Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

B A J A Z E T II.V

EIQ.H.tti REIGN.

*" * * . *" I * i

ATAHOMET, when he died, left two sons, Bajazet and Zizim, both such enemies of each other, that their father had thought it requisite to separate" them, to prevent the effects Of their hatred. Bajazet resided at Arriasia, towards the extremity of Cappadocia; Zizim dwelt at Magnesia, a town of Caria. Bajazet was the eldest; Mahomet had intended him for his successor. As soon as the emperor was dead, the grand vizier Achmet or Acomar, faithful to the law, arid.especially to the will of his master, dispatched a messenger to prince Bajazet,' whom he esteemed but little, for him to come and take possession of the throne. Though (this) super- -< -. *-• stitious Bajazet had a rival in his brother, he chose rather to make a pilgrimage to Mecca, than come to Constantinople, to occupy the throne which belonged to' him,' and gain the |j;°rcs"|j'of favor of the people and soldiers. He wrote to BaJaz«.

* ± occupies

the divan, that he was obliged to accomplish a ?h= 1hrone "vow, and that Korcut, his son, as yet a'child, "a,"eofhis

_ '.. *. . sather.

mould reign in his name all the time that he, j.c.i4gi. • B b 2 the

t.c. 148*. tne lawful emperor, should be absent from ,*—v—' Constantinople. This project flattered, without doubt, the ambition of the viziers, who became masters during this fort of regency. Korcut mounted the throne, and the viziers governed, in the name of a child, the nine months that Bajazet's pilgrimage lasted.

zizim u- Zizim took advantage of this favorable occa

vies an ar- #

my, and is fl0n: he seized on Burfa and Bithynia, the an

defeatedby . . . .

the grand tient patrimony of the Ottoman princes; -he fleesCto the wanted to be thought the lawful emperor of the B0^ ° Turks, because Mahomet II. was emperor when Zizira was born, whereas, Bajazet was born before his father ascended the throne. This reason had no weight with the members of the divan. Whilst Bajazet was scrupulously employed at Mecca in all the exercises of his religion, the vizier Acomat was meditating to repress the rival of his master. He passed into Asia with the choice of the janissaries and spahis, and marched against Zizim, determined to lay siege to Burfa, in case he should be so bold as to wait for him there. This, prince, who had already raised an army, was resolved not to remain shut up within walls. Though his troops were new and badly disciplined, he went some days march against Acomat, and had the temerity to offer battle to an experienced general, who commanded old soldiers. The conduct and valour of the vizier almost entirely destroyed the rising fortune of Zizim;

his

[ocr errors]

his army was put to flight, and it was impossible J-c- Hs*. to rally it. The prince, having with difficulty *—sr—» escaped the carnage, deliberated, with some of his partisans who had likewise saved themselves, to what foreign prince he should go with his pretensions and hatred. There were three that seemed likely to receive him according to his wishes: the soudan of Egypt, Caraman Ogli from whom Mahomet II. had taken almost all his estates, and who no longer reigned but in a corner of Cilicia, and the knights of Rhodes who had so valiantly withstood the arms of the last emperor. Zizim chose the most powerful of the three: at the head of only forty horse, he traversed Syria, penetrated into Palestine, and visited at Jerusalem the mosque called the temple' of Solomon; then crossing the desfxts of Arabia, he arrived at Grand Cairo. Caitbei, the soudan of Egypt, received Zizim with the respect due to .misfortune; but not judging it prudent to enter into an alliance with a prince, who had nothing in the world but unjust pretensions, he solely offered to employ his good offices for him with his brother.

Bajazet II. on his return from Mecca, found his throne secured by the defeat of Zizim. His son, who had been but a phantom of a sovereign, made no difficulty to give up his authority. He went as far as Nice to meet Bajazet* and having ordered the mimbar to be raised, which is a kind .

of

j.c. 1482. 0f throne among the Orientals, he placed Bajazefi

xlcg* ©07*

*—v—» on it, and proclaimed him emperor, after which he retired to Magnesia with a considerable pension and the authority of bashaw. On the sultan's arrival at Constantinople, he found ambassadors from the soudan of Egypt there> who were come to settle a peace between his brother and him. This negociatiori was without any success, as Caitbei endeavoured to acquit himself of a duty of humanity to Zizim, rather than procure him a throne which did not belong to him. Bajazet's brother, displeased with the soudan of Egypt, went to seek the alliance of a prince less power* ful, but more enterprising than Caitbei. This He goes towas Caraman Ogli, who, as we have said, had oSTto* onty a froall part of Cilicia left. Zizinr enseek, sue- gaged to restore him all the estates which Mahomet II. had wrested from his father, if, by his means, he became emperor of the Turks. The ambitious Caraman entered into a league with several petty Mahometan princes; with these succours, which seemed more like a troop of conspirators, than an army, he had the temerity to enter Cappadocia, having by his side the pretended successor of Mahomet, whom he announced as the repairer of all the mischiefs which his father had done. At these news, Acomat sent across the Bosphorus of Thrace all the troops that were not wanted in Europe. The emperor quitted the pleasures of his court. As he was reviewing

his

[ocr errors]

liis army, before it penetrated into Asia, he ob- kc-1$l*

Heg. 887.

served that the grand vizier, who was at the head '—»—•* of the spahis, had his sword fastened to theHort^of

„ . Ba;azet a

pommel of his saddle; 'on which Bajazet said to e^nA hi*

r J brother.

him, "Milada,* thou bearest things in mind;Theem

i /.i/- "1 1 peror flat

"forget the faults, of. my youth, 1 replace thy tershis ".sword.by thy side, »nd make use of it,with thy order« /';usual, valour against my ensmiejs>"; For the forget» information of the reader respecting this fact, it j»TM" i"" should be observed, that Mahomet; U,. being at war in Asia, brought with him his son Bajazet, as yet very young, in order to instruct him in military ~ • exercises. One, day of battle, Mahomet sent the vizier Acomat to examine in what order the young prince had placed the troops under his command. Acomat, displeased with what he saw, said to Bajazet, with a severe tone: "Is it ** thus that.a prince, who wishes to vanquish, "should range his soldiers?" The pride of the Ottoman blood being offended with this reprimand, the young prince threatened Acomat, that he would make him repent one day of his too great liberty. "What wilt thou do to me?" replied the old warrior in a rage. "I swear bf *c the soul of my father, that if thou come to" "the throne, I will never draw my sword in thy f* service." The Mahometan sovereigns, like

all

? This word, in the Turkish language, signifies defender ot freuScr. The emperors, to flatter their viziers when they are- eider than themselves* ghzn give them this title.

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »