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lishment on its present admirable footing, and remained in connection with it till 1830. After his retirement from West Point, he was consulted as a civil engineer from many quarters, and prepared all the plans, elevations, and estimates on which that great public work, the Croton Aqueduct, was constructed. In 1840, he was appointed to the Presidency of Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, and received the honorary degree of LL. D. from Yale and from Geneva Colleges.
Sept. 30. - In Centreville, Md., Dr. Robert Goldsborough, aged 77. For more than forty years he was a practitioner of medicine in Queen Anne's County, and for many years was President of the Medical and Chirurgical Society of Mary. land, which station he filled with great dignity and credit.
Nov. 1. - In New Haven, Ct., Hon. Elizur Goodrich, LL. D., aged 88. Mr. Goodrich was one of the very few survivors among the men who figured in public life under the administrations of Washington and the elder Adams. He be. longed to the Washington school of Federalists, and his removal from the office of Collector of Custoins at New Haven, inmediately on the accession of Mr. Jefferson to the Presidency, gave occasion to the famous letter of President Jefferson, in which he avowed his principle of removal for political opinions. Mr. Goodrich, besides having been honored with various offices of trust and responsibility, was for some time Professor of Law in Yale College, and for many years the efficient Mayor of New Haven.
Oct. 21. - In Boston, Charles E. Horn, aged 64, a well-known musician and composer of music.
Sept. 17.-- In New York, Dr. John A. Houston, aged 33, formerly official re porter for the United States Senate, and at one time the conductor of a medical periodical.
Oct. 23. - In Springfield, Hon. John Howard, aged 58, an upright, active, in. fluential, hospitable, and beloved citizen.
Sept. 20. - In Windsor, Vt., Hon. Jonathan H. Hubbard, aged 81, one of the oldest and most esteemed citizens of Vermont. He was a Representative in Congress from 1809 to 1811, and for many years was Judge of the Supreme Court.
Sept. 18. - In Baltimore, Md., Hon. Christopher Hughes. Mr. Hughes had long been in public life, as Chargé to Sweden, and afterwards as Minister to Holland. | Dec. 3.- In Newport, R. I., Hon. William L. Hunter, aged 75. He was graduated at Brown University, in 1791, went to London, studied medicine under his kinsman, John Hunter, but soon changed to law, and entered at the Inner Temple in London, and on his return to Newport, at the age of 21, was admitted to the bar. In 1799, he was chosen a Representative of Newport in the General Assembly, and was subsequently reëlected at different periods from that time to the year 1811, when he was chosen a Senator in Congress, and held his seat till the year 1821. In all the important discussions of that troubled period, Mr. Hunter i ook part, and his speeches, especially those on the acquisition of Florida and the Missouri Compromise, won him a high reputation as a sagacious statesman and finished orator. In 1834 he was appointed Chargé to Brazil, an office which afterwards (in 1842) was raised to that of a full mission, Mr. Hunter being continued as a Minister Plenipotentiary till the year 1844. when he retired from this post, and from public life generally, and returned to Newport, where he resided until his death. As a lawyer, he was distinguished for the extent and variety of his learning, while his varied accomplishments gave him great power as an advocate. His style as an orator and writer was ornate, elaborate, and scholar-like; but as a speaker, though highly impressive and attractive, it was more oratorical than the practice of the present day would tolerate at the bar... The latter years of his Íife were devoted to the great subject of religious liberty, and to it he had given years of study and reflection. From the monkish libraries of Brazil, and from every quarter to which he could obtain access, he had accumulated vast stores of learning and research, which he would have published had his life been spared.
Sept. 80. – In Shoreham, Vt., Hon. Silas Jenison, for several years Governor of that State, and one of its most esteemed and valuable citizens.
Dec. 8. - In Norfolk, Va., Miles King, Esq., aged 63. He was an officer in Ott's Norfolk Light Artillery while it was in service on this station during most of the period of the war of 1812 ; was subsequently elected to the General As
sembly; in 1816 received the appointment of Naval Agent, which he filled for eleven years; was again elected to the General Assembly, and closed his public life in the office of Mayor, to which he had been annually elected by his fellowcitizens for thirteen years in succession.
Nov. 11. -- In Annapolis, Md., Col. Henry Maynadier, aged 93. He participated in many of the stirring scenes of the Revolutionary war, and served with eminent distinction under General Washington, and at the battle of Brandywine, in the capacity of Surgeon in the Army, extracted a ball from the leg of General Lafayette.
