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homet only among the moft terrible scourges I.C.1981: of the human race. j . .'

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M AHOMET, when he died, left two sons,
1. Bajazet and Zizim, both fuch enemies of ;?.
each other, that their father had thought it re-
quisite to separate them, to prevent the effects of
their hatred. Bajazet résided at Amalia, towards
the extremity of Cappadocia; Zizim dwelt at
Magnesia, a town 'of Caria. Bajazet was the
eldeft ; Mahomet had intended him for his suc-
ceffor. As foon as the emperor was dead, the
grand vizier Achmet or Acomat, faithful to the
law, and especially to the will of his master,
dispatched a messenger to prince Bajazer, whom
he esteemed but little, for him to come and take
poffeffion of the throne. Though this fuper- 72
sticious "Bajazer had a rival in his brother, he
chose rather to make a pilgrimage to 'Mecca,
than come to Conftantinople, to occupy the
throne which belonged to him, and gain the Korcut,
'favor of the people and soldiers. He wrote to Bajazet,
the divan, that he was obliged to accomplish a the throne
vow, and that Korcut, his son, as yet a child, name of his
should reign in his name all the time that he, J.C.1482.

Heg. 887 . Bb2

the

dy father.

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vies an ar

defeated by

vizier. He

soudan of Egypt.

J.C. 1482. the lawful emperor, should be abfent from

Constantinople. This project flattered, without doubt, the ambition of the viziers, who became masters during this fort of regency. Korcut mounted the throne, and the viziers governed, in the name of a child, the nine months that

Bajazet's pilgrimage lafted.' Zizim le. Zizim took advantage of this favorable occa. my, and is fion: he seized on Bursa and Bithynia, the anthe grand tient patrimony of the Ottoman princes ; he Rees to the wanted to be thought the lawful emperor of the

"Turks, because Mahomet II. was emperor

when Zizim was born, whereas, Bajazet was born before his father ascended the throne. This reason had no weight with the members of the divan. Whilft Bajazet was scrupulously employed at Mecca in all the exercises of his religion, the vizier Acomat was meditating to repress the rival of his master. He passed into Asia with the choice of the janiffaries and spahis, and marched against Zizim, determined to lay siege to Bursa, in case he should be so bold as to wait for him there. This prince, who had already raised an army, was resolved not to remain shut up within walls. Though his troops were new and badly, disciplined, he went fome days march against Acomat, and had the temerity to offer battle to an experienced general, who commanded old foldiers. The conduct and valour of the vizier al. moft entirely destroyed the rifing fortune of Zizim; his army was put to flight, and it was impoffible C. 1482.

leg. 887 to rally it. The prince, having with difficulty escaped the carnage, deliberated, with some of his partisans who had likewise saved themselves, to what foreign prince he should go with his pretensions and hatred. There were three that seemed likely to receive him according to his wishes: the foudan of Egypt, Caraman Ogli from whom Mahomet II. had taken almost all his eftates, and who no longer reigned but in a corner of Cilicia, and the knights of Rhodes who had so valiantly withstood the arms of the last emperor. Zizim chose the most powerful of the three : at the head of only forty horse, he traversed Syria, penetrated into Palestine, and visted at Jerusalem the mosque called the temple of Solomon; then crossing the deførts of Arabia, he arrived at Grand Cairo. Caitbei, the foudan of Egypt, received Zizim with the respect due to misfortune; but not judging it prudent to enter into an alliance with a prince, who had nothing in the world but unjust pretensions, he solely offered to employ his good offices for him with his brother.

Bajazet II. on his return from Mecca, found his throne secured by the defeat of Zizim. His fon, who had been but a phantom of a sovereign, made no difficulty to give up his authority. He went as far as Nice to meet Bajazet, and having ardered the mimbar to be raised, which is a kind

..of.

i

THE OTTOMANS. 5.C. 1482. of throne among the Orientals, he placed Bajazet Heg. 887. w on it, and proclaimed him emperor, after which

he retired'to Magnesia with a considerable penfion and the authority of bashaw. On the fultan's arrival at Constantinople, he found ambassadors froin the foudan of Egypt there, who were come to settle a peace between his brother and him, This negociation was without any success, as Caitbei endeavoured to acquit himself of a duty of humanity to Zizim, rather than procure him a throne which did not belong to him. Bajazet's brother, displeased with the foudan of Egypt, went to seek the alliance of a prince less power

ful, but more enterprising than Caitbei.' This He goes to was Caraman Ogli, who, as we have said, had Caraman only a small part of Cilicia left. Zizimi-enSeek fuc- gaged to restore him all the estates which Ma

homet II. had wrested from his father, if, by his means, he became emperor of the Turks. - The ambitious Caraman entered into a league with feveral petty Mahometan princes ; with these fuccours, which seemed more like a troop of con-' spirators, than an army, he had the temerity to enter Cappadocia, having by his side the precended successor of Mahomet, whom he announced as the repairer of all the mischiefs which his father had done. At these news, Acomat fent acrofs the Bosphorus of Thrace all the troops that were

not wanted in Europe. The emperor quitted · 'the pleasures of his court. ' As he was reviewing

seek f

cours.

Bajazec a.

brother.

peror flat.

vizier, in

make him

former in

his army, before it penetrated into Asia, he ob- 1.C.1482. served that the grand vizier, who was at the head and of the spahis, had his sword, fastened to the Efforts of pommel of his saddle; on which Bajazer faid to gain his him, " Milada,* thou: bearest things in mind; The emS forget the faults of my youth, replace thy ters his as sword by thy side, and make use of it;wich thy order to * ufual valour against my enemies.” For the Forget a. * information of the reader respecting this fact, it jury. hould be observed, that Mahomet: II. being at -war in Asia, brought with him his son Bajazet, as yet very young, in order to instruct him in military exercises. One day of battle, Mahomet fent : ..? the vizier Acomat to examine in what order the young prince had placed the troops under his command. Acomat, displeased with what he faw, faid to Bajazet, with a severe tone: “ Is it *«'thus that a prince, who wishes to vanquish, :« should range his foldiers ?” The pride of the

Ottoman blood being offended with this reprimand, the young prince threatened Acomat, thạc he would make him repent one day of his too great liberty.'“What wilt thou do to me?"!. replied the old warrior in a rage." I swear by * the soul of my father, that if thou come to “ the throne, I will never draw my sword in thy Śc service." The Mahometan sovereigns, like

al)

* This word, in the Turkish language, fignifies defender or protektor. The emperors, to flatter their viziers when they are older than themselves, pften give them this titleg

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