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his Majesty's ships, without any deduction whatsoever on account of keakage or waste.

Thus has the wisdom of the British Legislature increased the comforts of Seamen as far as relates to wages and provisions ; but that wisdom stopped not here, since by an humane regulation we find it enacted in the second clause of this Act, “ That all petty officers, able Seamen, landsmen, and marines, who may hereafter be wounded in action with the enemy, shall receive the full amount of their

wages and allowances until their wounds shall be healed; or until, being declared incurable, they shall receive a pension from the Chest at Chatham, or be admitted into the Royal Hospital at Greenwich."

The third section empowers the Commissioners of his Majesty's Navy to direct the Treasurer of the Navy, or any receiver general of land tax, collector of customs, or collector of excise, or clerk of the cheque, to whom an allotment shall have been made pursuant to the Act of 35 Geo. III. c. 28, to increase the allowance to the wives or mothers of petty officers or Seamen, nen commissioned officers of marines, or marines, in a proportion equal to half the increased pay, provided by this act; and which shall thereupon be paid in the same manner as if such declaration and order of allotment had been originally, according to the rate of half the pay of such petty officers, Seaglen, and marines, as by 'this Ad is provided. This calculation is to be made as nearly equal as may be to half the pay, and to be calcu. lated according to a schedule annexed to the A&.

From the brief view we have given of this subject, taking also into consideration the flourishing state of The Navy, it may be justly, in. ferred, that the many salutary laws and regulations which have from time to time been wisely framed for the encouragement of Seamen in the Royal Navy, for their government when on board, and for conferring privileges and rewards on them during and after service, have now been raised to an higher degree of excellence than is known to other States : it is ever consistent with the sound policy of a free and maritime Nation, most assiduously to continue to cultivate every measure, which at the same time that it adds to the comfort of our brave Mariners, reminds them that their Services are duly appretiated by their country.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE NAVAL CHRONICLE.

SIR,

THE Author of the Essay given in your last Number, “ On the

Method of supplying Deep Mines with Fresh Air by Means of Fire,” assumes, that to the ignition of the fuel, it matters not whether it be supplied with “ pure air or poisonous vapour ;" thre contrary of this is generally understood to be the fact--that the most vital part only of the air is consumed during the combustion, and that

azotic gas is a complete extinguisher. This is, I think, esemplified in several parts of Priestley's Treatise on Air :" in further proof it may be only necessary to notice the common custom of letting down a lighted candle into a ship's pump-well, or other confined place, before the people are allowed to descend ; if the candle cop. tinues to burn there is no danger, but if it is extinguished, the yapour is deemed too noxious for respiration, In one of the ingenious essays of Count Rumford on the propagation of heat, it is stated that no sensible difference was observed in the additional heat acquired by the blowpipe, whether it were supplied with atmospheric or azotic gas; but it must be observed that the candle on which this experiment was made, was burning in the pure atmospheric air, and the Count speaks but of the heat acquired by the adion of the blowpipe.

Fires are certainly of the greatest service, and are much used in the Navy for purifying the lower parts of the Ship; its heat corrects the damp, which is deposited in great quantities (during the night especially) from the breath of the people, as well as what may arise from the quantity of water by which they are surrounded ; it also, by rarifying the air in contact with it, and causing it to ascend, keeps up a constant circulation, a pure air rushing in to supply the place of that displaced by the heat.

Wishing every success to your Work, to which, should any thing worthy notice fall within my observation, I shall be ever happy to contribute, I remain, Sir,

Your servant and well wisher,
July 16, 1799.

A NAVAL OFFICER.

GRATUITIES TO THE RELATIONS OF OFFICERS AND OTHERS

KILLED IN ACTION.

Fears of

1. TO

O a Widow, her husband's full pay for a Year.

2. Orphans, each the one-third proportion of a Widow; posthumous children are esteemed Orphans.

3. Orphans married are not entitled to any Bounty. 4. If there is no Widow, a mother if a Widow, and above fifty

age, is entitled to a Widow's share. 5. The relations of Officers of Fire-ships are entitled to the same bounty, as those of Officers, of like rank, in fourth rates.

6. Captains are to set down the names of the killed at the end of the Master Book, and on what occasion.

7. Tliis bounty extends to those who are killed in tenders, in boats, or on shore, as well as to those on board the ships ; also to those who are killed in action with Pirates, or in engaging British ships through mistake. They who die of their wounds after battle, are all equally entitled with those killed in Action.

Gazette Letters.

SIR,

ADMIRALTY OFFICE, APRIL 9, 1799.
Copy of Letter from Admiral Sir Richard King, Bart. Commander in Chief of bis
Majesty's Ships and Vessels at Plymouth, to Evan Nepean, Esq. datea sbe 7th inst.

SIR,
I HAVE the satisfaAion to transmit herewith, for their Lordships infor-

mation, a letter I received from Captain Seymour, of his Majesty's sloop
Spitfire, acquainting me he captured the Resolue, a French privateer, the 31st
alt
. which, together with the Spitfire, arrived here this morning.--I am, Sir, &c.

