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XXXV. NEW MEXICO TERRITORY. For the act establishing the territorial government of New Mexico, see post, Abstracts of Public Laws, No. 25. ' By this act it will be seen that the territorial officers are not to be appointed until the law establishing the territorial government takes effect.

XXXVI. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. The District of Columbia is under the immediate government of Congress. The city of Washington became the seat of the government of the United States in 1800, and it is the residence of the President, and the other chief executive officers of the national government. By an act of Congress, in 1846, which was subsequently accepted by the people of Alexandria, the city and county of Alexandria were retroceded to the State of Virginia, andt he District is now confined to the Maryland side of the Potomac.

JUDICIARY.
Circuit Court of the District.

Salary William Cranch, of Washington, Chief Judge, $ 2,700 James T. Morsel, of Georgetown,

Associate Judge, 2,500 James Dunlop,

2,500 Philip R. Fendall, of Washington, Attorney,

Fees and 200 Richard Wallach,

Marshal,

Fees John A. Smith,

Clerk,

Fees. Criminal Court for the District. Thomas H. Crawford,

Judge,

$ 2,000 John A. Smith,

Clerk,

Fees. Orphans' Court. W. F. Parcell, of Washington Co.,

Judge,

$1,000 Edward N. Roach,

Register,

Fees.

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AMERICAN STATES.
1. Governments of South America.
Area in

When
Governments.

Square
Popula-

Capitals. Governors, &c. inaug.
tion.
Miles.

urated. Venezuela, Republic of, 11,450,000 1,000,000 Caraccas, José Tadeo Monagas, Pr 1847 New Granada, do.

380,000 1,687,000 Stafé de Bog. José Hilaro Lopez, do. 1849 Ecuador, do. 325,000 600,000 Quito,

Gen. Ascasubi,

do. 1849 Bolivia, do. 318,000 1,700,000 Chuquisaca, Gen. Belxer,

do. 1849 Peru, do. 524,000 1,373,000 Lima, Ramon Castilla,

do.' 1845 Chili, do.

141,000 1,200,000 Santiago, Manuel Bulnes, do. 1841 Argentine Republic,

726,000 675,000 Buenos Ayres, Juan M. de Rosas, Gov. 1829 Uruguay, Republic of, 120,000 140,000 Montevideo, Joaquin Suarez,

1313 Paraguay, do. 74,000 250,000 Acençion,

Lopez, Dictator. 1841 Brazil, Empire of,

2,300,000 7,500,000 Rio de Janeiru Pedro II., Emperor. 1831 Guiana (British),

76,000 96,500 Georgetown, Barklay, Gor. 1844 Guiana (Dutch), 33,500 6,500 Paramaribo,

Gov.- Gen. Guiana (French),

21,643 18,000) Cayenne, M. de Mestro, Gov. 1819 Patagonia, 80,000 80.no

(Native Chiefs.) Total,

6,577,14 16 326.000 Grand Total of America, 14,547,531 53,995,816

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1847

British,

1844

Danish America (Greenland,&c.) 350,000 65,000 Reikiavik.
French Possess'ns (St.Pierre,&c.) 18

100 St. Pierre. Russian America,

394,000 6,000 N. Archangel. New Britain,

2,000,000 162,686 YorkFactory, SirGeo.Simpson, Mana. Canada West,

147,000 723,087

Lord Elgin, Gov.-Gen. Canada East,

209,690 768,334

of British N. Amer. New Brunswick,

27,700 220,000 Frederickton, Sir E.W.Head, Bt.,Lt.G. Nova Scotia, &c.,

19,630

278,905 Halifax, Sir John Harvey, do. Prince Edward's Island,

2,134 62,678 Charlotte T'n, Sir D. Campbell, do. Newfoundland,

57,000 91,264 St. John's, SirJ.G. LeMarchant,do. United States of America, 3,260,073 22,500,000 Washington, MILLARDFILLMORE, Pr. United States of Mexico, 1,100,000 7,200,000 Mexico, J.J. de Herrera, do. Guatemala,

28,000 935,000 N.Guatemala, Mariano Paredes, do. San Salvador,

24,000

363,000 San Salvador, Doroteo Vasconcelos,do. Central Nicaragua,

40,000

400,000 Leon, Norberto Ramirez, do. Costa Rica, America,

23,000

198,000 Cartago, Signor Mosa, do. Honduras,

81,000 308,000 Chiquimala, Juan Leado, do. Mosquitia,

23,000 4,000 Blewfields, Jamaso (Indian), King.
Balize
(British),

62,740
3,000 Balize,

C. St. John Francourt.
Total,

7,898,985 33,989,054|

1850 1848 1849 1848 1849 1849 1846 1844

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11,000 700,000 Cape Hayt'n, Faustin I, Emperor., 1849
18.000 200,000 San Domingo, Buenaventura Baez, Pr. 1349
43,380 1,315,796 Havana, Conde d'Alcoy, Cpt.Gn. 1849
3,865
359,086 San Juan, J Pezuela,

