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the Superior Courts established at St. Augustine and Pensacolai the Territory of Florida, respectively, shall be, and they are hero authorized and directed to receive and adjust all Claims, arising withm their respective jurisdictions, of the Inhabitants of said Territory, a their Representatives, agreeably to the provisions of the 9th (24°)4: ticle of the Treaty with Spain, by which the said Territory was to to the United States. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That in all cases in whichs. Judges shall decide in favour of the Claimants, the decisions, with to evidence on which they are founded, shall be, by the said Judges, ported to the Secretary of the Treasury, who, on being satisfiedo the same is just and equitable, within the provisions of the said Tro shall pay the amount thereof to the person or persons in whose for the same is adjudged, out of any money in the Treasury, not to wise appropriated. MEMORIAL of the Secretary of State for Exterior so Interior Relations to the Congress of Merico. 1st November, 1823. (Extract.) (Translate IN presenting myself for the purpose of acquainting the Sover. Congress, which is now engaged in consolidating the publick was
States, arising from unlawful seizures at Sea, or within the Ports and terroJurisdiction of The United States. Finally, To all the Claims of Subjects of His Catholick Majesty upoGovernment of The United States, in which the interposition of His Cato Majesty’s Government has been solicited, before the date of this Treat.” since the date of the Convention of 1802, or which may have been mos the Department of Foreign Affairs of His Majesty, or to his Minister its United States. And the High Contracting Parties respectively renounce all Claim to demnities for any of the recent events or transactions of their respectives: manders and Officers in the Floridas. The United States will cause satisfaction to be made for the injuries, to which, by process of Law, shall be established to have been sufferedo: Spanish Officers, and Individual Spanish Inhabitants, by the late operate the American Army in Florida. *ART. II. His Catholick Majesty cedes to The United States, in for perty and sovereignty, all the Territories which belong to Him, situato eastward of the Mississippi, known by the name of East and westro The adjacent Islands dependant on said Provinces, all publick lets squares, vacant lands, publick edifices, fortifications, barracks, and buildings, which are not private property, archives and documents who late directly to the property and sovereignty of said Provinces, are into in this Article. The said archives and documents shall be lem in posses
of the Commissaries or officers of The United states duly authorio receive them.
e basis of a wise and liberal Constitution, with the state of the n, in what relates to the administration of the affairs of the Ex
and Interior, entrusted to my charge, I could have wished at ame time to have offered to your inspection both a satisfactory n accurate account of them; but my wishes unfortunately cannot s respect be gratified. Circumstances, known to all, and by all ted, have placed the Country in a most deplorable condition; lotwithstanding the efforts of Government, it has been impossible ew months to remedy those evils which are the result of so many of desolation and error. times of tranquillity and peace, under the influence of a Constitusited to our habits, the Annual Memorial of my Department should nce the successive improvement made in its various branches; nder circumstances entirely different, and amidst political diffil, which are inevitable at the moment when the fundamental basis Government and the Publick Administration are about to be ished, it can only contain an exposition of the endeavours, more successful, which have been made in preparing for such happy i; of the care and foresight which have been applied to this obnd of the plans formed to promote, by all possible means, the al welfare and prosperity. soon as the present Government was installed, detailed informapon the various points of political and economical arrangement, quired from every Province, for the purpose of collecting the data ary for an exact knowledge of the state of the affairs connected my Department; few, however, have as yet been received, and with some exceptions, are of so general and vague a character, have been of little service. In the absence of the desired details, t limit myself to the information which I have been enabled to , in the course of the transactions which have passed through my distinguishing the two principal attributes belonging to my and considering them agreeably to the order and distribution ibed for that purpose.
- exterior RelATIONS.
ring the first steps of our political existence, the extent of our n Relations have necessarily been very limited; for, whilst our on was occupied with domestick dissensions, it was not possible Nation to be represented with the requisite dignity and cony, to render it respectable in the eyes of other Nations.
or independence has nevertheless been solemnly recognized by nited States; and although our Form of Government was not e which that Nation might have wished to see generally esta! on this Continent, and which is being adopted in other parts of ca, it has abstained from inquiring into the Constitutions peculiar to each State, and has recognized the independence at presenter. joyed by those Provinces which were formerly under the Spanish Dominion. It has appointed an Envoy Extraordinary and Minista Plenipotentiary to this Government, (whose arrival, however, has no yet taken place) and its Consuls for this Capital and our princial Ports are already in employment, and to whose appointments thenots. sary Erequatur has been given. The friendship and good understanis with that Nation continues undisturbed ; and in order to avoid so cause for disagreement which might hereafter arise, our Chargé d'A'. faires in those States has been directed, to invite the mutual agreema of the two Governments, conformably to the Treaty of Washingoa 22d February, 1819, to the line of boundary prescribed in the 41 Article of that Treaty “.
