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CALIFORNIA.

California was admitted to the Union on September 9, 1850. Its area was taken from territory acquired from Mexico by the treaty of Guadelupe-Hidalgo. Its limits, as defined in the State constitution, are as follows:

Commencing at the point of intersection of forty-second degree of north latitude with the one hundred and twentieth degree of longitude west from Greenwich, and running south on the line of said one hundred and twentieth degree of west longitude until it intersects the thirty-ninth degree of north latitude; thence running in a straight line in a southeasterly direction to the river Colorado, at a point where it intersects the thirty-fifth degree of north latitude; thence down the middle of the channel of said river to the boundary line between the United States and Mexico as established by the treaty of May 30, 1848; thence running west and along said boundary line to the Pacific Ocean, and extending therein three English miles; thence running in a northwesterly direction and following the direction of the Pacific coast to the forty-second degree of north latitude; thence on the line of said fortysecond degree of north latitude to the place of beginning. Also all the islands, harbors, and bays along and adjacent to the Pacific coast.

The northern boundary was surveyed and marked in 1868–69, under the General Land Office.

INDEX.

25-26

Page.

Page.
Acadia, charter of, area embraced by.... 39 Carteret, George, grant to.......... 83
Alabama, State of, admission of... ------ 10,36 Cartwright, George, appointed commis-
State of, boundary between Florida

sioner on controversies in
and........................ 108-109

the colonies..-.-.-.
boundary between Georgia and . 107 Cherokee Indians, treaty with, provision
hetween Mississippi and ... 109-110

of, concerning western
Territory of, formation and bounda-

boundary of Arkansas ....
ries of ...................... 10,36 | Cherokee Strip, addition of, to Territory
Alaska, boundary between Canada and,

of Oklahoma.---.

130
agreement of Boundary

Choate, Rufus, reference to .------------ 55
Tribunal concerning...... | Colorado, State of, admission and bound-
boundary between Canada and, map

aries of ................ 38, 132–133
showing -------------------

Territory of, organization and bound-
between Canada and, treaty pro-

aries of..-.-.-.-.-.-.-- 38,127, 132
visions in regard to...----- Connecticut, boundary between Massa-
purchase of, history of ....------------ 25-28

chusetts and .............. 65–69
Alexander, Robert, reference to.--------- 116 boundary between Massachusetts
Arizona, historical diagram of............ 134

and, map showing......... 68
organization and boundaries of.. 38, 134-135

between New York and.... 71-72 73-76
Arkansas, State of, admission of ..------- 36,114

map showing --

... 74
State of, boundaries of ...--------... 113-115

between Rhode Island and...----- 71-72
historical diagram of.............. 114

map showing --...-.........

72
Territory of, organization and bound-

cessions by, to General Government. 36,76
aries of .............------- 36,113 claims of, in Territory Northwest of
Baltimore, Lord, grant to......

the River Ohio..----- 33
Barr, - western boundary of Con-

grants and charters in .....

72–73
necticut surveyed by ------ Crozat, Antoine de, grant to..----------- 19,20
Beck, James B., reference to..

Culpeper, Lord, grant to.----------------
Berkeley, Lord John, grant to...

Dakota, division of...

- 129
Black, J. S., reference to............

organization and boundaries of.. 37, 187, 129
Brooke, Lord, grant to..----

See also North Dakota; South Da-
Cagayan Jolo, purchase of

kota.
California, State of, admission and bound-

Delaware, boundary between Maryland
aries of..---------...---. 37, 139

and ....---------------
Calvert, Philip, reference to.....-------.. 90 boundary between New Jersey and.. 84
Canada, boundary between Alaska and,

between Pennsylvania and .......
treaty provisions in regard

grants and charters in ................ 87-88
to...-------- ............... 25–26 Detroit River, boundary in, between
boundary between Alaska and, map

United States and Canada,
showing-...----------------

map showing ------------- 12
boundary between Maine and, maps District of Columbia, acts of Congress
showing.....
--- 16,18

relating to ---------------- 93–94
between United States and, in

bounds of .........

. 94
Niagara River, map show-

lands ceded for ..

------------- 92-93
10 Disturnell's map, extract from, showing
in St. Clair and Detroit rivers,

southwestern boundary... 16
map showing -------------- 12 Dixon, Charles, work of ---------------- 86
in St. Lawrence Rive", map Ellicott, Andrew, surveys by -------- 82, 105-106
showing-------------------

Erie purchase, claims of States to.. 34
in St. Marys River, map show-

Fairfax, Lord, grants by ------
ing ----

14 Florida, State of, admission of........... 108
Carr, Robert, appointed commissioner on

State of, boundary between Alabama
controversies in the colo-

and ..-----------------... 108-109
nies ....

boundary between Georgia and. 106-107

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Page. ;

Page.
Florida, Territory of, cessions and retro | Kentucky, State of, admission of......... 117
cessions of lands in ....... 108 boundaries of...........