do.
5,463 360,000 Spanish Town SirChas Grey,Gov. Gen. 1848
2,400

47,000 Puerta d’Esp. Lord Harris, God. 1847
187
15,000 Scarboro',

Lt. God.
155 49,000 St. George's, Hamilton, do.
131
28,500 Kingston,

do.
166

115,000 Bridgetown, SirWm.Colebrook,Gov.
225
16,000 Castries,

Darling, Lt. Gov.
275
20,000 Roseau,

Mackintosh,do.
168 56,980 St. John's, Higginson, 'do.
278
38,000 Basseterre,

do.
4,410 20,000 Nassau,

Gov.
14 700

do.
47
14,000 Hamilton,

Elliott, Lt. Gov. 1849 309 135,000 Basseterre,

Gon. 290 119,700 Port Royal, Bruat, do. 1849 3751 14,000 Wilhemstadt,

do. 2001 44,000 Christ'nstadt, Oxholm, do. 25 15,000 La Carenage,

do. 91,398 3,630,762

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Oscar I. King Sweden and Norway July 4, 1799 Mar. 8, 1844 45 Lutheran Nicholas I. Emperor

Russia

July 6, 1796 Dec. 1, 1325 29 Greek Church Frederic VII. King

Denmark

Oci. 6, 1805 Jan. 20, 1845 39 Lutheran Victoria Queen Great Britain May 24, 1819 June 20, 1837 18 Prot. Episc. William III. King Holland orNetherlands Feb. 19, 1817 Mar. 17, 1819 32 Reformed Leopold

Belgium

Dec. 16, 1790 July 21, 1831 10 Lutheran* Fred. Wm. IV.

Prussia

Oct. 15, 1795 June 7, 1810 45 Evangelical Fred. Augustus

Saxony

May 18, 1797 June 6, 1836 39 Catholic* Ern. Augustus

Hanover

June 5, 1771 June 20, 1837 66 Evangelical Fred. Francis Grand Duke Mecklenburg-Schwer. Feb. 28, 1823 Mar. 7, 1812 19 Lutheran George

Mecklenburg-Strelitz Aug. 12, 1779 Nov. 6, 1816 37 Augustus

Oldenburg

July 13, 1783 May 21, 1829 46 William Duke Brunswick

A pr. 25, 1806 Apr. 25, 1831 25 Adolphus

Nassau

July 24, 1817 Aug. 20, 1339 22 Evangelical Ch. Frederic Grand Duke Saxe-Weimar-Eisen Feb. 2, 1783 June 14, 1823 45 Lutheran Ernest II. Duke Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

June 21, 1818 Jan. 29, 1844 26 Bernard

Saxe-Meiningen Dec. 17, 1800 Dec. 24, 1803 3 Joseph

Saxe-Altenburg

Aug. 27, 1789 Sep. 29, 1834 45 Leopold

Anhalt-Dessau Oct. 1, 1794 Aug. 9, 1817 22 Evangelical Alexander

Anhalt-Bernberg

Mar. 2, 1805 Mar. 24, 1831 29 Augusta Duchess Anhalt-Cöthen Aug. 3, 1794 Nov. 23, 1847 53 Reformed Gunther Prince Schwarzburg-Rudolst. Nov. 6, 1793 Apr. 28, 1807 13 Lutheran Gunther

Schwarz'g-Sonder'n, Sept. 24, 1801 Sept. 3, 1835 31 Henry XX.

Reuss, Elder Line, June 29, 1791 Oct. 31, 1836 12 Henry LXII.

Reuss, Younger Line, May 31, 1785 Apr. 17, 1818 33 Leopold

Lippe-Detmold Nov. 6, 1796 Apr. 4, 1802 5 Reformed George

Lippe-Schaumburg Dec. 20, 1784 Feb. 13, 1787 2 George Victor

Waldeck

Jan. 14, 1831 May 15, 1845 14 Evangelical Ferdinand Landgrave

Hesse-Homburg

A pr. 26, 1783 Sept. 7, 1848 65 Reformed Leopold Grand Duke Baden

Aug. 29, 1790 Mar. 30, 1830 40 Evangelical Frederic Wm. Elector Hesse-Cassel

Aug. 20, 1802 Nov. 20, 1847 45 Reformed Louis III. Grand Duke (Hesse-Darmstadt June 9, 1806 June 16, 184842 Lutheran Charles Antony Prince Hohenzol’n-Sigmar'n, Sept. 7, 1811 Aug. - 1848 37 Catholic Frederic

Holienzol'n-Hechin'n, Feb. 16, 1801 Sept. 13, 1838 37 Aloys

Liechtenstein May 26, 1796 A pr. 30, 1836 40 William King

Wurtemberg Sept. 27, 1781 Oct. 30, 1816 35 Lutheran Maximilian II.

