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rs, from their establishments on this Continent, and the adjacent nds, more powerful motives connect us with the States recently ned in America. Their origin, their interests, are the same as our ; they are threatened by the same dangers, and, as our destiny is same, our exertions should correspond. Influenced by these conrations, the Republick of Colombia has proposed the assembling General Confederation of all the States of America, formerly mish: the proposal has been accepted by the Republicks of Peru Chili, which have entered into Treaties of Alliance and Commerce Colombia. The Honourable Señor Miguel Santamaria, Envoy-Extraordinary Minister Plenipotentiary from that Republick, made the same osition to our late Government; but circumstances of a peculiar ‘e, and the departure of that Minister from this Capital, prevented the »tance of it at that time. Our good understanding with Colombia since, however, been re-established, and, on the return of that ster to this City, Negociations were commenced, the result of has been, the conclusion of a Treaty, which I shall have onour of presenting to the Sovereign Congress, for its consideand approval. It will serve as a basis for that real Social act, which will comprehend all Americans as one family, united heir defence, independence, and liberty, and for the purpose of Pring their commercial and reciprocal interests. nce the Union of Guatemala to the so-called Mexican Empire, oms of disagreement have been exhibited amongst the inhabitants it ancient Kingdom. The Province of San Salvador resisted the with open War, and, although it submitted to force, it was preparing for resistance. The dissolution of the Imperial nment, which for a time embarrassed those Provinces, led to the !cation of a Congress, which assembled in the Capital of that ry, annulled the Act of Union, and established a Republick, the title of the United Provinces of Central America. By on of the former Sovereign Congress, and by order of this nment, the Mexican division, under the command of General a, stationed in that territory, has been withdrawn: it has not, •r, been deemed expedient to proceed to the formal recognition Independence since that time, its interior tranquillity having uently been disturbed, and symptoms of disaffection exhibited in vinces, although the Congress and Government still continue in ercise of their functions. e savage tribes, that frequently occupy and infest our northern r, have been, and continue, pacifick, although an attack them was expected in the Province of Sonora, and the hes” had committed assassination and plunder in that of ahua, but the judicious conduct of the Governors has been sufficient, either to avoid or put a stop to these disorders. It is, ho ever, to be feared that they may be repeated; owing to their tribes requiring the payment of the tributes which they were accustome to receive annually, but which circumstances have prevented to latterly from continuing to them. They are aware of the in. perfect organization of our troops, and will take advantage of it until they be re-established on a proper footing, and the Mia of those Provinces organized; but when we possess an adequo force in that quarter, it is to be hoped that, with the increas of population, and their being brought into a more regular intercours with us, they will lead a more settled life, and, by reaping the bentis of Religion and Society, become at length useful Members of the Natio Mearico, 1st November, 1823. LUCAS ALAMAM
POLITICAL CONSTITUTION of the State of ChiliPromulgated the 29th December, 1823. The Supreme Director of Chili to those who may see and her these presents, be it known, That the Sovereign Constituent Congress of the Nation has * creed and sanctioned the Political Constitution of the State of Cho in the following Code: In the name of God, the All-powerful Creator, Preserver, Bes factor, and Supreme Legislator, of the Universe, The National Constituent Congress of Chili decrees and sanction the Political and Permanent Constitution of the State, under the * lowing Titles:
OF THE CHILIAN NATION AND PEOPLE.
ART, I. The State of Chili is one and indivisible: the Natia Representation is consolidated for the whole Republick. II. Chili is a Nation independent of the Spanish Monarchy, or of any other Power. III. The Sovereignty belongs essentially to the Nation, and to exercise of it to its Representatives. IV. The Territory of Chili, North to South, extends from t Desert of Atacama to Cape Horn; and, East to West, from t Pacifick Ocean, including all the adjacent Islands, the Archipels:
of Chiloé, and the Islands of Juan Fernandez, Mocha, and Sao
Maria, to the Mountains of the Andes.
V. The Constitutional Guarantees and the Laws protect every is
dividual resident in Chili.
WI. Those are Chilians: l. Who are born in Chili. 2. Who are born in other Countries, if they be Children of a ilian Father or Mother, and become domiciliated in Chili. 3. Foreigners resident in Chili, married to a Chilian Woman, niciliated according to the Laws, and exercising any profession. 4. Foreigners married to Foreign Women, after a Year's residence, sessing a legal domicile, and exercising a profession enabling them ubsist. 5. Those favoured by the Legislative Power. VII. Every Chilian is equal in the eye of the Law; and he may alled to employments under the conditions required by it. All are ontribute towards the expenses of the State in proportion to their ns. All are its defenders. VIII. In Chili there are no Slaves. Whoever resides on its Terri. during one day is free. Whoever carries on the Slave Trade | not reside in Chili longer than one month, nor shall ever become ralized. X. Expenses for the defence of the Country, the Publick Admiation, and the instruction of the Citizens, are essentially National. Legislatures alone shall provide for others, after those shall have settled. K. The Religion of the State is the Roman Catholick Apostolick, e exclusion of the worship and exercise of any other.