Dec. 20.- In Hampton, Washington County, N. Y., William Miller, aged 68,
the rophet of the Millerites. Mr. Miller was a native of Pittsfield, Mass. and during the last war with England served as a captain of volunteers on the Northern frontier. He began to speak in public assemblies upon the subject of the Millennium in 1833, and in the ten years which preceded the time which he had set for the confirmation of all prophecy, he labored assiduously in the Middle and Northern States, averaging, it is said, nearly one sermon a day for more than half that period. He was uneducated, and not largely read in even the common English commentaries; his views were absurd, and supported but feebly; yet he succeeded in building up a sect of some thirty or forty thousand disciples, which disappeared rapidly after the close of the “ day of probation in 1843, after which time Mr. Miller himself did not often advocate or defend his views in public. Feb. 16. — In Lynn, Mass., Capt. Samuel Mudge, a reputable and useful citi
He commanded the Essex company of drafted inilitia, stationed on Winter Island, Salem, in 1812, and frequently represented the town in the Legislature.
Sept. 8. In Pittsburg, Pa., of cholera, Hon. Alexander Newman, member elect of the 31st Congress from the 15th Congressional District of Virginia.
Dec. 14. — In Cincinnati, drowned by falling from the ferry-boat, Rev. James H. Perkins, a man of distinguished literary attainments and ability, and a vigor. ous writer.
Oct. 7. - In Baltimore, Edgar A. Poe, aged 37, favorably known as a poet and magazine writer.
Oct. In Princeton, N. J., John Potter, aged 84. He was a native of Ireland, whence he emigrated at an early age, and resided at Charleston, S. C., where he was long and successfully engaged in business as a merchant. For many years he had resided in Princeton, N. J. Mr. Potter was distinguished as a man of the strictest integrity and honor, and his wealth was of late years principally employed in the promotion of the Delaware and Raritan Canal through New Jersey, and of the other great improvements of the day.
Nov. 18. — In North Kingston, R. I., Hon. Benjamin Smith, aged 85. He held many important offices, which he discharged with honor to himself and justice to the public. For fourteen years he was a member of the State Legislature, seven in the House of Representatives, and seven in the Senate. He was one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas for the County of Washington; twenty-one years a member of the Town Council of North Kingston, and most of the time President of that body. He was always at his post, never being absent from his seat a single meeting during the whole time.
Oct. 9. – In Andover, Mass., Timothy Dwight Sprague, editor of the American Literary Magazine, aged 30.
Oct. 25. - In Baltimore County, Md., Gen. Tobias E. Stansbury, aged 93. From the opening events of the Revolutionary war down to within a very recent period, he participated actively in national and State affairs, was repeatedly a member of the Legislature, and presided as Speaker of the House of Delegates; and the public records bear full testimony to the ability and integrity with which he discharged the various duties intrusted to him. A great portion of his long life was spent in the service of his country, and the whole of it in the enjoyment of the confidence and respect of his fellow-citizens.
Oct. 19. - In the White Mountains, N. H., Frederic Stricklund, son of Thomas Strickland, Bart., of England. He left the “ Notch House" with a party for the purpose of ascending the mountain. In consequence of snow, all except Strickland returned, he pursuing his journey; but not returning, search was made for him, and his lifeless body was found upon the mountains on the 21st.
Oct. 9. - Near Cambridge City, Ind., Hon. John Test. He was a Representative in Congress from Indiana from 1823 to 1827, and from 1829 to 1831. He was also a Presiding Judge of one of the Circuit Courts in that State, and was much respected as a judge and citizen. He subsequently removed to Mobile, Ala., where for some years he was held in high repute for his learning and talents as a lawyer.
Oct. 30. -- In St. Mary's County, Md., Hon. Richard Thomas, for many years a Representative in both branches of the Legislature, and for six years President of the Senate.
Oct. 18. On the steamboat Highland Mary, on her trip from Fort Snelling to St. Louis, Mo., Capt. Leonidas Wetmore, 6th Reg. U. S. Infantry. He was in sereral engagements with the Indians in the Florida war, and participated in the battles in Mexico; he was at the storming of Vera Cruz, at Cerro Gordo, at Churubusco, at Molino del Rey, and in the battles before the gates of the city of Mexico.
Oct. 10. - In Haverhill, Mass., Hon. Leonard White, aged 82. Mr. White was the classmate and friend of John Quincy Adams, and they were, before going to College, fellow-students with the Rev. Mr. Shaw of Haverhill. They were of the class of 1787 at Harvard. Mr. White was for a great many years Town Clerk and Treasurer, and represented his town in the Legislature, and his district in Congress, from 1811 to 1813. At this period the Merrimack Bank was incorporated, and he became its first cashier, which office he held with unsullied reputation for a quarter of a century, and until the infirmities of age rendered repose from its arduous duties necessary.
