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to oppose this rebel, whose foldiers; badly difci-1.C.1510. plined, had all that ardour which fanaticism in een spires. The young prince had but very few janiffa-. ries; the troops which he gathered in haste, were not better trained than those of the novator, and i t were inuch less experienced. Korcut was beaten, and thought himself very happy to save his head from the sword of this sanguinary fanatic. He ina formed his father of this ill success, which it was high time to put a stop-to. Notwithstanding

fome success which Bajazet's generals had had :' under his eyes, he was thoroughly tired of war...

Though the circumstances were painted to him as pressing, they could not prevail on this prince to arm for the defence of his throne. He fent his vizier Ali, the successor of Muftapha, to Natolia, The empe. at the head of an army, · but the guard which an army awatched around his feraglio at Constantinople, Sainit his could not secure him from danger. As he was one of his

emissaries going to the mosque, adervis, an emiffary of endeavours Scheitankuli's, asked alms of him; the emperor nate Bajastooped to give him fomething, when the traitor stabbed him in the breast with a poniard, and it was a long time before the wound was healed. Since this event, all those, who are neither members of the divan nor officers of the feraglio, never approach the emperor of the Turks, without two chiaus' holding them by the arms.

The pretended prophet, as crafty and ambitious 28 Mahomet had been, had not the same talents -- Gg2

for

gainst him.

to affalli.

zet,

are

flees into

T.C.1510. for war. Some regular, disciplined troops, foon Heg. 916.

dispersed this croad of enthusiasts, terrible to Scheitano men without arms, but who, having no notion of feated and the art of war, were more capable of maffacring are dis.... than fighting. Ali bashaw vanquished then persed. He Aees into pitched battle, and re-took all the places of which Persia.

the rebels had poffeffed themselves, as easily as they had taken them. Scheitankuli comprehended, that arms would not be so favorable to him as, he had flattered himself. He renounced the character of conqueror, and, concealing his retreaf, even from his dearest disciples, he fled into Perfia to the king, whose opinion on the succession of Ali was the same as he had preached. This man is regarded, if not as the author, at least as the rektorer of the Persian fchism, and as their third propher. It is not then foreign to our fubjęct, to give a particular account of his success in

that kingdom, and less so, as he was the cause of . that inveterate hatred which still divides the Ot

tomans and Persians. He obtains Scheitankuli was not ignorant that Ishmael, dence of king of Persia, believed the dogmas of the fuccefand, by fion of Ali. He went to fhelter himself at the Falfe miraa court of that prince, as a martyr of this pretended cle, makes web

s truth. The false prophet had acquired in his rein the text

We creat, more learning than is commonly found

are among the Muflulmen. He had some knowand mainted ledge of the mathematics, and particularly of Perfians, judicial astrology, which was greatly esteemed in

- that

the confi.

means of a

ottne

coran, which are

that century and country. King Ishmael, cap- J.C.1510.

Heg. 916. tivated with the eloquence, doctrine, and erudition of this extraordinary man, intrusted him with the education of the princes his children, and submitted his own faith to the reveries of the pretended prophet. All the Perfians were not, like their master, of the fect of Ali, 'Till then, the king had tolerated the different opinions ; all profefled Inamism; but every one explained the Alcoran his own way, and peace, reigned in Persia, because no person had undertaken to ex plain what was not intelligible to any one. Scheitankuli, more powerful in Perfia than be: had ever been in Turkey, since he had subjugated the king, used this new power with more address. than in the Ottoman empire, but with ftill more cruelty, He raised no more armies, which he knew not how to conduct, but inculcated his opinions into a credulous, sanguinary fout; and, employing this great argument of Mahomet, that fire and sword are the ftrongest instruments of truth, he prevailed on Ishmael to banish all those who would nor subscribe to the new dogmas. One of the most important was, to know if Mahomet required them to wah their feet every morning with water, or if it were sufficient to rub them with the hand without wetting them. The Turks and Persians had always made use of water in this custom. The novator would have them only wipe their feet. This proceeding,

and

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THE OTTOMANS.
J.C. 1510. and several others of the same kind, caused a
Heg. 916.
a great number of Mussulmen to revolt. As every

one who complained was punished with death,
the number of executions obliged a great many
subjects to leave Persia. Ishmael, affrighted at
this defertion, presumed to complain of it to his
prophet, who offered, in order to retain the
people under his law, to manifest, by miracles,
the authenticity of his mission. For several days
Scheitankuli-carried his flaves to a wood conti-
guous to the palace of Ispahan. He made the
youngest of the princes, who was particularly
fond of his preceptor, take notice of an old plane
tree, which he recommended him to point out to
the king his father when it should be proper
time. As they particularly reproached Scheitan-
kuli with altering the text of the Alcoran, under
pretence of explaining it, the false prophet said to
the king, that he would prove to the whole uni-
verse, that he alone was capable of expounding
this sacred book. An assembly of the people was
summoned in the wood which we have just spoken
of. Scheitankuli desired the king to order the
youngest of his fons, to choose what tree in the
wood he liked. The child, well instructed, fixed
on the same that he had agreed on with his mas-
ter. The impostor then presented to the prince
and people a book, which contained the Alcoran
exactly according to the text; another, the leaves
of which were all blank; and a third, in which

the

the Alcoran was written with the alterations that..C.1518:

Heg. 916. Scheitankuli had thought necessary, and which he pretended was the real text of Mahomet. "The young prince placed the ancient Alcoran and the blank book in the trunk of the tree. Scheitankuli had the trunk closed up with bands of iron, fealed it with the seal of the kingdom, and declared, that, in forty days, God would manifest in the same place, his will, his law, and his prophet. He returned to the palace, holding in his hand that of the three books which he had corrected himself. During this interval of forty days, the hypocrite affected to go often under this plane tree, and address fervent prayers' to God. The time being arrived when the miracle was to be fulfilled, all the people flocked around the plane tree. Scheitankuli recommenced his prayers with more fervency than ever ; after which, assuming the voice of inspiration, he ordered the tree to be opened. The little Persian prince, who had placed the two books in the trunk of this plane; took two from it in the same form, of which the onę, said to be the ancient Alcoran, was rased and interlined in all the places that the pretended prophet had thought ought to be changed, and the other, which was believed to be the blank book, was a faithful copy, without a rasure, of thiş new Alcoran, which he wanted to have received. The people, fascinated, without informing themselves if the plane had not been opened

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