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j.c. 1463. the sovereign, who was but too easy to be inti-
«—v—» midated; he assured him all was lost, and that
there was hardly time to make a treaty. The
cowardly prince left every thing to his perfidious
cousin. Lucius delivered up the island, under
the apparent condition, of the emperor's giving
another sovereignty to the dethroned prince, and
both went to Constantinople to await the exe-
cution of Mahomet's promises. As soon as the
emperor was returned to his capital, he gave
the two Gattilusios the choice, of abjuring the
Christian religion, or death: one may well sup-
pose, that these two cowards had no ambition for
the* crown of martyrdom; both submitted to this
apostacy, with the hopes of saving their lives,
which the sultan had no intention to leave
them. A few days after, Mahomet had them ar-
rested on a frivolous pretext, because, he said,
they had endeavoured to go out of Constan-
tinople without his permission; he caused them
both to be strangled. He treated still more
Cruelly those Christians who had armed and de-
fended Metelin. They had surrendered to the
vizier, under the promise of life; spite of this
promise so solemnly given, the sultan had these
unfortunate persons fawn asunder betweeen two
illness of Mahomet was stopped in the course of his
.Mahomet, conquests by a severe fit of illness, which threa-
tened his life. His impatience increased his


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disorder to such a degree, that two Jewish phy- L-c- H<1j. sicians, nor having been able to procure him a »—v-<» recovery as soon as they had promised, were era-' paled by his orders. A Turkish historian fays, that, in the delirium of a violent fever, he talked of nothing but the isle of Rhodes, and that he disposed the operations of the siege, calling aloud on the janissaries. Though he never forgot this project, it was not the first that he executed after J:c,Ii64

* J . Heg. 869.

his recovery. Caraman Ogli was lately dead:

'. He seizes

his children, not being able to agree about thedi- the envision of their paternal inheritance, implored the mediation of Mahomet, who shewed, on this occasion, how dangerous it is for petty sovereigns to call in powerful kings to decide their quarrels. The sultan at first seemed to protect the eldest of Caraman's sons, when all of a sudden, manifesting his real designs, he declared, that Caramania had always been a part of the eastern empire, and that he should re-enter the inheritance, -wr-ested from Bajazet I. by the arms of Tamerlane; that the troubles, excited in Asia by the different sovereigns of this province, shewed, how perilous it was to leave it under an independent master; and that, in fine, the interest of his state required the re-union of it to the throne of Constantinople. Caraman's sons complained of the injustice; but Mahomet's arms supported his reasons. He indemnified himself, by the facility of thi: conquest, for the disadvantages

Y 2 which

hc- ,4|J> which the valour and obstinacy of Scanderbeg *—v—» caused him in Albania. He had the different places repaired in Caramania, and repeopled that province, which the restless disposition of several of its sovereigns had drained of men and rendered barren.

Scanderbeg's efforts, as we have already seen, employed the sultan for several years. The province of Albania, poor and desolated, impracticable on account of its defiles, defended by -a hero, and by soldiers considered almost as inDeath »f vulnerable, humbled every year the pride of Mabeg, hornet, and offered no kind of food to his avidity, hc-lf^ But he determined at length to get rid of this great general. Convinced of the impossibility of vanquishing him, he endeavoured to have him assassinated. This perfidy was discovered, and the assassins received the punishment that they merited. The invincible prince survived this discovery but a short time. Being at Lissa, a town that belonged to the Venetians, in order to confer with them about a league, of which his successes pointed him out for commander, he was attacked with a severe illness which carried off this great man in a few days, the 17th of January 1467, leaving ope son, as yet an infant, whose interests he intrusted to the Venetians. Though Scanderbeg is one of the greatest warriors mentioned in history, his valour was not so fatal to the Ottoman empire as might have been expected,

Mahomet Mahomet next turned his arms against the isle J:c-1^

0 Heg. 874.

of Negropont, formerly called Euboe, which be- «—v—* longed to the Venetians. This island faces Attica S!eg«°f

# Negropont

and Beotia, from which it is separated, only by
a strait. It is a hundred and fifty miles long,
forty in its greatest breadth, and twenty in its
least. Its circuit is three hundred and sixty-five
miles. A bridge, constructed with great bold-
ness, joins this island to Beotia, in the narrowest
part of the strait. The capital town, formerly
called Calcis, is now called Negropont. This
place was well fortified; they counted at that
time twenty-four thousand men there capable of
bearing arms, the garrison and townsmen in-
cluded. The sultan arrived on the banks of the
strait at the head of a hundred and forty thousand
fighting men. A fleet of a hundred sail, which
turned continually around the island, was com-
manded by the vizier Machmout. Mahomet
entered the island with half his army, leaving the
other half encamped by the water's side at the.
extremity of the bridge, to relieve the besiegers.
The Venetians had likewise a fleet under the
orders of the noble Canale, to which were joined
the galleys of Rhodes, of which commander
Cardone was the chief. This fleet, less numerous
than that of the Turks, was composed of swift
sailing vessels, and had cannon on board. Com- -
mander Cardone proposed to Canale to break
down the bridge which joined the island to Beotia.



%£- 1it9* The Turkish fleet could not prevent them; but 1—v—' Canale having seen on the deck of his ship his only son, a young lad, receive an arrow in his clothes, his paternal love took from him his courage ; under vain pretences he withdrew his fleet, and thus deprived the besieged of all the succours that he should otherwise have given them. Mahomet This weakness decided the fate of Negropont, gove»nor though the proveditor Arretzo, who commanded contralto in the place, defended it with much courage and

his pro- * m ......

mise, and ability. A garrison, which diminished every

kills his ......

daughter,. day> and was reduced likewise to the last extred his de- mity, could not resist a powerful army, which unceasingly furnished fresh troops. It was necessary to yield to famine and number. Arretzo capitulated, demanding life for himself and his soldiers: Mahomet answered for the heads of the Venetians by his own; but he had no sooner entered Negropont, than he had the brave Arretzo and his principal officers fawn through the middle of the body, saying, that he had guarantied their heads, but not their flanks. The unfortunate proveditor desired, when he died, to have his only daughter put to death, whose innocence and beauty were too much exposed among these barbarians. He was answered, that his daughter was reserved for the emperor's seraglio. In fact, she was dragged before the murderer of her father. This unfortunate fair ene let him fee all the horror with which he inspired

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