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^c;* necessary to go back a little, to see what succours Heg. 889, this unfortunate prince found, among the greatest *--v—J enemies of his race.

Conclusion The reader must remember, that the grand tory 0efh1s master Aubusson, in order to make a necessary Zizim. peace -with the Ottoman empire, sent Zizim to H*eg.'1900! France, and engaged to retain him there. And indeed, some knights were charged by the grand master, to keep this prince in a commandery of the grand priory of Auvergne, called Bourganeus. The knights never quitted him, under pretence of rendering him honor, and even of serving him. Zizim, perceiving his captivity, sent to request an interview of Lewis XI. king of France, in which he hoped to interest him in his situation. Lewis, who had affairs of more importance than those of the East, thought he had found a way to elude the demands of the Turkish prince, by assuring him, that he would never consent to give him any succour, nor even to speak to him, 'till he should turn Christian. Zizim not only looked upon the Christian religion with horror, but the hope, which he never lost, of mounting one day on the throne of Constantinople, was another reason for his not abjuring his saith. In these wretched circumstances, he learned, that the knights of Rhodes had just trafficked with his liberty, and that it was the price of the peace concluded between the Order and the Ottoman empire. All the princes, who had any affair to decide 1 .

cide with the East, were interested in putting J-c- swS

. 1 Meg- 9°°*

Zizim at the head or a party, in order to make the 1—y—*
Ottomans turn their arms against themselves.
Ferdinand the Catholic, Ferdinand king of Na-
ples, and the Venetians, wanted to set up this prince
against Bajazet. Aubuflbn, for the honor as much
as for the interest of his Order, was obstinate in
fulfilling his treaty. But Innocent VIII. who suc-
ceeded Sixtus IV. more absolute and enterprising
than his predecessor, ordered the grand master,
(a,vassal and suffragan of the Holy See,) to
remit him prince Zizim, whom he proposed to
make use of for the good of Christendom against
the Mahometan power. Aubuflbn, who could
not resist, made an advantage of his obedience.
He obtained from the pontisf, that, neither
he, nor his successors, should ever confer any
commandery to the prejudice of the nations or
laws of seniority, even though they should be-
come vacant in the court of Rome. Innocent!
declared likewise, that the possessions of the Or-
der of Rhodes should not be, for the future, in-
cluded in the roll of benefices which the pope
reserves to himself.

This treaty being agreed on, the knights sent to Charles VIII. the son and successor of Lewis XI. to ask permission to take Zizim from his dominions. At the fame time there arrived an ambassador in France from the Porte, whom Bajazet had sent to the king. Charles VIII. made

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T.c.1495- a scruple of giving audience to the ambassador

Heg. .900. * 00

»—.^r^j of an Infidel. He sent him orders to remain at Riez in Provence, from whence he should declare the object of his mission. Bajazet requested, that his brother might be delivered up to him, or, at least, that the king should not permit him to go out of his dominions. To give weight to his demand, the. Turkish emperor offered Charles VIII. all the relicks that Mahomet his father had found, either at Constantinople or in any other part of his empire; and as he was at that time at war with Egypt, he promised to restore him Jerusalem and all its territory, as soon as he should be in possession of it. But the French, by this time, were out of conceit with crusades, on account of the misfortunes which those indiscreet expeditions had drawn on the whole kingdom. Moreover, Charles VIII. had not that fondness for relicks which Lewis XI. had shewn, and all those that came from the Greeks were suspected, even by the most credulous. Bajazet's ambassador was sent back without having obtained any thing, or even been admitted to an audience. Charles VIII. permitted the knights of Rhodes to conduct their prisoner to.Rome, on condition of his remaining always under their guard, and that the pope should engage not to give up Zizim to any sovereign prince, without the participation of the court of France. - . Chevalier

Chevalier Blanchefort, become grand prior of J-c- 1495*

a l Heg. 900.

Auvergne, was charged with conducting this «-—»—' prince to Italy, who only changed prisons. The pope impatiently expected him. Notwithstanding the aversion of the Italians for the followers of Mahomet, Zizim's captivity was concealed under the number of honors that were paid him, as if he had been a Christian prince. He made his entry into Rome, mounted on a superb horse, and surrounded by a numerous retinue. An apartment had been prepared for him in the Vatican. The day after his entrance, the French ambassador and the grand prior of Auvergne conducted the prince to the audience of the pope. . The sovereign pontiff, accompanied by the cardinals and prelates of his court, received Zizim on his throne. This prince saluted the pope after the manner of his nation ; but, spite osthe entreaties that were made him by the masters of the ceremonies, .he would never kiss his feet, nor bend the knee before him. It was remarked even, that he asked the pontiff's protection, with a dignity that the Italian prelates termed arrogance. Innocent answered him kindly; and whilst that pontiff lived, the captivity of the Turkish prince was much more supportable at Rome, than it had been in France. They paid him great honors, and gave him as much liberty as the necessity of securing his person could admit of. But at the death of Innocent yjll. the culpable Borgia, under the name of


j.c. 14.95. Alexander VI. came to dishonor the see of Saint

Heg. 9CO.

»^v—» Peter, by all the crimes that placed him in the papal throne, and all those which he committed during his pontificate. As every thing was venal at the court of this tyrant, after he had ,- trafficked with the ecclesiastical benefices, dispensations, and every thing spiritual, he would also sell the liberty, even the life of Zizim, who was in his power. Alexander took this prince out of the hands of the knights of Rhodes, shut him up in the castle of St. Angelo, and gave advice of it to the emperor Bajazet, who agreed to pay the pope forty thousand ducats a year for keeping him a prisoner. '.

Meanwhile, Charles VIII. king of France, was making great preparations, to make good the pretensions of the house of Anjou,x to the crown of Naples, which, by the will of Charles IV. of Anjou, had been transferred to Lewis XI. The pope, high sovereign of the kingdom, protected the bastard branch, which occupied the throne; but Charles VIII. who contemned the pontisf, threatened to have him deposed in a council, for the numerous crimes by which'he had procured the tiara, and the many which had poluted him since. They pretended besides, that the ambitious Charles VIII. had purchased the right of the Paleologusses to the eastern empire, in order to claim it after he should be in possession of the kingdom of Naples, In these cir


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