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Oct. 1. - The convention for remodelling the constitution of Kentucky assembles at Frankfort.
Oct. 4. A communication from the Secretary to the Admiralty, England, is made public, announcing the receipt of intelligence that Sir John Franklin's ships had been seen in the ice at Prince Regent's Inlet, and those of Sir James Ross on the south of Prince Regent's Inlet, as late as March last, and that the vessels of both expeditions were safe. The news is brought by the whaler Truelove, Captain Parker, arrived at Hull, October 3d, from Davis's Straits.
Oct. 7. — Count Louis Batthyanyi, late Prime Minister of Hungary, is shot at Pesth, at the sole urgency of Haynau.
Oct. 8. —A meeting is held in London to elicit public opinion as to the loan of 7,000,0001., advertised for by the Austrian government in the English papers.
Oct. 9 and 10. — A riot in Philadelphia breaks out on the evening of the 9th, is quelled, -- is renewed on the morning of the 10th, and again put down. The quarrel is between a set of whites called “Killers,” and negroes. The military are called in. Four persons are killed and eleven are wounded. Four houses are burned.
Oct. 10. – An annexation memorial at Montreal, in five hours, receives the signature of 300 merchants, land-owners, and professional men.
Oct. 10. - The “ initial point” of the boundary line between the United States and Mexico is settled, and a monument with inscriptions erected, in N. Lat. 32° 31' 59".58, and in Long. 1190 35' 0". 15 west from Greenwich.
Oct. 15. - A protest against annexation to the United States is drawn up at Montreal, and signed by 15 members of the Legislature.
Oct. 15. — By a Treasury circular of this date, and by a letter of October 12th, dated Washington, and addressed to Messrs. Barclay & Livingston of New York, the Secretary of the Treasury states, that after January 1st, 1850, British vessels from British or other foreign ports will be allowed to enter our ports with cargoes, the produce of any part of the world, on the same terms as io duties, imposts, and charges as vessels of the United States and their cargoes.
Oct. 16. - A convention of delegates from 14 States, unanimously in favor of a central national railroad from the Mississippi to the Pacific, assembles at St. Louis, Mo., and issues an address in favor of that project. "Hon. Stephen B. Douglass of Illinois presides.
Oct. 16. - Mr. Chatfield takes possession, under cover of an armed force, of the island of Tigre, in the Gulf of Fonseca and State of Honduras, “ in the name of the British Queen."
Oct. 16. - Captain Chapel, of the whaling bark McLellan, this day arrived at New London, Conn., brings intelligence that, about the 1st of August last, while the McLellan was in Pond's Bay, the natives of the coast came on board the Chieftain, an English whaler, and gave information by signs that two large ships were then lying in Prince Regent's Inlet, and had been there fast in the ice for four seasons, and that the crews were well.
Oct. 19. — The chiefs of the Florida Indians meet General Twiggs in council, and deliver up to him three of those who had committed the recent murders in Florida, and the hands of a fourth whom they had killed in capturing. The fifth, a nephew of one of the chiefs, escaped.
Oct. 19. – A convention of the friends of public education meets at Philadelphia, and Hon. Horace Mann of Massachusetts is elected President. Delegates from fifteen States are in attendance. Oct. 20th. --The convention adjourns to meet at Philadelphia on the fourth Wednesday in August, 1850.
Oct. 22. — A special session of the Legislature of Illinois meets to elect a United States Senator, and to consider the question of the construction of a railroad across that State, from the Wabash to the Mississippi, opposite St. Louis.
Oct. 27. - A violent earthquake is noticed by Mr. Squier in Leon de Nicaragua. One shock lasted two minutes, and there were seven shocks in ten minutes.
Oct. 28. — By a letter of this date, it is announced in the Quebec Mercury, that the Governor-General of Canada, in council, had determined to acquiesce in the desire of the Legislative Assembly, expressed in their address of May 19th, 1849, that the seat of government should be held alternately at Toronto and Quebec; and that, in consequence, the government will be immediately removed to Toronto, there to remain
till the expiration of the present Parliament, after which it will be transferred to Quebec for the four following years.
Oct. 31. — Louis Napoleon informs his ministers, that they are wanting in dig. nity. They resign, and a new ministry is formed.
Oct. 31. – A remarkable meteoric stone falls in Charlotte, N. C., accompanied by a rumbling noise and sudden explosion.
Nov. 1.-- The first Territorial Legislature of Minesota closes its sitting of 60 days.
Nov. 3. - The High Judges of France, under the new constitution, are installed.
Nov. 8. – Mr. Rives, the American Minister to the French Republic, presents his credentials to the President, Louis Napoleon.
