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volume of the State laws after the new Constitution was adopted, and was also printer of many of the popular books of the day.
Aug. 20. – In Harrisburg, Pa., Hon. Jesse Miller, Secretary of State under Governor Shunk.
Jan. 8.- In Princeton, N. J., Rev. Samuel Miller, D. D., aged 91, long a distinguished Professor in the Theological Seminary at Princeton.
May. - In Detroit, Mich., Gen. John H. Norvell, United States District Attorney for Michigan.
March 30. In Indianola, Texas, Brevet Major J. P. J. O'Brien, U. S. A. Major O'Brien served with honor in the Florida war, and distinguished himself for firmness, coolness, and bravery in the command of his battery at the battle of Buena Vista, where by losing his cannon he saved the battle.
July 22. — Drowned in the wreck of the bark Elizabeth, off Fire Island, while on her passage to New York, Sarah Margaret Fuller D'Ossoli, aged 40, better known as Miss Margaret Fuller. She was a native of Massachusetts, and had early gained a high reputation for intellect and literary acquirements. She was the authoress of many miscellaneous articles in the Dial, and other periodicals, of “ A Summer on the Lakes," “ Woman in the Nineteenth Century,” and of " Papers on Literature and Art,” published in Wiley and Putnam's Library. She had been for some time the foreign correspondent of the New York Tribune. At the time of her death she had completed and ready for publication, an extended work “On the Recent Revolutionary Changes in Europe," which was totally lost with the wreck. Her husband and their only child perished with her.
Aug. 31.-- In Boston, Daniel P. Parker, aged 60; an upright and successful merchant. He had paid particular attention to the construction of merchant-ves. sels, and had owned many ships of a superior model and sailing qualities.
May 28. — In Boston, William Pelby, for many years proprietor and manager of the National Theatre, Boston.
Jan. 23. — In St. Louis, Mo., Hon Nathaniel Pope, Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Illinois, aged 66, a gentleman highly esteemed in Illinois, not only for his legal learning, but for his many excellent qualities of head and heart, and in 1816–18 Delegate in Congress from the then Territory of Mlinois.
July 1. - At Longwood, near Natchez, Miss., Hon. Sergeant S. Prentiss, aged 40. He was born in Portland, Maine, and received a good classical education. He went to Mississippi about the year 1826. He passed a year or two as tutor in a private family in the neighbourhood of Natchez, and pursued his legal studies under the instruction of General Felix Huston. He was soon called to the bar, and his first speech before a jury is said to have been marked by that wit and eloquence which never deserted him. He soon moved to Vicksburg, then an insignificant village, and became at once the leader of the bar in that section of the State. His practice was for many years extremely lucrative. He was engaged in a suit involving the most valuable portion of the city, which he gained. T'he result of this suit gave him a high reputation as a lawyer, while the ground which he received as a fee made him one of the wealthiest men in the State.
He soon entered into politics, and was a brilliant, popular, and successful stump orator. In 1837, he first became known to the people of the United States by his speech in the House of Representatives at Washington, where he and his colleague, Word, claimed the seats held by Colonel J. F. H. Claiborne and W. H. Gholson. Mr. Prentiss was heard by the House, and that speech at once established his claim to be considered one of the ablest parliamentary debaters in the country. The claim of Mr. Prentiss was only rejected by the casting vote of the Speaker, J. K. Polk. The candidate was sent back to the people. Mr. Prentiss canvassed the State, and was elected by an overwhelming vote. During his brief service in the House, he distinguished himself by his brilliant eloquence.
But he had no taste for political life, and soon returned to the bar, and to his extended practice. During the financial troubles of 1836, he became embarrassed, and removed to New Orleans for a wider practice. He soon mastered the system of jurisprudence of Louisiana, and the principles of the civil law, and became a leader of the bar, and continued so until broken down by ill health. Nor did he confine himself to his professional duties. He was distinguished for his
love and knowledge of literature, and he took part in many of the philanthropic movements in that city. His intellect was singularly acute and logical, his reading was full and general, and his memory retentive. Of a brilliant imagination and sparkling wit, his social qualities endeared him to his numerous friends, and by them will his name be held in fond remembrance.
July 9. – In Philadelphia, Adam Ramage, aged 80. He was a native of Scotland, but had been in this country more than fifty years. His name is identified with an improvement in the printing-press, the first successful experiment to advance the utility of that powerful engine as it existed a century ago.
The printing machine then in general use was the old English box or screw press. By a modification of the shape of the screw, Mr. Ramage made this more expeditious in its work, and less laborious for the workman. His press was generally-adopted in this country, and by common consent denominated the Ramage press. For many years but few other printing-machines were in use, and even to this day, for some purposes, it is the best that has been invented.