Bavaria

Nov. 28, 1811 Mar. 21, 1848 37 Catholic Fran.Joseph.I. Emperor

Austria

Aug. 18, 1830 Dec. 2, 1848 18
France

Apr. 20, 1808 Dec. 20, 1848 40
N. Bonaparte
Isabella II. Queen Spain

Oct. 10, 1830 Sept. 29, 1833 3
Maria II.

Portugal

Apr. 4, 1819 May 2, 1826 7 VictorEmanuel King Sardinia

Mar.14, 1820 Mar. 25, 1849 29 Leopold II. Grand Duke Tuscany

Oct. 3, 1797 June 18, 1824 26 Ferd’ndCharles Duke Parma

Jan. 14, 1823 April, 1849 26 Francis V.

Modena and Massa June 1, 1819 Jan. 21, 1846 26 Pius IX. Pope States of the Church May 13, 1792 June 21, 1846 54 Ferdinand II. King

Two Sicilies

Jan. 12, 1810 Nov. 8, 1830 20 Otho

Greece

June 1, 1815 May 7, 1832 17 Catholic* Abdul Medjid Sultan Turkey

May 6, 1822 July 1, 1839 17 Mahometan Florestan Prince Monaco

Oct 10, 1785 Oct. 2, 1841 56 Catholic

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* The King of Belgium is a Protestant, though his subjects are mostly Catholics ; the King of Saxony is a Catholic, though the greater part of his subjects are Protestants ; and the King of Greece is a Catholic, though most of his subjects are of the Greek Church.

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STATES OF EUROPE. With the form of Government, and Square Miles, according to McCulloch's

Geographical Dictionary, with Corrections; and the Population (chiefly), from the Almanach de Gotha for 1849.

Square

Date of
States and Titles.
Form of Government.

Popu

Miles. lation. Enum'n. Andorre, Pyrenees, Repub. With two syndics and a council,

190 7,000 *Anhalt-Bernberg, Duchy, States having limited powers,

336 48,844 1846 *Anhalt-Cothen,

310 43,120 *Anhalt-Dessau,

337 63,082 1846 *Austria, Empire, Constitutional monarchy,

255,226 35,879,152 1842 *Baden, Grand Duchy, Limited sovereignty ; two chambers, 5,712 1,349,930 1846 *Bavaria, Kingdom, Limited monarchy;

28,435 4,504,874 1846 Belgium,

12,569 4,335,319 1846 *Bremen, Free City, Republic ; senate and convention,

67 72,908 1842 *Brunswick, Duchy, Limited sovereignty; one chamber, 1,525 269,301 1846 Church, States of, Popedom, Unsettled,

17,048 2,908,115 1846 Denmark, with SchleswigHolstein, Kingdom,

Absolute monarchy; with prov. states, 59,762 2,239,077 1845 France, Republic; with one chamber,

202,125 35,401,761 1846 *Frankfort, Free City, Republic; senate and legislative body, 91 68,240 1846 Great Britain, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; lords and commons, 116,700 27,019,555 1841 Greece, Limited monarchy,

10,206 637,700 *Hamburg, Free City, Republic; senate and common council, 149 188,054 *Hanover, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 14,600 1,773,711 1845 *Hesse-Cassel, Electorate, Limited sovereignty; one chamber,

4,386

754,590 1846 *Hesse-Darmstadt, G. Duch., Limited sovereignty ; two chambers,

852,679 1846 *Hesse-Homb'g, Landg'v'te, Absolute sovereignty,

154 24,433 1846 *Hohenzol. Hechingen, Pr. Limited; one chamber,

136 20,143 *Hohenzol. Sigmaringen,“

383 45,431 1845 Holland, with Luxemburg, Limited monarchy ; two chambers, 13,890 3,236,741 1848 Ionian Islands, Republic, Under Brit. protec.; council and chamb.,

998
219,797

1844 *Liechtenstein, Principal., Limited monarchy; with one chamber, 52 6,351 1842 *Lippe-Detmold,

432 108,236 1846 *Lippe-Schaumburg, “

205 31,870 1846 *Lubec, Free City, Republic; senate and common council, 142 47,197 1845 *Mecklen.-Schwerin, G. Du. Limited monarchy; with one chamber, 4,701 524,042 1847 *Mecklenburg Strelitz,

1,094 94,406 1845 Modena and Massa, Duchy, Revolutionary,

2,073 515,3431 Monaco, Principality, Absolute monarchy,

50 7,000 *Nassau, Duchy,

Limited sovereignty; two chambers, 1,736 424,817 1816 *Oldenburg, Grand Duchy, Unsettled,