Nov. 9. -- M. Poussin, the late French Minister to the United States, sails from New York for France, with his family.
Nov. 11. - The Investigator and Enterprise, Sir James Ross's vessels, arrive in London on their return from their fruitless Arctic expedition.
Nov. 12. - The political trials at Versailles are brought to a close ; 11 are acquilted, 20 are convicted and sentenced, 17 to transportation for life, and 3 to imprisonment for five years.
Nov. 12. — The ship Caleb Grimshaw takes fire at sea, and burns until the 16th, when 339 of the passengers and crew are saved by Capt. David Cook, of the British bark Sarah. Sixty of the passengers, who left the vessel on a raft on the 13th, were lost.
Nov. 15. - Ledru Rollin, and 30 other accused persons absent from trial, are sentenced by the Versailles court to transportation for life.
Nov. 15. --Funeral honors are paid in New York to the memory of General Worth, and of Colonels Duncan and Gates. The eulogy is delivered by John Van Buren.
Nov. 15. - The steamboat “ Louisiana,” while putting out from the Levee in New Orleans with a large number of passengers, is blown up; her boilers exploding and carrying away, not only her own cabin and decks, but also the larboard side of the “ Storm," and the starboard of the “ Bostona," which lie on either side. About 60 persons are killed on the spot; nearly 80 are seriously injured, many of whom die froin the effect of their wounds, and 12 are missing.
Nov. 19. - The survey of the section of the boundary line of Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland, comprising a greater part of Mason and Dixon's line, authorized by the Legislatures of the respective States under a joint commission, is completed.
Nov. 20. — The pirate fleet in the Bay of Tonquin, is destroyed by an expedition from Hong Kong, under Commander Hay. Nov. 20. General Rostolan is relieved of the command of the French army
ome, by General Baraguay d'Hilliers.
Dec. 1.- Ebenezer Elliott, the “ Corn Law Rhymer," dies.
Dec. 5. - The formal protest of Austria against the central parliament summoned by Prussia to meet at Erfurt, reaches Berlin.
Dec. 10. - At Lima, Peru, the British Chargé d'Affaires, H. S. Sullivan, is borse whipped by Z. B. Potter, the American Consul, for an insult
to his wife. Dec. 12. - Sir Isambard Brunel, the engineer of the Thames Tunnel, dies in London.
Dec. 12. – An ironworkers' convention is held at Albany, N. Y. Delegates from eight States are present.
Dec. 14. - The grand jury in New Orleans, after hearing the testimony of Rey and Morantes, refuse to find a true bill against the Spanish Consul for the abduction of Rey.
Dec. 15. — A committee on the part of the Senate is appointed to inform the President that the Senate is “ organized, and ready to receive any communication which he may think proper to make to them in relation to matters which are within the sphere of their separate constitutional action.”
Dec. 20. - The Archduke John resigns his headship of the Central Power at Frankfort.
Dec. 20. - The resolution to tender a seat within the Senate of the United States to Father Matthew, is passed, after discussion, by 33 yeas to 18 nays.
Dec. 21. — The House of Representatives, on the 63d trial, elect the Hon. Howell Cobb, of Georgia, Speaker, by 102 votes out of 222. His leading competitor, Hon. R. C. Winthrop, receives 100 votes.
Dec. 22. — An extensive sugar-refinery of Messrs. Woolsey & Co., of New York, is destroyed by fire, at a loss of $ 250,000.
Dec. 24. — A large fire at San Francisco, Cal., consumes $ 1,500,000 worth of property.
Dec. 29. - A wide crevasse in the Levee of the Mississippi occurs at Bonnet Carré, about 40 miles above New Orleans.
Dec. — A scheme of rebellion in the city of Mexico, to restore Santa Anna, is discovered and suppressed. Two editors, five officers of distinction, and 27 others, are shot in an attack on the President's palace.
Jan. 1.- Louis Napoleon creates his uncle, General Jerome Bonaparte, between whom and himself there had been a coolness, Field Marshal of France.
Jan. 4. -- The exæquatur of Señor Carlos de España, Spanish Consul at New Orleans, is revoked by President Taylor.
Jan. 9. - The Sardinian Chambers ratify, by a vote of 112 to 17, the treaty concluded with Austria at Milan on the 6th of August last.
Jan. 9. - The home government announce to Lord Elgin, Governor of Canada, that “ Her Majesty confidently relies on the loyalty of the great majority of her Canadian subjects, and she has therefore determined to exert all the authority that belongs to her for the purpose of maintaining the connection of Canada with this government, being persuaded that the permanence of that connection is highly advantageous to both.”