Jan. 20. - In London, Eng., 0. Rich. He was for many years Consul of the United States at Valencia and Port Mahon, where he was also naval storekeeper. He was well known to the literary community as a collector of rare books and manuscripts.
May 11. - In Charleston, S. C., Hon. John S. Richardson, aged 73, an Associate Judge of the Courts of General Sessions and Common Pleas of the State of South Carolina, and Presiding Judge of the Law Court of Appeals. Judge Richardson had been a member and Speaker of the House of Representatives of South Carolina, Attorney-General of the State, in which latter office he was the prede
of the eloquent and gifted Hayne, and a member of its judiciary for thirtytwo years. He was elected a member of Congress from the Sumter District in 1820, but, owing to some unforeseen exigency in his private affairs, he declined to qualify, and retained his seat on the bench.
May. – In Louisiana, M. M. Robinson, Esq., a distinguished lawyer and reporter of the Supreme Court of that State. The sixteen volumes of reports which he has published evince great labor and fidelity, and his marginal notes are models of exactness.
Jan. 7. - In Richmond, Va., Hon. John Scott, aged 68. He was a prominent member of the Senate of Virginia from 1811 - 13, and of the Convention which in 1829 formed the present constitution of the State. His labors were especially directed, with indefatigable zeal, to the preservation of the independence of the judiciary. In the first session of the Assembly under the new constitution, in 1830-31, he was appointed Judge of the Sixth Circuit, Third Judicial District, and a Judge of the General Court. In the new construction of this last court, and the establishment of the Special Court of Appeals, in March, 1848, he was constituted one of the five members of those two courts, and so remained until his death. In the discharge of all his judicial duties he displayed an exemplary uprightness, ability, and dignity, which rank his name among the most illustrious judges who have adorned the judicial history and illustrated the jurisprudence of Virginia.
Dec. 5. - In Philadelphia, William Short, aged 91. He was a native of Vir. ginia, and graduated at William and Mary's College in the same class with Chief Justice Marshall, and was distinguished by the highest collegiate honors. He was a member of the Executive Council of Virginia at an early age, and on the appointment of Mr. Jefferson as Minister to France by the Congress of the Confederation, in 1784, was joined with him as Secretary of Legation. He possessed in a high degree the respect and friendship of that great statesman, although their sentiments on some public questions were not always the same; and their intimacy and correspondence continued until the close of Mr. Jefferson's life. On the organization of the present government of the United States, Mr. Short was appointed Chargé d'Affaires to the French Republic by President Washington; and he had the honor of holding the first executive commission signed by him, and of being the first citizen of the United States nominated and appointed to a public office under the Federal Constitution. During the administration of General Washington, who evinced for him high personal regard, he was successively appointed Minister Resident at the Hague, and Commissioner, and subsequently Minister, to Spain. The state papers of which he was the
author, and especially those connected with the very important negotiations relative to the Spanish boundaries and rights, in connection with Florida and the Mississippi, which resulted in the treaty of 1795, are marked by great clearness, ability, good temper, and research. July 1.
In Salem, Mass., Hon. Nathaniel Silsbee, aged 77. Mr. Silsbee was a distinguished and successful merchant, and in the course of his long life enjoyed the respect and confidence of his fellow-citizens. He often occupied a seat in each of the branches of the Massachusetts Legislature, and was President of the Senate from 1823 to 1826. He represented one of the districts of Essex County in Congress from 1816 to 1820. In the spring session of 1826, on the resignation of Hon. James Lloyd, Mr. Silsbee was elected to supply his place in the Senate, and was afterwards reëlected for a full term. He continued in the Senate until 1835. Mr. Silsbee was the firm supporter of the administration of John Quincy Adams, and the moment after the election was over, and Mr. Adams defeated, Mr. Silsbee offered to give up his seat in the Senate, that Mr. Adams might take his place; but Mr. Adams absolutely declined it.
March 22. — In Jackson, Miss., Col. Samuel Stumps, Secretary of State. He had been twice elected to that office, and he enjoyed the public confidence in a high degree, and his sterling qualities secured to him numerous friends in privale life.
July 28. — In Boston, suddenly, Capt. Josiah Sturgis, aged 56, commander of the revenue cutter Hamilton, and a well-known citizen.
April 28. — In Washington, D. C., Capt. G. W. Taylor, aged 42, the proprietor of the famous diving-bell, and the inventor of the India-rubber camels.
July 9. — At 10 o'clock and 35 minutes, P. M., in Washington, D. C., Zachary Taylor, President of the United States, aged 65.
Zachary Taylor, the third son of Colonel Richard Taylor, was born in Orange County, Virginia, on the 24th of September, 1784. His father removed to Kentucky the following year. On the 3d of May, 1808, he received from President Jefferson a commission as First Lieutenant of the seventh regiment of the United States Infantry, being then in the 24th year of his age. In 1810, he married Miss Margaret Smith, of a highly respectable family in Maryland. On the breaking out of the war of 1812, Taylor, then a captain, was placed in command of Fort Harrison, a stockade fort on the Wabash River, and named for Brigadier-General, afterwards President, Harrison. His gallantry during the attacks of the hostile Indians on that post is a part of history, and gave the first promises of the military renown which he afterwards achieved. For his heroic defence of this fort, he was brevetted Major. Throughout the war he distinguished himself in several actions with the Indians. He was with General Hopkins in the attack on the Prophet's Town, and was complimented by him as one who had rendered “ prompt and effectual support in every instance."
On the reduction of the army, after the war, he was reduced from a majority to a captaincy, a step backward that he could not consent to, and he resigned his commission. He was, however, reinstated as a Major by President Madison, in the course of the year, and in 1816 was placed in command of the post at Green Bay, on Lake Michigan. On the 20th of April, 1819, he received the commission of Lieutenant-Colonel, and in 1832 was made Colonel by President Jackson. He served gallantly under Scott in the Black Hawk war of 1832, and subsequently held the command of Fort Crawford, at Prairie du Chien, where he remained till 1836. The Seminole war then took him to Florida, in which harassing duty he acquired a fame only surpassed by that which he won during the Mexican campaign. The battle of Okeechobee, fought on the 25th of December, 1837, gained for him the rank of Brigadier-General by brevet; and in 1838, the command of all the troops in Florida was assigned to him, General Jesup bei Jieved at his own request. Here he remained until April, 1840, when he was relieved by General Armistead.
General Taylor was then appointed to the command of the Southwestern division of the army, and in 1841 he was ordered to relieve General Arbuckle at Fort Gibson. He removed his family about this time to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, where he had purchased an estate. He had little leisure, however, for domestic enjoyments; and in 1845, on the annexation of Texas, he was ordered to place his troops in such a position as to defend Texas against a threatened Mexican in
vasion. In August of that year, he concentrated his troops at Corpus Christi, where he remained until the 11th of March, 1816, when he broke up his encampment and moved westward the army of occupation, a small force of some 4,000 regulars. On the 20th of March he reached the Colorado, which he passed without resistance, and arrived at the Rio Grande, opposite Matamoras, on the 29th of that month. On the 8th of May of the same year, he gained the victory of Palo Alto; on the 9th of May, the victory of Resaca de la Palma; on the 21st, 22d, and 23d of September, the victory of Monterey; and on the 22d and 23d of February, 1847, the glorious victory of Buena Vista, in which 6,000 men, mostly volunteers, repulsed with terrible loss the Mexican army of 20,000 men under General Santa Anna. During the autumn of 1847, he returned to his residence in Baton Rouge. On the 1st of June, 1848, he was nominated for the Presidency by the Whig Convention in Philadelphia. On the 7th of November, 1848, he was elected President of the United States, and on the 4th of the following March was inaugurated.
The administration of President Taylor is still fresh in the recollections of all, and has become a part of history. Its chief characteristics were the desire to cultivate peaceful and friendly relations with foreign powers, so far as was consistent with national honor and dignity, and to maintain the union and prosperity of the States at home.
General Taylor leaves a widow, one son, and two daughters; one married to Dr. Wood, surgeon of the United States army, and the other to Colonel W. W. S. Bliss, of the army. Another daughter, now dead, was married to Colonel Jefferson Davis, Senator from Mississippi.
Feb. - In Chicago, Hon. Isaac B. Thomas, of the Supreme Court of Illinois.
Aug. 14. -- In Nashville, Tenn., Dr Gerard Troost, for a long period a Professor in the University of Nashville, and for a number of years Geologist of the State of Tennessee.
In Philadelphia, Commodore Daniel Turner, U. S. N. Commodore Turner was a native of New York. His first commission bore date January 1st, 1808, and his rank as Captain was reached March 3d, 1835. During the battle of Lake Erie, in 1814, he commanded the Caledonia, and materially aided the gallant Perry in gaining that decisive victory. In testimony of his services on that day, the State of New York presented him with a sword.
Feb. 13. - At Fort Constitution, Portsmouth, N. H., Brevet Lieut.-Col. Richard D. A. Wade, of the third regiment of U.S. Artillery, a brave officer, whose gallantry in the Florida and Mexican wars gained for him a brevet in each. He was badly wounded at the battle of Churubusco.
