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Canal Debt. Canal's half principal of bonds,

$ 4,660,000.00 Canal's half interest on bonds surrendered, .

1,373,450.00 Canal's half coupons belonging to bonds,

9,275.00 Total Canal's half, up to July 15, 1849, ·

6,042,725.00 State Stock. The amount of the several stocks issued under the act for liquidating the public debt, up to July 1st, 1849, is as follows: 5 per cent. State stock, $4,660,000.00 24 per cent. special deferred 21 per cent. State stock, . 1,676,207.50

Canal stock,

$ 169,100.00 5 per cent. preferred Canal stock, 4,079,500.00

Total stocks iss'd to July 1, 1849, 12,378,932.50 5 per cent. deferred Canal stock, 580,500.00

Deduct for 21 per cent. State 24 per cent. special preferred

stock revenues,

20,000.00 Canal stock,

1,213,625.00

Total outstanding, July 1, 1849, 12,358,932.50 The State is paying interest only on her 5 per cent. State stock, at the rate of 4 per cent. After the year 1853, the rate of interest on this will be 5 per cent. After 1853, the 24 per cent. State stock will draw interest at that rate. The remaining stocks are thrown upon the Canal, and their redemption, principal and interest, depends upon the receipts from the Canal, in accordance with the provisions of the act above referred to.

Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, Indianapolis. — James S. Brown, A. M., Principal. Pupils in attendance, Dec. 1849, 125; 80 males and 45 females. All the deaf and dumb of the State between the ages of 10 and 30 are entitled to an education, without charge for board or tuition.

Institute for the Blind, Indianapolis. — W. H. Churchman, Superintendent. Number of pupils, November 30, 1848, 28. During the year ending November 30, 1849, 3 pupils have been discharged, and 13 received. Present number 38; 25 males and 13 females. The boarding and tuition of pupils who are children of residents in the State are free. Generally, applicants over 21 years of age are not admitted.

Hospital for the Insane. — This institution was opened (part of its buildings only being completed) in December, 1848. From that time to November 1, 1849, 104 were admitted, of whom there have been discharged, 20 restored, 4 improved, and 4 have died, leaving 76 in the Hospital. Of the 104, 53 were males and 51 females; 25 were natives of Indiana, 20 of Ohio, 11 of Virginia, and 13 were foreigners.

State Prison, Jeffersonville. — Lemuel Ford, Warden. Number in prison, November 30, 1848, 140; received since, 45; discharged during the year by expiration of sentence, 31 ; by pardon, 8; by order of court, 1; by death, 12; in all, 52. In prison, November 30, 1849, 131. Of these, 21 are less than 20 years old; from 20 to 30, 71; from 30 to 40, 20; from 40 to 50, 13; from 50 to 60, 5; above 60, 1. 6 prisoners are committed for life, 1 for 36 years, and 58 for terms of 2 years or less; 23 have no education ; 22 can read only ; 80 can read and write; 4 have a good English education; and 2 are acquainted with the classics. 61 are married, 5 are widowers, and 65 are single. There is 1 female. 61 are intemperate, 45 moderate drink. ers, and 25 temperate. 17 are natives of Indiana, 20 of foreign countries, and the remainder of other States. 116 are whites, and 15 are Africans. 8 are second-comers, 1 is a thirdcomer, and 1 is convicted for the fourth, 1 for the fifth, and I for the sixth time. 113 are committed for offences against property, and 18 for offences against the person.

Common Schools. — By act of January 19, 1849, adopted by 54 counties at the election in August of that year, the common school fund is constituted of the following funds, whose estimated value is as follows:Surplus revenue fund,

$581,818.38 Saline fund,

82,179.69 Bank tax fund,

51,750.21 Total, .

715,748.28

.

In the 21 counties that made returns, there were 68,214 saholars between the ages of 5 and 21. In seven counties that distinguished between the sexes, there are 15,716 males, and 14,619 females. If the remaining counties have the same average, there were in 1849, about 375,000 scholars between the ages of 5 and 21 in the State.

XXVII. ILLINOIS.
Government for the Year 1851.

Salary. Augustus C. French, Governor, and ex officio Land Commissioner (term ends 2d Monday in January, 1853),

$1,500 William M'Murtry, Lieutenant-Governor, $3 a day during session,

[and 10 cents a mile travel. Secretary of State,

Fees and 800 Thomas H. Campbell, Auditor,

(exclusive of clerk hire,) 1,000 John Moore, Treasurer,

800 Zadock Carey,

Speaker of the House.
S. Niles,

Clerk.
William Smith, Secretary of the Senate.

JUDICIARY.