Dec. 23. — In Cannonborough, S. C., Capt. John Williamson, of the Ordnance Department, U. S. A., aged 44. He was educated at West Point, and graduated with much distinction. The government works on the Chattahoochee River, Florida, were built under his superintendence, and he more recently superintended the construction of the United States Arsenal near Charleston, where he resided at the time of his death.
Nov. – In Boston, Nathaniel Wilson, of Belfast, Maine, Purser U. S. N., aged 60. He entered the service at the commencement of the last war with Great Britain, and held various stations, in which he acquitted himself with great bravery. Among other engagements, he was in the famous battle of Plattsburg. By his will, he left the whole of his property, amounting to about $ 25,000, to his native town of Belfast, to be appropriated for the purposes of education, in the same manner as was provided in Boston by the late John Lowell, the founder of the Lowell Institute.
In Holly Springs, Miss., Col. James C. Alderson. Colonel Alderson had filled many offices of trust and honor in his State, and the faithful discharge of his duties inspired unlimited confidence in him. At the time of his death he was President of the Northern Bank of Mississippi.
Jan. 17. - In Chester, Pa., Dr. Samuel Anderson, aged 76. He had frequently served in the Legislature of his State ; was Speaker of its House in 1848–49, and was a Representative in Congress from 1827 to 1829.
Feb. - In Newark, N. J., Isaac Andruss, aged 76. Having command of a regiment of Jersey militia, he entered the service of the country during the war of 1812. and was for some time stationed with the troops of that State in the vi. cinity of Sandy Hook, for the defence of the coast and of the harbour of New York, and subsequently received the commission of Brigadier-General. For nearly thirty years he was a magistrate of the county, and a member of the Presbyterian Church, and always an active, zealous, and prominent citizen.
March 26. -- In Boston, Hon. Samuel T. Armstrong, aged 66. Mr. Armstrong made a fortune as a book publisher many years ago. He won the confidence of the people of Boston, and the Commonwealth, and served both faithfully, as Mayor of the city, Senator in the Legislature, and Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts. In the latter capacity he acted as Governor during the unexpired
term of Governor Davis, who was chosen United States Senator in 1836. For several years he had retired from public life, enjoying in travel and social intercourse the fruits of a well-spent lise.
March 14. — In Rochester, N. Y., Gen. Ebenezer S. Beach, aged 65. In early life he enjoyed the advantages of a liberal education, and afterwards, by fortunate speculations, the most important of which was a contract for furnishing stores for the army, acquired a large fortune. He was widely known, and engaged 'as extensively in milling operations, probably, as any other person in the United States.
June 20. — At Locust Grove, Md., Capt. John Beckett, aged 59, for many years a member of the Maryland Legislature, and a prominent officer in the war of 1812. He was at the baitle of York, and bore from the field Gen. Pike, when mortally wounded. He also participated in the capture of Fort George and in the affair at Stony Creek, and was on board our fleet in the hardest fight that took place on Lake Ontario. He was in the battle of Chrystler's Field, and in the battle of Lyon's Creek he received a severe wound.
Aug. 22. – In Gardiner, Me., Nathaniel Berry, aged 94, a member of Washington's life-guard.
Jan. 1. -- In Charlottesville, Va., George Blatterman, LL. D., Professor of Modern Languages in the University of Virginia from 1825 to 1843.
April 8. - In New Orleans, Col. Gordon D. Boyd, aged 50, for many years a member of the House of Representatives and a State Senator in Mississippi.
June. - In Tallahassee, Fa., Hon. William H. Brockenbrough, aged 37. His disease was pulmonary consumption, for the relief of which he originally came to Florida, and which, during his residence there, operated as continual drag upon his physical and mental energies. As a citizen of Florida, he nevertheless, held no indistinguished position. Under the Territorial government, he was one of the Senators from the Western District, at one time President of the Senate, United States District Attorney for the Western District, and Representative in Congress from 1845 to 1847.
July 29. – In Worcester, Mass., Samuel M. Burnside, Esq., aged 67. He was a graduate of Dartmouth College, studied and practised law, and was a useful and respected citizen.
March 31. – In Washington, D. C., Hon. John Caldwell Calhoun, Senator in Congress from South Carolina, aged 68. Mr. Calhoun was a native of South Carolina, and was born in Abbeville District on the 18th of March, 1782. He was of an Irish family. His father, Patrick Calhoun, was born in Ireland, and at an early age came to Pennsylvania, thence went to the western part of Virginia, and after Braddock's defeat moved to South Carolina, in 1756. His mother was a Miss Caldwell, a native of Charlotte County, Virginia.
