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1.6.1522. notes thrown into the town were unceasingly Heg. 928, & 929. menacing them with.

One day, the archbishops being admitted to The grand mater the council to plead the cause of the people, three consents to a capitula. merchants brought a request in the name of all

the citizens, which contained in substance just what the prelates had been saying, and ended with an indirect menace, to separate the cause of the citizens from that of the Order. All laws both divine and human, they faid, obliged them to provide for the safety of their wives and children. Notwithstanding the resistance of L'ille Adam, who was always for continuing the defence, all the grand crosses who composed the council were for ordering the commanders and inspectors of the posts from their duty, to learn from them the state of their intrenchments, and, in fine, if it were possible to hold out. The grand prior of St. Gilles, and the bailiff Martinengue, that celebrated Bressan engineer, who had the principal inspection, and who had both performed prodigies of valour during the fiege, declared, that all the out-posts were in the porsession of the enemy; that the Turks had even gained more than forty paces in the inner part of the town, and that it was no longer possible for the knights to fortify themselves again whilst they loít ground, as the works which the Turks were masters of commanded all the neighbouring quarters; that moreover they absolutely wanted


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powder and even faltpetre to make it with; that I.C. 1522. the scarcity of corn would presently be felt; that, , & 929. in fine, the place was no longer tenable, and that there was abfolutely nothing to be done but caa pitulate. All the reports agreeing with this general one, the grand master consented, against his will, to have a white flag hoisted on the top of a mill, which looked towards the camp." The Turks answered this fignal by another He sends

· two grand flag. The fire ceased on both sides; and some cm knights, going outside their walls, met two Turks, of hemp whom they took for officers of rank, by the rich- Theknot nefs.of their clothes. They gave the knights agreeing to a letter from Solyman, addreffed to the grand tions, the mafter, after which they retired, without further commenexplaining themselves. : By this letter the Turk offered an honorable capitulation, if the Order would instantly surrender the island; he threatened to have all the knights, foldiers, inhabitants, women, and children, put to the sword, in case they should think of defending themselves á longer time. L'isle Adam sent immediately two grand crosses to the emperor, with orders to demand of him, by way of preliminary, a truce for eight days, and to lay before his highness, the treaty made between Bajazer II. his grand-father, and the grand master Aubuffon, in which Bajazec loaded with imprecations the emperors his succeffors who should attempt to take the ine of Rhodes. The young monarch, irritated, tore Ss



J.C. 1522. the treaty in pieces, and refused to grant the Heg. 928, & 929. truce, because he was always afraid that succours

would come from Europe. He ordered the deputies to be gone; and caused the town to be again fired on. In this interval, one part of people, or rather of the populace of Rhodes, came to complain to the grand master, of his going to deliver the town to Infidels, who knew not how to observe treaties. Some young, presumptuous men, animated by the cries of their countrymen, offered to defend the breaches which the knights wanted to abandon. This sort of commotion revived the heart of L'isle Adam; he saw with pleasure the capitulation broken off; but as the scarcity of ammunition augmented, they could answer but very feebly to the enemy's fire. Besides, these citizen-soldiers who had so earnestly folicited to guard the posts, prefently relented of their fervency, to such a degree, that the grand master was obliged, the day after the renewing of the siege, to have a sentinel, who had quitted his post, hanged, because this bad example was already but too much followed. After three days, an assault, which the knights repulsed with great loss, convinced L'isle Adam that the same breach could not resist another such attack.

All the fortifications were nothing but heaps The treaty of rubbish. The grand master listened to the is renewed.

instances of the wiseft of the citizens, and even of his knights, who repeated to him several times, that true bravery did not consist in volun- J.C. 1522. tarily destroying what could be saved. He fent & 929. these same two grand crosses, with two Rhodian citizens who spoke the Turkish language Auently, to the emperor, who ordered his grand vizier Achmet to prepare immediately the articles of

capitulation with the envoys from Rhodes. It , was then agreed : “That the churches should not be prophaned, Articles of

the treaty and that the inhabitants should not at any time be obliged to deliver up their children for the service of the feraglio, or to be brought up in the janissaries.

" That the free exercise of the Christian religion should be permitted.

“ That the people should be exempt from taxes for five years. '

« That all those, who wished to leave the island, should have permiffion.

“ That if the grand master and the knights had not vessels fufficient to carry them to Candia, they should be provided by the Turks.

« That the space of twelve days should be allowed, to be counted from the signing of the treaty, for embarking their effects.

" That they should have liberty to carry away the relicks of Saints, the sacred vessels, the ornaments of the churches, their records, and all the cannon which they made use of in arming their galleys.

Ss 2"


THE OTTOMANS. T.C. 152. " That all the forts of the isle of Rhodes, and & 929. the other islands belonging to the Order, should

be delivered up to the Turks.

« That, in order to facilitate the execution of this treaty, the Ottoman army should remove some miles diftant, and that, during their absence, the sultan should send four thousand janissaries, commanded by their aga, to take possession of the place.

« Lastly, that the grand master, for security of his word, should deliver into the hands of the Turks, as hostages, twenty-five knights, among whom there should be two grand crosses, with twenty-five of the principal inhabitants of the town.”

This treaty having been signed by the deputies, knights, and citizens, on the one part, and on the other by the grand vizier Achmet, ratified by the grand master and by the grand crosses, who composed the council, the hostages agreed on repaired to the camp. The aga of the janisfaries came to take poffeffion of Rhodes with four thousand men; and the knights, after a most bloody siege of fix months, prepared to quit this sovereignty, which they had poffeffed two hundred and twenty years, with so much glory and utility to the commerce of all the Christian nations, and had so valiantly defended at different times.


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