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J.C. 1512. Heaven. As he could not choose his successor, Heg. 918.

h e endeavoured to reconcile himself to him who became so against his will:'he sent to Selim to fay, that, since he thought himself more capable than his father of maintaining the glory of the Ottoman name, he was ready to surrender the empire to him. He demanded, only permission to retire to Didimotica with a considerable pension, and to carry with him those whom he should choose for companions of his retreat. Selim did not expect so little resistance; he entered Constantinople with a numerous guard; and when he had taken possession of all the posts, he humbly presented himself before him whom he had just dethroned; he proposed to him even to remain in the seraglio with his court and wives, whilft he, Selim, should inhabit the old seraglio. The sultan replied, that the same scabbard could not contain two swords; and he prepared for his retreat, with/as much more haste, as he was importuned by the reiterated cries of the people and soldiers, who wished glory and long life to the emperor Selim.

Bajazet wished to leave Constantinople before his fon was proclaimed emperor. Selim accompanied his father two leagues, conversing with him on the affairs of the empire. When they were arrived at the place of feparation, Selim fell on his knees to Bajazet, asked his benedi&tion, and paid him, for the laft time, the

profoundest

. profoundest respect, after which the dethroned J.C. 1512.

Heg. 918. fultan departed, accompanied by some friends and a guard of spahis commanded by lounoux bashaw, They had permitted this prince to be dethroned, without any one's having it in his power to say he had contributed to the revolution.

The new emperor, but just proclaimed at Conftantinople, learned that his father increased his distance from the capital but by very easy journeys, that lounoux bashaw, his conductor, had some correspondence with the spahis of Constantinople, and that the dethroned sultan had fent expresses, to fome towns through which he had no occasion to pass. The cruel Selim, Selim cauwithout examining fufpicions that might be with les porten out foundation, sent orders to a Jewish physician, cara whom he had sent with his father, to poison him. This sentence, or rather outrage, was executed immediately. The corpse was brought back in pomp to Conftantinople, and interred in a mosque that Bajazet himself had founded.

This prince died in the sixty-second year of Character his age, after a reign of thirty-two years. The Turkish historians say he loved the sciences, and protected the learned. These pretended sciences were confined to the idle conceits of judicial astrology, and an imperfect knowledge of the Arabic and Syriac languages. Bajazet II, timid and cruel, could not be otherwise than superftitious; he carried this weakness so far, that he

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THE OTTOMANS. J.C.1512. caufed the dust of his shoes and clothes to be Heg. 918

saved during his whole reign, in order to compose a lump which was buried with him. He flattered himself with redeeming his frequent transgressions of the law of Mahomet by it, with which he reproached himself at times, especially the prohibition of drinking wine. He was a notorious sot, and would often have his most intimate confidents put to death in his fits of frenzy caused by the wine. He joined even cruelty to his superstitious actions. One day he passed through a village, between Constantinople and Adrianople, waihed by a river, which, often overflowing its banks, rendered the passage exceedingly dangerous. A fangiac of an inferior rank, but very rich, had constructed, at a great expence, in this place, a bridge for the fafety of travellers and the good of his soul; for all the Mussulmen firmly believe, that benevolent actions are recompensed a hundred fold in the other life. Bajazet ordered the fangiac to be immediately brought him, and offered to give him the price of his bridge, on condition of having the merit of the action transferred to him. The fangiac constantly refused, saying, that the recompenses of Paradise were preferable to the praise and favors of men. The emperor, perfuaded, as all the Mussulmen, that the merits of good works could be transferred like sums of money and all other temporal rights, insisted

firongly

Itrongly on his request being complied with, but I.C. 1512.

Heg. 918. always in vain. Bajazet, enraged, ordered the unfortunate fangiac to be immediately strangled, after which he swam across the river, and the troops which followed him did the same. But whatever defire he might have to destroy the bridge, he never did it, for fear of meriting punishment in the other life, in proportion as the fangiac merited favor. Bajazet built several mosques: the most useful thing he did during his reign, was the repairing of the walls of Conftantinople, which had been alınost destroyed by a violent earthquake in 1509; it lasted ten days, and destroyed thirteen thousand persons under the ruins of a vast number of edifices.

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A S soon as Selim had attained the throne, he Selim *determined to get rid of those who might self cruel

w shews him. one day dispute it with him. In vain did Mur- inerende tapha, the grand vizier whom he had chosen, tell throne. him, that he had nothing to fear from either of his brothers; that the pacific Achmet had been disgusted with the throne at the first obstacle ; that Korcut, still more timid, had not even re

turned

the OTTOMANS. T.C. 1512. turned to Magnesia, for fear of giving offence to

his brother; that he had affifted at his proclamation and entry into Conftantinople, and had publicly declared himself his premier subject. Selim, who did not conceive that any man could voluntarily renounce a throne, answered his vizier, what he often repeated afterward, that, in order to reign with pleasure, a prince must reign without fear. His sentiments, and particularly his actions, made him merit the surname of Yacuz, which signifies Ferocious. He was forly-five years old when he became emperor of the Turks. We cannot conceive, how this fiery and sanguinary character had remained so long in repose. In haste to march against Achmet, he granted the janissaries the augmentation of pay which they had in vain demanded of his eldest brother, when Bajazet II. proposed to resign the sceptre to him. This refusal had been the first cause of the misfortunes of the two

princes. He pursues The eldest of the Ottoman house having learnof his two.ed, that, notwithstanding his love of peace, the Korcut,". usurper was determined to smother his rights in himself, is his blood, prepared to sell both dearly. He

went to the mountains of Armenia to solicit succours of the sovereigns of that country, and even of the king of Persia, whilst his brother Korcut, less courageous, 'was wandering from cavern to cavern, trying to bury his existence in

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