Supreme Court. 1st Division, Lyman Trumbull,

of Belleville,

Judge,

$ 1,200 F. D. Preston, of Mt. Vernon, Clerk,

Fees. 2d Division, Samuel H. Treat, of Springfield, Judge,

1,200 Wm. B. Warren, of Jacksonville, Clerk,

Fees. 3d Division, John Deane Caton, of Ottawa, Judge, 1,200 Lorenzo Leland, of Ottawa, Clerk,

Fees. This court holds one session in each Division of the State each year. The terms are, Ist Division, at Mt. Vernon, Jefferson Co., on the 2d Monday in November; 2d Division, at Springfield, on the 3d Monday in December; 3d Division, at Ottawa, La Salle Co., on the 1st Monday of February. Circuit Courts.

Salary. 1st Circuit, David M. Woodson, of Carrolton, Judge, $1,000 2d Wm. H. Underwood, of Belleville,

1,000 Wm. A. Denning, of Benton,

1,000 4th J. Harlan, of Marshall,

1,000 5th Wm. A. Minshall, of Rushville,

1,000 6th B. R. Sheldon, of Galena,

1,000 7th Hugh T. Dickey, of Chicago,

1,000 8th David Davis, of Bloomington,

1,000 9th Theophilus W. Dickey, of Ottawa,

1,000 FINANCES. State Debt. - In 1848, the State debt consisted of the following items: New internal improvement stock. – Principal bonds, $3,100,734.98 Interest July 1, 1847, to Jan. 1, 1848,

279,066.14 Deferred interest bonds,

1,101,057.19

-$4,480,858.31

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Brought forward,

$ 4,480,858.31 Bank, internal improvement and State-House bonds outstanding, 2,481,960.00 Interest to Jan. 1, 1849,

1,116,882.00

3,598,842.00 The Wiggins loan

100,000.00 Interest to Jan. 1, 1849,

45,000.00

145,000.00 Internal improvement scrip and indebtedness outstanding, . 395,183.88 Interest to Jan. 1, 1849,

208,130.18

603,314.06 Amount due Macallister & Stebbins, being amount of bonds hypothecated to them, not carried into this general statement, 592,000.00 Total,

88,828,014.37 From the above deduct interest paid,

156,000.00 Received on sale of railroad,

21,100.00 Received in bonds and certificates of stocks for 1847 and 1848, 31,741.00

208,841.00 Balance,

$8,619,173.37 Total amount of Canal debt, with interest to Jan. 1, 1849,

8,042,622.00 Total amount of State debt,

$ 16,661,795.37

tax.

To meet this debt the State owns 145,000 acres of land, valued at about $ 870,000. Besides the revenue accruing from ordinary taxation, nearly $ 88,000 were received from the tolls of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. This was, however, the first season of its completion, and these receipts are not a test of its capacity for business. The sum realized by the sale of Canal lands in September, 1848, under the law under which the money was advanced by the bondholders for the completion of the work, amounted to nearly $770,000, exceeding in amount the original appraised value of the lands about two per cent. The appraised value of the entire lands, lots, &c., belonging to the Canal, amounts to nearly $3,000,000, and at these rates of sales there will be realized from this source not less than $3,500,000, which will go far toward liquidating this portion of the State debt, independently of the yearly revenue from the Canal. For the year 1847 - 48 there has been paid into the public treasury the average yearly sum of $ 118,000, the avails of what is denominated the interest

This amount has been regularly forwarded and proportionably applied to the payment of interest upon all State bonds, as prescribed by law.

By a direct vote of the people, at the time of the acceptance of the constitution, it was decided that there should be assessed, collected, and applied pro rata for the payment of the public debt other than the Canal and school debt, a tax of two mills on the dollar, in addition to all other taxes. The estimated effect of this tax was thus stated in the Address to the People of Illinois, in August, 1847:

“The principal of the debt is $6,245,330; a two-mill tax in 1848 will produce about $ 200,000. This tax will increase annually at the rate of about 7 per centum throughout the 25 years, reasoning from experience connected with Western advancement. Taking these two propositions as the basis of our calculation, in 19 years this tax will yield $ 6,194,000, which leaves unpaid of the principal only $51,380. There is, however, already accrued $2,248,372 of interest, which will be increased to about $3,000,000 before this provision can be carried into operation. There will accrue, during the 19 years, $3,559,916, making the aggregate of interest due at that time $6,559,916, which, howev is

abject to constant reduction from three fifths of the mill-and-a-half fund now raised, which in the 19 years amounts to $ 2,784,300, leaving interest then really due amounting to $3,775,616. To this add the unpaid portion of the principal, $ 51,380, and we have $ 3,826,996, which, without any great increase of interest, is yet to be discharged. To do this, we now have the aggregate fund produced from the three fifths of the mill-and-a-half tax, and from the two-mill tax, which in the 6 following years will produce $4,358,700, which will liquidate the whole amount, being an excess of nearly $500,000. All this, too, without materially increasing our burdens, when viewed in connection with the proposed reduction of State expenses."

Common Schools in 1848. — No. of school-districts, 2,002; of schools, 2,317. No. taught by males, 1,565; by females, 996. Average monthly wages of males, $ 16.56; of females, $8.93. No. of scholars, 51,447. No. of children under 20 years of age, 209,639. No. of school-houses, 1,937; amount of school funds, $1,404,751.50. Amount raised by ad valorem tax, $ 1,081,137.