2,470 278,909 1846 Parma, Duchy,

2,184 496,803 1846 Portugal, Kingdom, Lim. monarchy; one chamber of rep., 34,500 3,412,500 1841 *Prussia, Limited monarchy,

106,302 16,330,186 1850 *Reuss, Principalities of, Limited sovereignty; one chamber,

588 112,175 1846 +Russia (in Europe), Empire, Absolute monarchy,

2,041,809 60,303,266 1846 San Marino, Republic, Senate and council of ancients,

21 7,600 Sardinia, Kingdom, Constitutional monarchy,

28,830 4,650,368 1839 *Saxony, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 5,705 1,836,433

1846 *Saxe-Altenburg, Duchy, Limited monarchy; one chamber,

491 129.589 1846 *Saxe-Coburg & Gotha,

147,195 1846 *Saxe-Mein. Hildburg.,

880 160,515 1846 *Saxe-Weim.-Eisenach,"

1,403 257,573 1846 *Schwarzburg-Rudolst., Pr.

331 68,711 1846 *Schwarzburg-Sondersh., “

328 58,682 1816

1845 Sicilies, The 'Two, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; with two chamb., 41,521 8,423,316

1833 Spain,

Limited monarchy; with a legislature, 176,480 12,386,841 Sweden,

1840 Lim. monarchy; with a diet & storthing, 121,725 1,167,766

$ 170,715 3,138,884 Norway,

1845 Switzerland, Republic,

Confederation of republics; a diet, 17,208 2,365,286 1850 ITurkey, Empire, Absolute monarchy,

183,140 9,545,000 STuscany, Grand Duchy, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 8,712 1,786,875 1844 *Waldeck, Principality, Limited sovereignty; one chamber,

455 58,753 1843 *Wurtemberg, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; iwo chambers, 7,568 1,743,827

Total,

3,708,871 * Member of the Confederation of Germany.

Including Poland and Finland. : Including Wallachia, Moldavia, and Servia.

§ With Lucca, Garfagnana, Massa, and Lunigiana. The cessions made by Tuscany in favor of Parma and Modena, viz. Pontremoli and the Tuscan territory in Lunigiana, with the exception of Borga, Pietra Santa, and Seravezza, have not been completed.

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GREAT BRITAIN.

THE ROYAL FAMILY.

The Queen Alexandrina Victoria, born May 24, 1819; succeeded her uncle, William IV., June 20, 1837; married, Feb. 10, 1840, to Prince Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emanuel of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, born Aug. 26, 1819.

Princess Royal. Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa, born Nov. 21, 1840.
Prince of Wales. Albert Edward, born Nov. 9, 1841.
Princess Royal. Alice Maud Mary, born April 25, 1843.

Royal Prince. Alfred Ernest Albert, born August 6, 1844.
A Royal Princess. Helena Augusta Victoria, born May 25, 1846.
A Royal Princess. Louisa Caroline Alberta, born March 18, 1848.
A Royal Prince. Arthur Patrick Albert, born May 1, 1850.

Her Majesty's Mother. Victoria Maria Louisa, Princess Dowager of Leiningen, Duchess of Kent, born August 17, 1786.

Royal Princes and Princesses. Ernest Augustus (King of Hanover), Duke of Cumberland, born June 5, 1771; married, May 29, 1815, to Frederica Carolina Sophia Alexandrina, daughter of the Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and widow of Frederick William, Prince of Solms-Braunfels, born March 2, 1778. Issue, George Frederic, born May 27, 1819.

Mary, Duchess of Gloucester, born April 25, 1776, married, July 22, 1816, her cousin, Prince William Frederic, second Duke of Gloucester (who died Nov. 30, 1834).

MINISTRY. Formed July, 1846.

Salary. Lord John Russell, First Lord of the Treasury,

£6,000 Baron Truro, Lord High Chancellor,

14,000 Marquis of Lansdowne, Lord President of the Council, 2,000 Earl of Minto, Lord Privy Seal,

2,000 Rt. Hon. Sir George Grey, Bart., Secretary of State, Home Dep., 5,000 Viscount Palinerston,

Secretary of State, Foreign Dep., 5,000 Earl Grey,

Secretary of State,

Colonial Dep.,

5,000 Rt. Hon. Sir Chas. Wood, Bart., Chancellor of the Exchequer,

5,000 Rt. Hon. Sir F. T. Baring, Bart., First Lord of the Admiralty, 4,500 Sir John C. Hobhouse, Bart., President of the Board of Control, 3,500 Earl of Carlisle,

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 4,000 Lord Seymour, Woods and Forests,

2,000 Marquis of Clanricarde, Postmaster-General,

2,500 Rt. Hon. Henry Labouchere, President of the Board of Trade.

The above form the Cabinet. Duke of Wellington, Commander of the Forces,

3,460 Sir Wm. M. Somerville, Bart., Chief Secretary for Ireland,

5,500

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