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spired her. She loaded him with the most bloody 1.C.1469. reproaches, and, strongly resisting his criminal attempts, chose rather to die under his hands, than yield to his desires.*

The island was filled with carnage and horror. The Turkish soldiers, after the example and under the eyes of their emperor, resigned themselves to all the transports of avidity and debauchery : to the Latin Christians especially they gave no quarter, Mahomet, who had seen the galleys of the Order of St. John in the Venetian fleet, swore he would kill the grand master with his own hand, and exterminate all the knights who should fall into his power; but the time was not yet arrived for it: a diversion obliged the sultan to convey all his forces to Asia.

Another conqueror was sprung up in Persia, 1,051470 and had subjugated the grandsons of Tamerlane, Ufeum inheritors of his throne, but not of his talents Affan der for war. Uszum Affan or the Long, so called againft.

14 Mahomet, on account of his height, was become sovereign who of all Perfia, after having vanquished four mo-gainst him narchs who had divided it: he conceived a jea-him neas

Caisar lousy of Mahomet's having made himself master of Caramania almost without striking a blow, Urzum Affan was a Mussulman of the feet of Ali, a sufficient pretext to cover his enterprises


marches ao

and beats

# This fact, which the continuator of Calcondilus reports from the noces of that historian, has given place perhaps to the story of Irene, which so an, cient historian has ever spoken of.

J:C. 1470. against the Mussulmen of the feet of Omar, Heg. 875.

whom we call Sunnites. He fent ambassadors to the knights of Rhodes, and the republic of Ve. nice, to ask fuccours against their common enemy, and particularly fire arms and workmèn to cast cannon in Persia; for the Persians, as yet, knew the use of this murdering machine, only by the mischief that it had done them.

The Christians eagerly received these new allies, who might be useful to them. They Thewed them European forces; they loaded feveral ships with fire arms, and sent to Persia all the workmen that they could spare. Uszum Affan had marched troops towards Caramania. The young prince Mustapha, son of Mahomet, who commanded in that province, attacked the Persians to advantage, and put them to fight. On the news of this victory, Mahomet left Zizim, his youngest son, at Constantinople, with a council to govern the state, and to continue fome edifices which he had begun there ; and, marching with his second fon Bajazet, he went and joined his eldest in Caramania. This campaign was toilsome for the Turks, like all those which they have made against the Persians : prince Mustapha acquired glory under the eyes of his father, who, after having gained two very bloody battles, through the talents and valour of his son, brought back one part of his army to Conftantinople, leaving the other under the com


mand of fiefik Achmet or Acomat, who, during 1.C. 14jo.

leg. 875. the rest of the campaign, reduced the province of Varsak to the Ottoman empire. Prince. Mustapha would fain have had his Mahomet,

: on his rea father leave him the government' of Caramania. turn to The glory with which he had just arrayed him- nople, hás self, féemed to demand a continuance of that Mustapha authority, which had been confided) to him be- tangled. fore he was the . vanquisher of the Persians ; but Mahomet; as: jealous as cruel, had taken umbrage at the success of his fon, and the acclamations with which the camp had refounded after his victories. He obliged the young prince to return with him to Constantinople, and soon punished him for the affection which the people and soldiers Chewed him. . Whilst Jeisik Achmet still commanded the army against the Persians; his wives, according to the custoin of the country, were guarded in his haram with great care. They went out only to the mosques and public baths ; for private baths, at that time, were not so common in the houses of the grandees, as they have been fince: A long veil hid them to such a degree, that they could hardly fee the light. Such was and such is still the custom of all the Turkish women. One of Jiefik Achmet's wives having met prince . Mustapha, as she was entering a bath, let fall her veil, either through inadvertency or design, and discovered to the young sultan an enchanting person,


' which,

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THE OTTOMANS. J.C. 1470. which, by the laws of Mahomet, the women are Heg. 875.

forbidden to shew to any other man than their father or husband. Mustapha, inflamed with a suden passion, followed this beauty, forced the baths, the entrance of which is interdicted to all men without distinction, and laid hold of her who had made such an impression on his heart. The vizier returned foon after from the army ; the news which he learned on his arrival drove him to despair. He ran to the feet of the em.peror, to complain of the rape committed on his wife, and of the injury that he had received

prince Mustapha. Thou and thy wife, are you not my slaves, replied Mahomet, with a barbarous fierceness, are you not too happy to contribute to the satisfaction of my children ! The unfortunate vizier retired broken hearted. But the sultan, who had intended to humble his minister, was not less severe for it towards his son. He immediately sent for Mustapha, whom he sharply reprimanded and terribly menaced. Having learned afterwards, that the prince had made great complaints of this treatment, the implacable Mahomet declared him a rebel, and had him strangled three days after

the interview. ' J.C. 1473. The sultan, after this cruel execution, paffed Heg. 878.

" several years in his capital, which he ornamented with new edifices. He had already caufed a port to be digged for the galleys. He con


and con

peace wish

structed a seraglio more fpacious and magnificent 1.C. 1473than the first. Whilst the emperor was taken up in with these peaceable works, his vizier enlarged Mahomet. the borders of the empire. He took from the fa, efta.

blilaes the Tartars of Crimea, Caffa, the strongest place khan of the

Tartars on of that sovereignty; he protected Nungiligiari, his throne, one of the two princes who disputed that throne, cludes a and established him solidly thereon. His pofte- Venice. rity still reign throughout the Crimea,* subject to a tribute and to the high sovereignty of the Ottoman empire. The sovereign of this country stiles himself of the Ottoman race. He is called khan of Crimea, or khan of the Tartars. The emperor of the Turks deposes him at his pleasure, but he always chooses his successor from the fame race; and it is the opinion of all the Turks, that the family of the khan of the Tartars would succeed to the throne of Constantinople, if the Ottoman race should fail in males. - After the expedition to Crimea, Mahomet 3.C.3478. entered Albania at the head of a hundred and fifty thousand men; his army put the whole country to fire and sword. The fiege of Scutari was pushed with the greatest vigour. , The Venetians, who defended it as guardians of the son of Scanderbeg, surrendered it only at the conclusion of peace. The isle of Lemnos, and the sum of a hundred thousand ducats, which they agreed to . 22



* The Crimea was ceded to Ruffia in 1784, by the Turks. T.

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