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20. To prepare, through the medium of his Ministers, an estimateos the annual expenditure, and to report the application of the pretting estimate. XIX. It shall not be lawful for the Supreme Director: 1. To command the Armed Force, or to absent himself fronto Territory of the Republick, without leave of the Senate. 2. To nominate any Officer to the effective commandof a Cons of and superior to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel: the propose: and nomination of which must receive the consent of the Senate. 3. To take cognizance of judicial matters, whether relating to * Police, Government, or any other Department. 4. To deprive any one of personal liberty for more than 24 hom or to inflict corporeal punishments. 5. To suspend, on any pretext, the assembling of the Natio Chamber, immediately after the Veto of the Senate shall have ke pronounced. 6. To grant employments, without the particular exercise of * Ministry acknowledged by the Law, to extend their number, or wo tribute money, on any other ground than that of actual service.orks. retirement. 7. To suspend the Electoral Assemblies. 8. To despatch Diplomatick Agents, either with Powers or ano cial Character, to Foreign Countries, without the consent of the Seto 9. To create commissions, with emolument or salary, without to consent of the Senate. 10. To issue any order without the signature of his Ministers, a being responsible if it be obeyed under any other form. XX. At the expiration of his office, the Supreme Directorshal& ver to the Senate a Report on all the operations of his Administration the end that, together with the notes and observations thereon to Senate, it may be printed, and, the name of the Director being insero on the Electoral Lists, the Assemblies may declare (in the sameo as in the Elections) how far his conduct may be deemed meritorious
OF THE MINISTERS OF STATE.
XXI. There shall be, for the present, three Ministers, Secrewof State, for the directorial despatch of business.
XXII. Each Minister shall be personally responsible for the or which he shall have signed alone, and all of them for those which to: shall have signed in common.
XXIII. Every organick instruction drawn up by the Directory.” the acts which shall have been sanctioned by the Senate, relatings Foreign Affairs, shall be considered in concert with the Council a State, and shall have the signature of the respective Minister of So jut which requisite it shall not be executed. Should any extraory case demand one of a secret nature, the Minister who issues the uction and signs it shall be personally responsible for the same. XIV. To be a Minister, it is necessary to be a Citizen, to be 30 s of age, to be of good repute, and to have a well-known comicy. XV. No Minister shall absent himself from the Country until the ation of 4 months, after the termination of his office. XVI. To render the responsibility of a Minister effective, Senate shall declare when there be cause for the institution of proceedings against him, the Supreme Court of Justice adjudging orwards, on principles of prudence and discretion, with reference at is purely of a ministerial nature. XVII. The business and interior organization of each Department be settled by a regulation, prepared by the Government, a oned by the Senate. * .
XVIII. There shall be a Council of State, composed of two Mis of the Supreme Court of Justice, an Ecclesiastical Dignitary, a ry Chief, an Inspector of Fiscal Rents, and the two officiating Dis of National Economy, who shall receive no other emolument he Salary attached to their employment. The Ex-Directors are yers of this Council. XIX. The Council of State shall be consulted: Respecting those Projects of Law which cannot be submitted e sanction of the Senate without the previous assent of the Council |te. Respecting the nomination of Ministers of State, the Council ; the right of proposing their dismissal. Respecting the Estimates of Fiscal Expenses, which must anbe laid before the Senate. Respecting all matters of superior importance. KX. The Council shall meet in the House of the Director, on two ited days in the week, and on extraordinary occasions, when by the Supreme Director, who shall always preside over it. (XI. The Council shall be divided into 7 Sections, each Section entrusted to a particular Member, who shall prepare and explain siness to be expedited. (XII. The Sections are : Interior Government, Justice, Legislation, and Elections. Commerce and Foreign Affairs. Publick Instruction, Morals, Services, National Merit, and iastical Affairs.
4. Fiscal and Publick Finance.
5. War and Marine.
6. Mines, Agriculture, Industry, and the Arts.
7. Publick Establishments, and every description of Police.
XXXIII. A Book shall be kept in the Council of State, in whid all the decisions given by the Director shall be registered. In to consultations on the nomination of Ministers of State, each Councia shall record his personal vote with his name.