Deaf and Dumb Asylum, Spring field. — Thomas Officer, Principal. The institution was opened in January, 1846. The number of pupils in January, 1849, was 60, of whom 26 were females. 49 were from Illinois, of whom 5 were paying pupils. There were 10 pupils from Missouri, and 1 from Iowa. Applicants must be over 10 years of age. The charge to paying pupils — and all from out the State, and those who are able in the State,

- is $ 80, which includes every thing but clothing and travelling expenses. Nor are these paid to charity pupils. The annual session commences the first Thursday of October, which is the proper time of admission.

pay

XXVIII. MISSOURI.
Government for the Year 1851.

Term ends. Salary. Austin A. King, of Richmond, Governor,

1852, $ 2,000

[and a furnished house. Thomas L. Price, of Jefferson City, Lieut.-Governor, 1852, Ephraim B. Ewing, of Richmond,

Secretary of State and

Sup't of Public Schools, April, 1853, 1,300 Wilson Brown, of Cape Girardeau, Aud. of Accounts, 1853, 1,600 Peter G. Glover,

Treasurer,

1,350 William A. Robards, of Boone County, Attorney-General, 1853, 750 A. P. Richardson, of Ray County, Register of Lands, 1853, 1,250 William G. Minor, of Jefferson City, Adjutant-General,

100 Geo. W. Miller,

Quartermaster-General, 100 Merryweather L. Clark,of St. Louis, Surveyor-General,

1,500 James M. Hughs, of Liberty, President of State Bank. Henry Shurlds, of St. Louis, Cashier

2,000 The Lieutenant-Governor is, ex officio, President of the Senate, and receives $ 4.50 a day while presiding. The pay of the Speaker of the House of Representatives is the same. Senators are chosen every fourth, and Representatives every second year. Their pay is $3 a day for the first sixty days, and after that time $1 per day, except at a revising session, when they may receive $3 per day for 100 days, and $ 1 for the remainder of the session. The Legislature meets at the city of Jefferson, biennially, on the last Monday in December.

JUDICIARY.
Supreme Court.

Salary. William B. Napton, of Saline County, Presiding Judge, $ 1,100 John F. Ryland, of Lafayette Co., Associate Judge,

1,100 James H. Birch, of Clinton County,

1,100

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Two sessions of the Supreme Court are held annually, one at Jefferson City and one at St. Louis. The judges hold office for twelve

years.
Circuit Courts.
Judges.

Salary.
Attorneys.

Salary.
Jas. W. Morrow, 1st Circuit, $1,000 William A. Robards, $ 750 & fees.
W. A. Hall, 2d

1,000 Charles H. Hardin, 250 Carty Wells, 3d

1,000 Alfred W. Lamb, 250 Addison Rees, 4th 1,000 J. J. Lindley,

250 H. Young,

5th
1,000 S. L. Sawyer,

250
Geo. W. Dunn, 6th
1,000 M. Oliver,

250 F. P. Wright, 7th

1,000 W. P. Johnson, 250 Alex. Hamilton, 8th

1,000 James R. Lackland, 250 John H. Stone, 9th

1,000 M. D. Stevenson, 250 H. Hough,

10th
1,000 Sam'l A. Hill,

250 James A. Clark, 11th

1,000 W. Halliburton, 250 Sol. L. Leonard, 12th 1,000 Samuel Archer,

250 Chas. S. Yancy, 13th 1,000 John T. Coffee, 250 Daniel M. Leet, 14th

1,000 John R. Woodside, 250 A Circuit Court is held twice a year in each county. Its jurisdiction extends to all matters of tort and contract over $ 90 where the demand is liquidated, and over $50 where the agreement is parol. It has exclusive criminal jurisdiction, and a supervision over the County Courts and justices of the peace, subject to the correction of the Supreme Court. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts are nominated by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate. They hold office for eight years, though not beyond 65 years of age.

In addition to the Circuit and County Courts, St. Louis has a Court of Common Pleas, with a jurisdiction very similar to the Circuit Court, a Criminal Court, a distinct Court of Probate, and a Recorder's Court. Courts of St. Louis.

Salary. Samuel Treat, Judge of Common Pleas,

1,000 James B. Colt, Judge of Criminal Court,

1,000 Peter G. Furguson, Judge of Probate,

Fees. Dougherty, Recorder's Court,

1,200

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Court of Common Pleas for the City of Hannibal. Thomas Van Swarengin, Judge,

$ 200 and fees. These are local tribunals, exercising jurisdiction only in their counties, except the Recorder's Court, whose jurisdiction is confined to small offences and within the limits of the city. From the Court of Common Pleas and Criminal Court, an appeal lies to the Supreme Court, — and the judges of the Common Pleas are appointed like the circuit judges, with like tenures. The judge of the Criminal Court is elected by the separate, but concurrent,

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