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j.c. 1463. the sovereign, who was but too easy to be inti-
disorder to such a degree, that two Jewish phy- L-c- H<1j. sicians, nor having been able to procure him a »—v-<» recovery as soon as they had promised, were era-' paled by his orders. A Turkish historian fays, that, in the delirium of a violent fever, he talked of nothing but the isle of Rhodes, and that he disposed the operations of the siege, calling aloud on the janissaries. Though he never forgot this project, it was not the first that he executed after J:c,Ii64
* J . Heg. 869.
his recovery. Caraman Ogli was lately dead:
'. He seizes
his children, not being able to agree about thedi- the envision of their paternal inheritance, implored the mediation of Mahomet, who shewed, on this occasion, how dangerous it is for petty sovereigns to call in powerful kings to decide their quarrels. The sultan at first seemed to protect the eldest of Caraman's sons, when all of a sudden, manifesting his real designs, he declared, that Caramania had always been a part of the eastern empire, and that he should re-enter the inheritance, -wr-ested from Bajazet I. by the arms of Tamerlane; that the troubles, excited in Asia by the different sovereigns of this province, shewed, how perilous it was to leave it under an independent master; and that, in fine, the interest of his state required the re-union of it to the throne of Constantinople. Caraman's sons complained of the injustice; but Mahomet's arms supported his reasons. He indemnified himself, by the facility of thi: conquest, for the disadvantages
Y 2 which
hc- ,4|J> which the valour and obstinacy of Scanderbeg *—v—» caused him in Albania. He had the different places repaired in Caramania, and repeopled that province, which the restless disposition of several of its sovereigns had drained of men and rendered barren.
Scanderbeg's efforts, as we have already seen, employed the sultan for several years. The province of Albania, poor and desolated, impracticable on account of its defiles, defended by -a hero, and by soldiers considered almost as inDeath »f vulnerable, humbled every year the pride of Mabeg, hornet, and offered no kind of food to his avidity, hc-lf^ But he determined at length to get rid of this great general. Convinced of the impossibility of vanquishing him, he endeavoured to have him assassinated. This perfidy was discovered, and the assassins received the punishment that they merited. The invincible prince survived this discovery but a short time. Being at Lissa, a town that belonged to the Venetians, in order to confer with them about a league, of which his successes pointed him out for commander, he was attacked with a severe illness which carried off this great man in a few days, the 17th of January 1467, leaving ope son, as yet an infant, whose interests he intrusted to the Venetians. Though Scanderbeg is one of the greatest warriors mentioned in history, his valour was not so fatal to the Ottoman empire as might have been expected,
Mahomet Mahomet next turned his arms against the isle J:c-1^
0 Heg. 874.
of Negropont, formerly called Euboe, which be- «—v—* longed to the Venetians. This island faces Attica S!eg«°f
and Beotia, from which it is separated, only by
%£- 1it9* The Turkish fleet could not prevent them; but 1—v—' Canale having seen on the deck of his ship his only son, a young lad, receive an arrow in his clothes, his paternal love took from him his courage ; under vain pretences he withdrew his fleet, and thus deprived the besieged of all the succours that he should otherwise have given them. Mahomet This weakness decided the fate of Negropont, gove»nor though the proveditor Arretzo, who commanded contralto in the place, defended it with much courage and
his pro- * m ......
mise, and ability. A garrison, which diminished every
kills his ......
daughter,. day> and was reduced likewise to the last extred his de- mity, could not resist a powerful army, which unceasingly furnished fresh troops. It was necessary to yield to famine and number. Arretzo capitulated, demanding life for himself and his soldiers: Mahomet answered for the heads of the Venetians by his own; but he had no sooner entered Negropont, than he had the brave Arretzo and his principal officers fawn through the middle of the body, saying, that he had guarantied their heads, but not their flanks. The unfortunate proveditor desired, when he died, to have his only daughter put to death, whose innocence and beauty were too much exposed among these barbarians. He was answered, that his daughter was reserved for the emperor's seraglio. In fact, she was dragged before the murderer of her father. This unfortunate fair ene let him fee all the horror with which he inspired