« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
J.C. 1514• vice, too fage to be adopted by a prince who
would have nothing resist him, was strongly op-
were told, that gold and precious stones sparkled J.C. 1514.
Heg. 920. every where among the Persians. The Turks thought themselves already in possession of these riches, and considered the enemy's army, less as an obstacle to their conquest, than as a certain occasion of enriching themselves. It was composed only of forty thousand horse, but under the exactest discipline, and keeping the finest order. The Persians were armed with cimeters, arrows, and clubs; for, as we have already faid, they did not yet know how to found cannon. The two monarchs longed to engage. They joined near Tauris, the first Persian town in the plain of Calderan.
The familhed Turks were not less desirous than their emperor of coming to action. As soon as Selim saw the Persians in sight; he sent and summoned them to give up Solyman ; on their re . fusal, he ranged his troops in order of battle, always placing in the front the corps on which he least depended, reserving his spahis, janisfaries, and artillery, for the moment, when the Persians, drunk with carnage, should chink themselves victorious. The policy of the Turks, particularly that of Selim, did not sufficiently value human blood. This prince, without considering that a man taken at hazard may become a brave warrior by long usage and strict discipline, thinking still less, that the man who is but an indifferent soldier, may be useful in cultivating
. . land
1.C.1574. land and for population, faw only in the multi-
tude of national forces, levied in haste to increase
in deserts full of rocks and defilés against na-
The Turks, after having loaded themselves with booty, entered the town of Tauris, which made no resistance. At first the spoils dazzled the vanquishers; they saw nothing on the field of battle but arms well wrought, incrustated with
gold, and ornamented with precious stones, tents J.C. 1514. lined with the finest filks, rich clothes, women of uncommon beauty, who had followed their husbands or masters to the war, and frighted horses, covered with the superbest trappings, brought back by hunger to the places where they saw men. These riches and the pillage of Tauris occupied for some time the avidity of the Turks; but all the gold and pearls of the East could not furnish them with sustenance; the scarcity became more and more dreadful. These conquerors, loaded with booty, who saw their army more than half reduced, after having a long time combated hunger, were afraid of sinking under it themselves. :
When the sultan gave out that he meant to penetrate into Persia to seek provisions, the revolt became general; the principal officers of the janissaries and spahis declared, that they could not answer for their troops, and that, if he would be obeyed, he must turn back.
The imperious Selim dreaded the consequen- Selim, who ces of his obftinacy: convinced of the impof- .
he pola penetrate fibility of penetrating into Persia at the head of in toh Piercida, an army of which he was no longer master, he to turn.. retook the road to Armenia, deferring the pu- fear of
mutiny nishment of the mutineers 'till circumstances should furnish him with an opportunity: his thoughts were employed on another project of vengeance.
J.C. 1514. King Aliadoulet, who, after having promised
to furnish the fultan's army on the confines of
to his own dominions for winter quarters. 525. The emperor employed himfelf, during this inHeg. 921. He raises terval, in repairing the immense losses that his vic
tories had caused' him. And indeed, the exact reduring the LOT
view of his army convinced him, that he had paid too dearly for very triling advantages : he raised new levies, and employed in disciplining his troops the time intended for their repose. The mountainous and difficult province of Armenia became a necessary barrier to obtain. The kingdom of Aliadoulet comprehended mount Taurus, and a long chain of other mountains extending from the confines of Amalia to mount Amant, and to the further extremities of Caramania. These people, who inhabited only simple cottages, were more proper for pillaging than fighting. By