Columbus in June, 1850, but adjourned over to December without completing their business.
JUDICIARY. The judges of the Supreme Court, of the Courts of Common Pleas, and of the courts of the cities, are elected by the Legislature for seven years. Of the judges of the Supreme Court, the oldest in commission is chief
judge, if the chief judge is not reëlected. Two of the four judges hold a court in each county once every year. The several Courts of Common Pleas are held three times a year, by a president judge and three associate judges, in most of the counties; but in the counties very recently organized, only twice a year. The associate judges receive $2.50 a day. Supreme Court.
Salary. Peter Hitchcock, of Geauga Co.,
Chief Judge, $ 1,300 Edward Avery, of Wooster,
Associate Judge, 1,300 Rufus P. Spalding, of Akron, Summit Co.,
1,300 Wm. B. Caldwell, of Cincinnati,Hamilton Co.,
1,300 Lewis Heyl, of Columbus, Clerk of Court in Bank, and Sup. Ct. Franklin Co. Isaac G. Burnet, of Cincinnati, Clerk of Sup. Court, Hamilton Co. Henry Stanberry, of Columbus, Attorney-General,
730 Hiram Griswold, of Canton, Stark Co., Reporter,
300 Courts of Common Pleas. John Beers,
of Greenville, Judge 1st Circuit, $1,000 Ozias Bowen, of Marion,
1,000 Benj. F. Wade, of Jefferson,
1,000 Richard Stilwell, of Zanesville,
1,000 John Pearce, of Carrollton,
1,000 Henry C. Whitman, of Lancaster,
1,000 John Probasco, Jr., of Lebanon,
1,000 Arius Nye, of Marietta,
1,000 Robert B. Warden, of Cincinnati,
1,000 Elijah Vance, of West Union,
1,000 Levi Cox,
1,000 James L. Torbert, of Springfield,
1,000 Eben B. Sadler, of Sandusky,
1,000 Philemon Bliss, of Painesville,
1,000 Benj. S. Cowen, of St. Clairsville,
1,000 Patrick G. Goode, of Sydney,
1,000 William V. Peck, of Portsmouth,
1,000 George B. Way, of Defiance,
1,000 James Stewart, of Mansfield,
1,000 Sherlock J. Andrews,
Superior Court of Cleveland, 1,000 William Johnson,
Cincinnati, 1,000 Thomas M. Key,
Commercial Court of Cincinnati, 1,000 The Superior Court of Cincinnati has original civil jurisdiction with the Court of Common Pleas of Hamilton Co., at common law and in chancery. The Commercial Court of Cincinnati has original concurrent jurisdiction with the Court of Common Pleas of Hamilton Co., in all cases founded on matter of contract, both at law and in chancery. It is held by a single judge, appointed by the Legislature for the term of seven years. It has also a jury, in all respects like the Common Pleas. Suits are reviewed by the Supreme Court upon appeal and writs of error.
6 18th 1 19th
FINANCES For the Fiscal Year ending November 15th, 1849. The total amount of receipts for the year ending Nov. 15th, 1849, was . $2,511,119.37 Balance in Treasury, Nov. 15th, 1848,
$ 2,937,571.24 Total disbursements for all purposes during the year,
2,383,135.84 Balance in Treasury, Nov. 15th, 1849,
$ 554,435.40 State Debt.
Principal. Annual Interest. Domestic bonds, outstanding,
$ 28,557.96 Irreducible stock, school and trust funds,
96,937.54 Foreign debt, .
1,022,358.95 Total State debt and annual interest, Nov. 15th, 1849, $ 19,026,200.47 $ 1,147,854.45
During the year, $ 131,650.25 of the domestic bonds have been redeemed and cancelled. The irreducible stock, upon which the State pays six per cent. interest to the townships and districts from which the funds were received, forms a part of the State debt which is not to be repaid. The surplus revenue, amounting to $2,007,260.34, and loaned to the fund commissioners of counties, of which sum $ 839,012.68 has been already repaid, was due to the State January 1st, 1850, except certain balances not due until 1852. After the money be. comes due, if not paid, the counties must pay six per cent. interest on what remains in their hands. The State owns $3,011,858.71 of turnpike, railway, and canal stock, on which, in 1849, $38,049.10 dividend was received. The gross income of the public works for the year 1849 was $ 740,463.26. The total value of taxable property, real and personal, in the State, for the year 1849, was $ 430,839,085, upon which the State tax was $ 1,296,347.56. The following table exhibits the present revenue of the State as compared with the former tax laws.
Rate of Amount of
tate Tax State Tax of Property Tax. levied.
collected. 1844 $ 107,142,152 $ 29,000,514 $ 136,142,666 7 mills. 948,996.63 $ 929,252.79 1845 108,185,744 35,974,725 114,160,4697
1,006,001.25 973,507.47 1846 109,940,636 40,960,695 150,901,3318
1,208,462.22 1,161,922.46 1847 326,798,730 83,964,430 410,763, 160 24" 1,131,398.14 1,114,287.61 1848 330,995,273 90,072,718 421,067,991 3
1,265,769.26 1,223,001.54 1849 335,839,311 95,000,074 430,839,085 3
1,296,347.56 1,260,000.00 Total,
$6,856,975.06 $6,661,971.87 Chief Sources of Income. School and trust funds, .
