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- to 791.
particular officers, and he subjected the whole J.C.1360, corps to a chief, called an aga, who, by his credit Heg. 761, and authority, became one of the first officers of the empire. As Amurath wished to give this corps, of infantry the renown of great valour, he resolved to consecrate it by religion. The first enrolled were sent to a dervis, whose holy life rendered him recommendable. As soon as these new soldiers were proftrated before him, the folitary man, affecting a prophetic tone, and placing the sleeve of his garment on the head of the first of them: “ Be their name janissaries,” said he; “ be their countenances fierce, their “ hands always victorious, their swords always « sharp, their lances always ready to strike at " the head of an enemy, and their courage the “ cause of their constant prosperity.” Since this period, they have always retained the name of janissaries, which signifies new soldiers, and their cap has retained the form of a fleeve. This foldiery became, as we shall see in the sequel, very useful to the Ottoman empire, and sometimes fatal to its masters. .
All absolute as Amurath was, he affected to refefers the fubinit himself strictly to the usages, and even to the ministers of the Alcoran, though he could peror:
Consequenraise or depose them at his will. The mufti, who ces. is the chief of the religion, was likewise, in the beginning of the empire, judge of the contests which happened between private persons.* The E2
sultan * The mollahs and cadis, who are the Ottoman judges, are ecclesiastics.
of the em
J.C. 1360, sultan wanted to appear one day as a witness in
the mufti had the boldness to refuse to hear his.
dered. John Paleologus saw the impoffibility of League be- sustaining himself on his throne, without the afdronicus & fiftance of this new ally, whose usurped power he Contuíus.
detested, but which he was obliged to implore.
formity of inclinations, and success, united the J.C. 1387
to 1389. two young princes; but Andronicus beheld with Heg. 789,
to 791. the same eyes as all the Christians the progress of the Turks both in Europe and Asia. He fumed to think he Mould never ałcend the throne of his ancestors, but dependant and almost tributary to a barbarian. Contusus was ambitious; An. dronicus undertook to arm him against his father and master; hoping one day to throw off the Turkish yoke, by destroying the father by the fon. To complete this enterprise, it was likewise necessary for Andronicus to arm against Paleologus. Both these princes governed their fathers? European dominions, whilst Paleologus and Amurath were gone into Alia for reasons which history does not say. The two young rebels formed a league offensive and defensive, and had their names placed in the public acts, The sultan, on receiving these news, reproached Paleologus as bitterly, as if he had been the accomplice of the young prince who aimed at dethroning him. The emperor of the East de. scended to the lowest justification's; and, whatever reason he had to with the division of the barbarians, he promised to chastise his son, if he could take him prisoner.
In effect, the two monarchs repassed the Bosphorus, at the head of an army composed of Turks, for the Greeks were in so finall a number, that they scarcely merited to be counted. Amurach
OF THE OTTOMANS.
by favor of the moon light, and made himself
Amurath sent Andronicus under a strong guard Leaguc. to Conftantinople, and summoned the emperor his
father to keep his word by punishing this rebellious son, after which he had the eyes of his own put out in his presence, and all the soldiers of the garrison precipitated from the tops of the towers of Didimotica into the Heber which runs at its foot. Amurath satisfied his fanguinary humour under a shadow of justice; but he made himself
Bad fuc. cefs of this
detested, when he condemned several young citi- J.C. 13870.
to 1389. zens, who had presumed to carry arms against Heg: 789,
to 791. him, to be put to death by the hands of their fathers. The fathers, who refused to execute this barbarous order, were massacred with their fons.
The emperor Paleologus did not dare resist the will of an ally who was almost his master, Though Andronicus had acted only for the interest of the empire, he was condemned to have his eyes put, out, as was likewise his son, a child. of five years old. But, either through chance, or pity in the executioners, neither of the two . . princes lost his fight. Andronicus had but one eye absolutely put out, and his son had only the . fight injured, which he recovered some time after. )
Immediately after this execution, Paleologus Manuel declared Manuel, his second son, his affociate in afce
" throne. He the empire. This young prince fixed his refi- lof dence at Thessalonica. He was no sooner arrived there, than, vexed to see the Greek empire become the prey of the Turks, he undertook to recover fome of the neighbouring towns by force or by stratagem. Manuel procured intelligence in the town of Phera, but it was not so secret as not to be soon known to Amurath, who sent Karatine, the most experienced of his generals, to besiege Thessalonica. The townsmen, dreading the fate of those of Didimotica, threatened to deliver Manuel to his redoubtable enemy. · The 'young emperor implored in vain the succour of
loses There salonica.