Aug. 29. — In Kentucky, Robert Wickliffe, Jr., late Chargé d'Affaires to Sardinia.
April 19. - In Savannah, Ga., Edward Wiley, Esq., a native of New York, but for more than thirty years a resident of Savannah. In the year 1842, Mr. Wiley had the misfortune to fail in business. He made a compromise with his creditors, paying all of them some fifty cents on the dollar, and obtaining a full release. About two years since, having repaired his losses, he voluntarily came forward and paid up the entire balance.
July 25. - In New York city, John Wood, aged 60, an eminent merchant and a distinguished friend of many of the philanthropic institutions of that city.
CHRONICLE OF EVENTS.
1849. Aug. 20. – By letter of this date, Major Emory informs Colonel Abert of the Topographical Engineers that a river of forty feet wide, and more than waist deep with good, drinkable water, broke forth from the desert between the Gila River and the mountains (probably) between the 20th of June and 1st of July of
Aug. 21. – A meeting of the citizens of Santa Fé County, New Mexico, is held, to consult upon the question of the organization of a proper territorial government.
Aug. 22. - Señor Amaral, Governor of Macao, is assassinated by six China-men, Aug. 22.
- The fortress of Moultan is destroyed by a freshet, “ remaining an island of mud in the expanse of waters.”
Aug. 23. — A public meeting is held in St. Augustine, Fa., and continued by adjournment to August 25, in relation to Indian outrages in that State, and the petitioning the general government for the removal of all Indians from the State. Aug. 25,
De Tromelin, the French admiral, takes possession of, and dismantles, the fort, &c., at Honolulu, Sandwich Islands, the government of the Islands refusing to comply with his demands. After three days he gives back possession to the government.
Aug. 29. -- The Russians, after a siege of four months, carry by assault the fortress of Achulga, the residence of Schamyl, the celebrated Circassian chief.
Sept. 1. - Mr. Gavan Duffy publishes a new series of the Nation newspaper, the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act having expired August 31.
Sept. 1. – The convention for framing a constitution for California meets at Monterey, and, a majority of delegates not being in attendance, adjourns to September 3d.
Sept. 4. - The California convention is organized by the choice of officers. Robert Semple is elected President of the convention. Sept. 12.
- General Mariano Paredes, Ex-President of Mexico, dies in the city of Mexico, after a long and painful illness. Sept. 12.
- Eighteen American citizens in Paris, France, address a letter to Dabney S. Carr, the American Minister at Constantinople, urging him to exert the most strenuous interference to assist in saving the Hungarian refugees in Turkey.
Sept. 12. -- Pope Pius IX., from Naples, issues a manifesto to his well-beloved subjects, promising certain reforms in government, and a limited amnesty to political offenders.
Sept. 13. -- Marshal Radetzky is received at Vienna with great rejoicings.
Sept. 14. — Copies of an Abolition circular are received at Pendleton, South Carolina, directed to members of the Committee of Vigilance. They are de. manded of the postmaster, and, on his refusal to deliver, are taken from him and burned.
Sept. 15. - The Sultan formally refuses to deliver up Kossuth and his colleagues on the demand of Austria and Russia, and diplomatic relations with the ambassadors of those powers are broken off.
Sept. 15.- At Vienna, Strauss, the famous musical composer, dies.
- The Council of State at Rome, in accordance with the manifesto of the Pope of September 12th, announce pardon to political offenders in the last revolution, excepting the members of the Triumvirate; of the government of the Republic; of the Provisional Government; active members of the Constituent Assembly; chiefs of military corps, and those who have forfeited their word of honor in joining the late political movements. It is said that not fewer than 13,325 persons are thus excluded from the amnesty.
Sept. 19.– The convict ship Neptune arrives in Simon's Bay, C. G. H., and causes great excitement.
Sept. 22. — General Twiggs has an interview with the chiefs of the Florida Indians at Charlotte Harbour. They promise to surrender the perpetrators of the recent outrages.
Sept. 24. – Robert Murphy, Deputy Sheriff, while engaged in serving process, is shot near Rensselaerville, N. Y., by a person in disguise, and dies soon after. After being wounded, he is refused' help by some females because he is a sheriff.
Sept. 27. - A large fire at Owego, Tioga County, N. Y., destroys 75 buildings, leaving but three shops in the village standing.
Sept. 27. - The fortress of Comorn surrenders to the Austrians.
Sept. 28. · All the Opera-House rioters in New York that were arraigned are convicted.
Sept. 28. - Sir John Richardson arrives at the Sault Ste Marie, on his way back to England from his fruitless search after Sir John Franklin.