117
organization of ................... 108 boundary between Tennessee and,
Florida purchase, history of .............. 22–23

map of ... ------

116
Floridas, boundary between United

between Virginia and...------- 97–98
States and, treaty with

map showing ....
Spain in regard to......... 10 Kerr, Professor, quoted on north and
Gadsden purchase, history of...

south boundary lines of
Georgia, boundary between Alabama

North Carolina..
and.....

London, treaty of, provisions of, in re-
boundary between Florida and..--. 106-107

gard to boundaries........ 10-11
between North Carolina and ..... 105 Louisiana, ancient limits of, as under-
between South Carolina and.... 103-104

stood by France........... 19-20
between Tennessee and ..-----... 106 cession and retrocessions of .......... 20-21
cessions to General Government by.. 33, State of, additions to..................

112
36,105
admission of ........

- 36, 111
grants and charters in ...---------.... 104

Historical diagram of ............. 112
historical diagram of............

.... · 104

original boundaries of ............ 111
Germany, arbitration by Emperor of.... 19 Territory of, formation of...........
Ghent, treaty of, provisions of, in regard

name of, changed to Missouri Ter-
to boundary ............... 11-12

ritory ..........

111
Gorges, Ferdinando, lands granted to...- 40, 41 Louisiana purchase, history of ........... 19-22
Gould, Major, western boundary of Con- ! States and Territories formed from.. 36-37

necticut surveyed by...... 73 Maine, admission of, as a State........... 70
Graham, Lieutenant-Colonel, verification

boundaries of .......................... 39-47
by, of Mason and Dixon's

boundary between Canada and, maps
line..........-----------

showing......

.......... 16, 18
Graham, William A., reference to....... 91

between Canada and, settlement
Great Britain, treaties with. 9-10,10-15, 16, 17-19

of ........ ...---... 15-18
Guadalupe-Hidalgo, treaty of, territory.

between New Hampshire and,
added to United States

map showing -------... 18
by.-------
---------... 23-25

resurvey of ..--...

.. 45-47
Guam, acquisition of........

settlement of ..........

41-44
Hapton, Lord, grant to ......

Marbois, Barbé, cited on limits of Loui-
Hawaiian Islands, acquisition of ........

siana....................... 21,
Hazen, Richard, survey by, of boundary Maryland, boundary between Pennsyl-
between New Hampshire

vania and ................ 86–87
and Massachusetts ... 49 boundary between Virginia and...... 89–
Idaho, State of, admission of ............

137 cession of land by, for seat of govern-
State of, boundaries of.............. 137

ment .........
historical diagram of..

136 grants and charters in ...............
Territory of, formation and bound-

Mason and Dixon's line, survey of...--... 86-
---
aries of ............... 38, 129, 136 Mason, Jeremiah, work of ...... ....

86
Illinois, State of, admission of

120 Mason, John, lands granted to...--.--. 40, 47-48
State of, boundaries of.

120 Massachusetts, boundary between Con-
historical diagram of.......... 120

necticut and ............... 65-69
Territory of, formation and bound-

boundary between Connecticut and,
aries of..------------------

120

map showing ---- ...
Indian Territory, limits of...------ ----

between New Hampshire and ..-- 48-50
• Oklahoma formed from.....

between New York and..........
Indiana, State of, admission of .......... 35, 119

between Rhode Island and...-----
State of, boundaries of .............. 119-120

map showing ---..--..
historical diagram of..

-- 118

between Vermont and ....-------
Territory of, organization and bound-

of, on the north, maps showing..
aries of..------------... 34–35, 119 cession of land to New York by.......
Iowa, State of, admission of ............. 36, 125 cessions of land to General Govern-
State of, boundaries of......

ment by.............. 31-32, 70
historical diagram of............. 124 claims of, in Territory Northwest of
Territory of, organization and bound-

the River Ohio............. 33, 34
aries of ............ 36, 122, 124-125 / grants and charters in ................ 54-55
Jenkins, Charles A., reference to......... 91 | Maverick, Samuel, appointed commis-
Kansas, State of, admission of ............ 127

sioner on controversies in
State of, boundaries of ............ 127

the colonies............... 73
historical diagram of........... 126 Mexico, boundary between United States
Kansas, Territory of, formation and

and, treaty provisions in
boundaries of ........ 37, 126-127

regard to........... .... 23-24, 25

37

130

------

125

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