Jan. il. - The royal commission for promoting the exposition of industry and arts in 1851, holds its first sitting in the new palace, Westminster.
Jan. 11. On the 20th vote, Thomas J. Campbell, of Tennessee, is elected Clerk of the House of Representatives.
Jan. 11. -- An Arctic expedition in search of Sir John Franklin, consisting of the Enterprise, Captain Collinson, and the Investigator, Commander McClure, sails from Woolwich.
Jan. 12. The New York packet-ship Hottinguer strikes on a ledge of rocks off Wexford, Ireland, and is lost.
Jan. 13. -- Orders arrive at Cape Town, E. G. H., to remove the Neptune convict-ship to Van Diemen's Land.
Jan. 15. — The Hungarian exiles call upon President Taylor, and the usual interchange of greetings takes place.
Jan. 15. - The House of Representatives, on the 8th viva voce vote, elect A. J. Glossbrenner, of Pennsylvania, Sergeant-at-arms.
Jan. 18. — Another crevasse in the bank of the Mississippi occurs at Sauvé's plantation.
Jan. 18. — A public meeting is held in London, in consequence of the Emperor of Russia's advertising, through the Messrs. Baring, for a loan of 5,500,000l., to complete the Moscow and St. Petersburg Railway. Mr. Cobden is present, and makes a speech. Jan. 19. -The House of Representatives, by 100 yeas to 98 nays,
vote to postpone until March 1, 1851, the further order for the election of officers of the House, which vote continues in office the Doorkeeper, R. E. Hornor, and the Postmaster, J. M. Johnson, of the last Congress.
Jan. 19. – The Spanish Minister at Washington complains to the Secretary of State of the Cuba Juntas at New York, New Orleans, and Washington.
Jan. 21.- The chiefs and six sub-chiefs of the Seminoles and Micasukie Indi. ans, and a delegate from the Tallahassees, meet General Twiggs in council, and
agree to remove west of the Mississippi, and to try to persuade their people to do so.
Jan. 23. — A common-school convention, composed of delegates from all parts of Maryland, assembles in Baltimore.
Jan. 26. Lord Jeffrey, eminent as a judge of the Supreme Court of Scotland, but more famous for his long connection with the Edinburgh Review, dies at Edinburgh.
Jan. 28. Collector Maxwell, in New York, discharges 166 officers from the Custom-House, the act limiting the expense of collecting the revenue requiring their dismissal.
Feb. 2. — The French ministry sustain a defeat upon the project of transferring the prefecture of the Department of the Loire from Montbrison to St. Etienne. It is rejected by a vote of 335 to 260.
Feb. 4.- A steam-boiler in Mr. A. V. Taylor's machine establishment, in Hague Street, New York, bursts, throws down the building, and sets it on fire. By this accident, 67 are killed or die from their wounds, 30 are injured, and 6 are missing.
Feb. 6. - The King of Prussia and the two Chambers take the oath to the new constitution in the Hall of Knights.
Feb. 8. -- Lord John Russell, in the House of Commons, declares it to be “our bounden duty to maintain the colonies which have been put under our charge.”
Feb. 9-11. -- A military expedition, 3,500 strong, against tribes in the Peshawar, under Colonel Bradshaw, has several severe struggles with the natives.
Feb. 12. - The original manuscript copy of Washington's Farewell Address is sold at auction at Philadelphia, for $ 2,300.
Feb. 19. - The news that the British government has accepted the mediation
Feb. 22. - President Taylor attends the laying of the corner-stone of the
Feb. 25. Intelligence is received at Canton, from Pekin, of the death of the Emperor of China, Tau Kwang, aged 69, after a reign of 29 years. He is succeeded by his fourth son, aged 19, under the title of Szehing.
Feb. 26. - The Senate of Kentucky lays on the table, by a vote of 26 to 9, resolutions for appointing delegates to the Nashville Convention.
Feb. - A great eruption of Mount Vesuvius takes place.
March 5. - The opening of the first completed tube of the Britannia Bridge is accomplished.
March 5. M. le Gros, the French Ambassador, arrives in Athens, to mediate between Great Britain and Greece, and the blockade of Athens is temporarily raised.
March 7. — The steamer Orville St. Johns is burned near Montgomery, Ala., and 30 persons lose their lives.
March 8. — A reward of 20,000l. is offered by the British government for the discovery and effectual relief of her Majesty's ships, the Erebus and Terror, or 10,0001. for the discovery and effectual relief of any of the crew of the vessels, or for ascertaining their fate.
March 8. - The judicial committee of the Privy Council decide, in the case of Gorham v. The Bishop of Exeter, that the Bishop has not shown sufficient cause for not inducting Mr. Gorham into the vicarage.