R. KING. SIR,

Spitfire, Plymouth Sound, April 7. I have the honour to acquaint you, that the Spitfire captured, in a violent gale of the 3 ist ult. Scilly bearing N N. W. 14 leagues, the French brig privateer Resolue, of 14 six and eighi pounders, and 65 men, perfectiy new, being her first cruise, out two days from St. Valoes, and had not made any capture.

I am, &c.

MICHAEL SEYMOUR. Cepy of e Letter from Captain D'Auvergne, Prince of Bouillon, Commander of bis

Majesty's Ship Bravo, to Evan Nepean, Esq. dated at Jersey, tbe ttb inst.

SIR,
Enclosed I have the honour to transmit you, for the information of my Lords
Commissioners, Captain Lord Proby's report to me of his capture, in his Ma-
jesty's ship Danae, commanded by him, of a French national armed vessel that
bad only left Saint Malocs a few hours before he fell in with her yesterday.

I have the honour to be, &c.
D'AUVERGNE, Prince of Bouillon.

St. Helier, Danae, April 4.
I have the honour to acquaint you, that his Majesty's ship under my com-
mand captured the French national lugger Le Sans Quartier this morning, off
the isles de Choscy. The prize is pierced for 14 guns, but all she had on board
were thrown overboard in the chace-she has 56 men.

I have the honour to be, &c.

PROBY.
ADMIRALTY OFFICE, APRIL 13.
Copy of a Letter from Ibe Right Hon. Lord Bridport, K. B. Admiral of the Illite,

Go to Even Nepean, Esg. dated on board ibe Royal George, at S.. Helen's, the
Jorb inst.

SIR,
HEREWITH you will reccive the copy of a letter from Captain ats, of his
Majesty's ship Boadicea, stating the capture of the French brig privateer
L'Utile, which is transmitted for their Lordships' information,

I have the honour to be, Sir, &c.

BRIDPORT. MY LORD,

Boadicea, at Sea, April 1.
I have the honour to inform your Lordship of the capture of a third privateer
this cruise, by the Boadicea, viz. L'Utile, a very fine brig of 16 guns, eight
pounders, ten of which are brass, and 120 men, quite new, and three weeks
from Bourdeaux. -I have the honour to be, &c.

R. G. KEATS.
ADMIRALTY OPTICE, APRIL 16.
Copy of a Letter from Vice Admiral Hervey, Commander in Chief of bis Majesty's

Sbips at tbe Leeward Islands, to Evan Nepean, Esq. dated Prince of Wales, Fort
Royal Bay, Martinique, March 4, 1799.
YOU will be pleased to acquaint their Lordships, that Capt. Barton, of his
Majesty's ship Concorde, captured on the 14ch ulc. to windward of Antigua,

1

SIR,

La Frudente, French ship privateer, copper bottomed, of 18 guns and 100 mea. She had been cruising to windward of barbadoes for six weeks, without making any other captures than two schooners, one from Halifax, and the other an American, was on her return to the Spanish Port of St. Domingo, where she belonged, and from whence she had sailed early in December last.

I have the honour to be, &c.

HENRY HARVEY. Copy of a Letter from Vice Admiral Dickson, Commanding Officer of bis Majesty's

Stips and Vessels a: Parsouth, to Evan Nepean, Esq dutcă Veteran, at larineutb, April 15.

SIR, Herewith I transmit, for their Lordships' information, a letter from Captain Dacres, of his Majesty's ship Astrea, addressed to capt. Sotheron, of the Latona, acquainting him of the capture of Le Marsouin, French lugger privateer.

I am, sir, &c.

ARCH. DICKSON. SIR,

Astrea, at Sea, April 13... • I beg leave to acquaint you, that on the reth inst. the Texel bearing cast 9 or i leagues, I fell in with and captured, after a chace of three hours, Le Atarouin French luoger privateer, of 14 guns and s8 men. She lest Dunkirk the day before; had taken nothing --i have the honour to be, &c.

R. DACRES, ADMIRALTY OFFICE, APRIL 20, Extract of a Letter from Capt. Reynolds, of bis Majesty's Sbis La Pomone, to Evasi

Nepean, Esq. dated Falmouth, April 17, 1799.. SIR, IBG in acquaint you, for the information of my Lords Commissioners of the Hanwalty, of my arrival in this port.

Thuve also to inform you, that on the 31st ult. in lat. 42 deg. 25 min. N. long. 9 deg 16 min. W. we recook 1 he Minerva, a valuable Liverpool West India ship, that had been captured 16 days belore by the Argus French pric' vateer, belonging to Bourdeaux; and I have the pleasure to add, that on the 3d inst, se fortunately fell in with the Argus, and after a long chace of 108 miles running 12 knots an hour, took her close under Cape Finisterre. She is a beautiful Ship, not six months off the stocks, carrying 18 brass nine pounders, pierced for 22, and 130 nich ; is copper-bottomed, and a remarkanie swift sailer. Besides the Minerva, the Arges had captured, this cruise, two brigs belonging to Teignmouth; the raaster and crews of both I found on board her.