* Extract of the Treaty between Spain and The United States, of 22d Fion 1819.-ART. III. The Boundary Line between the two Countries West of to Mississippi, shall begin on the Gulf of Mexico, at the mouth of the ko. Sabine, in the Sea, continuing North, along the Western bank of that Rite." the 32d degree of Latitude; thence, by a line due North, to the degre . Latitude where it strikes the Rio Roxo of Natchitoches, or Red River, to following the course of the Rio Roxo Westward, to the degree of Longo 100 West from London, and 23 from Washington; then crossing the saido River, and running thence, by a line due North, to the River Arkansas; to following the course of the southern Bank of the Arkansas, to its souro Latitude 42 North; and thence, by that parallel of Latitude, to the Souths” the whole being as laid down in Melish's Map of The United States, publicat Philadelphia, improved to the 1st of January, 1818. But if the sourcede Arkansas River shall be found to fall North or South of Latitude 42, thost Line shall run from the said source due South or North, as the casema!” till it meets the said parallel of Latitude 42, and thence, along the said pane to the South Sea; all the Islands in the Sabinc, and the said Red and Arios Rivers, throughout the course thus described, to belong to The United Sto but the use of the waters, and the navigation of the Sabine to the Sea, are the said Rivers Roxo and Arkansas, throughout the extent of the said Bo dary, on their respective Banks, shall be common to the respective Inhabitor of both Nations The Two High Contracting Parties agree to cede and renounce all to rights, claims, and pretensions, to the Territories described by the said Lo that is to say ; The United States hereby cede to His Catholick Majesty, a renounce for ever, all their rights, claims, and pretensions, to the Territo lying West and South of the above described line; and, in like manne, F. Catholick Majesty cedes to the said United States, all his rights, claims, * pretensions, to any Territories East and North of the said Line; and is himself, his Heirs, and Successors, renounces all claim to the said Territon” for ever, IV. To fix this Line with more precision, and to place the land-marks who shall designate exactly the limits of both Nations, each of the Contracto Parties shall appoint a Commissioner and a Surveyor, who shall meet, befo the termination of one Year from the date of the Ratification of this Treaty.“ Natchitoches, on the Red River, and proceed to run and mark the said is
The Government of Spain, authorized by the Cortes, sent Commis•rs to all the American Provinces, formerly Spanish, which had laimed their Liberty, to hear and transmit whatever proposals ld be made to them. They had been previously empowered lake provisional Conventions for Commerce. Those destined our Nation presented themselves at the Castle of San Juan lua, at the commencement of this Year, in the character with 1 they had been invested by their former Government. The s which occurred in this Country prevented the intended Conses from being held, but as soon as the present Government was led, they again solicited to enter into communication with it in to fulfil the object of their mission. s they had obtained the necessary permission from the preceding eign Congress, they were permitted to approach into the interior as Jalapa, the Most Excellent Señor D. Guadalupe Victoria being issioned to open the Negociation with them. Their first cone, at which it appeared that Spain was not averse to the recognif our independence, proving very satisfactory, the General was wered to enter with that Nation into a Treaty, the basis of which l be the explicit acknowledgment of that Independence, and rrender of the Fortress of San Juan de Ulua, as an integral part Territory: the interests of our brethren of the other Independent of America, who, engaged in the same glorious contest as ourought to participate in our destiny, were not forgotten, and it erefore proposed, amongst other conditions, that all hostilities t them should also cease. As the Commissioners were directed or immediately into a Treaty of Commerce, and as it was consia matter of moment, to come to an amicable settlement of the nces which were frequently excited with the Governor of the ss of Ulua, respecting the use and advantage of the Port of Vera and to fix a permanent rule for the continuation of the Commertercourse which had not been broken off between Spain and the of the Antilles, it was decided that General Victoria should consuch a Treaty, and he was accordingly furnished with instructions t purpose.
a mouth of the Sabine to the Red River, and from the Red River, to the rkansas, and to ascertain the Latitude of the source of the said River s, in conformity to what is above agreed upon and stipulated, and the atitude 42 to the South Sea; they shall make out plans, and keep Jourheir proceedings, and the result agreed upon by them shall be considered of this Treaty, and shall have the same force as if it were inserted theretwo Governments will amicably agree respecting the necessary articles nished to those Persons, and also as to their respective Escorts, should deemed necessary.
The Spanish Columissioners stated that, before entering into a Negociation of minor importance, the main purpose of their misia being to hear, receive and transmit, any Propositions, with a view w terminate the differences between this Nation and Spain, those which this Government had to offer, in order to attain the leading obed, should first be explained. To this it was replied, that they were to prised in the acknowledgment of our Independence, and the suneo of the Castle of Ulua, which unquestionably belongs to our Temio The Negociations proceeded slowly, but without altering thes” understanding which, from the first, subsisted, until the interrupo given to it by the Governor of the Castle of San Juan de Uluar specting the dominion over the Island of Sacrificios, gave to than new aspect. This Government deeming it its duty to resist those pretenso the City of Vera Cruz was ultimately fired upon, from which mons all Negociation with the Commissioners was broken off, and reous had to the hostile measures authorized by War, after every exertional failed to maintain and ensure Peace with Spain. With the other Nations of Europe our Relations are much into same state as they were at the time of the Declaration of our Indodence: the great events and the remarkable changes which have to place in that part of the World are of the highest importancetos They will undoubtedly attract the particular attention of Congo and excite the vigilance of Government. It may have reason to prehend that the Allied Monarchs who have interfered in the into affairs of Spain, may extend their views to the possessions someo belonging to that kingdom on this Continent; but the sentimentsman fested by England have, in some degree, relieved this suspicion, he Minister having declared in Parliament, that his Government to not consent to any transfer which Spain might make of Counts which were no longer under its controul; whose independence must ere long recognize, “although the period for their formal" cognition might be accelerated or delayed, either by exterior ciro stances, or by the progress, more or less satisfactory, which might" made by each State towards a regular and settled form of Goo ment.” Shortly after the installation of the present Government, it was: contemplation to send a Diplomatick Agent to Rome, to so Ecclesiastical Affairs with the Holy See, but it has not been pos” so to do; and it has been thought advisable to deser putting tiss tention into execution, and, for the present, merely to assure Hs Holiness, through his Minister of State, of the religious sentimes which are entertained by this Nation and its Government. If political motives, and commerce, place us in connexion witho Nations of Europe, some of which may be considered as our Neo