March 12. — The bill prohibiting the officers and citizens of Ohio from taking any steps to assist in the recapture of fugitive slaves is defeated in the House, the question being upon its final passage.
March 13. – The Austrian government by note of this date approves the fundamental principles in the drait of the Munich constitution, and will concur in carrying it out,“ if the whole Austrian empire may join the confederation."
March 15.- The Erfurt Parliament assembles.
March 22. - The Wurtemberg Ambassador at Berlin, Baron Hugel, is informed by a note, that the King of Prussia is astonished and indignant at the language of the King of Wurtemberg to his States, on March 15, and that the Prussian Ambassador at the Wurtemberg court has been ordered to leave Stuttgard, with all the members of his embassy. Baron Hugel asks for his passports.
March 23. — The Erfurt Parliament adjourns over until after Easter.
March 23. - In the case of Professor John W. Webster, at 11 o'clock in the evening, after a trial of six days, the jury find and bring in a verdict of guilty.
March 24. The steamer Troy, from Sandusky, while entering the Niagara River, near Buffalo, explodes her boiler, and kills 12 of her passengers and crew.
March 27. — A boat from the brig Arabian, on a trip of exploration to Trini, dad Bay, is capsized on the bar, and John H. Peoples, Lieutenants Bache and Browning, and two others, are drowned.
March 28. -The Arkansas State Penitentiary is burned. The convicts are saved.
March 29. — The select committee of investigation on the charges brought by Preston King against Speaker Cobb report that there is no ground for the charges.
March 30. - A great Union meeting is held in St. Louis, Mo.
April 1. - President Louis Napoleon is treated with marked disrespect in the Faubourg St. Antoine.
April 1. - Capt. John Hunt, of the brig John Hill, for Bristol, R. I., from Cardenas, abandoned at sea, was picked up by Captain Dunbar, of the bark Sherwood, after having been for 36 hours floating in the water on a part of the caboose-house.
April 9. — Baron Gros and Mr. Wyse are unable to continue their negotiations. April 13.
· Pope Pius the Ninth returns to Rome. April 13. – Captain Penny's expedition, consisting of the Lady Franklin and the 'Sophia, Capiain Stewart, sails from Peterhead, for the Arctic regions, provisioned for three years.
April 15. — A fatal catastrophe occurs at Angers, France. As a battalion of troops is crossing the bridge, it breaks, the men are thrown into the stream, and nearly 300 of the soldiers and the town's people following them are lost.
April 17. - Richard M. Young, of Illinois, is on the ninth vote elected Clerk of the House of Representatives at Washington, in place of Mr. Campbell, deceased.
April 19.-The select committee of thirteen, known as the Compromise Committee, is elected by ballot in the Senate. Mr. Clay is chosen chairman of the committee by the Senate.
April 20. - The people of Santa Fé County, New Mexico, hold a convention, and request Col. John Munroe, the Governor of New Mexico, to call upon the citizens to elect members for a convention to form a State constitution.
April 21. — Another conference between Baron Gros and Mr. Wyse termi. nates unsatisfactorily. Baron Gros officially communicates to the Greek government that his mission is ended.
April 23. — Colonel Munroe issues his proclamation for an election, May 6th, for members of a convention, to be held May 15th, at Santa Fé.
April 23. — William Wordsworth, the poet, and Poet Laureate, dies at his residence at Rydal Mount, aged 80.
April 25. - Distinguished funeral honors are paid in Charleston, S. C., by the State, to the memory of Mr. Calhoun.
April 25.– The Queen's Bench, Lord Campbell delivering the opinion, sustains the decision of the Arches Court in Gorham v. Bishop of Exeter.
April 27. — The steamer Anthony Wayne, on her trip from Sandusky to Buffalo, explodes her boilers, and sinks in 20 minutes. 38 of her passengers and crew are killed or missing.
April 27. - Collins's line of steam-packets goes into operation. The steamer Atlantic sails from New York for Liverpool.
May 4. Captain Austin's Arctic expedition, of four vessels, leaves Greenhithe, on its Northern voyage.
May 6.- The Compromise Committee report the Omnibus Bill to the Senate.
May 6. — The Ohio constitutional convention assembles at Columbus. Wil. liam Medill is elected President.
May 6. - By the giving way of the reservoir in Ashburnham, Mass., the water in which covered 150 acres, damage to the amount of $ 200,000 is done to bridges, factories, mills, and houses on the river, for seven miles.
May 7. - The Protectionists meet in large numbers in London, to consult “ on the present alarming condition of agriculture and other native interests."