48,694.71 Taxes, real and personal proper
Rents of Va. military school lands, 3,610.90 ty, including arrears, . $1,238,648.02 3 per cent. fund paid by U. States, 13,246.57 Taxes on professions, peddlers, for
5,754.81 eign insurance companies, and
Principal Items of Expenditure. auction duties,
19,257.33 Bills drawn for appropriations, $ 307,166.41 State tax on joint-stock companies, 7,623.30 Common School Fund,
200,000.00 Brokers' licenses,
3,409.35 Interest on foreign debt, 1,022,358.95 Tax on banks,
53,362.58 " special school and trust funds, 91,510.18 Tax on insurance and bridge comp., 1,829.65 on domestic bonds,
30,821.22 Canal tolls, water rents, &c., 720,275.42 Repairs on canals and public works, 440,689.90 Dividends, turnpike and canal, . 38,049.10 Repairs and contracts on West. Principal of surplus revenue, 183,426.17 Res. and Maumee Turnpike road, 14,579.08 Interest on surplus revenue, 63,336.71 Repairs on National Road,
44,660.36 Canal lands sold,
42,195.04 Incidental expenses of Board of Road tolls, 57,151.46 Public Works, ':
4,924.23 The number and value of the domestic animals in the State, by the assessors' returns for 1849, were as follows:- Number of horses, 506,833, — value, $ 18,162,269; number of mules, 2,945, — value, $ 101,233; number of cattle, 1,058,933, - value, $ 10,483,526 ; number of sheep, 3,911,836, — value, $ 2,072,287; number of hogs, 1,947,672, – value, $ 2,449,820. Total value of domestic animals, $ 33,269,135. The whole value of personal property, exclusive of the above, upon the duplicates, was $ 95,000,074.
Common Schools. — Amount of School Fund owned by the State, $ 615,625,59. Amount apportioned for school purposes to the several counties for the year 1849, $ 293,158.86. In 1848 the number of whole school-districts in the State was 6,826 ; of fractional districts, 835; of common schools, 5,062; of teachers, male, 2,799, female, 2,412; of scholars enrolled, males, 50,211, females, 44,219; average daily attendance, males, 50,442, females, 40,253. The amount of wages paid to teachers from public funds was, to males, $116,812.82, to females, $ 32,392.62; from other sources, males, $25,154.81, females, $ 50,442. Number of months common schools have been taught, 15,745. 153 new school-houses were built the past year, at a cost of $ 39,727.43. Amount of building fund raised by tax, $ 31,640.47.
Ohio Lunatic Asylum, Columbus. — Statistics for eleven years, from Nov. 30, 1838, to Nov. 15, 1849, inclusive :— The number admitted during the 11 years was 1,365; of whom were males, 716; females, 649; old cases, 639; recent cases, 726; pay patients, 443; State patients admitted, 922. Number of males discharged, 553; of females, 489. Number of males recovered, 334 ; of females, 301. During the 11 years, of the whole number, 1,365, 179 died, 107 males and 72 females. The per cent of recoveries on all recent cases discharged, in 11 years, was 90.70; on all old cases discharged, 25.16; total on the whole number discharged, 60.90; grand per cent. of recoveries on all admitted in 11 years, 46.52; per cent. of deaths on the average number in Il years, 8.30. The chief supposed remote and exciting causes were, intemperance, 71; ill health, 293; domestic trouble and affliction, 137; loss of property, 41; religious, 102; masturbation, 69; epilepsy, 65; fright, 17; slander, 8; and generally, from physical causes, 700; from moral causes, 456. 261 cases were hereditary; 128 periodical; 137 suicidal; and 33 homicidal. Insanity commenced with 126 under 20 years of age, and of these, 42 recovered : 573 between 20 and 30, and 272 recovered ; 347 be. tween 30 and 40, and 156 recovered; 207 between 40 and 50, and 106 recovered ; 84 between 50 and 60, and 50 recovered ; 27 between 60 and 70, and 9 recovered. Of the whole number, 174 were natives of Ohio; 1,011 of other States; and 180 were foreigners.
Ohio Penitentiary. — Laurin Dewey, Warden. The number of prisoners, Nov. 30, 1848, was 425. Number admitted during the year, 156. Whole number during the year, 581. Of these there have been discharged, by expiration of sentence, 58; by pardon, 58; by death, 121; by writ of error, 1; by pardon from President of the United States, 4; escaped, 3; in all, 245. Number in confinement, Nov. 30, 1849, 336. Of the 121 deaths, 116 were of chol. era, all which were between June 30 and July 30. Of the 156, 119 were committed for of. fences against property, including burglary, larceny, counterfeiting, horse-stealing, &c., 2 for arson, 1 for forgery, 2 for robbing the mails, and 32 for offences against life or the person. The receipts of the prison for the year were $ 37,883.36. Expenses, $ 29,616.07. Balance in favor of the prison, $8,267.29. There is a library connected with the prison, for the use of the convicts, of nearly 8,000 volumes.
Deaf and Dumb Asylum, Columbus. - II. N. Hubbell, Superintendent. The asylum has been in actual operation 20 years, during which time there have been 433 pupils from 373 different families. Largest number of pupils from same family at any one time, 6. Of the whole number, 192 were congenitally deaf and dumb, 180 from various diseases and ac. cidents, and 61 unknown or uncertain. 257 were males and 176 females. 31 have died and 25 have married (generally with deaf and dumb), but have had no deaf and dumb chil. dren. There are now in the school 134 pupils, 64 males and 71 females. The average weekly cost per pupil has been 72 cents.
Government for the Year 1851. John S. BARRY, of Constantine, Governor (term of office expires Salary. 1st Monday of January, 1852,
$ 1,500 William M. Fenton, of Flint, Lieutenant-Governor, $6 per diem
[during the session of the Legislature. Charles H. Taylor, of Grand Rapids, Secretary of State, Fees and 800