II. Every natural or legal Chilian is a Chilian Citizen, with the t of Suffrage in the Electoral Assemblies, provided he be 21 s of age, or have contracted marriage, and that he possess any of Bllowing requisites: An immoveable property of 200 dollars. A business or trade belonging to himself worth 500 dollars. Being a Proprietor of, or being regularly instructed in, any pernt manufacture. The having produced or brought to the Country any invention, try, science, or art, the utility of which is approved by the Govern
The having fulfilled his civick duties. The being a Roman Catholick, or favoured by the Legislativ T. |l must be instructed in the Constitution of the State, their names bed in the great National Book, and be in possession of the Certificate of Citizenship, at least one month before the Elections. The must be able to read and to write, after the Year 1840. XII. Citizenship shall be forfeited: 1. By naturalization in a Foreign Country. 2. By accepting employment from other Governments, withoutro mission of the Senate. 3. By declining, without sufficient cause, the fulfilment of any do required by the chief Authorities of the State. 4. By fraudulent Bankruptcy. XIII. Citizenship shall be suspended, in consequence: 1. Of having been condemned to corporeal or other deghis punishment, unless reinstated in society. 2. Of physical or moral incapability of free and deliberate action 3. Of being a fiscal debtor for a protracted period. 4. Of want of employment or known manner of living. 5. Of being a menial servant. 6. Of being proceeded against criminally. . Of habitual drunkenness, or being addicted to prohibited gos Declaration being made of the defects mentioned in this and? former Article, one month previous to the Elections, and by compete
of THE Executive Powert.
XIV. A Citizen, with the Title of Supreme Director, shall * the State, with submission to the Laws, and hold exclusively the or cise of the Executive Power. The office shall last 4 Years; re-elect being allowed a second time by two-thirds of the Votes.
XV. In the event of the sickness, death, resignation, deposition absence of the Director, or of his being in command of the Amy Force, the President of the Senate, separated from that body o its functions, shall take his post. He shall also officiate in his so during his absences in the Interior, in such part of the Administric as the Director may appoint.
XVI. The Dress of the Supreme Director shall be pecular, e. distinguished from that of the Civil or Military Officers.
XVII. To be Supreme Director it is requisite:
'1. To be a Citizen by birth, and, if a Foreigner, to have exerts
the Citizenship for 12 Years, and to have been previously declared 4. serving in an eminent degree.
2. For a Native, to have been 5Years; and, for a legalized core to have been 12 Years, an immediate resident in the Country; unles: have been absent on official service of the State; and to be 30 Yeo of age.
VIII. The exclusive faculties of the Supreme Director are: . To govern the State; executing and fulfilling the Laws and lations which may have been sanctioned. . To promulgate the Laws, , To originate, exclusively, the Laws, except during the Constimal Period, when the same belongs to the Senate, and the sancof them to the Director. To organize and dispose of the Land and Sea Forces conformto the Law. To nominate the Generals in Chief, with the consent of the e. * To declare War in the Constitutional form. To decree the supply of the funds legally destined for the hes of Publick Service. To nominate the Officers of the Army and Navy below the rank utenant-Colonel. To dictate hostile or defensive measures, of urgency, in the of a sudden attack from without, or of any internal commotion; ting on the occasion with the Senate. . To appoint to civil and ecclesiastical employments, appertaining il nomination or presentation, which are not prohibited by the tution. To nominate the Ministers of the Cabinet, previously consulting is Council of State, and his Councillors, according to the ConDil. To watch over the ministerial conduct of the functionaries of , and the fulfilment of their decrees. To remove his Ministers, without assigning a cause. To take especial care that the Constitution be fulfilled, in ref the Elections and the requisite qualifications. To pardon and commute punishments, with the consent of the
To withhold or confirm Warrants for Papal Bulls and Eccle|l Ordinances; with the consent of his Council of State, and the n of the Senate, if they relate to matters of Government; and e consent of the Supreme Court of Justice, if they relate to conS matters. To suspend Persons in Office, for unfitness, neglect of duty, or In the first case, with the consent of the Senate, and in the
t, communicating the necessary information to the Tribunals of for judicial decision. To negotiate Treaties of Peace, Alliance, Commerce, Suband Limits, subject to the sanction of the Senate. To render an account annually to the Serate, of the state of tion, in all the branches of Publick Administration.