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including place of birth, month of death, disease or cause of death, age, sex, color, whether free or slave, married or widowed, and occupation or profession. See, also, for further provisions, Act of August 30, 1850, post, No. 21, page 335.
After March 3, 1853, the House of Representatives shall consist of 233 members, apportioned among the States as follows:- After the enumeration of the inhabitants has been completed and returned, the Secretary of the Interior shall ascertain the aggregate representative population of the United States, by adding to the whole number of free persons in all the States, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other persons, and shall divide this aggregate by 233, and the quotient, rejecting fractions, if any, shall be the ratio of apportionment of representatives among the several States. He shall then in the same manner ascertain the representative population of each State, and shall divide it by the ratio above determined, and the quotient of this last division shall be the number of Representatives apportioned to such State. The loss in the number of members caused by the fractions shall be compensated for, by assigning to so many States having the largest fractions as may be necessary to make the whole number of Representatives 233, one additional member each for its fraction. If, after the apportionment of the Representatives, new States shall be admitted, the Representatives assigned to such new States shall be in addition to the number herein limited, such excess to continue only until the next apportionment under the next census. When the above apportionment is made, he shall transmit to the House of Representatives a certificate of the number apportioned to each State, and to the Executive of each State a certificate of the number apportioned to his State. May 23, 1850.
No. 5. An Act supplementary to the Act entitled “An Act supplementary to the Act entitled 'An Act establishing a mint, and regulating the coins of the United States.'" When the state of the Treasury admits, depositors of bullion at the mint and branches may receive the value thereof in money, when ascertained, the bullion to become the property of the United States, and no discount or interest to be charged on the money advanced. The Secretary of the Treasury may at any time withdraw the deposit, or any part thereof, or may, at his discretion, allow the coins formed at the mint to be given for their equivalent in other money. May 23, 1850.
No. 6. An Act authorizing the negotiation of treaties with the Indian tribes in the Territory of Oregon, for the extinguishment of their claims to lands lying west of the Cascade Mountains, and for other purposes. A Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon is authorized, at $2,500 per annum. The Governor of said Territory is no longer to act as Superintendent, and his salary will be $3,000. Indian agents not exceeding three, at salaries of $1,500 each, shall be appointed for said Territory. Such provisions of the law regulating trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes east of the Rocky Mountains, as may be applicable, are extended over the Indian tribes in the Territory of Oregon. June 5, 1850.
No. 7. An Act to continue in force an Act therein mentioned, relating to the port of Baltimore. The act of March 17, 1800, entitled “An Act declaring the assent of Congress to certain acts of the States of Maryland and Georgia," so far as it relates to the act of the State of Maryland, is hereby revived and continued in force until March 3, 1861. Provided, That nothing herein contained shall authorize the demand of a duty on tonnage on vessels propelled by steam, employed in the transportation of passengers. June 5, 1850.
No. 8. An Act to make further appropriations for public buildings in the Territories of Minesota and Oregon. $ 20,000 is given to each Territory for the erection of penitentiaries, and $ 20,000 additional to former grants to the Territory of Oregon, for public buildings at the seat of government. June 11, 1850.
No. 9. An Act to increase the rank and file of the army, and to encourage enlistments. Each company of light artillery shall consist of the commissioned officers now provided by law, and of 4 sergeants, 4 corporals, 2 artificers, 2 musicians, and 64 privates. • The number of privates in each company serving at the several military posts on the Western frontier and at remote and distant stations may be increased to any number not exceeding 74. Such portions of the army as by law serve on foot may be properly equipped and mounted whenever the exigency of the public service requires. The enlistments shall be for five years, unless sooner discharged, and when made at said posts and remote stations, a bounty equal to the cost of transporting and subsisting a soldier from the city of New York to the place of such enlistment is allowed to each recruit, to be paid in unequal instalments at the end of each year's service, so that the several amounts shall annually increase, and the largest be paid at the expiration of each enlistment. June 17, 1850.
No. 10. An Act to supply a deficiency in the appropriation for the service of the fiscal year ending the 30th day of June, 1850. $ 50,000 is appropriated to supply a deficiency in the appropriation for the Judiciary. June 21, 1850.
No. 11. An Act for the construction of certain roads in the Territory of Minesota, and for other purposes. July 18, 1850.
No. 12. An Act authorizing the Legislative Assemblies of Minesota and Oregon Territories to prolong their next annual session to a period of ninety days. July 18, 1850.
No. 13. An Act to grant the franking privilege to Mrs. Margaret S. Taylor. July 18, 1850.