And oil the gth of this month we retook an American schooner from the Caraccas, bound to (orunna, laden with cocoa and indigo, that had been taken eight days before by the Gironde privateer, from Bourdeaux.

I revicuş to the above, his Majesty's ship Pomonc had captured, off Carthagena, the Mutius Scævola French privateer, belonging to Genoa, and a Spanishcoaster; particulars of which I transmiited in a letter on service to the Earl of St. Vincent.--I have the honour to be, &c.

R.C. REYNOLDS,
ADMIRALTY OFFICE, APRIL 23.
Extrači of e Letter from Sir Harry Buirard Neole, Bart. Captain of his Majesty's

Sbip St. Fiorenzo, to Evun Nepean, Esq.
SIR,

in 1 . Plymouth, April 17. T BEG you will acquaint their I ordslips that I arrived with the St. Fiorenzo in Plymouth Sound this morning, with a French brig prize, from St. Domingo bound to 1.’Orient with sugar and coftce. I also captured a French brig in ballast on the same day, not yet arrived.

Tenclose, for their Lordships' information, a copy of my letter to Lord Bride port, of the 6th inst.

H, NEALE. MY LORN,

S: Fiorenzo, at Sea, April 16. I have the honour to inform your Lordship, that on the oth inst. after reconnoitring two Trench frigates at anchor in the port of L'Orient, I stood

towards Belle Isle.' On our approach I saw some ships at anchor in the Grcat Road, but as the weather was hazy, and the ships under the land, I could not sufficiently ascertain their strength until we had run the full length of the island, when I clearly distinguished them to be three French frigates and a large sailing gun-vessel, with heir topsail-yards ready hoisted to come out to us. At this instant a heavy and sudden squall of wind from the N. W. carried away the Amelia's main top. mast, and her fore and mizen top-gallant-mast ; the fall of the former tearing a great part of the main-sail from the yard.

The enemy who were apparently waiting our near approach, got under weigh immediately, and made sail towards us in a line ahead. Circumstanced as we now werc, I felt we had but one duty to perform, and that we could do nothing more than testify our readiness to meet them : I therefore made the signal to prepare for battle; and when they had advanced a little to lecivard of us, I shortened sail, so as for the Amelia to keep under command, with her fore aud mizen topsails only, and made the signal to bear up, preserving the weathergage, and keeping close order. The enemy tacked to meet us, and we in. stapely commenced an action, receiving the fire from one of the batteries on the island at the same tinie. 'The enemy were so little disposed to close quarters that we were under the necessity of bearing down upon them three times, until they were close upon the islands of Houatt and Hcdie. After engaging them one hour and 55 minutes, they wore ship and stood from us. I am exirer eiy sorry we had it not in our power to do any thing more with the enemy (who had a port close on each side of them) than compel them to relinquish an Action which, from their superiority and the crippled state of the Amclia previous to the aclion, had inspired them with the hope of success.

Soon after the Action ceased they bore up for the Loire, two of them apparently much shattered; and the gun-vessel returned to Belle Isle.

It is with peculiar satisfaction / acquaint your Lordship, that the aclive and spirited conduct of Captain Herbert is deserving of the highest applause, and I feel that no encomium of mine can do justice to his nierit.

The officers and ships' companies, of both ships, conducted themselves with the greatest order and most determined courage : they are entitled to cvery commendation I can bestow.

I take the liberty of naming in particular Lieutenants Farnall and Holmes, the First Lieutenants of each ship, as very deserving officers.

The damage sustained by his Majesty's Ships is principally confined to the masts, sails, and rigging.

. By a Vessel captured since the Action, I learn the frigates we engaged were 1.a Cornelie, La Vengeance, and La Semillante ; they have been lately stationed at Belle Isle to guard the Coast. Enclosed is a list of killed and wounded in each ship.

I have the honour to be, &c. Right Hon. Lord Bridport, K. B.

H. NEALE. Return of Killed and Wounded on board bis Majesty's Ships St. Fiorenzo and Amelia,

on tbe gtb of April 1799. St. Fiorenzo-1 seaman killed; 18 seamen wounded; 2 of them dangerously. Amelia - Mr. Bayley, midshipman, and i seaman killed; 17 wounded, I of chem dangerously

Total-3 killed, and 35 wounded. Copy of a letter from Mr. Daniel Haron, to I van Nepoan, Esq. dated Jersey,

April 16. SIR, I have the honour to acquaint you, for the information of my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that the Pliænix lugger private ship of war under my command, on the sth inst. St. :ebastian bearing 5. E. four leagues, fell in with and captured the French lugger privateer La Courreur, commanded by Gabriel de la Garats, mounting four guns, four-pounders, and six swivels, having on board 46 men: she belonged to St. Jean de Luz, sailed last from Sebastian; had captured nothing.--Iliave the honour to be, &c.

DAN, HAMON.

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