At the age of thirteen, he was put under the charge of his brother-in-law, Dr. Waddel, in Columbia County, Georgia. He entered Yale College in 1802, and graduated with distinction, studied law at Litchfield, Conn., and in 1807 was admitted to the bar of South Carolina. The next year he entered the Legislature of that State, where he served for two sessions with ability and distinction, and in 1811 was elected to Congress, where he continued until 1817, when he became Secretary of War under President Monroe, and conducted the affairs of that department with singular energy and administrative ability for seven years. In 1825, he was elected Vice-President, and in 1831, upon General Hayne's leaving the Senate to become Governor of South Carolina, Mr Calhoun resigned the Vice-Presidency, and was elected a member of the United States Senate by the Legislature of South Carolina. After the expiration of his Senatorial term, he went voluntarily into retirement. Upon the death of Mr. Upshur, in 1843, he assumed the conduct of State Department, which he held until the close of Mr. Tyler's administration. In 1845, he was again elected Senator, which office he held until his decease. From 1811, when he entered Congress, until his death, he was rarely absent from Washington, and during the most of that period he was in the public service of his State and country.
He entered Congress at a time of unusual excitement, preceding the declaration of war of 1812, and few, if any, had greater influence in favor of that measure than Mr. Calhoun. In the difficulties and embarrassments upon the termination of the war, and the transition to a peace establishment, he took a
responsible part. He administered the War Department, under circumstances that might have appalled other men, with complete success. What was complex and confused he reduced to simplicity and order. While Vice-President he was placed in a trying position. As a presiding officer of the Senate, he had the un. divided respect of its members. He was punctual, methodical, and accurate, and had a high regard for the dignity of the body, which he endeavoured to preserve and maintain.
His connection with nullification, his views of the tariff, his opinions in regard to slavery, and the many and exciting questions arising from it, are well known. He shaped the course and moulded the opinions of the people of his own State, and of some other Southern States, upon all these subjects. Too much honor cannot be paid his memory for the stand he took in favor of peace upon the Oregon question. Amid all the strifes of party and politics, there always existed between him and his political opponents a great degree of personal kindness. The following remarks of Mr. Webster in the Senate show in what estimation he was held by a kindred mind.
“Sir, the eloquence of Mr. Calhoun, or the manner of his exhibition of his sentiments in public bodies, was part of his intellectual character. It grew out of the qualities of his mind. It was plain, strong, terse, condensed, concise ; sometimes impassioned, still always severe. Rejecting ornament, not oîten seeking far for illustration, his power consisted in the plainness of his propositions, in the closeness of his logic, and in the earnestness and energy of his manner. These are the qualities, as I think, which have enabled him through such a long course of years to speak often, and yet always command attention. His demeanour as a Senator is known to us all, is appreciated, venerated, by us all. No man was more respectful to others; no man carried himself with greater decorum, no man with superior dignity.
Sir, I have not in public or in private life known a more assiduous person in the discharge of his appropriate duties. He seemed to have no recreation but the pleasure of conversation with his friends. Out of the chambers of Congress, he was either devoting himself to the acquisition of knowledge pertaining to the immediate subject of the duty before him, or else he was indulging in some social interviews in which he so much delighted. His colloquial talents were certainly singular and eminent. There was a charm in his conversation not often found. He delighted especially in conversation and intercourse with young
suppose that there has been no man among us who had more winning manners, in such an intercourse and such conversation, with men comparatively young, than Mr. Calhoun. I believe one great power of his character, in geoeral, was his conversational talent. I believe it is that, as well as a consciousness of his high integrity and the greatest reverence for his talents and ability, that has made him so endeared an object to the people of the State to which he belonged.
“Mr. President, he had the basis, the indispensible basis, of all high character; and that was, unspotted integrity, unimpeached honor and character. If he had aspirations, they were high, and honorable, and noble. There was nothing grovelling, or low, or meanly selfish, that came near the head or the heart of Mr. Cal. houn. Firm in his purpose, perfectly patriotic and honest, as I am sure he was, in the principles that he espoused and in the measures that he defended, aside from that large regard for that species of distinction that conducted him to emi. nent stations for the benefit of the republic, I do not believe he had a selfish motive or selfish feeling. However, Sir, he may have differed from others of us in his political opinions or his political principles those principles and those opinions will now descend to posterity under the sanction of a great name. He has lived long enough, he has done enough, and he has done it so well, so success. fully, so honorably, as to connect himself for all time with the records of his country. He is now an historical character. Those of us who have known him here will find that he has left upon our minds and our hearts a strong and lasting impression of his person, his character, and his public performances, which while we live will never be obliterated. We shall, hereafter, I am sure, indulge in it as a grateful recollection, that we have lived in his age, that we have been his contemporaries, that we have seen him, and heard him, and known him. We shall delight to speak of him to those who are rising up to fill our places. And,