No. 14. An Act to provide for recording the conveyances of vessels, and for other pur. poses. No bill of sale, mortgage, hypothecation, or conveyance of any vessel or part of any vessel of the United States, shall be valid against any person other than the grantor or mortgagor, his heirs, devisees, and persons having actual notice thereof, unless such bill of sale, &c., be recorded in the office of the collector where such vessel is registered or enrolled. Provided, that the lien by bottomry on any vessel, created during her voyage by a loan of money or materials necessary to repair or enable such vessel to prosecute a voyage, shall not lose its priority or be in any way affected by the provisions of this act. The collectors shall record all such bills of sale, &c., and all certificates for discharging and cancelling such conveyances, in books kept for that purpose, in the order of their reception, noting in said book or books, and also on the bill of sale, &c., the time when the same was received, and shall certify on the bill of sale, &c., the number of the book and page where recorded, and shall receive for such record fifty cents. They shall keep an alphabetical index of such records, and shall permit said index and books of records to be inspected during office hours, under reasonable regulations, and shall when required furnish to any person a certificate setting forth the names of the owners, the parts owned by each, (if inserted in the register or enrolment,) and also the material facts of any existing bill of sale, mortgage, hypothecation, or other encumbrance upon such vessel, recorded since the issuing of the last register or enrolment, viz. the date, amount of such encumbrance, and from and to whom, or in whose favor made, and for each such certificate they shall receive $1. They shall furnish certified copies of such records on the receipt of fifty cents for each bill of sale, mortgage, or other conveyance.
The owner or agent of the owner of any vessel of the United States, applying to a collector for a register or enrolment, shall, in addition to the oath now prescribed, set forth in the oath of ownership the part or portion of such vessel belonging to each owner, and the same shall be inserted in the register or enrolment; and all bills of sale of vessels, registered or enrolled, shall set forth the part of the vessel owned by each person selling, and the part conveyed to each person purchasing.
All complaints in writing, to consuls or commercial agents, that a vessel is unseaworthy, shall be signed by the first, or the second and third officers, and a majority of the crew, before the consul or commercial agent shall be authorized to notice such complaint, or proceed to appoint inspectors, as provided in former laws.
Any person, not being an owner, who shall, on the high seas, wilfully, with intent to burn or destroy, set fire to any ship or other vessel, or otherwise attempt the destruction of such ship or other vessel, being the property of any citizen or citizens of the United States, or procure the same to be done, with intent aforesaid, and being thereof lawfully convicted, shall suffer imprisonment to hard labor for a term not exceeding ten years, nor less than three years, according to the aggravation of the offence.
This act shall be in force from and after Oct. 1, 1850. July 29, 1850.
No. 15. An Act to amend an Act entitled “An Act for the better organization of the District Court of the United States within the State of Louisiana,” approved March 3, 1849. The judge of the Western District of said State shall hold a term of the court at St. Joseph's in the parish of Tensas, on the first Monday in December in each year, for the parishes of Carroll, Madison, Tensas, and Concordia, and shall appoint a clerk of the court for that place.
The parish of Bienville shall form a part of the Western District of Louisiana, and be one of the parishes for which a court is to be held at Shreveport, and the parish of Caldwell shall be one of the parishes for which a court is to be held at Monroe. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. (See ante, page 133.) July 29, 1850.
No. 16. An Act to amend an Act entitled “An Act to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnage," approved March 2, 1799. A part of the collection district of Newport, R. I., is attached to the collection district of Providence. July 29, 1850.
No. 17. An Act to provide for holding the Courts of the United States in case of the sickness or other disability of the Judges of the District Courts. If the sickness or other disability of any district judge shall prevent him from holding any stated term of the district or circuit court of his district, in the absence of the circuit judge, the clerk of such district court shall certify to the circuit judge such fact, and the circuit judge shall, if in his judginent the public interest requires, designate any other district judge within the same circuit, to hold the district or circuit court while such sickness or other disability shall continue. If there is no circuit judge within the circuit, or in his absence or inability, or upon the disability or neglect of the district judge so designated to perform said duties, and the certificate of the clerk of said district to that effect, the Chief Justice of the United States shall designate any district judge within said circuit, or within a circuit next immediately con. tiguous to the one within which such disability exists, to perform said duties, and all proceedings in said courts, before the said district judge, shall have the same validity as if done before the district judge of said district. The circuit judge or chief justice may at any time revoke such appointments and make new ones, as the public interest may require. The district judge so appointed shall hold said courts, and shall be allowed his reasonable expenses of travel to and from, and of his residence in, said district. July 29, 1850.
