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The kings of France began to open their eyes,
of the Turks. The Hungarian vessels were 1.C. 1456.
Heg. 860. loaded with ammunition and soldiers. Hunniade en briskly attacked this chain; the combat was hardly any thing more than a boarding. The Hungarian general killed the Turkish admiral with his own hand; at length the Hungarians having funk two brigantines, they united all their efforts to that end. The Turkish vessels, the workings of which were neither fo quick nor fo certain as thofe of the Hungarians, were presently dispersed. Hunniade took sixteen of them, and arrived in the port of Belgrade, dragging them after him; he did not lose a single vessel. His arrival communicated inexpressible courage to the garrison, townsmen, clergy, and even women; he assured them, that Mahomet would raise the siege, as his father had done; every one contributed to the defence of the place. Whilst the fighting-men fallied out to repel the workmen and fill up the trenches, the townsmen were busy in repairing the breaches and building up the bastions that had been beaten down.
Mahomet, seeing the works repaired as foon as Mahomet destroyed, fancied that men would vanquish with more certainty than cannon. He multiplied the to raite the affaults, and consequently augmented the naugh- Hunniade, ter. All the ditches were filled with dead bodies, fends Beland the janiffaries marched to be killed, on the of his
wounds. bodies of their expiring companions. The grand vizier, the beglerbegs, the bashaws, the aga of
grade, dies Heg, 860
C. 1456. the janissaries, in short, all the chiefs, gave the un example in these assaults, and all perished in
them. Mahomet was no longer surrounded but
siege was raised. The death of this great man · was a triumph; he saw, as he expired, his ene
mies flee before him. Heg. 962. The sultan having retired to Constantinople, Mahomet thought of establishing the seat of his empire edifice, there. This great city, from the advantage of the old te- its situation, could not fail of being soon reHis gene- peopled. Constraint was made use of but a very plete the short time: Mahomet's subjects flocked thither, the Morea, particularly after he had undertaken a magnifie
cent edifice, which he designed for the residence 1.C. 1458. of the Turkish emperors. At present, this palace, called the old seraglio, is the residence of the widows of the deceased or deposed sultans, and in general of the wives the monarch no longer chooses to retain in the palace in which he resides. Whilft Mahomet's generals were completing the reduction of the Morea, or rather receiving the tribute of the different towns which had expected the troops to come and demand it of them: the sultan, who considered the present war beneath his attention, went to see a new conquest, which his vizier Omar had made for him at a still less expence than that of the Morea.
This was the principality of Athens. This J.C. 1459. celebrated city, though greatly fallen from its the pronta ancient splendor, was always considerable by its vince of
Athens u. port and commerce. In the thirteenth century, nited to th
wasOttoman when the Latins were in possession of the throne empire. of Conftantinople, Athens, Megara, Thebes, and Delphos, had formed a petty sovereignty, which, by succession of time and different revolutions, was fallen from the house of Villehardouin, to the house of Acciaioli, a Florentine. Maurice Acciaioli, the last prince of Athens, had, at his death, left an only son, quite an infant, under the care of his wife, and a son of his brother, called Franco. This last mentioned prince, who had no kind of pretension, either to the sceptre
1.C.1459. of Athens, or the guardianship of his cousin, w law with jealousy all the authority in the hands
of a woman,' The princess regent governed