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1C. 1510. during the night, or the two books, fhut up in
w the trunk forty days before, were not still there,

cried a miracle. They all proftrated themselves
before the pretended prophet. Every one named
him the second Mahomet, and, according to the ..
principles of the Mahometan law, vowed eternal.
war and hatred against all those who should not
think as they did. The prophet ordered, that the
tree, which had served to manifest his million,
should be burnt, which was executed imme-
diately. It was effential to convey from eyes
which might be less credulous, the examination
of a matter so easy to unfold. From this day the
Persians gave Scheitankuli the name of fophi,
which signifies, in Persian, a man clothed in
woollen, or a friar. Though this impostor was
not king, he reigned under the name of king
Ishmael. This prince was only the instrument
of the will of his prophet, and the name of fophi
was so respected in Persia, chát Ifhmael's fuccef.
fors have always borne it fince the death of Schei.
tankuli. This fortunate impostor inspired the
Persians with the hatred that he had for the
Turks. We know how much the Mahometan
religion alienates its disciples from all those who
profefs another belief: it arms them still infinitely
more against those who have raised up fects in its
bosom. Scheitankuli so profited by this want of
toleration to incenfe the two nations against one
another, that, in war, a Mussulman, who thinks


of offering a sacrifice to God by killing a Chril- 1.c. 1510.

Heg. 916. tian enemy, believes firmly, if he be a Turk, in that the head of a Persian, or if he be a Perlian, that the head of a Turk, is as agreeable to God; as that of seventy Christians. The two nations equally anathematise the Alcoran which the other nation adopts. When one of the monarchs sends ambassadors to the other, he does not fail of placing among the number of presents a copy, magnificently bound, of the Alcoran, agreeable to the lesson which he believes orthodox. And when the ambassador offers the prince this book with all the other prefents, the monarch kisses respectfully another copy of his law, which care has been taken to put under his eyes, and leaves the book offered, on the steps of his throne.

Whilst these violent fits of fanaticism were giving Perfia a new face, Bajazet lived at Cônftantinople in full repofe, if a life of effeminacy and voluptuousness may be so called, the excess of which had brought a number of disorders on him. He was afflicted with the gout; his torments fuggested to him the defire of intrusting one of his fons with the cares of government, which weré too much for his imbecility. This monarch Bajazet had had eight fons, three of which died in child- caules two hood. He had diftributed fangiacates vernments to the five others. Thefe princes lived at a distance from their sovereign, but in a much greater dependance than the other ba


to be put to death.


Heg. 916.

J.C.1510. Thaws. It cost two of them their lives, Atsian
w and Mahomet, for having considered themselves

masters' of the countries intruted to them by
their father. Atsian was strangled by order of
the emperor, for a disobedience, of which hiftory
does not give the circumstances. As to Maho,
met, his crime was not so evident as that of his
brother, but his character caused him to be looked
upon as more dangerous, for Bajazet did not dare
put him to death but in secret. This prince had
travelled in disguise and visited all his brothers,
even the court of his father, where he had suc- -
ceeded to speak to the sultan without the latter's
discovering him to be his son. He had intro-
duced himself into all the odas of the janissaries,
and had had secret conferences with their chiefs;
he had visited all the principal towns of the em-
pire, always under a disguise which rendered it
easy for him to make what observations he pleased,
At length, his conduct announcing ambitious
views, and a desire of instructing himself, always
suspected at the court of despotic princes, Bajazet
ordered a secretary to poison him; and, as if he
would remove from himself the fufpicion of the
crime, he destroyed the instrument which he had
made use of. Mahomet was interred, by order
of the sultan, in the tomb of the emperors, and his
assassin was thrown into the sea in a leather fack.

Achmet, his eldest son, was that which he
loved the best of the three that remained, because

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he was not formed for war, but led a retired life, 1.C. 1510.

Heg. 916. and though, according to law, the sceptre belonged to him after Bajazet, he had never shewn any impatience to 'reign. The emperor thought Thisprince to free himself from the cares of the throne, by abdicate in

proposes to placing his son on it, and preserving the same Achmet

v his eldest power with the conveniency of resigning himself fon. to his pleasures, particularly to his passion for wine, which caused much scandal among the true Muffúlmen, and which he should be better able to conceal. The bashaws and janissaries, who were impatient at the repose in which Bajazet had left them for ten years, would with pleasure have seen him cease to be their master, if he had not chosen Achmet for his fucceffor. They said there would be still less spoils and lefs timars to hope for under this prince, than Bajazet; that the glory of the Ottoman arms would be foon tara nished, and that they should forget how to fight under a prince, who loved repofe, more than his ancestors had loved conquests. As soon as the approaching abdication of the sultan was rumoured abroad, the chiefs of the janiffaries went to the future emperor, to request of him an augmentation of pay. The prince answered, that those, who The fol:

diers will worked less than ever, ought not to expect to have

for empehave their falary augmented; that, as he was not ror; who preparing for very bloody wars, he had no in-army, tention of paying them dearer than his ancestors gainst his

father, and had. This imprudent'answer offended men who is beatens Hh2


ve Selim

raises an

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marches ao

C. 150: knew no other glory than that of shedding blood.

They were near insulting Achmet, and from

that instant they decided between themselves, L.C. 1511. that he should never be emperor. It remained Heg. 917 that w for them to choose between the two other fons

of Bajazet; for the respect of the Ottomans for the blood of their masters, is, as we have faid, a point of religion; but they have often taken upon them to place on the throne, him of the Ottoman race whom they thought most worthy of reigning. The janissaries fent to Trebizond the fenberekchi bakchi, or fuperintendent of the engines, to sound Selim, the youngest of Bajazet's fons,

The delegate of the malecontents found in this prince all the ambition and complaisance that the janissaries could with. The example of his brothers had prevented him, 'till then from undertaking any thing by himself; but he only wanted an occasion, and did not fail of feizing it. Selim passed the Bosphorus, and advanced, at the head of twenty, thousand men whom he had gathered together, as far as Adrianople, in hopes that those, who caused him to act, would join him. He cloaked this march under the pretext of going to see his father; which, among the Mussulinen, is, a sacred duty, and the most meritorious, after the pilgrimage of Mecca. The fultan, suspecting the truth, fent word to his fon, that he would excuse his rendering him this religious devoir at the head of an army; but


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