XXXIV. The Councillors shall be permanent, unless they be a moved or superseded by the Supreme Director.
TITLE Wi. of The senate. |
XXXV. There shall be a permanent Body, with the title of to Conservative and Legislative Senate. XXXVI. It shall be composed of 9 individuals, elected Cons: tionally, for the space of 6 Years, who may be re-elected at = period. XXXVII. To be a Senator it is necessary: 1. To be 30 Years of age. 2. To possess a Property, the value of which is not less than 5* dollars. 3. To have been a Resident during three Years immediately so vious to the Election, unless the person should have been absentthe employment of the State. 4. To be in the exercise of Citizenship. XXXVIII. The attributes of the Senate are: 1. To watch over the observance of the Laws, and the conducts the Authorities. 2. To sanction the Laws proposed by the Directory, or to suo their sanction until the opinion of the National Assembly shall ho been ascertained. 3. To suspend, immediately, the Executive Acts of the Director should it perceive in them a serious and dangerous tendency, or a to lation of the Laws, 4. To watch over the National customs and morals, taking care education, and that the civick and moral virtues be always dist guished by rewards and honours. 5. To protect and defend individual Rights, under the suico responsibility. 6. To report meritorious conduct, keeping a register of the so vices and virtues of every Citizen, in order to present and recomes: them to the Directory, and to propose them as deserving persons: the National Chamber.
XXIX. In virtue of the foregoing Articles it belongs to the Se—To sanction: Regulations and Ordinances for every Publick Body or Adtration, proposed by the Directory. Declarations of War, or measures against Aggressions, with the jus consent of the National Chamber. Treaties of Peace, and other Treaties with Foreign Nations. Taxes and Contributions, with the previous assent of the NaChamber. Estimates of the Publick and Fiscal Expenses prepared by the utive. Debts and Foreign Loans, if proposed on any extraordinary icy, with the previous assent of the National Chamber. The creation or suppression of Offices, and their salaries. The formation of Cities, Towns, and the demarkation of TerS. The ceremonies, objects, rewards, and honours, of National als. Publick Establishments of every description. The ingress, or stationing, of Foreign Troops, or Squadrons, the jurisdiction of the State, and the manner in which it is to cted. The departure of National Troops from the Territory of the
The Land and Sea Forces for each Year, or as Publick urgency ds. To urge the Directory, at any time, to negociate a Peace. To sanction rewards and honours to deserving Citizens. To regulate the Law, Weight, and Mould of the Coinage. To examine and approve the application of the Publick Reevery Year, and at any time when it may deem it necessary. To declare and register the Right of Citizenship. To propose to the National Chamber the Persons who are to lared deserving, in order that the Chamber may confirm the if their merits are of an ordinary kind; or to consult the Nation ing them, if they are of a superior description. To declare when there is cause to institute Criminal Proceedainst any Publick Functionary, who shall, in the mean while, ended from office. To sanction the privileges which the Directory shall propose, Inventors or Promoters of useful establishments. To sanction the acquisition or alienation of Publick Property. To approve the apportionment of Taxes in the Departments. To exercise the right of Police and Correction in the place ittings, and in the district in which it deliberates.
25. To exercise the right, of proposing Laws each Year, during: periods of 15 days each: the first to commence at the termination of the month in which the visiting Senate shall conclude its annual visit; ar. the second, 6 months after the first period. Also, of inviting the Director at any time to propose such Law as it may consider necessary or so able to the interests of the State.
26. To consult the National Chamber, in respect of accusatand criminal causes against Senators; who shall be tried by the Spreme Court of Justice, after the National Chamber shall have * clared that there is cause for the formation of a process, with the to currence of the Senate.
XL. The President of the Senate shall be elected annually in: Flectoral Assemblies, and the Election must fall on one of the Senior for the time being.
of The FORMATION OF The Laws.
XLI. The Supreme Director shall propose the Law to the So after it shall have been approved and signed by his Count State. XLII. The Law being received, the Senate shall sanction it. consider it useful, and necessary for the publick good. XLIII. If it appertain to War, Contributions, or Loans, itéassemble and obtain the assent of the National Chamber, after ot. it shall sanction it. XLIV. Should the Senate consider the Law proposed prejo or unnecessary, it shall return the same to the Director with its obso tions; in which case, the Director may either withdraw his proposttransmit it a second time to the Senate, with answers to the objetoXLV. Should the Senate still deem it prejudicial, it shall so its sanction, and shall declare its veto, after it shall have cous. the opinion of the National Chamber. XLVI. A Law, approved by the Chamber, shall necessarily me the sanction of the Senate; and, if rejected by the Chamber, to be considered as not having been proposed. XLVII. On the occasion of the veto, or the suspension of to nate, the National Chamber must have been legally convoked. XLVIII. No Law shall be proposed to the Senate untilither discussed three times in the Council of State, and unless it shall or been printed eight days before the discussion. The Senate sho sanction or return it without three further discussions on the obso tions of the Director. XLIX. At the two periods of the Year, when the Senate sopossess the right of proposing Laws, the Supreme Director so