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hours this small army was transported from Afia J.C. 1336,

*to 1360. to Europe, and, before the end of the day, Soly- Heg. 736,

to 761. man took the other castle, called Aioso Conia, which did not contain more garrison than the first. The next day, the governor of Gallipoli assembled all the troops that he could muster, and attacked the enerny: the battle was long and bloody; the Turks' at last forced the Greeks to flee and shelter themselves in their town, which they defended courageously a long time; but wanting provisions, and their fortifications being moreover in bad condition, they were obliged to surrender. Thus Solyman made himfelf master of the key of Europe.

About this time the Greek empire was troubled Orcan with fresh diffentions. Cantacuzenus, guardian to alliance the emperor Paleologus, having attempted to seize Greek em

peror Canon the sovereign power, had succeeded to divide tacuzenus, it. The empress Anne, mother to the young his daugtemperor, fought protectors for her son, and asked assistance of Orcan. Cantacuzenus made the movement same application. As the sultan desired only conquests, he chose rather to join the usurper, who was mangling the remains of the empire, than its lawful inafter, who had intereft to preserve it. Orcan sent fuccours to Cantacuzenus, which did not a little contribute to the ruining of the country, for the Turkish generals took great care to dismantle the places that they seized in the name of the Greek usurper. Under pre


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F.C. 1336, tence of serving the ally, they laid waste Thráce

to 1360.
Heg. 736, as much as in their power, and equally endea-
to 761.

voured to weaken and plunder it. Cantacuzenus,
in order to confirm this alliance, which he thought
would be very useful to him, resolved to give
Orcan his daughter in marriage, notwithstanding
the difference of religion, and the number of
wives, concubines, and children, that this bar-
barian had already. This was what Cantacuzenus
himself called his future fon-in-law. The fultan
eagerly received the proposal of this marriage.
He sent an ambassador to demand this princess,
who was called Theodora. The new Greek em-
peror was then at Selivrea. The ceremony of
the marriage was performed in a large plain near
the city, where the princess was shewn to the
people, sitting on an elevated throne, unattended
by any one of her sex, in the middle of a troop
of eunuchs on their knees with lighted torches.
According to the laws of the country, neither
the mother nor the sisters of Theodora appeared at
this ceremony. The emperor gave a magnificent
entertainment to all the Turks, who, the next
day, conducted their new sultaness to her husband.
This princess retained her religion in the middle
of the seraglio of Orcan: and this sultan, either
through policy or inclination, granted her more
liberty than the Muffulmen in general give their
wives; for, a short time after her marriage,
peace being concluded between Paleologus and



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feizes feveuzenus ral towns

of Thrace,


Cantacuzenus, on condition of dividing the au. J.C.1336,

to 1360. thority between them, Orcan came as far as Heg. 736, Scutari, where the emperor his father-in-law came to receive his compliments. On this occasion the Mussulman prince brought Theodora to see her father, and permitted her to go and pass three days ac Conftantinople with the imperial family, whilft 'he, the sultan, waited for her on board his vessels, for he had some since Solyman's expedition on the straits of Gallipoli.

The Greek empire was but a short time in Solyman peace. The disagreement between Cantacuzenus and Paleologus being renewed, the latter engaged and Orcan in his quarrel the Syrians and Bulgarians, and the the ufuroa. former had recourse to his son-in-law, who sent tion. him twenty thousand men under the command of his son Solyman. This young prince beat the Bulgarians, took fort Simpré, and several maritime towns of Thrace. Paleologus, astonished, sent ambassadors with considerable presents to this redoubtable enemy, to engage him to remain neuter in the quarrel. Solyman promised it, and repassed the sea without rendering, either to Paleologus or Cantacuzenus, the places which he had taken in the Greek empire. A short time after, an earthquake having done much damage in feveral towns of Thrace, the soldiers and inhabitants, frighted at the fall of the buildings, deserted them to seek their safety in the plains. Solyman, always ready to take advantage of every

D 2' circumstance,

J.C. 1336, circumstance, returned into this province, entered to 1360. Heg. 736, all the towns that had been deserted on account to 761.

of the earthquake, placed new garrisons in them, and expeditiously repaired the breaches. Cantacuženus complained in vain to his son-in-law; the sultan replied, that the part of Thrace which his son had taken possession of, was but a triling indemnity for the expences of the war ; that SoJyman had had a right to take poffeffion of these deserted towns, which did not appear to belong to any one; and that, as to the rest, neither Gallipoli nor Simpré should be restored 'till the emperor had paid him the expences of the ara mament. These two places interested Cantacuzenus more than all the others; he sent his fon-in-law fifty thousand crowns of gold; but the perfidious sultan, after having received the price, eluded the restitution. Cantacuzenus, astonished, crossed the sea with a feeble escort, and went as far as Nicomedia to seek a conference with Orcan, who took care 'to avoid it; Cantacuzenus was even given to understand, that he would risk his liberty, if he penetrated farther into the territories of his son-in-law.

The sultan's deceit did not prevent Cantacuzenus from restoring him Kalil, his youngest son by the princess Theodora. This child had been taken by a Phocian pirate, who came as far as the gulf of Astacena, in which was situated Nicomedia, where che young Kalil was bred up.


to 1360.


it likewise,

The emperot gave a large sum of money, and a J.C. 1336, considerable dignity, to the pirate for the ranforn Heg. 736, of the Turkish prince his grandson. At that I time Solyman was extending his empire eastward; he took from the Tartars the towns of Ancyra and Cratea. On his return, he found that the emperor Cantacuzenus had retired into a cloister,

zenus ab. and that his son Matthew possessed his throne. dicates the Notwithstanding the promises which Paleologus favor

his son had made his colleague, at the time that the Matthew,

who soon lacter made his abdication, to live on good terms abdicates with his son, the concord between the two Greek emperors was not of long duration. In a short time, Matthew reclaimed the dangerous assistance of these Turks, whom his father had had so much reason to complain of. The new emperor was not better served by them than Cantacuzenus had been. Five thousand men that Orcan sent to reinforce him, after having pillagéd every place through which they passed, gave the example of fight to Matthews's troops in a battle fought near Philippi, when this prince was made prifoner. The unfortunate emperor having abdicated his crown to recover his liberty, the Turks had no longer occasion to feign, or rather to betray. Orcan no longer thought but of taking by open force the rest of Thrace, great part of which he had already usurped. '

The fultan fent his two eldest sons, Solyınan and Amurath, across the sea. These two princës


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