No. 18. An Act to regulate the terms of the Circuit and District Courts of the United States for the District of Ohio. (See ante, pages 133, 136.) July 29, 1850,
No. 19. An Act making appropriations for the payment of navy pensions for the year ending June 30th, 1851. $ 43,000 are appropriated. Aug. 17, 1850.
No. 20. An Act making appropriations for the payment of Revolutionary and other pensions of the United States for the year ending June 30, 1851. $ 1,396,893 are appropriated for that purpose. Aug. 17, 1850.
No. 21. An Act supplementary to the Act entitled " An Act providing for the taking of the seventh and subsequent censuses of the United States, and to fix the number of the Members of the House of Representatives, and to provide for their future apportionment among the several States.” The Secretary of the Interior may increase the compensation. allowed the marshals or agents, and their assistants, for taking the seventh census, in Cali. fornia, Oregon, Utah, and New Mexico, so as to secure the prompt and faithful execution of the work. In enumerating persons residing in California, Oregon, Utah, and New Mexico, those shall be included who may have removed from their residence in any State or Territory of the United States prior to June 1, 1850, and settled subsequent to that date in either of the said places. Each assistant marshal or agent shall be paid for making out and returning complete copies of the original census returns, as required in the eleventh section of the act to which this is a supplement, eight cents for each page of the two copies of the original census returns required to be furnished by the eleventh section of the act to which this is a supplement. Where causes beyond the control of the marshal shall have delayed the taking of the census, the Secretary of the Interior may extend the time to any day not later than January 1, 1851, and he may extend the time for completing the census in California, Oregon, Utah, and New Mexico, as in his discretion may be deemed advisable. August 30 1850.
No. 22. An Act to amend the Act entitled “ An Act to amend, in the cases therein men. tioned, the 'Act to regulate the duties on imports and tonnage.'" Defines the limits of the collection district of Ocracoke in North Carolina. August 30, 1850.
No. 23. An Act proposing to the State of Texas the establishment of her northern and western boundaries, the relinquishment by the said State of all territory claimed by her exterior to said boundaries, and of all her claims upon the United States, and to establish a Territorial government for New Mexico. The following propositions are offered to Texas, and when agreed to by that State, by an act of its Legislature, before Dec. 1, 1850, shall be binding upon Texas and the United States. The boundary of Texas on the north shall commence at the point at which the meridian of 1000 west from Greenwich is intersected by the parallel of 360 30' N., and shall run from said point due west to the meridian of 1030 west from Greenwich; thence her boundary shall run due south to the 320 north latitude; thence on the said parallel of 320 N. to the Rio Bravo del Norte, and thence with the channel of said river to the Gulf of Mexico; and all claim to territory exterior to such limits is ceded by Texas to the United States, and all claims for liability by the United States for the debts of Texas, and for indemnity for public property which came to the United States by annexation, is relinquished; and the United States will pay Texas therefor $10,000,000 in 5 per cent. stock, redeemable at the end of 14 years, interest payable half yearly, at the Treasury of the United States. Such stock to be issued when the President shall receive an authentic copy of said act of consent of Texas, except $5,000,000 thereof, which shall not be issued until the creditors of the State holding bonds and other ce.tificates of stock of Texas for which duties on imports were specially pledged, shall first file in proper form, at the Treasury of the United States, releases of all claim against the United States on account of said bonds or certificates. Nothing contained in this act shall impair any provisions of article 3d of the 2d section of the joint resolution of March 1st, 1845.
The territory of the United States bounded as follows:- - Beginning at a point in the Colorado River where the boundary line with the republic of Mexico crosses the same; thence eastwardly with the said boundary line to the Rio Grande ; thence following the main channel of said river to the parallel of 320 N.; thence east with said parallel to its intersec. tion with the meridian of 1030 W. from Greenwich; thence north with said meridian of longitude to the parallel of 380 N.; thence west with said parallel to the summit of the Sierra Madre; thence south with the crest of said mountains to the parallel of 370 N. ; thence west with said parallel to its intersection with the boundary line of the State of California; thence with said boundary line to the place of beginning, is erected into the Territory of New Mexico. The Territory may be divided, and portions thereof be attached to other States or Territories when and as Congress may deem proper. When admitted as a State, the said Territory, or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union, with or without slavery, as its constitution may prescribe at the time of its admission.
Every free white male inhabitant, above the age of 21 years, who shall have been a resident of said Territory at the time of the passage of this act, shall be entitled to vote at the first election, and shall be eligible to any office within the said Territory; but the qualifications of voters and of holding office, at all subsequent elections, shall be such as shall be prescribed by the Legislative Assembly. The right of suffrage and of holding office shall be exercised only by citizens of the United States, including those recognized as citizens by the treaty with the republic of Mexico, concluded Feb. 2, 1848.
The Governor is appointed by the President, for 4 years, and until his successor is quali. fied, at an annual salary of $ 2,500. He must reside within the Territory, shall be Superintendent of Indian Affairs, may pardon offences against the laws of the Territory, and reprieve convicted offenders against the laws of the United States until the will of the President is known, and shall commission all officers appointed under the laws of the Territory. A Secretary of State shall in like manner be appointed for 4 years, unless sooner removed, at an annual salary of $1,800, who shall act as Governor, when said office is vacant, or the Gove ernor is necessarily absent.
The Legislative Assembly consists of a Council and House of Representatives. The Coun. cil consists of 13 members, to serve for two years. The House of Representatives
consists of 26 members, to serve one year. The qualifications of members of the Council and House are those, hereinafter described, of voters. An apportionment shall be made, as nearly equal as practicable, for the election of the Council and House, in the ratio of population, Indians excepted. And the members of the Council and of the House of Representatives shall reside in, and be inhabitants of, their district. Previous to the first election, the Governor shall cause a census of the inhabitants of the several counties and districts of the Territory to be taken. A plurality of votes elects, and in case of a tie, the Governor orders a new election to supply the vacancy so made. And the persons thus elected to the Legislative Assembly shall meet at such time and place as the Governor shall appoint; but thereafter, the time, place, and manner of holding all elections by the people, and the apportioning the representation in the several counties or districts, according to population, and the day of the commencement of the regular sessions of the Legislative Assembly, shall be prescribed by law. No one session shall exceed the term of forty days. The members shall be entitled to receive $3 each per day during their attendance at the sessions thereof, and $3 each for every 20 miles' travel in going to and returning from the said sessions. No law shall be passed interfering with the primary disposal of the soil; no tax shall be imposed upon the property of the United States; nor shall the lands or other property of non-residents be taxed higher than the lands or other property of residents. All laws passed by the Legislative Assembly and Governor shall be submitted to Congress, and if disapproved shall be of no effect. No member of the Legislative Assembly shall hold or be appointed to any office which shall have been created, or the salary or emoluments of which shall have been increased, while he was a member, during thet erm for which he was elected, and for one year after the expiration of such term; and no person holding a commission or appointment under the United States, except postmasters, shall be a member of the Legislative Assembly, or shall hold any office under the government of the Territory.
The judicial power of the Territory shall be vested in a Supreme Court, District Courts, Probate Courts, and in justices of the peace. The Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and two associates, any two of whom shall be a quorum. They shall hold a term at the seat of government of said Territory annually, and they shall hold their offices during the period of four years; and each shall receive an annual salary of $1,800. The Territory shall be divided into three judicial districts, and a District Court shall be held in each, by one of the justices of the Supreme Court, at such time and place as may be prescribed by law; and the said judges shall reside in the districts which shall be assigned them. Justices of the peace shall not have jurisdiction of any matter in controversy, where the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute, or where the debt or sum claimed shall exceed $100. The Supreme and District Courts shall possess chancery as well as common law jurisdiction. Writs of error, exceptions, and appeals shall be allowed in all cases from the final decisions of the District Courts to the Supreme Court, but in no case, removed to the Supreme Court, shall there be a trial by jury. Writs of error and appeals shall be allowed from the final decisions of the Supreme Court to the Supreme Court of the United States, where the value of the property or the amount in controversy shall exceed $1,000. In all cases involv. ing title to slaves, writs of error or appeals shall be allowed, without regard to the value of the matter, property, or title in controversy. A writ of error or appeal shall be allowed upon any writ of habeas corpus involving the question of personal freedom. The judges of the Supreme and District Courts shall and may grant writs of habeas corpus in all cases in which the same are grantable by the judges of the United States in the District of Columbia ; and the first six days of every term of said courts, or so much thereof as shall be necessary, shall be appropriated to the trial of causes arising under the said constitution and laws. There shall also be appointed an attorney and marshal for four years. They shall be paid the same respectively as the attorney and marshal for Oregon, and the marshal shall have $ 200 for compensation for extra services. The other township, district, or county officers shall be appointed or elected as may be provided by law. A Delegate to Congress shall be elected by a plurality of the qualified voters, who shall receive no higher sum for mileage than the law allows the Delegate from Oregon.